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The return of foreign fighters to EU soil: Ex-post evaluation

15-05-2018

Since the Syrian conflict began in 2011, thousands of EU nationals have travelled or attempted to travel in conflict zones in Iraq and Syria to join insurgent terrorist groups, such as ISIL/Da'esh ('Islamic State'). Of those, it has been estimated that around 30 % have already returned to their home countries. The issue of foreign fighters has been high on the political agenda at both Member State and EU level for the last five years and touches upon a wide range of policies: policies related to ...

Since the Syrian conflict began in 2011, thousands of EU nationals have travelled or attempted to travel in conflict zones in Iraq and Syria to join insurgent terrorist groups, such as ISIL/Da'esh ('Islamic State'). Of those, it has been estimated that around 30 % have already returned to their home countries. The issue of foreign fighters has been high on the political agenda at both Member State and EU level for the last five years and touches upon a wide range of policies: policies related to the prevention of radicalisation; to information exchange at EU level; to criminal justice responses to returnees; to disengagement/deradicalisation inside and outside prisons. This study aims at outlining the EU response to the issue of returning foreign fighters and their families. It furthermore examines how six Member States have responded to this phenomenon so far (Belgium, Denmark, Germany, France, the Netherlands and the UK). These Member States are confronted with significant challenges in dealing with foreign fighters that combine legal, ethical and practical questions regarding their obligations and capabilities as regards the handling of the foreign fighters still abroad and the returnees already on EU soil. Meanwhile, Member States' existing programmes aiming at tackling radicalisation are difficult to evaluate, leading to uncertainties as regards the efficiency of current practices.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

The external study was written by Dr Francesco Ragazzi (Assistant Professor at Leiden University, the Netherlands) and Josh Walmsley (Independent Researcher) at the request of the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit of the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

Background Information for the LIBE Delegation to Italy on the Situation of Prisons - 26-28 March 2014

14-03-2014

Upon request by the LIBE Committee, this internal note provides background information for the delegation of the Committee on civil liberties, justice and home affairs (LIBE) to Italy on the situation of prisons on 26-28 March 2014. After a preliminary overview of some initiatives on detention conditions at EU level (by the European Parliament and the European Commission), the note analyses the Italian situation regarding overcrowding of prisons and conditions of detention, defined by the Council ...

Upon request by the LIBE Committee, this internal note provides background information for the delegation of the Committee on civil liberties, justice and home affairs (LIBE) to Italy on the situation of prisons on 26-28 March 2014. After a preliminary overview of some initiatives on detention conditions at EU level (by the European Parliament and the European Commission), the note analyses the Italian situation regarding overcrowding of prisons and conditions of detention, defined by the Council of Europe and the European Court of Human Rights as inhuman and degrading treatment in some cases. The note also refers to recent Italian legislative and jurisprudential developments, whose effects on the situation of prisons have yet to be determined.

The European Added Value of Revising the European Arrest Warrant

16-12-2013

On 17 June 2013, the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) requested a European Added Value Assessment (EAVA) to support its work on the legislative initiative report of Baroness Ludford which recommends to the Commission the revision of the European Arrest Warrant (2013/2109(INL)). This assessment builds on expert research commissioned specifically for this purpose and provided by: ANNEX I - A. Weyembergh, Professor at the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) with the assistance ...

On 17 June 2013, the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) requested a European Added Value Assessment (EAVA) to support its work on the legislative initiative report of Baroness Ludford which recommends to the Commission the revision of the European Arrest Warrant (2013/2109(INL)). This assessment builds on expert research commissioned specifically for this purpose and provided by: ANNEX I - A. Weyembergh, Professor at the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) with the assistance of Mme I. Armada and C. Brière - on a critical assessment of the existing European Arrest Warrant Framework Decision; ANNEX II - A. Doobay – on the need for intervention at EU level, by assessing whether the European Arrest Warrant Framework Decision is effective, complete and consistently applied among Member States.

The right of access to a lawyer

05-09-2013

In the European criminal justice area, the procedural rights of suspected or accused persons in criminal proceedings are an essential component of measures harmonising EU law or foreseeing mutual recognition mechanisms. The proposed Directive on the right of access to a lawyer follows a 2009 Council road map on rights of suspects and accused persons.

In the European criminal justice area, the procedural rights of suspected or accused persons in criminal proceedings are an essential component of measures harmonising EU law or foreseeing mutual recognition mechanisms. The proposed Directive on the right of access to a lawyer follows a 2009 Council road map on rights of suspects and accused persons.

Violating International Legal Obligations: Israel's Treatment of Palestinian Prisoners

12-03-2013

Nearly five thousand Palestinians are held by Israel in a 'parallel' justice system reserved for those accused of offenses against the state. Instead of entering the Palestinian legal system, these prisoners are tried by Israel's military courts and often held in Israel, in conditions that violate international humanitarian and human rights conventions. Children and elected officials are among them, subject to ill-treatment — including prolonged solitary confinement, abuse and a lack of due process ...

Nearly five thousand Palestinians are held by Israel in a 'parallel' justice system reserved for those accused of offenses against the state. Instead of entering the Palestinian legal system, these prisoners are tried by Israel's military courts and often held in Israel, in conditions that violate international humanitarian and human rights conventions. Children and elected officials are among them, subject to ill-treatment — including prolonged solitary confinement, abuse and a lack of due process— by Israeli military authorities. A number of prisoners have gone on hunger strike and increasing numbers of protestors have demonstrated to demand that Israel guarantee basic prisoners' rights and end its deplorable prison conditions and indefinite detention without charges or fair trial. One prisoner has been on strike for more than 200 days; he and a number of others are in critical condition and require urgent medial treatment. While the United Nations and other international bodies have condemned Israel's systematic ill-treatment of Palestinian prisoners as a blatant violation of international law, the situation has only recently attracted widespread international calls for action. The European Union has expressed its concern, but action is now required.

Detention conditions in the European Union

07-12-2011

Sub-standard detention conditions in some EU Member States (MS) pose a threat to the functioning of judicial cooperation in criminal matters and raise fundamental rights issues. The Commission has been investigating paths for an EU response to the problem.

Sub-standard detention conditions in some EU Member States (MS) pose a threat to the functioning of judicial cooperation in criminal matters and raise fundamental rights issues. The Commission has been investigating paths for an EU response to the problem.

Tulevat tapahtumat

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30-11-2020
Hearing on Future-proofing the Tourism Sector: Challenges and Opportunities Ahead
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30-11-2020
LIBE - FEMM Joint Hearing: Combating Gender based Violence: Cyber Violence
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FEMM LIBE

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