657

resultado(s)

Palabra(s)
Tipo de publicación
Ámbito político
Autor
Palabra clave
Fecha

Review of dual-use export controls

20-07-2021

Certain goods and technologies have legitimate civilian applications but can also be used for military purposes; so-called 'dual-use' goods are subject to the European Union's export control regime. The regime has just been revised, mainly to take account of significant technological developments, increase transparency and create a more level playing field among EU Member States. The proposed regulation will recast the regulation in force since 2009. Among other elements, the proposal explicitly ...

Certain goods and technologies have legitimate civilian applications but can also be used for military purposes; so-called 'dual-use' goods are subject to the European Union's export control regime. The regime has just been revised, mainly to take account of significant technological developments, increase transparency and create a more level playing field among EU Member States. The proposed regulation will recast the regulation in force since 2009. Among other elements, the proposal explicitly defines cyber-surveillance technology as dual-use technology and introduces human rights violations as an explicit justification for export control. It also includes provisions to control emerging technologies. The proposed regulation introduces greater transparency into dual-use export control by increasing the level of detail Member States will have to provide on exports, licences, licence denials and prohibitions. On 17 January 2018, based on the INTA committee's report on the legislative proposal, the European Parliament adopted its position for trilogue negotiations. For its part, the Council adopted its negotiating mandate on 5 June 2019, and on the basis of this mandate, the Council Presidency began negotiations with the European Parliament's delegation on 21 October 2019. Trilogue negotiations ended on 9 November 2020, with agreement on a final compromise text. Endorsed by the INTA committee on 30 November, the Parliament formally voted on the text in plenary on 25 March 2021. The Regulation was published in the Official Journal on 11 June 2021 and enters into force on 8 September 2021. Seventh edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Workshop Large Sporting Events: Human Rights as a Game Changer?

06-07-2021

Large sporting events such as the football World Cup or the Olympic Games can have a considerable impact on a variety of human rights, including the rights of citizens in the host countries; the fundamental freedoms of athletes, journalists and spectators; and the rights of workers involved in construction sites and supply chains. In recent years, international sports federations and other stakeholders have increasingly acknowledged their role in promoting and respecting human rights by adopting ...

Large sporting events such as the football World Cup or the Olympic Games can have a considerable impact on a variety of human rights, including the rights of citizens in the host countries; the fundamental freedoms of athletes, journalists and spectators; and the rights of workers involved in construction sites and supply chains. In recent years, international sports federations and other stakeholders have increasingly acknowledged their role in promoting and respecting human rights by adopting strategies, appointing dedicated bodies and including human rights criteria in the bidding and selection process for hosting states. This workshop, requested by the Subcommittee on Human Rights, and organised in association with the Committee on Culture and Education, examined the progress made by sports governing bodies, in addition to the EU’s potential role in advocating for a coherent, human rights-based approach to sports events. The two briefings presented at the workshop analyse the legal human rights provisions in existing bidding and hosting regulations, as well as the political context for promoting human rights through large sporting events, including the potential linkages between human rights objectives and sustainable development goals.

Autor externo

Daniela HEERDT, Hans Erik NÆSS

Disinformation campaigns about LGBTI+ people in the EU and foreign influence

02-07-2021

The purpose of this briefing is to give a concise overview of disinformation, misinformation and propaganda campaigns about LGBTI+ persons and rights, originating from or being supported and/or multiplied by actors outside the EU. Based on a review of existing literature, the briefing examines the main narratives used, supported and circulated, as well as which actors or group of actors are involved. Where available, information on methods, funding and impacts on European values is provided. The ...

The purpose of this briefing is to give a concise overview of disinformation, misinformation and propaganda campaigns about LGBTI+ persons and rights, originating from or being supported and/or multiplied by actors outside the EU. Based on a review of existing literature, the briefing examines the main narratives used, supported and circulated, as well as which actors or group of actors are involved. Where available, information on methods, funding and impacts on European values is provided. The main narratives identified include negative othering, opposing a ‘gender ideology’, ‘heteroactivism’, restoring a ‘natural’ order, ‘colonialism’ and child safety. The briefing concludes that there is a need for more research, further harmonisation of legal frameworks, the scrutiny of financial flows and strengthened capacity to detect disinformation, misinformation, propaganda and hate speech.

Autor externo

Cecilia STRAND, Jakob SVENSSON, Roland BLOMEYER, Margarita SANZ

Monthly Highlights Newsletter - July 2021

01-07-2021

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The impact of disinformation campaigns about migrants and minority groups in the EU

24-06-2021

This analysis, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Special Committee on Foreign Interference in all Democratic Processes in the European Union, including Disinformation (INGE), aims to explore the impact of disinformation activity originated or amplified from abroad targeting minorities in the EU over the years 2018-2021. While disinformation has become all-pervasive, it can be considered as yet another tool being used to target vulnerable groups in society. Looking at recent disinformation ...

This analysis, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Special Committee on Foreign Interference in all Democratic Processes in the European Union, including Disinformation (INGE), aims to explore the impact of disinformation activity originated or amplified from abroad targeting minorities in the EU over the years 2018-2021. While disinformation has become all-pervasive, it can be considered as yet another tool being used to target vulnerable groups in society. Looking at recent disinformation campaigns that ethnic, religious and cultural minorities have been subjected to, this study finds both direct and indirect links between disinformation and fundamental rights, such as human dignity or physical and mental integrity, along with core European values, including equality, the rule of law and solidarity. The Roma are found to be victims of domestic disinformation, while migrants and the Jewish community are targeted by the Kremlin. The research found that disinformation by foreign and domestic actors as well as disinformation and organic content are increasingly merging, rendering measures to stop foreign disinformation more difficult.

