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Often isolated, and with generally poorer access to public services, the EU's border regions face a unique set of challenges. This has been recognised under Article 174 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, which provides that particular attention should be paid to cross-border regions when developing action to strengthen the EU's economic, social and territorial cohesion. Yet while the EU has provided significant support over the years, particularly within the framework of European ...

The European Commission recently issued the legislative proposals for the spending programmes of the MFF 2021-2027, including the legislative package on cohesion policy. Three of these proposals (on the ERDF and the Cohesion fund, on a new mechanism for cross-border cooperation and on Interreg) are covered by one IA. It provides a good description of policy challenges and ‘lessons learned’ from previous programmes. Potential effects of proposed measures are, however, discussed rather generally, neglecting ...

Upon request by the JURI Committee, this in-depth analysis compares national rules and practices governing expert reports in the civil law area. All EU Member States expect experts to be competent, independent and impartial. The method of recruitment and rights and obligations of experts still vary. The lack of public registers is an obstacle to their appointment. Only judges can authorise an expert report and generally define the mission, but it is not the case everywhere that they are given the ...

The study examines developments concerning human rights mechanism(s) in the Southeast Asian region, in the space known as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), with a view to strengthening relations between the European Union and the region. The ASEAN Inter-governmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) has now been set up as the overarching body to promote and protect human rights in the ASEAN. Two sectoral bodies working on human rights have also appeared: the ASEAN Commission for ...

This study has been commissioned by the European Parliament as an input to the analysis of the international, in particular European Union’s, assistance to national human rights institutions in the countries of the Eastern Partnership. Since the calls on Belarus so far have failed to result in the establishment of such an institution in this country, the study focuses only on Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. While noting the strengthening of the standing and a considerable progress ...