205

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United Nations Food Systems Summit 2021: Process, challenges and expectations

10-09-2021

In October 2019, the United Nations (UN) Secretary General called for a UN Food Systems Summit (UN FSS), to be held in 2021, aimed at launching bold action to transform the way the world produces, consumes and thinks about food – a crucial step in progressing on all 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Summit is due to take place on 23 September 2021, as a virtual event on the margins of the UN General Assembly taking place in New York. An in-person, three-day Pre-Summit in Rome preceded ...

In October 2019, the United Nations (UN) Secretary General called for a UN Food Systems Summit (UN FSS), to be held in 2021, aimed at launching bold action to transform the way the world produces, consumes and thinks about food – a crucial step in progressing on all 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Summit is due to take place on 23 September 2021, as a virtual event on the margins of the UN General Assembly taking place in New York. An in-person, three-day Pre-Summit in Rome preceded the event on 26 28 July 2021. The Summit was announced before the Covid 19 pandemic became a hunger crisis in many parts of the world. The stakes have risen acutely since then, bringing a new sense of urgency. The coronavirus crisis has thus created an opportunity to raise the level of reform ambition for global food systems, but also sparked a heated debate around the directions and shared costs of this transformation. On 23 September 2021, the UN FSS delegates are due to wrap up the process started almost two years ago, which has generated a remarkable level of mobilisation, awareness, and public debate through multiple platforms. The process so far has demonstrated that while there is ample consensus on the need for a profound reform of food systems, views diverge as to how to attain this goal. Expectations are high and the task is daunting.

Guidelines for foresight-based policy analysis

26-07-2021

Policy analysis examines and assesses problems to determine possible courses for policy action (policy options). In highly complex or controversial contexts, evidence-based policy options might not be socially acceptable. Here, policy analysis can benefit from a foresight-based approach, which helps investigate the issue holistically and assess considered evidence-based policy options against societal concerns. This is especially important in a parliamentary setting, as it enables analysts to consider ...

Policy analysis examines and assesses problems to determine possible courses for policy action (policy options). In highly complex or controversial contexts, evidence-based policy options might not be socially acceptable. Here, policy analysis can benefit from a foresight-based approach, which helps investigate the issue holistically and assess considered evidence-based policy options against societal concerns. This is especially important in a parliamentary setting, as it enables analysts to consider stakeholder views and geographical concerns/differences when assessing policy options. This manual establishes the methodology for the foresight process and foresight-informed policy analysis. It offers a conceptual clarification of foresight and foresight-based technology assessment, helps enhance the transparency of foresight processes and the quality of policy analyses, offers four general guidelines for conducting trustworthy policy analysis, and, finally, provides a practical framework with six basic components for foresight-based policy analysis.

At a glance note for Research for PECH committee: Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on EU fisheries and aquaculture

14-07-2021

This study analyses the effects of COVID-19 on the EU fisheries and aquaculture sectors from March to December 2020. It gives an overview of the main effects experienced at EU level and develops eight case studies (Spain, Denmark, France, Italy, Sweden, Greece, Portugal and Bulgaria). The research also provides conclusions and policy recommendations to strengthen the sector’s resilience to shocks, and to address current vulnerabilities in view of potential similar events. The study was commissioned ...

This study analyses the effects of COVID-19 on the EU fisheries and aquaculture sectors from March to December 2020. It gives an overview of the main effects experienced at EU level and develops eight case studies (Spain, Denmark, France, Italy, Sweden, Greece, Portugal and Bulgaria). The research also provides conclusions and policy recommendations to strengthen the sector’s resilience to shocks, and to address current vulnerabilities in view of potential similar events. The study was commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Structural and Cohesion Policies, at the request of the PECH Committee.

Autor externo

Cogea: Alessandro PITITTO, Diletta RAINONE, Valentina SANNINO AND International: Tanguy CHEVER, Lucas HERRY, Sibylle PARANT, Safa SOUIDI CETMAR: Marta BALLESTEROS, Rosa CHAPELA, José L. SANTIAGO

Meeting the Green Deal objectives by alignment of technology and behaviour

09-07-2021

This study explores the prospects of aligning citizens' behaviour with the objectives of the European Green Deal in the domains of food consumption and mobility. Creating a climate-neutral and resource-efficient European economy requires a deep transformation of energy, mobility and food systems, as well as a change in production and consumption practices. Such profound change will impact both individuals and society. At the same time, the transition to sustainability will not succeed if people do ...

