4

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Ámbito político
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What if your emotions were tracked to spy on you?

13-03-2019

Recent reports of celebrity singer, Taylor Swift, deploying facial recognition technology to spot stalkers at her concerts raised many eyebrows. What started out as a tool to unlock your smartphone or tag photos for you on social media is surreptitiously becoming a means of monitoring people in their daily lives without their consent. What impact and implications are facial recognition technology applications likely to have, and what can be done to ensure the fair engagement of this technology with ...

Recent reports of celebrity singer, Taylor Swift, deploying facial recognition technology to spot stalkers at her concerts raised many eyebrows. What started out as a tool to unlock your smartphone or tag photos for you on social media is surreptitiously becoming a means of monitoring people in their daily lives without their consent. What impact and implications are facial recognition technology applications likely to have, and what can be done to ensure the fair engagement of this technology with its users and the public at large?

Rail security in the EU

29-09-2015

The foiled Thalys train attack of August 2015 has put EU rail security under the spotlight. Increasing passenger and freight flows and relatively open access to EU rail infrastructure make rail transport a soft target for unlawful acts. A ministerial-level meeting at the end of August examined the challenges facing rail security and the possibilities for a strengthened EU response.

The foiled Thalys train attack of August 2015 has put EU rail security under the spotlight. Increasing passenger and freight flows and relatively open access to EU rail infrastructure make rail transport a soft target for unlawful acts. A ministerial-level meeting at the end of August examined the challenges facing rail security and the possibilities for a strengthened EU response.

review of security measures in the 6th research framework programme and the preparatory action for security research

29-05-2008

Security research has constituted, over the pas few years, a strong priority for Community policies in the field of scientific research, industry, and justice and home affairs. Community efforts in this domain have been channelled, over the period 2002-2006, through the 6th Framework programme (FP6) and the Preparatory action on security research (PASR). FP6 has sustained, within its various thematic priorities, a series of projects and programmes dealing with technological developments in the field ...

Security research has constituted, over the pas few years, a strong priority for Community policies in the field of scientific research, industry, and justice and home affairs. Community efforts in this domain have been channelled, over the period 2002-2006, through the 6th Framework programme (FP6) and the Preparatory action on security research (PASR). FP6 has sustained, within its various thematic priorities, a series of projects and programmes dealing with technological developments in the field of security. The PASR is a targeted initiative of the European Commission aiming at developing contacts and partnerships between the actors of the European security industry, the public actors, and research bodies. PASR activities, in this respect, have mainly focused on technological development and the networking of actors, in anticipation for the thematic programme on security now established under FP7. The analysis of the contents of research being conducted under the FP6 and PASR is very revealing in this respect: it highlights the fact that this research is mainly oriented towards technological development as such, and unquestioningly takes security as a norm and a fundamental value. In this regard, and despite the odd exception, European security research does not include in its scope the effects that increasingly sophisticated technologies of control and surveillance can have on individual freedom and rights, particularly with regard privacy and the protection of personal data. It does not address the necessary limits to security. The point, then, is to envisage the modalities through which a reflection on the ethical, legal, political and social implications of security technologies can be strengthen and further integrated in European security research.

Autor externo

Didier Bigo et Julien Jeandesboz, Centre d'Etudes sur les Conflits, Paris

Prison Technologies (An Appraisal of Technologies for Political Control)

01-07-2000

The present study is in line with the extension of a previous STOA research, published in 1997 and entitled “An appraisal of technologies of political control” (PE 166.499). The report highlighted the appearance of a trend in Europe to privatize the prison system. Furthermore, it outlined the pressures to which the public authorities are subjected to substitute technological innovations for prison personnel, with a view to reducing costs and fighting against prison overcrowding. The present report ...

The present study is in line with the extension of a previous STOA research, published in 1997 and entitled “An appraisal of technologies of political control” (PE 166.499). The report highlighted the appearance of a trend in Europe to privatize the prison system. Furthermore, it outlined the pressures to which the public authorities are subjected to substitute technological innovations for prison personnel, with a view to reducing costs and fighting against prison overcrowding. The present report works towards five aims : (1) to give the European Parliament a description of the most recent technologies, used or usable in prison environment and determine their degree of penetration in the European Union (2) to assess the efficiency of these technologies in relation with their objectives (3) to analyse the impact of their use on detainees and their relatives, especially having in mind the already carried out experiments (4) to identify the dangers and risks they involve regarding the respect of fundamental freedoms (5) to present political options and recommendations to the European Parliament, in order for it to take adequate initiatives aiming at protecting the rights of people placed under surveillance or detention, while preserving European interests. Two replies are usually offered to the problems of overcrowding and growth of the costs of the penal system : privatization of the penal function and use of new technologies ; one often entailing the other. This phenomenon, prompted by an American conception of order and security, influences today the European debates on the reform of the penal system and leads to the introduction of two types of technologies in the prisons : surveillance technologies and neutralization technologies.

Autor externo

Luc Mampaey (GRIP, Brussels, Belgium)

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15-03-2021
EPRS online Book Talk with Vivien Schmidt: Legitimacy and power in the EU
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EPRS online policy roundtable: New European Bauhaus
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Hearing on Responsibilities of transport operators and other private stakeholders
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