13

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State of play of existing instruments for combating impunity for international crimes

14-08-2020

The European Union and its Member States have been at the forefront of the fight against impunity for core international crimes, collectively providing political, technical and financial assistance to international, regional and domestic accountability efforts. Focusing on the current EU framework on accountability and six country situations (Rwanda, Colombia, Venezuela, Myanmar, Syria and Iraq), this study offers recommendations to guide future EU policy and the engagement of the European Parliament ...

The European Union and its Member States have been at the forefront of the fight against impunity for core international crimes, collectively providing political, technical and financial assistance to international, regional and domestic accountability efforts. Focusing on the current EU framework on accountability and six country situations (Rwanda, Colombia, Venezuela, Myanmar, Syria and Iraq), this study offers recommendations to guide future EU policy and the engagement of the European Parliament in the fight against impunity. The recommendations include enhancing the capacity, efficiency and coordination of EU institutions working on accountability, as well as encouraging comprehensive, impartial and inclusive approaches to country situations. EU action in bilateral and multilateral fora is also covered, with a view to enhancing the universal reach of accountability mechanisms and the protection of their integrity, encouraging cooperation and assistance, and to upholding the principle of complementarity.

Autor externo

Olympia BEKOU

Universal jurisdiction and international crimes: Constraints and best practices

17-09-2018

This report summarises the proceedings of a workshop organised by the European Parliament’s Subcommittee on Human Rights (DROI), in association with the Committee on Legal Affairs (JURI) and the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE). Academics and practitioners discussed international trends as regards the concept of universal jurisdiction and the EU’s approach to promoting universal jurisdiction through its external relations, as well as practical experience in applying universal ...

This report summarises the proceedings of a workshop organised by the European Parliament’s Subcommittee on Human Rights (DROI), in association with the Committee on Legal Affairs (JURI) and the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE). Academics and practitioners discussed international trends as regards the concept of universal jurisdiction and the EU’s approach to promoting universal jurisdiction through its external relations, as well as practical experience in applying universal jurisdiction in the fight against impunity in Europe. The experts agreed that universal jurisdiction can play a role as part of a wider accountability strategy, complementary to international courts and prosecutions on other jurisdictional bases. They recommended more specialised training for investigators, prosecutors, judges and law enforcement staff for universal jurisdiction cases and more cooperation at EU and international level. Speakers supported the initiative for a multilateral treaty on mutual legal assistance and extradition. Special attention in universal jurisdiction cases must be given to victims seeking justice, including for sexual and gender-based crimes.

Autor externo

Julia KREBS, Cedric RYNGAERT, Florian JEßBERGER

Violencia sexual contra menores en América Latina

12-10-2016

La violencia sexual contra menores es un importante problema en América Latina. Los niños corren riesgo principalmente en sus propios hogares, mientras que los adolescentes corren riesgo en sus hogares pero también en la comunidad general (por ejemplo, escuelas o novios). Sin embargo, los datos son muy escasos debido al silencio en torno al asunto. América Latina es extremadamente patriarcal, está asolada por desigualdades entre grupos sociales y dentro de ellos y tiene instituciones judiciales débiles ...

La violencia sexual contra menores es un importante problema en América Latina. Los niños corren riesgo principalmente en sus propios hogares, mientras que los adolescentes corren riesgo en sus hogares pero también en la comunidad general (por ejemplo, escuelas o novios). Sin embargo, los datos son muy escasos debido al silencio en torno al asunto. América Latina es extremadamente patriarcal, está asolada por desigualdades entre grupos sociales y dentro de ellos y tiene instituciones judiciales débiles; todo ello son factores que afectan a la violencia de género. Sin embargo, los Gobiernos de Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, México, Perú y Paraguay están empezando a considerar a los niños personas con derechos, en vez de menores bajo la única autoridad del padre, y están diseñando leyes y organismos para proteger estos derechos. Mientras tanto, la sociedad civil se está movilizando cada vez más contra la violencia ejercida sobre las mujeres, incluida la violencia contra las niñas, dos formas de violencia que van de la mano, en un momento en el que el problema se reconoce y afronta cada vez más a nivel mundial. Este informe describe las posibilidades que tiene la Unión para apoyar estos recientes avances e iniciativas encaminadas a poner fin a la violencia contra menores a través del establecimiento de planes nacionales de acción, en colaboración con socios nacionales, regionales y mundiales.

Autor externo

Jelke BOESTEN (International Development Institute, King’s College, London, the UK)

Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): Turmoil in the run-up to elections

06-06-2016

DRC is experiencing a plethora of human rights problems. In the east of the country, the national army and the UN peacekeeping mission are not able to deal effectively with the violence still perpetrated by some armed groups – a legacy of the bloody civil war that ravaged the country. The human rights situation has also deteriorated in the run-up to the general elections, which are expected to be postponed; demands from the political opposition, civil society and mass media for timely elections have ...

DRC is experiencing a plethora of human rights problems. In the east of the country, the national army and the UN peacekeeping mission are not able to deal effectively with the violence still perpetrated by some armed groups – a legacy of the bloody civil war that ravaged the country. The human rights situation has also deteriorated in the run-up to the general elections, which are expected to be postponed; demands from the political opposition, civil society and mass media for timely elections have been met with heavy repression from the government.

Mexico: Human rights situation

02-07-2015

Mexico's criminal cartels – the most powerful in the Western hemisphere – have been the source of numerous human rights violations. Major reforms of the legislative and policy framework have been undertaken to improve respect for human rights, but further efforts are necessary to strengthen their implementation.

Mexico's criminal cartels – the most powerful in the Western hemisphere – have been the source of numerous human rights violations. Major reforms of the legislative and policy framework have been undertaken to improve respect for human rights, but further efforts are necessary to strengthen their implementation.

India: human rights

06-03-2015

Although India is the world's largest democracy, its second most populous country and one of its top ten economies, this has not prevented multiple human rights abuses from remaining a fact of life in many parts of the country. In recent statements and resolutions, the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament have voiced deep concern over India's human rights situation.

Although India is the world's largest democracy, its second most populous country and one of its top ten economies, this has not prevented multiple human rights abuses from remaining a fact of life in many parts of the country. In recent statements and resolutions, the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament have voiced deep concern over India's human rights situation.

Sakharov Prize 2014: Tending the scars of sexual violence in DRC

20-11-2014

Dr Denis Mukwege, a 59-year-old gynaecologist from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has won the 2014 Sakharov Prize. The attribution of Europe's top human rights prize is recognition for Dr Mukwege's perseverance and courage in his efforts to help rape survivors over the past 16 years. A fervent advocate of women's rights, he has received many international awards, but has also became the target of death threats, and even an assassination attempt in 2012.

Dr Denis Mukwege, a 59-year-old gynaecologist from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has won the 2014 Sakharov Prize. The attribution of Europe's top human rights prize is recognition for Dr Mukwege's perseverance and courage in his efforts to help rape survivors over the past 16 years. A fervent advocate of women's rights, he has received many international awards, but has also became the target of death threats, and even an assassination attempt in 2012.