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EU Defence: The White Book implementation process

12-12-2018

The question of a defence White Book at European level has been under discussion for some time. Many voices, particularly in the European Parliament, are pushing for such an initiative, while others consider that it is not only unnecessary, but could even dangerously divide Europeans. Concretely, the question cannot be tackled separately from that of defence planning and processes which underpin the development of military capabilities, as White Books are often the starting point for these. Within ...

The question of a defence White Book at European level has been under discussion for some time. Many voices, particularly in the European Parliament, are pushing for such an initiative, while others consider that it is not only unnecessary, but could even dangerously divide Europeans. Concretely, the question cannot be tackled separately from that of defence planning and processes which underpin the development of military capabilities, as White Books are often the starting point for these. Within the European Union, however, there is not just one, but three types defence planning: the national planning of each of the Member States; planning within the framework of NATO (the NATO Defence Planning Process) and, finally, the European Union’s planning, which has developed in stages since the Helsinki summit of 1999 and comprises many elements. Its best-known component - but by no means not the only one - is the capability development plan established by the European Defence Agency. How do all these different planning systems coexist? What are their strengths and weaknesses? Answering these preliminary questions is essential in mapping the path to a White Book. This is what this study sets out to do.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

Mr Frédéric MAURO

The Implementation of Enhanced Cooperation in the EU

01-10-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs, examines – against a historical backdrop – the legal provisions governing Enhanced Cooperation as well as the so far very limited number of implemented Enhanced Cooperation initiatives. Based on these insights, concrete ideas are formulated on how to optimise this ‘standardised and generalised framework’ of differentiated ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs, examines – against a historical backdrop – the legal provisions governing Enhanced Cooperation as well as the so far very limited number of implemented Enhanced Cooperation initiatives. Based on these insights, concrete ideas are formulated on how to optimise this ‘standardised and generalised framework’ of differentiated integration, touching upon questions of efficacy, efficiency and legitimacy.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

Prof. Dr. Wolfgang WESSELS, Centre for Turkey and European Union Studies (CETEUS), University of Cologne; Carsten GERARDS, Department of EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies, College of Europe (Bruges)

Hallitusten väliset päätöksentekomenettelyt

01-02-2018

Yhteisen ulko- ja turvallisuuspolitiikan alalla sekä useissa muissa yhteyksissä (kuten tiiviimpi yhteistyö, tietyt nimitykset ja perussopimusten tarkistaminen) päätöksentekomenettelyt eroavat tavallisessa lainsäätämisjärjestyksessä sovellettavista menettelyistä. Hallitsevana piirteenä näillä aloilla on hallitusten välisen yhteistyön painottuminen. Valtionvelkakriisi on lisännyt tällaisten päätöksentekomekanismien soveltamista etenkin Euroopan talouden ohjauksessa ja hallinnassa.

Yhteisen ulko- ja turvallisuuspolitiikan alalla sekä useissa muissa yhteyksissä (kuten tiiviimpi yhteistyö, tietyt nimitykset ja perussopimusten tarkistaminen) päätöksentekomenettelyt eroavat tavallisessa lainsäätämisjärjestyksessä sovellettavista menettelyistä. Hallitsevana piirteenä näillä aloilla on hallitusten välisen yhteistyön painottuminen. Valtionvelkakriisi on lisännyt tällaisten päätöksentekomekanismien soveltamista etenkin Euroopan talouden ohjauksessa ja hallinnassa.

Establishing the European Public Prosecutor

28-09-2017

The European Parliament is expected to vote during the October I plenary session on giving its consent to the proposed regulation on the European Public Prosecutor’s Office (EPPO), agreed by 20 Member States under enhanced cooperation in June 2017.

The European Parliament is expected to vote during the October I plenary session on giving its consent to the proposed regulation on the European Public Prosecutor’s Office (EPPO), agreed by 20 Member States under enhanced cooperation in June 2017.

The future cooperation between OLAF and the European Public Prosecutor's Office (EPPO)

05-07-2017

This paper, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Budgetary Affairs, at the request of the Committee on Budgetary Control, analyses the future cooperation between OLAF and the EPPO, two bodies specialised in the protection of the Union’s financial interests. Three main dimensions of their cooperation are analysed, as well as elements of complexity that may influence it. The paper highlights elements essential for their close cooperation and complementarity, especially considering ...

This paper, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Budgetary Affairs, at the request of the Committee on Budgetary Control, analyses the future cooperation between OLAF and the EPPO, two bodies specialised in the protection of the Union’s financial interests. Three main dimensions of their cooperation are analysed, as well as elements of complexity that may influence it. The paper highlights elements essential for their close cooperation and complementarity, especially considering a potential revision of OLAF’s legal framework.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

Prof. Anne WEYEMBERGH, Dr. Chloé BRIERE

Mapping the 'Future of the EU' debate

20-06-2017

Although calls for reform of the EU have increased in recent years, in particular as a consequence of the various challenges the EU has faced, the UK's vote in June 2016 on its EU membership has accelerated this process. In this context, the main EU institutions have all contributed to the debate, while individual Member States or groups of Member States have also brought forward initiatives. The main positions are outlined in this 'at a glance' note.

