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Avenues for EU action on citizenship and residence by investment schemes - European Added Value Assessment

21-10-2021

Citizenship and residence by investment schemes allow third-country nationals to obtain residence or citizenship in a host country in exchange for a financial contribution. In the European Union (EU), at least 130 000 persons have taken advantage of such schemes, which have generated over €21.8 billion in revenue for the countries concerned. This European added value assessment (EAVA) reviews the key issues raised by investment schemes and the possible legal bases on which the EU could act to address ...

Citizenship and residence by investment schemes allow third-country nationals to obtain residence or citizenship in a host country in exchange for a financial contribution. In the European Union (EU), at least 130 000 persons have taken advantage of such schemes, which have generated over €21.8 billion in revenue for the countries concerned. This European added value assessment (EAVA) reviews the key issues raised by investment schemes and the possible legal bases on which the EU could act to address them. Several policy options are put forward that could be implemented through amendments to existing EU legislation or by introducing new legislation. The policy options include: (1) Phasing out investment schemes in the EU; (2) Applying an EU-level tax on investment schemes; and (3) Regulating investment schemes. In addition, the assessment considers the introduction of minimum physical presence requirements on residence by investment schemes and regulating access to the EU for investor migrants from third countries. The policy options are assessed in terms of their potential consequences and impacts, subsidiarity, proportionality and the overall added value the EU might gain.

Digitalisation of the European reporting, monitoring and audit

11-10-2021

The rules governing the monitoring and reporting obligations of EU funding programmes under shared management have been developing progressively over time. Across the EU, there are over 290 different reporting systems. Fragmentation makes data incomparable, prevents the use of AI and big data sets and systems for monitoring and control, and prevents stakeholders and society from getting a comprehensive overview of the way funds are distributed. This European added value assessment accompanies the ...

The rules governing the monitoring and reporting obligations of EU funding programmes under shared management have been developing progressively over time. Across the EU, there are over 290 different reporting systems. Fragmentation makes data incomparable, prevents the use of AI and big data sets and systems for monitoring and control, and prevents stakeholders and society from getting a comprehensive overview of the way funds are distributed. This European added value assessment accompanies the report of the European Parliament's Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) on the ‘Digitalisation of the European reporting, monitoring and audit’ (2021/2054(INL)), by making an evidence-based analysis, identifying gaps and barriers, laying out possible policy options and pointing to their potential impacts. Action in the field could diminish fraud, abuse and weaknesses of EU funding programmes, which would lead to more efficiency and transparency. The three policy options identified in this study propose strengthening the enforcement of existing measures, creating a single EU database, and introducing requirements for the disclosure of relevant information on companies. A potential EU added value was identified, which could presumably lead to a lowering of the error rates by 0.7 percentage points and savings worth €1.11 billion. In the case of high-risk expenditure the error rates could drop by up to 2.9 percentage points, yielding savings worth €1.94 billion.

Fair and simpler taxation supporting the recovery strategy - Ways to lower compliance costs and improve EU corporate income taxation

21-09-2021

This study analyses the gaps and challenges in the EU corporate income tax (CIT) legislation, and evaluate the European Added Value (EAV) of potential policy options to address these challenges. A thorough comparative economic analysis is made of the EAV of a series of scenarios, based upon the policy options identified. The results confirm that complexity remains by far the greatest factor behind both the CIT gap and the high level of compliance costs for businesses. Insufficient transparency, lack ...

This study analyses the gaps and challenges in the EU corporate income tax (CIT) legislation, and evaluate the European Added Value (EAV) of potential policy options to address these challenges. A thorough comparative economic analysis is made of the EAV of a series of scenarios, based upon the policy options identified. The results confirm that complexity remains by far the greatest factor behind both the CIT gap and the high level of compliance costs for businesses. Insufficient transparency, lack of administrative effectiveness and lack of efficient enforcement are also of particular relevance for businesses as they have a relatively large impact on compliance costs. As expected, the move towards digitalisation of the tax administration also appears as an option to reduce both the CIT gap and compliance costs in all scenarios, but probably to a lesser extent than what is sometimes assumed. The study finds an EAV of around €30 billion for a scenario of agreement in the G7/OECD plus limited implementation of the Commission's 'Business in Europe: Framework for income taxation' (BEFIT) proposals, as well as reinforced and extended cooperation. A slightly higher EAV of around €45 billion is found for a scenario of G7/OECD agreement + ambitious BEFIT and reinforced cooperation. Finally, a higher EAV of €76 billion is found with the most ambitious scenario of an EU treasury, qualified voting majority (QVM) in Council and CIT administered at EU level. The most ambitious scenario is however still rather unlikely to gather sufficient support at the current juncture as it would require substantial Treaty changes. It can be concluded that the two other alternatives are more likely to be implemented in the coming period.