This study explores the prospects of aligning citizens' behaviour with the objectives of the European Green Deal in the domains of food consumption and mobility. Creating a climate-neutral and resource-efficient European economy requires a deep transformation of energy, mobility and food systems, as well as a change in production and consumption practices. Such profound change will impact both individuals and society. At the same time, the transition to sustainability will not succeed if people do not support it by adapting their behaviour and consumption patterns. This would imply change towards 'sustainable behaviour'. The study explores options for such sustainable behaviour, with a focus on mobility and food consumption. It identifies key challenges and possibilities in each domain and explores how technological solutions can help people adapt to sustainable behaviour in alignment with the objectives of the European Green Deal.

Autor externo

This study has been written by Annika Hedberg (with the focus on food consumption), Said El Khadraoui (with the focus on mobility), and Vadim Kononenko (with the focus on understanding sustainable behaviour) at the request of the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA) and managed by the Scientific Foresight Unit, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

El enfoque de la Unión Europea con respecto a la migración en el Mediterráneo

11-06-2021

El presente estudio, encargado por el Departamento Temático de Derechos de los Ciudadanos y Asuntos Constitucionales del Parlamento Europeo a petición de la Comisión de Libertades Civiles, Justicia y Asuntos de Interior (Comisión LIBE), examina el enfoque de la Unión Europea con respecto a la migración en el Mediterráneo. En él se abordan los acontecimientos ocurridos desde la crisis de los refugiados hasta la pandemia de COVID-19 y se evalúa el efecto que estos acontecimientos han tenido en ...

El presente estudio, encargado por el Departamento Temático de Derechos de los Ciudadanos y Asuntos Constitucionales del Parlamento Europeo a petición de la Comisión de Libertades Civiles, Justicia y Asuntos de Interior (Comisión LIBE), examina el enfoque de la Unión Europea con respecto a la migración en el Mediterráneo. En él se abordan los acontecimientos ocurridos desde la crisis de los refugiados hasta la pandemia de COVID-19 y se evalúa el efecto que estos acontecimientos han tenido en la concepción, la ejecución y la reforma de la política de la Unión en materia de asilo, migración y control de las fronteras exteriores. El estudio revisa la situación en que se encuentran la legislación pertinente de la Unión y su aplicación, evalúa la situación en el Mediterráneo y lleva a cabo un examen exhaustivo de la dimensión exterior, centrando la atención en la cooperación con terceros países (Turquía, Libia y Níger) e incorporando consideraciones relativas a los derechos humanos y a la legislación sobre los refugiados, así como un análisis de las implicaciones de la asignación de recursos con cargo al Fondo Fiduciario de Emergencia para África y al Mecanismo para los Refugiados en Turquía. El objetivo principal es comprobar la correcta aplicación del Derecho internacional y de la Unión, teniendo en cuenta el aumento de las denuncias de violaciones de los derechos humanos, la penalización indebida y la complicidad de la Unión en los crímenes atroces de que son víctimas los migrantes en el mar, los abandonados a su suerte en Libia o los retenidos en Níger y Turquía. También se evalúa el papel que desempeñan las agencias de la Unión [Frontex y la Oficina Europea de Apoyo al Asilo (EASO)], junto con las iniciativas bilaterales o multilaterales adoptadas por los Estados miembros, integrando el principio de solidaridad como preocupación horizontal.

Autor externo

Violeta MORENO-LAX,Jennifer ALLSOPP,Evangelia (Lilian) TSOURDI,Philippe DE BRUYCKER,Andreina DE LEO

Investigación para la Comisión ANIT - Las prácticas de bienestar animal durante el transporte en terceros países: una visión general

31-05-2021

El objetivo de este estudio es revisar las prácticas de bienestar animal durante el transporte en y hacia terceros países. Compara las prácticas, directrices e instrumentos utilizados por los principales socios comerciales con las normas europeas y de la UE. También ofrece recomendaciones concretas sobre cómo mejorar la actual legislación de la UE sobre bienestar animal durante el transporte.

El objetivo de este estudio es revisar las prácticas de bienestar animal durante el transporte en y hacia terceros países. Compara las prácticas, directrices e instrumentos utilizados por los principales socios comerciales con las normas europeas y de la UE. También ofrece recomendaciones concretas sobre cómo mejorar la actual legislación de la UE sobre bienestar animal durante el transporte.

Autor externo

Friedrich – Loeffler – Institut: Michael MARAHRENS and Isa KERNBERGER-FISCHER

Taking the EU's 'farm to fork' strategy forward

25-05-2021

The 'farm to fork' strategy is a roadmap to build a sustainable European Union (EU) food system, in line with the aims of the European Green Deal. Launched in May 2020, the strategy includes initiatives that are progressing at different speeds. The EU institutions are helping to shape the various elements of the strategy.