Although calls for reform of the EU have increased in recent years, in particular as a consequence of the various challenges the EU has faced, the UK's vote in June 2016 on its EU membership has accelerated this process. In this context, the main EU institutions have all contributed to the debate, while individual Member States or groups of Member States have also brought forward initiatives. The main positions are outlined in this 'at a glance' note.

Implementation of the Lisbon Treaty – Improving Functioning of the EU: Economic and Monetary Policy

16-06-2016

The Treaty chapter on Economic and Monetary Union became after the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty one of the most disputed chapters of the Trea-ties. The economic and financial crisis revealed the shortcomings of the asym-metric EMU. The present study assesses the unused potential of the existing Treaty chapter in order to improve the functioning of the EU. In order to do so, the study suggests to switch the perspective on the Treaty potential from com¬pe¬ten¬ces to compliance. By identifying ...

The Treaty chapter on Economic and Monetary Union became after the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty one of the most disputed chapters of the Trea-ties. The economic and financial crisis revealed the shortcomings of the asym-metric EMU. The present study assesses the unused potential of the existing Treaty chapter in order to improve the functioning of the EU. In order to do so, the study suggests to switch the perspective on the Treaty potential from com¬pe¬ten¬ces to compliance. By identifying the lack of mechanisms in the existing economic policy coordination framework aiming at addressing non-compliance because of a Member State’s incapacity to comply, the study suggests the introduction of an incentive-based enforcement mechanism (for the short term) and of a fiscal capacity (for the medium term) within the existing Treaties. Furthermore, the establishment of the Eurozone budget, of a Redemption Fund or the adoption of a convergence code is discussed. By the same token, the legal inclusion of the Fiscal Compact and the ESM-Treaty is examined and concrete proposals are developed. Finally, the study addresses ways of increasing the accountability and legitimacy in EMU affairs.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

René REPASI (European Research Centre for Economic and Financial Governance - EURO-CEFG, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands)

Implementation of the Lisbon Treaty provisions on the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP): European Council Briefing

25-02-2016

The Lisbon Treaty introduced new mechanisms, including a mutual assistance clause, permanent structured cooperation and enhanced cooperation, with the aim of allowing for more flexibility in applying the Common Security and Defence Policy. With the exception of the mutual assistance (defence) clause, which was invoked for the first time in November 2015, the other new mechanisms have not yet been implemented, notwithstanding 20 resolutions of the European Parliament calling for the implementation ...

The Lisbon Treaty introduced new mechanisms, including a mutual assistance clause, permanent structured cooperation and enhanced cooperation, with the aim of allowing for more flexibility in applying the Common Security and Defence Policy. With the exception of the mutual assistance (defence) clause, which was invoked for the first time in November 2015, the other new mechanisms have not yet been implemented, notwithstanding 20 resolutions of the European Parliament calling for the implementation of the Lisbon Treaty provisions on the Common Security and Defence Policy. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format Available language versions:

Differentiated integration in the European Union

18-02-2016

As the number of European Union Member States has increased and the competences of the Union have widened, some Member States have on occasion been exempted from joining their partners in new fields of integration. Whilst the single market and its ‘four freedoms’ remain at the heart of the Union, it has found ways to allow the majority to move forward, notably in the fields of Economic and Monetary Union and Justice and Home Affairs, without all Member States taking part. The graphics below illustrate ...

As the number of European Union Member States has increased and the competences of the Union have widened, some Member States have on occasion been exempted from joining their partners in new fields of integration. Whilst the single market and its ‘four freedoms’ remain at the heart of the Union, it has found ways to allow the majority to move forward, notably in the fields of Economic and Monetary Union and Justice and Home Affairs, without all Member States taking part. The graphics below illustrate the differing arrangements for Member States’ participation in EMU and JHA. This is variously known as differentiated integration, variable geometry, multi-speed or à la carte Europe. Even if some see the current situation of the United Kingdom as further entrenching the practice, the Union has always maintained the possibility for non-participating Member States to re-join their partners. Furthermore, new Member States do not immediately participate fully in certain policy areas, such as the euro area.

Implementation of the Lisbon Treaty - Improving Functioning of the EU: Foreign Affairs

10-11-2015

Foreign Affairs as field of EU action has very distinctive constitutional qualities. Its external powers are broad, encompassing not only traditional foreign policy, but also development cooperation and number of sectoral policies such as trade, transport and environment. The report provides an analysis of the changes in the constitutional and institutional framework brought about by the Lisbon Treaty and assess the implementation of those changes including obstacles to further improvement of its ...

Foreign Affairs as field of EU action has very distinctive constitutional qualities. Its external powers are broad, encompassing not only traditional foreign policy, but also development cooperation and number of sectoral policies such as trade, transport and environment. The report provides an analysis of the changes in the constitutional and institutional framework brought about by the Lisbon Treaty and assess the implementation of those changes including obstacles to further improvement of its implementation.

Ulkopuolinen laatija

Professor Marise CREMONA

Tulevat tapahtumat

17-10-2019
What Europe is Thinking: The latest Pew survey of opinion in 14 EU Member States
Muu tapahtuma -
EPRS
05-11-2019
The Art and Craft of Political Speech-writing: A conversation with Eric Schnure
Muu tapahtuma -
EPRS
06-11-2019
Where next for Europe’s economy? 2019 IMF Regional Economic Outlook
Muu tapahtuma -
EPRS

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