Fair and simpler taxation supporting the recovery strategy – Ways to improve exchange of information and compliance to reduce the VAT gap

20-09-2021

Member States have agreed that the definitive VAT reform in the EU should proceed only if it can be demonstrated that its impact on reducing the VAT gap is substantial and if the burden on businesses is also reduced. This study analyses these issues in detail, with a view to identifying possible challenges for the EU and on evaluating the European Added Value (EAV) of potential policy options to address these challenges. The study also includes a thorough comparative economic analysis of the EAV ...

Member States have agreed that the definitive VAT reform in the EU should proceed only if it can be demonstrated that its impact on reducing the VAT gap is substantial and if the burden on businesses is also reduced. This study analyses these issues in detail, with a view to identifying possible challenges for the EU and on evaluating the European Added Value (EAV) of potential policy options to address these challenges. The study also includes a thorough comparative economic analysis of the EAV of a series of scenarios based upon the policy options identified. The results confirm that complexity remains the main factor behind both the VAT gap and the high level of compliance costs for businesses in all scenarios. Regarding the impact of each scenario compared to the baseline in 2025, the study finds an EAV of around €39 billion for the scenario of extended cooperation with exchange of information and a one-stop shop. This can be broken down into a reduction of the VAT gap of around €29 billion, and a reduction of the compliance costs for businesses of almost €10 billion. A slightly higher EAV of around €45 billion is found for the scenario of extended cooperation with a definitive VAT regime and a one-stop shop. Finally, a higher EAV of €71 billion is found for the most ambitious scenario, including establishment of an EU treasury and VAT administered at EU level. This most ambitious scenario is, however, rather unlikely to gather sufficient support at the current juncture and would also require substantial Treaty change. As the definitive VAT regime continues to be delayed, this evaluation also emphasises the potential for a scenario of extended cooperation through reinforced exchange of information and a one-stop shop. However, the extent to which Member States are likely to coordinate a concerted move, as assumed by some commentators, remains to be demonstrated at this stage.

Legal migration policy and law

01-09-2021

This European added value assessment (EAVA) has been written with the aim of providing support to the ongoing work on a European Parliament legislative-initiative report on legal migration policy and law (2020/2255(INI)). The assessment reviews the key issues concerning legal migration in the status quo (with a focus on labour migration) and discusses the reasons why the EU should take action. It then explores a selection of possible EU actions, that include recognising migrants' qualifications, ...

This European added value assessment (EAVA) has been written with the aim of providing support to the ongoing work on a European Parliament legislative-initiative report on legal migration policy and law (2020/2255(INI)). The assessment reviews the key issues concerning legal migration in the status quo (with a focus on labour migration) and discusses the reasons why the EU should take action. It then explores a selection of possible EU actions, that include recognising migrants' qualifications, facilitating access to employment of migrants already in the EU, developing new avenues for legal migration to the EU, tackling discrimination and promoting migrants' rights. The assessment finds that all policy options could generate substantial benefits for workers and spillover benefits for the EU economy. Moreover, as these policy options are complementary, they could be implemented together in order to enhance the added value of EU action.

'Future proofing' EU policies-The why, what and how of stress testing

19-07-2021

Governments and policymakers around the world are increasingly stress testing policies to get ‘ahead of the curve’ and to be better equipped in response to plausible futures that may include disruptive events. This EAVA in Action provides an introduction to stress testing and how it could support the work of the European Parliament. The use of stress testing could add value at all stages of the EU legislative cycle and complement existing regulatory policy tools such as ex-ante assessment and ex-post ...

Governments and policymakers around the world are increasingly stress testing policies to get ‘ahead of the curve’ and to be better equipped in response to plausible futures that may include disruptive events. This EAVA in Action provides an introduction to stress testing and how it could support the work of the European Parliament. The use of stress testing could add value at all stages of the EU legislative cycle and complement existing regulatory policy tools such as ex-ante assessment and ex-post evaluation. It could be applied as an anticipatory governance tool across all policy areas to identify weaknesses and opportunities to reinforce the legislative framework.