Autor externo

Judit SZAKÁCS, Éva BOGNÁR

El uso de las demandas estratégicas contra la participación pública para silenciar a los periodistas, las organizaciones no gubernamentales y la sociedad civil

14-06-2021

El Convenio Europeo de Derechos Humanos establece la obligación positiva de salvaguardar la libertad de los medios de comunicación pluralistas y de crear un entorno favorable a la participación en el debate público. Las demandas estrat égicas contra la participación pública, una forma de procedimiento de represalia que pretende inhibir la libertad de expresión en relación con asuntos de interés público, constituyen una importante amenaza para el cumplimiento de esta obligación.

El Convenio Europeo de Derechos Humanos establece la obligación positiva de salvaguardar la libertad de los medios de comunicación pluralistas y de crear un entorno favorable a la participación en el debate público. Las demandas estrat égicas contra la participación pública, una forma de procedimiento de represalia que pretende inhibir la libertad de expresión en relación con asuntos de interés público, constituyen una importante amenaza para el cumplimiento de esta obligación.

Autor externo

Justin BORG-BARTHET Benedetta LOBINA Magdalena ZABROCKA.

El enfoque de la Unión Europea con respecto a la migración en el Mediterráneo

11-06-2021

El presente estudio, encargado por el Departamento Temático de Derechos de los Ciudadanos y Asuntos Constitucionales del Parlamento Europeo a petición de la Comisión de Libertades Civiles, Justicia y Asuntos de Interior (Comisión LIBE), examina el enfoque de la Unión Europea con respecto a la migración en el Mediterráneo. En él se abordan los acontecimientos ocurridos desde la crisis de los refugiados hasta la pandemia de COVID-19 y se evalúa el efecto que estos acontecimientos han tenido en ...

El presente estudio, encargado por el Departamento Temático de Derechos de los Ciudadanos y Asuntos Constitucionales del Parlamento Europeo a petición de la Comisión de Libertades Civiles, Justicia y Asuntos de Interior (Comisión LIBE), examina el enfoque de la Unión Europea con respecto a la migración en el Mediterráneo. En él se abordan los acontecimientos ocurridos desde la crisis de los refugiados hasta la pandemia de COVID-19 y se evalúa el efecto que estos acontecimientos han tenido en la concepción, la ejecución y la reforma de la política de la Unión en materia de asilo, migración y control de las fronteras exteriores. El estudio revisa la situación en que se encuentran la legislación pertinente de la Unión y su aplicación, evalúa la situación en el Mediterráneo y lleva a cabo un examen exhaustivo de la dimensión exterior, centrando la atención en la cooperación con terceros países (Turquía, Libia y Níger) e incorporando consideraciones relativas a los derechos humanos y a la legislación sobre los refugiados, así como un análisis de las implicaciones de la asignación de recursos con cargo al Fondo Fiduciario de Emergencia para África y al Mecanismo para los Refugiados en Turquía. El objetivo principal es comprobar la correcta aplicación del Derecho internacional y de la Unión, teniendo en cuenta el aumento de las denuncias de violaciones de los derechos humanos, la penalización indebida y la complicidad de la Unión en los crímenes atroces de que son víctimas los migrantes en el mar, los abandonados a su suerte en Libia o los retenidos en Níger y Turquía. También se evalúa el papel que desempeñan las agencias de la Unión [Frontex y la Oficina Europea de Apoyo al Asilo (EASO)], junto con las iniciativas bilaterales o multilaterales adoptadas por los Estados miembros, integrando el principio de solidaridad como preocupación horizontal.

Autor externo

Violeta MORENO-LAX,Jennifer ALLSOPP,Evangelia (Lilian) TSOURDI,Philippe DE BRUYCKER,Andreina DE LEO

Policy Departments’ Monthly Highlights - June 2021

04-06-2021

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

What if objects around us flocked together and became intelligent?

01-06-2021

- Artificial Intelligence: the real driving force of IoT. - Artificial Intelligence of Things (AIoT) incorporates all the possibilities of AI and IoT, but also all ethical and legal concerns. - Potential advantages and possibilities for EU of Artificial Intelligence of Things.

- Artificial Intelligence: the real driving force of IoT. - Artificial Intelligence of Things (AIoT) incorporates all the possibilities of AI and IoT, but also all ethical and legal concerns. - Potential advantages and possibilities for EU of Artificial Intelligence of Things.

A statute for European cross-border associations and non-profit organizations Potential benefits in the current situation

26-05-2021

After carrying out a comparative analysis of the main laws on non-profit organizations in force in some selected European countries, the Study discusses a potential legislative initiative of the European Union on the subject, presenting the different options available and concluding that the European Union should introduce a European status not limited to non-profit organizations but aimed, more generally, at including related organizations such as those of the third sector and the social economy ...

After carrying out a comparative analysis of the main laws on non-profit organizations in force in some selected European countries, the Study discusses a potential legislative initiative of the European Union on the subject, presenting the different options available and concluding that the European Union should introduce a European status not limited to non-profit organizations but aimed, more generally, at including related organizations such as those of the third sector and the social economy.

Autor externo

Prof. Antonio FICI

Próximos actos

07-09-2021
EPRS online policy roundtable: What is the future of (European) sovereignty?
Otro acto -
EPRS
08-09-2021
EPRS online policy roundtable: Statistics, Data and Trust: Why figures matter [...]
Otro acto -
EPRS
21-09-2021
EPRS online Book Talk with David Harley: Matters of Record: Inside European Politics
Otro acto -
EPRS

Socios