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Commitments made at the hearing of Olivér VÁRHELYI, Commissioner-designate - Neighbourhood and Enlargement

22-11-2019

Commissioner-designate Olivér Várhelyi appeared before the European Parliament on 14 November 2019 to answer questions from MEPs in the Committee on Foreign Affairs (the Committee on International Trade was invited). This document highlights a number of commitments which he made during the hearing. They refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: Western Balkans and Turkey; Eastern Neighbourhood ...

Commissioner-designate Olivér Várhelyi appeared before the European Parliament on 14 November 2019 to answer questions from MEPs in the Committee on Foreign Affairs (the Committee on International Trade was invited). This document highlights a number of commitments which he made during the hearing. They refer to his portfolio, as described in the mission letter sent to him by Ursula von der Leyen, President-elect of the European Commission, including: Western Balkans and Turkey; Eastern Neighbourhood; Southern Neighbourhood.

Lõunapoolsed partnerriigid

01-02-2018

Euroopa naabruspoliitika (ENP) hõlmab Alžeeriat, Egiptust, Iisraeli, Jordaaniat, Liibanoni, Liibüat, Marokot, Palestiinat, Süüriat ja Tuneesiat. Naabruspoliitikat arendatakse ELi ja 10 partnerriigi kahepoolsete poliitiliste suhete abil, mida täiendab piirkondlik koostööraamistik ehk Vahemere Liit. Vastuseks lõunanaabruses toimunud meeleavaldustele suurendas EL 2011. aastal demokraatlike muutuste toetamist ENP raames. 2015. aastal vaadati ENP uuesti läbi.

Euroopa naabruspoliitika (ENP) hõlmab Alžeeriat, Egiptust, Iisraeli, Jordaaniat, Liibanoni, Liibüat, Marokot, Palestiinat, Süüriat ja Tuneesiat. Naabruspoliitikat arendatakse ELi ja 10 partnerriigi kahepoolsete poliitiliste suhete abil, mida täiendab piirkondlik koostööraamistik ehk Vahemere Liit. Vastuseks lõunanaabruses toimunud meeleavaldustele suurendas EL 2011. aastal demokraatlike muutuste toetamist ENP raames. 2015. aastal vaadati ENP uuesti läbi.

Euroopa naabruspoliitika

01-01-2018

Euroopa naabruspoliitikat kohaldatakse Alžeeria, Armeenia, Aserbaidžaani, Egiptuse, Gruusia, Iisraeli, Jordaania, Liibanoni, Liibüa, Maroko, Moldova, Palestiina, Süüria, Tuneesia, Ukraina ja Valgevene suhtes. Eesmärk on suurendada kõikide heaolu, stabiilsust ja julgeolekut. Naabruspoliitika põhineb demokraatial, õigusriigi põhimõtetel ja inimõiguste austamisel ning see on ELi ja iga partnerriigi vaheline kahepoolne poliitika, millele lisanduvad piirkondliku koostöö algatused: idapartnerlus ja Vahemere ...

Euroopa naabruspoliitikat kohaldatakse Alžeeria, Armeenia, Aserbaidžaani, Egiptuse, Gruusia, Iisraeli, Jordaania, Liibanoni, Liibüa, Maroko, Moldova, Palestiina, Süüria, Tuneesia, Ukraina ja Valgevene suhtes. Eesmärk on suurendada kõikide heaolu, stabiilsust ja julgeolekut. Naabruspoliitika põhineb demokraatial, õigusriigi põhimõtetel ja inimõiguste austamisel ning see on ELi ja iga partnerriigi vaheline kahepoolne poliitika, millele lisanduvad piirkondliku koostöö algatused: idapartnerlus ja Vahemere Liit[1].

Pärsia lahe riigid, Iraan, Iraak ja Jeemen

01-01-2018

ELil on koostöölepingud Pärsia lahe koostöönõukoguga (piirkondlik organisatsioon, millesse kuuluvad Araabia Ühendemiraadid, Bahrein, Katar, Kuveit, Omaan ja Saudi Araabia) ja Jeemeniga ning partnerlus- ja koostööleping Iraagiga. Praegu ei ole ELil lepingulisi suhteid Iraaniga ja ELil ei ole delegatsiooni Teheranis.

