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After the financial crisis, the supervisory framework of the euro area banking sector has been seriously scaled up. This briefing argues, however, that there still is a watchdog role for journalists, as banking supervisors cannot single out banks that take excessive risks or fall short of other obligations. Based on a survey, we find that more than half of the significant banks in the euro area organise press conferences, which could provide a suitable forum for dedicated journalist to ask challenging ...

his in-depth analysis, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, looks at the use of data for the purpose of regulatory assessment/evaluation. The author finds that data is needed to support evidence-based regulation, that information technologies, and in particular AI, can enable a more extensive and beneficial use of data, and that the use of data in ex-post evaluations can improve the regulatory ...

Understanding inflation dynamics requires an understanding of the underlying concept and how it is measured. Inflation is defined as a process of continuously rising prices and falling purchasing power. In other words, a general and broad-based increase in the price of goods and services over an extended period. The main objective of central banks is to keep prices stable, to preserve the integrity and purchasing power of people's money. The most common inflation indicator measures the average change ...

This document provides an overview of public hearings and exchange of views with the Chair of the Single Resolution Board (SRB) in the ECON Committee since July 2019. It also provides an overview of all external papers requested by the ECON Committee by a standing panel of banking experts. Lastly, the annex contains an overview of the respective legal bases for these hearings as part of the accountability framework of the SRB. For an overview of public hearings during the 8th parliamentary term, ...

This document provides an overview of public hearings and exchange of views with the Chair of the European Central Bank (ECB) Supervisory Board in the ECON Committee since July 2019. It also provides an overview of all external papers requested by the ECON Committee by a standing panel of banking experts. Lastly, the annex contains an overview of the respective legal bases for these hearings as part of the accountability framework of the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM). For an overview of public ...

This study evaluates the European Parliament's accountability instruments in the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) in light of their comparability to existing arrangements in monetary policy. The analysis shows that the Inter-Institutional Agreement with the European Central Bank in banking supervision did not result in a significantly different accountability relationship than the one between the two institutions in monetary policy. The results are based on interviews with Members of the European ...

This briefing provides a summary of the recent economic developments in the EU Member States and gives an overview of relevant economic projections forecasted by major international and EU institutions

This document presents: • The 2022 CSRs adopted by the Council, in the framework of the European Semester, on 17 June 2022 and • The 2021 fiscal recommendations adopted by the Council on 18 June 2021, • The 2020 CSRs adopted by the Council, in the framework of the European Semester, on 20 July 2020, • The 2019 Country-Specific Recommendations (CSRs) adopted by the Council on 9 July 2019, • The European Commission’s assessments of the implementation of the 2019, 2020 and 2021 CSRs based on its ...

In absolute figures, Italy's Recovery and Resilience Plan is the largest national plan under the unprecedented EU response to the crisis triggered by the coronavirus pandemic. Italy has decided to use its entire national allocation under the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF), including its loan component (€122.6 billion). Totalling €191.5 billion, these resources represent 26.5 % of the entire RRF, equal to 10.7 % of the country's gross domestic product (GDP) in 2019 (the RRF being 5.2 % of ...

'This is Europe' – an initiative proposed by the President of the European Parliament, Roberta Metsola – consists of a series of debates with EU leaders to discuss their visions for the future of the European Union. On 5 July 2022, the Prime Minister of Greece, Kyriakos Mitsotakis, was the fourth EU leader to address the Parliament since its Conference of Presidents endorsed the initiative on 28 April 2022. Mr Mitsotakis mentioned EU solidarity frequently, in terms of how it had helped Greece during ...