Gender-based violence as a new area of crime listed in Article 83(1) TFEU - European added value assessment

14-06-2021

This European added value assessment (EAVA) supports the European Parliament's legislative-initiative report on a 'Proposal for a Council decision to identify gender-based violence as a new area of crime listed in Article 83(1) TFEU', 2021/2035(INL). The assessment reviews the significant harm generated by gender-based violence in the EU and presents evidence supporting the classification of gender-based violence as a particularly serious crime with a cross-border dimension. Through improving prevention ...

This European added value assessment (EAVA) supports the European Parliament's legislative-initiative report on a 'Proposal for a Council decision to identify gender-based violence as a new area of crime listed in Article 83(1) TFEU', 2021/2035(INL). The assessment reviews the significant harm generated by gender-based violence in the EU and presents evidence supporting the classification of gender-based violence as a particularly serious crime with a cross-border dimension. Through improving prevention, prosecution and protection, EU action could generate significant benefits to victims and society; considering only the economic dimension, by decreasing the incidence of gender-based violence, it could generate benefits in the order of €25.1 billion in the short term and between €54.4 billion and €83.9 billion in the longer term. Moreover, the EAVA identifies complementary EU action that could enhance the European added value of this policy option, such as expanding the mandate of the equality bodies, promoting the quality of survey and administrative data and supporting education activities and training.

A statute for European cross-border associations and non-profit organisations

06-05-2021

The study examines the potential EU added value of the policy options (encouraging cross-border transactions, enhancing social outcomes and increasing economic contributions) as well as the drawbacks. In addition, the assessment highlights supporting non-legislative measures that could promote specific NPO functions in the EU.

The study examines the potential EU added value of the policy options (encouraging cross-border transactions, enhancing social outcomes and increasing economic contributions) as well as the drawbacks. In addition, the assessment highlights supporting non-legislative measures that could promote specific NPO functions in the EU.

Parlamendiväline autor

Anheier, Helmut K.

Protecting workers from asbestos

29-03-2021

Asbestos is responsible for more than half of the deaths from occupational cancer in the world. Since 2005 Asbestos is banned in Europe. The risks remain, because of the maintenance or demolition work on older buildings and their renovation (increasing energy efficiency) result in substantial exposure to asbestos and many people still work and live in asbestos contaminated buildings.

Asbestos is responsible for more than half of the deaths from occupational cancer in the world. Since 2005 Asbestos is banned in Europe. The risks remain, because of the maintenance or demolition work on older buildings and their renovation (increasing energy efficiency) result in substantial exposure to asbestos and many people still work and live in asbestos contaminated buildings.

European Parliament work in the fields of Impact Assessment and European Added Value: Activity Report for July 2019 to December 2020

25-03-2021

This activity report summarises and explains the work undertaken by the European Parliament in the fields of impact assessment and European added value during the first 18 months of the current 2019-24 EU institutional cycle. It details the support given by the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) to assist parliamentary committees in their oversight and scrutiny of the executive in the fields of ex-ante impact assessment ...

This activity report summarises and explains the work undertaken by the European Parliament in the fields of impact assessment and European added value during the first 18 months of the current 2019-24 EU institutional cycle. It details the support given by the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) to assist parliamentary committees in their oversight and scrutiny of the executive in the fields of ex-ante impact assessment, European added value, and ex-post evaluation of EU law and policy in practice. It also details wider horizontal support provided in the respect of the policy cycle to the institution as a whole. During the 18 months under review, 116 substantive pieces of work were published by the Directorate, all of which can be accessed by hyperlinks in this report.

Eelseisvad üritused

25-10-2021
European Gender Equality Week - October 25-28, 2021
Muu sündmus -
FEMM AFET DROI SEDE DEVE BUDG CONT ECON EMPL ITRE TRAN AGRI PECH CULT JURI PETI
25-10-2021
Capacity for proper expenditure controls of the increased budget of the MFF and NGEU
Kuulamine -
CONT
25-10-2021
Ninth meeting of the Joint Parliamentary Scrutiny Group on Europol, 25-26 October
Muu sündmus -
LIBE

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