ELil on koostöölepingud Pärsia lahe koostöönõukoguga (piirkondlik organisatsioon, millesse kuuluvad Araabia Ühendemiraadid, Bahrein, Katar, Kuveit, Omaan ja Saudi Araabia) ja Jeemeniga ning partnerlus- ja koostööleping Iraagiga. Praegu ei ole ELil lepingulisi suhteid Iraaniga ja ELil ei ole delegatsiooni Teheranis.

Rebuilding the Iraqi State: Stabilisation, Governance, and Reconciliation

15-12-2017

The victory over the so-called Islamic State’s territorial rule presents a chance for the Government of Iraq to rebuild its state institutions and re-assert its authority. In this transition, will the Iraqi leadership move past cycles of failure and address the structural problems that perpetuate state weakness and facilitate the emergence of groups like ISIS? To answer this question, this paper analyses the challenges of short-term stabilisation programming with longer-term governance reform at ...

The victory over the so-called Islamic State’s territorial rule presents a chance for the Government of Iraq to rebuild its state institutions and re-assert its authority. In this transition, will the Iraqi leadership move past cycles of failure and address the structural problems that perpetuate state weakness and facilitate the emergence of groups like ISIS? To answer this question, this paper analyses the challenges of short-term stabilisation programming with longer-term governance reform at the local and national levels. It argues that, without establishing representative and responsive state institutions, the processes of reconciliation and integration will be unsuccessful. To conclude, this paper offers policy recommendations on how the EU can support the upcoming state-rebuilding process.

Parlamendiväline autor

Renad MANSOUR, Research Fellow, Chatham House, United Kingdom

Syria: Stalled Peace Process and Blocked Humanitarian Access

24-11-2016

Amid stalled peace talks and a worsening humanitarian situation, the EU is working alongside the UN Special Envoy for Syria to engage key regional and international players and broker a return to the negotiating table. In parallel, an EU emergency humanitarian initiative for Aleppo has been launched to attempt to break the deadlock over humanitarian access and deliver aid to some of the 275 000 people in Aleppo and 13.5 million people across the country who are in desperate need of assistance.

Amid stalled peace talks and a worsening humanitarian situation, the EU is working alongside the UN Special Envoy for Syria to engage key regional and international players and broker a return to the negotiating table. In parallel, an EU emergency humanitarian initiative for Aleppo has been launched to attempt to break the deadlock over humanitarian access and deliver aid to some of the 275 000 people in Aleppo and 13.5 million people across the country who are in desperate need of assistance.

The Conflict in Yemen: Latest Developments

24-10-2016

The Yemen conflict has deteriorated since 2015 despite repeated rounds of peace negotiations. The most recent round of UN-led Talks ended in August 2016 with no agreement. The conflict is in danger of escalating beyond Yemen’s borders with frequent Houthi incursions into Saudi Arabia, foreign ships being targeted by missiles from Houthi-controlled areas near the Bab el-Mandeb Strait – a major international trade route – and Saudi Arabia and Iran siding with opposite sides in the conflict. The latest ...

The Yemen conflict has deteriorated since 2015 despite repeated rounds of peace negotiations. The most recent round of UN-led Talks ended in August 2016 with no agreement. The conflict is in danger of escalating beyond Yemen’s borders with frequent Houthi incursions into Saudi Arabia, foreign ships being targeted by missiles from Houthi-controlled areas near the Bab el-Mandeb Strait – a major international trade route – and Saudi Arabia and Iran siding with opposite sides in the conflict. The latest 72-hour cease-fire starting 20 October was not renewed when it ended on 22 October. The cease-fire did, however, allow humanitarian aid agencies to step in to start to provide assistance to some of the 21.2 million people across the country who are in need of humanitarian aid. UN OCHA has estimated it needs USD 1.63 billion for its Yemen humanitarian response plan, but it has only received pledges for 47 % of that amount so far. The EU has recently announced a further EUR 40 million for the fund, taking the total EU pledge to EUR 120 million. The European Parliament has called for an EU arms embargo on Saudi Arabia, which is responsible for the majority of the destruction of civilian infrastructure.

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