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Contracts for the supply of digital content and personal data protection

15-05-2017

The proposed directive on the supply of digital content is intended to regulate the main contractual rights and duties of parties to contracts for the supply of digital content and services, and create a harmonised legal framework for digital content to benefit both consumers and businesses. It covers not only contracts where digital content or services are provided in exchange for money, but also those where the consumer provides personal or other data in lieu of money to gain access to digital ...

The proposed directive on the supply of digital content is intended to regulate the main contractual rights and duties of parties to contracts for the supply of digital content and services, and create a harmonised legal framework for digital content to benefit both consumers and businesses. It covers not only contracts where digital content or services are provided in exchange for money, but also those where the consumer provides personal or other data in lieu of money to gain access to digital content or services. The interplay between this proposed private law instrument and the existing public law rules on data protection (notably the recently adopted General Data Protection Regulation) have been the subject of some debate. The European Data Protection Supervisor's recent opinion was critical of the proposal, arguing that, in the EU, personal data 'cannot be conceived as a mere economic asset' and cannot therefore be treated as the consumer's contractual counter-performance in lieu of money. The draft report prepared by the co-rapporteurs in Parliament includes those contracts in which consumers do not pay a price (but potentially provide data) within the scope of the proposal. It eliminates however the notion of personal data as a form of contractual 'counter-performance'. The co-legislators are now facing the challenging task of reconciling the fundamental rights approach with the requirements of economic reality, including the need to grant legal protection to consumers who provide their data in order to access digital content or services.

Cross-border Placement of Children in the European Union

25-05-2016

This study, commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, explores the range and nature of problems linked to the cross-border placement of children and to the application of article 56 of the Brussels IIa Regulation. Based on an analysis of the practice in 12 Member States and European case law, it identifies a number of shortcomings in the current legislative framework. Looking ahead to the recast of Brussels IIa, the ...

This study, commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, explores the range and nature of problems linked to the cross-border placement of children and to the application of article 56 of the Brussels IIa Regulation. Based on an analysis of the practice in 12 Member States and European case law, it identifies a number of shortcomings in the current legislative framework. Looking ahead to the recast of Brussels IIa, the study sets out recommendations to remedy some of the weaknesses, such as clarifying the respective tasks of the Member States involved in cross-border placement cases and facilitating the recognition and enforcement of cross-border placement orders.

CJEU rules on use of standards in imposing information duties on life insurance companies

04-06-2015

The EU Directive applicable to life insurance sets out what kind of information insurance companies must give to policyholders. It also allows Member States to impose broader information duties, provided that the information is necessary for the policyholder to understand the contract. In its ruling of 29 April 2015, the EU Court of Justice allowed Member States to use open-ended standards to impose information duties, provided that sufficient legal certainty is guaranteed.

The EU Directive applicable to life insurance sets out what kind of information insurance companies must give to policyholders. It also allows Member States to impose broader information duties, provided that the information is necessary for the policyholder to understand the contract. In its ruling of 29 April 2015, the EU Court of Justice allowed Member States to use open-ended standards to impose information duties, provided that sufficient legal certainty is guaranteed.

Comparative Study on Authentic Instruments - National Provisions of Private Law, Circulation, Mutual Recognition and Enforcement, Possible Legislative Initiative by the European Union (United Kingdom, France, Germany, Poland, Romania, Sweden)

14-11-2008

This study provides an in-depth and objective comparative analysis of the national provisions of private law and private international law in the field of authentic instruments with special focus on their mutual recognition and enforcement within selected EU Member States. The results of this comparative analysis serve as a basis for evaluating if a legislative initiative of the European Union in this field is worthwhile or necessary. For that purpose, the study contains some proposals on the legal ...

This study provides an in-depth and objective comparative analysis of the national provisions of private law and private international law in the field of authentic instruments with special focus on their mutual recognition and enforcement within selected EU Member States. The results of this comparative analysis serve as a basis for evaluating if a legislative initiative of the European Union in this field is worthwhile or necessary. For that purpose, the study contains some proposals on the legal basis and the form as well as on the scope and the content of a possible regulatory intervention by the European Union.

Parlamendiväline autor

Conseil des notariats de l'Union européenne

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