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The Implementation of Enhanced Cooperation in the EU

01-10-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs, examines – against a historical backdrop – the legal provisions governing Enhanced Cooperation as well as the so far very limited number of implemented Enhanced Cooperation initiatives. Based on these insights, concrete ideas are formulated on how to optimise this ‘standardised and generalised framework’ of differentiated ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs, examines – against a historical backdrop – the legal provisions governing Enhanced Cooperation as well as the so far very limited number of implemented Enhanced Cooperation initiatives. Based on these insights, concrete ideas are formulated on how to optimise this ‘standardised and generalised framework’ of differentiated integration, touching upon questions of efficacy, efficiency and legitimacy.

Parlamendiväline autor

Prof. Dr. Wolfgang WESSELS, Centre for Turkey and European Union Studies (CETEUS), University of Cologne; Carsten GERARDS, Department of EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies, College of Europe (Bruges)

Trends in Differentiation of EU Law and Lessons for the Future

15-01-2015

This analysis examines the development of differentiated integration connected to the EU legal order, and raises questions for the future.

This analysis examines the development of differentiated integration connected to the EU legal order, and raises questions for the future.

European small claims procedure: An opportunity for enhancing cross-border enforcement

03-10-2013

Legislatures in some EU Member States (MS) have introduced special, simplified and accelerated tracks for small claims in legally uncomplicated cases. Those procedures vary both as regards the threshold and level of simplification. The Treaty of Amsterdam gave the EU powers to harmonise civil procedure. As part of that mandate, the EU has adopted a number of coordination instruments (regulating conflicts of jurisdiction and mutual recognition) and created two autonomous EU civil procedures, including ...

Legislatures in some EU Member States (MS) have introduced special, simplified and accelerated tracks for small claims in legally uncomplicated cases. Those procedures vary both as regards the threshold and level of simplification. The Treaty of Amsterdam gave the EU powers to harmonise civil procedure. As part of that mandate, the EU has adopted a number of coordination instruments (regulating conflicts of jurisdiction and mutual recognition) and created two autonomous EU civil procedures, including the European Small Claims Procedure (ESCP).

Internalisation of External Effects in Environmental Policy

01-12-2003

The damage to the economy and the environment caused by external effects is estimated at about 4% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This is reason enough for the European Commission to propose instruments for the internalisation of external effects. This working document shows the economic basis for this policy and describes how it can be introduced in practice, followed by some recommendations. This paper is intended to help readers without an economic background to understand how people in Europe ...

The damage to the economy and the environment caused by external effects is estimated at about 4% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This is reason enough for the European Commission to propose instruments for the internalisation of external effects. This working document shows the economic basis for this policy and describes how it can be introduced in practice, followed by some recommendations. This paper is intended to help readers without an economic background to understand how people in Europe would benefit from the external effects measures although they would have to pay significantly more e.g. for transport services. We have tried to keep the text intelligible, with sparing use of unexplained economic terms. The statements are explained through graphs without complicated equations or derivations.

Parlamendiväline autor

Micha Braeuer, Former Robert Schuman Scholar

The Impact of the Amsterdam Treaty on Justice and Home Affairs Issues

15-03-2000

This report deals with the changes to the Maastricht Treaty brought about by the Amsterdam Treaty on justice and home affairs issues and the new provisions in the TEU and TEC.

This report deals with the changes to the Maastricht Treaty brought about by the Amsterdam Treaty on justice and home affairs issues and the new provisions in the TEU and TEC.

Parlamendiväline autor

Tony Bunyan (Statewatch bulletin), Heiner Busch (CILIP, Berlin, Germany), Elspeth Guild (University of Nijmegen, the Netherlands), Steve Peers (Human Rights Centre, University of Essex, UK)

Fundamental Rights - Access to the Courts

14-01-2000

The aim of this report is to provide the reader with a clear overview of the most recent developments in the European Union with regard to human rights.

The aim of this report is to provide the reader with a clear overview of the most recent developments in the European Union with regard to human rights.

Parlamendiväline autor

Eva Vega Rodriguez

Freedom, Security, Justice: An Agenda for Europe

15-09-1999

A report of the conference organised by Parliament's Committee on Civil Liberties attended by the European Parliament, national parliaments, the Council, the Commission, the Court of Justice, the European Ombudsman and representatives of NGOs and international organisations, on the topic of implementing the area of freedom, security and justice laid down in the Amsterdam Treaty.

A report of the conference organised by Parliament's Committee on Civil Liberties attended by the European Parliament, national parliaments, the Council, the Commission, the Court of Justice, the European Ombudsman and representatives of NGOs and international organisations, on the topic of implementing the area of freedom, security and justice laid down in the Amsterdam Treaty.

Treaties and Conventions on Women's Rights

01-07-1999

The aim of this study is firstly to examine the European or international treaties and conventions currently in force and the European recommendations, resolutions and directives adopted and addressed to the Member States of the European Union.

The aim of this study is firstly to examine the European or international treaties and conventions currently in force and the European recommendations, resolutions and directives adopted and addressed to the Member States of the European Union.

Parlamendiväline autor

Anne-Sophie Divanon

Impact of the Work of the European Parliament and Its Committee on Employment and Social Affairs on the Communities' Social Legislation

15-02-1999

This study analyses the impact of the European Parliament on the social policy aspects of the Treaty of Amsterdam, on the Luxembourg European Council on Employment and on each of the twenty-three legislative acts concerning social policy adopted by the Council between September 1994 and December 1998. Each piece of legislation is evaluated separately, by analysing the Commission's and the Council's reaction to Parliament's amendments. It also considers the impact of Parliament's five own-initiative ...

This study analyses the impact of the European Parliament on the social policy aspects of the Treaty of Amsterdam, on the Luxembourg European Council on Employment and on each of the twenty-three legislative acts concerning social policy adopted by the Council between September 1994 and December 1998. Each piece of legislation is evaluated separately, by analysing the Commission's and the Council's reaction to Parliament's amendments. It also considers the impact of Parliament's five own-initiative reports on social policy.

Parlamendiväline autor

Toby KING (King's College, London University, UK) and Mary BROWNE (Dublin City University, Ireland)