45

resultado(s)

Palabra(s)
Tipo de publicación
Ámbito político
Autor
Fecha

The Development of an Institutional Framework for the Implementation of the Association Agreements in Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine: a comparative perspective

19-09-2018

In recent years the EU concluded Association Agreements, including the creation of a Comprehensive Free Trade Areas with Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. These are amongst the most complex and comprehensive legal treaties concluded by the EU with third countries. The treaties place a profound obligation on the partner countries of legal approximation, that is, to undertake extensive, binding commitments to adopt vast swathes of the acquis in order to stimulate political and economic development and ...

In recent years the EU concluded Association Agreements, including the creation of a Comprehensive Free Trade Areas with Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. These are amongst the most complex and comprehensive legal treaties concluded by the EU with third countries. The treaties place a profound obligation on the partner countries of legal approximation, that is, to undertake extensive, binding commitments to adopt vast swathes of the acquis in order to stimulate political and economic development and institutional modernisation. This study shows that creating the institutional framework for implementation is a challenging and drawn-out process. While all countries have made some progress with devising these mechanisms, they are short of the necessary political leadership, policy planning, administrative capacity and there is a dearth of budgetary planning to enable effective implementation. There is also a notable need to embed implementation into wider reform strategies. While these issues are being addressed on the part of the countries, the EU can assist them by providing the necessary systemic support in an integrated, sequenced and long-term way.

Autor externo

Kataryna WOLCZUK, Professor of East European Politics, University of Birmingham and Associate Fellow, Russia and Eurasia Programme, Chatham House, United Kingdom

The electoral reforms in three association countries of the Eastern Neighbourhood - Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova and their impact on political developments in these countries

26-10-2017

This study focuses on electoral reform in Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova, which have all concluded Association Agreements with the EU. Recent experience in all three countries has shown that political elites are changing (or not changing) the electoral system to hold onto power. Beyond the choice of electoral system, changes have often been introduced in a rush, without a genuinely inclusive, thorough and public debate. Frequent changes to legal frameworks, often made just prior to elections, have ...

This study focuses on electoral reform in Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova, which have all concluded Association Agreements with the EU. Recent experience in all three countries has shown that political elites are changing (or not changing) the electoral system to hold onto power. Beyond the choice of electoral system, changes have often been introduced in a rush, without a genuinely inclusive, thorough and public debate. Frequent changes to legal frameworks, often made just prior to elections, have also not contributed to stability of law. Issues identified during elections are symptomatic of deeper weaknesses that must be addressed, including: lack of an independent judiciary, insufficient rule of law, non-functioning or selective use of oversight mechanisms, weak government institutions, concentration of media ownership, political corruption and misuse of state resources. All three countries are also experiencing widespread public discontent with the political elite, and political renewal is much needed. While electoral reform can play a role, efforts should be made to promote internal party democracy and overcome barriers to entry for new political actors.

Autor externo

Holly RUTHRAUFF

Informe de 2016 sobre Turquía

27-06-2017

El Parlamento Europeo tiene previsto votar, durante el periodo de sesiones de julio, una Resolución sobre el informe de 2016 de la Comisión sobre Turquía. Las relaciones que la Unión y Turquía mantienen desde hace tiempo, a pesar de ser una prioridad para ambas partes, han alcanzado recientemente su punto más bajo, y las negociaciones de adhesión corren el riesgo de ser interrumpidas.

El Parlamento Europeo tiene previsto votar, durante el periodo de sesiones de julio, una Resolución sobre el informe de 2016 de la Comisión sobre Turquía. Las relaciones que la Unión y Turquía mantienen desde hace tiempo, a pesar de ser una prioridad para ambas partes, han alcanzado recientemente su punto más bajo, y las negociaciones de adhesión corren el riesgo de ser interrumpidas.

Kosovo: Informe por país de 2016

07-06-2017

En junio, tras las elecciones anticipadas en Kosovo, el Parlamento Europeo someterá a votación una resolución sobre el informe de 2016 relativo a Kosovo. En ella se pide el restablecimiento del diálogo político, el rápido cumplimiento de las dos condiciones impuestas por la Comisión para la liberalización de los visados y el mantenimiento del compromiso de diálogo con Belgrado.

En junio, tras las elecciones anticipadas en Kosovo, el Parlamento Europeo someterá a votación una resolución sobre el informe de 2016 relativo a Kosovo. En ella se pide el restablecimiento del diálogo político, el rápido cumplimiento de las dos condiciones impuestas por la Comisión para la liberalización de los visados y el mantenimiento del compromiso de diálogo con Belgrado.

Serbia: Informe por país de 2016

07-06-2017

En junio de 2017, el Parlamento Europeo someterá a votación una propuesta de resolución sobre el informe por país de 2016 sobre Serbia. En ella, se reconocen los progresos de Serbia en el marco de las negociaciones de adhesión y su sólida agenda de reformas, y se destaca que el diálogo con Pristina y las reformas relativas al Estado de Derecho siguen siendo ámbitos de actuación prioritarios.

En junio de 2017, el Parlamento Europeo someterá a votación una propuesta de resolución sobre el informe por país de 2016 sobre Serbia. En ella, se reconocen los progresos de Serbia en el marco de las negociaciones de adhesión y su sólida agenda de reformas, y se destaca que el diálogo con Pristina y las reformas relativas al Estado de Derecho siguen siendo ámbitos de actuación prioritarios.