The 'farm to fork' strategy is a roadmap to build a sustainable European Union (EU) food system, in line with the aims of the European Green Deal. Launched in May 2020, the strategy includes initiatives that are progressing at different speeds. The EU institutions are helping to shape the various elements of the strategy.

Investigación para la Comisión ANIT - Necesidades específicas de bienestar en el transporte de animales: animales no destetados y hembras preñadas

20-05-2021

La evaluación europea de la aplicación del Reglamento (CE) n.º 1/2005, de octubre de 2018, destacó como dos de las cuestiones más importantes que siguen sin resolver, el transporte de larga distancia de animales no destetados, y determinar estado de gestación de los animales vivos.

La evaluación europea de la aplicación del Reglamento (CE) n.º 1/2005, de octubre de 2018, destacó como dos de las cuestiones más importantes que siguen sin resolver, el transporte de larga distancia de animales no destetados, y determinar estado de gestación de los animales vivos.

Autor externo

Dr. Antonio VELARDE1, Dr. Dayane TEIXEIRA1, Dr. Maria DEVANT2, Dr. Sonia MARTÍ2 1 Animal Welfare Program, Institute for Food and Agriculture Research and Technology (IRTA) Veïnat de Síes, 17121 Girona, Spain; 2Ruminant Production, Institute for Food and Agriculture Research and Technology (IRTA), Caldes de Montbui, 08140 Barcelona, Spain.

Alcohol labelling

20-04-2021

In its Europe's Beating Cancer plan, published in February 2021, the European Commission suggests – among other initiatives concerning cancer prevention – several actions concerning alcoholic beverages, such as limiting online advertising and promotion, and reviewing European Union (EU) legislation on the taxation of alcohol. Also among the proposals is mandatory labelling of ingredients and nutrient content on alcoholic beverages by the end of 2022. Health warnings on labels should follow by the ...

In its Europe's Beating Cancer plan, published in February 2021, the European Commission suggests – among other initiatives concerning cancer prevention – several actions concerning alcoholic beverages, such as limiting online advertising and promotion, and reviewing European Union (EU) legislation on the taxation of alcohol. Also among the proposals is mandatory labelling of ingredients and nutrient content on alcoholic beverages by the end of 2022. Health warnings on labels should follow by the end of 2023. Labelling of ingredients and nutritional values on alcoholic drinks already has a long history. First attempts to label ingredients were made in the late 1970s, resulting in the Council not being able to agree on any of the proposed models. Alcoholic drinks containing more than 1.2 % by volume of alcohol (ABV) are exempted from the obligation set on other drinks and foodstuffs, to list the ingredients and make a nutritional declaration on the label. The European Commission adopted a report in 2017, concluding that it had 'not found objective grounds that would justify' the absence of information on ingredients and nutritional information on alcoholic beverages. Following on from the Commission's report, the European associations representing the alcoholic beverages sectors presented their self-regulation proposal in March 2018, suggesting that some sectors would list all ingredients on labels, while others could use online means of communication instead. Stakeholders have differing views on the desirability and feasibility of such listings on-label; some would prefer this information to be allowed to be given off-label through QR-codes, apps or websites, while others absolutely insist that alcoholic drinks should be no different from other sectors of the food and drink industry. The European Parliament has called on the European Commission to consider a health warning and calorie content on alcoholic beverage labels.

The future of crop protection in Europe

16-02-2021

The overall objective of the future of crop protection project is to present an overview of crop protection options for European farmers to enable them to work sustainably while securing food production, preserving biodiversity and supporting farmers' incomes. The policy options proposed are based on an assessment of current and emerging crop protection practices and their impact on the common agricultural policy (CAP) objectives. This overview shows that several crop protection practices are under ...

The overall objective of the future of crop protection project is to present an overview of crop protection options for European farmers to enable them to work sustainably while securing food production, preserving biodiversity and supporting farmers' incomes. The policy options proposed are based on an assessment of current and emerging crop protection practices and their impact on the common agricultural policy (CAP) objectives. This overview shows that several crop protection practices are under continuous development and have potential to improve future crop protection in Europe. The likelihood that policy options can be implemented successfully depends upon the extent to which they are consistent with the interests of stakeholder groups. These include farmers, suppliers, supply chain partners, consumers and NGOs defending societal interests. Furthermore, it is important that crop protection policy options are embedded in a systems perspective. This should include related areas, such as phytosanitary policy, the entire crop production system, the supply chain, and international trade relationships – which need to be in harmony with the crop protection policy. For each of these crop protection practices, different policy options are proposed, together with an impact assessment.

Autor externo

DG, EPRS_This study has been written by Johan Bremmer, Marleen Riemens and Machiel Reinders of Wageningen University & Research at the request of the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA) and managed by the Scientific Foresight Unit, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

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27-09-2021
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