International Criminal Court at 15: International justice and the crisis of multilateralism

10-05-2017

The establishment of the International Criminal Court (ICC) on 1 July 2002 was heralded at the time as a major breakthrough for ending impunity for most serious crimes of international concern, namely genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Fifteen years later, the record of the Court is mixed and criticism from both supporters and opponents has abounded. The challenges and the criticism it is currently facing are typical of many other multilateral institutions today. The Court has conducted ...

The establishment of the International Criminal Court (ICC) on 1 July 2002 was heralded at the time as a major breakthrough for ending impunity for most serious crimes of international concern, namely genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Fifteen years later, the record of the Court is mixed and criticism from both supporters and opponents has abounded. The challenges and the criticism it is currently facing are typical of many other multilateral institutions today. The Court has conducted investigations and trials on some of the world's most brutal conflicts, but it has faced criticism that it was politicised and biased against the African continent. The atrocities committed by groups such as ISIL/Da'esh have unveiled the ICC's limitations, since it is unable to investigate in Syria and Iraq, which are not parties to the Rome Statute, without UN Security Council authorisation. As a multilateral institution with universal ambitions, the Court is also limited in its effectiveness by the refusal of major powers such as the US, China and Russia to join it. Lack of cooperation by some states parties has also severely constrained its effectiveness. Yet the Court has had positive effects on the capacity of some states to deal themselves with crimes under their jurisdiction. The Court has taken its role seriously, not shying away from indicting persons of the highest rank, such as heads of state, and proving that it is committed to the principle of universal responsibility. Shortcomings in the prosecutorial investigations, for example in relation to witness interference and protection, have been addressed in a transparent and firm way.

Western Balkans: Parliamentary oversight of the security sector

02-05-2017

Both the European Union and NATO have sought to promote democratic security sector governance as one of the criteria for their respective accession candidates. Consequently, the Western Balkan countries – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Kosovo, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYR Macedonia), Montenegro and Serbia – have begun security sector reforms as part of their Euro-Atlantic integration. The overall objective of these reforms is to support the transformation of the security ...

Both the European Union and NATO have sought to promote democratic security sector governance as one of the criteria for their respective accession candidates. Consequently, the Western Balkan countries – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Kosovo, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYR Macedonia), Montenegro and Serbia – have begun security sector reforms as part of their Euro-Atlantic integration. The overall objective of these reforms is to support the transformation of the security sector in accordance with democratic norms and the principles of good governance, rule of law, protection of human rights and efficient use of public resources. In this context, a special focus is placed on improving governance through greater civilian and parliamentary oversight of security processes. Since the 1990s, Western Balkan countries have all, in the push to reform their security sectors, made significant progress in terms of setting up the necessary legal framework and oversight mechanisms, including parliamentary committees. However, when it comes to aligning their security sectors with the principles of democratic governance, they have had varying success.

Human Rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): Turmoil in the run-up to elections

06-06-2016

DRC is experiencing a plethora of human rights problems. In the east of the country, the national army and the UN peacekeeping mission are not able to deal effectively with the violence still perpetrated by some armed groups – a legacy of the bloody civil war that ravaged the country. The human rights situation has also deteriorated in the run-up to the general elections, which are expected to be postponed; demands from the political opposition, civil society and mass media for timely elections have ...

DRC is experiencing a plethora of human rights problems. In the east of the country, the national army and the UN peacekeeping mission are not able to deal effectively with the violence still perpetrated by some armed groups – a legacy of the bloody civil war that ravaged the country. The human rights situation has also deteriorated in the run-up to the general elections, which are expected to be postponed; demands from the political opposition, civil society and mass media for timely elections have been met with heavy repression from the government.

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Back on the EU track?

05-04-2016

In 2015, Bosnia and Herzegovina's Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) with the EU finally came into force, and in 2016 BiH applied for EU membership. Despite these positives which have put it back on track for EU accession, BiH faces a host of deeply rooted domestic issues and reforms.

In 2015, Bosnia and Herzegovina's Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) with the EU finally came into force, and in 2016 BiH applied for EU membership. Despite these positives which have put it back on track for EU accession, BiH faces a host of deeply rooted domestic issues and reforms.

EU-Turkey: A crucial but challenging partnership

05-04-2016

The EU and Turkey face common and major problems, from the fight against ISIL/Da'esh to the management of displaced Syrian people. But in its latest report, the European Commission points out a number of shortcomings in the fields of freedom of expression and independence of the judiciary.

The EU and Turkey face common and major problems, from the fight against ISIL/Da'esh to the management of displaced Syrian people. But in its latest report, the European Commission points out a number of shortcomings in the fields of freedom of expression and independence of the judiciary.

Próximos actos

Socios

Mantenga la conexión

email update imageSistema de puestas al día por correo electrónico

El sistema de alertas por correo electrónico, que envía directamente la información más reciente a su dirección electrónica, le permite seguir a todas las personas y todos los actos relacionados con el Parlamento. Ello incluye las últimas noticias de los diputados, los servicios de información o el Think Tank.

Se puede acceder al sistema desde cualquier punto del sitio del Parlamento. Para suscribirse y recibir las notificaciones del Think Tank, solo tiene que comunicar su dirección electrónica, seleccionar el tema que le interesa, indicar la frecuencia (diaria, semanal o mensual) y confirmar su inscripción haciendo clic en el enlace enviado por correo electrónico.

RSS imageCanales RSS

No se pierda ninguna información ni actualización del sitio del Parlamento Europeo gracias a nuestro canal RSS.

Haga clic en el siguiente enlace para configurar su canal.