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A decade on from the financial crisis: Key data

17-10-2019

The financial crisis began with the collapse of Lehman Brothers, starting a worldwide chain reaction. The EU economy contracted for five consecutive quarters, with growth returning only in the second half of 2009. Stimulatory and fiscal actions by national governments and the EU, and the Eurosystem's loose monetary policy, helped achieve recovery. It was short-lived, however, as in 2010 a sovereign debt crisis resulted from a loss of financial market confidence, with soaring public debt. Yields on ...

The financial crisis began with the collapse of Lehman Brothers, starting a worldwide chain reaction. The EU economy contracted for five consecutive quarters, with growth returning only in the second half of 2009. Stimulatory and fiscal actions by national governments and the EU, and the Eurosystem's loose monetary policy, helped achieve recovery. It was short-lived, however, as in 2010 a sovereign debt crisis resulted from a loss of financial market confidence, with soaring public debt. Yields on government bonds, particularly in the periphery countries, rose dramatically. Ad hoc rescue devices, such as the European Financial Stabilisation Mechanism, brought the situation under control, later supported by the pledge of European Central Bank President Mario Draghi to do 'whatever it takes' to save the euro. The acute phase of the crisis ended in 2014, followed by a period of extremely low inflation and weak growth. To boost inflation, facilitate bank lending and stimulate the economy, the Eurosystem relied increasingly on quantitative easing. While 2017 was the EU's best year since the crises, with economic performance returning to pre-crisis levels, recent data suggest that the momentum is weakening, both in and outside the EU.

European Council conclusions:A rolling check-list of commitments to date

16-10-2019

The role of the European Council – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' – has evolved rapidly over the last decade. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery on commitments made in the conclusions of ...

The role of the European Council – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' – has evolved rapidly over the last decade. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery on commitments made in the conclusions of its meetings. This overview of European Council conclusions is the latest edition of the Rolling Check-List which has been published regularly by the European Council Oversight Unit since 2014. It is designed to review the degree of progress in achieving the goals that the European Council has set itself and to assist the Parliament in exercising its important oversight role in this field.

Key issues in the European Council - State of play in October 2019

16-10-2019

This EPRS publication, 'Key issues in the European Council', which will be updated quarterly to coincide with European Council meetings, aims to provide an overview of the institution’s activities on major EU issues. It analyses nine policy areas, explaining the legal and political background and the main priorities and orientations defined by the European Council. It also assesses the results of European Council involvement to date and identifies future challenges in the various policy fields.

This EPRS publication, 'Key issues in the European Council', which will be updated quarterly to coincide with European Council meetings, aims to provide an overview of the institution’s activities on major EU issues. It analyses nine policy areas, explaining the legal and political background and the main priorities and orientations defined by the European Council. It also assesses the results of European Council involvement to date and identifies future challenges in the various policy fields.

European Stability Mechanism – Main Features, Instruments and Accountability

11-10-2019

This document presents the main features of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), including governance, capital structure and funding sources, main lending instruments, as well as its oversight and accountability framework. It also reviews recent proposals and contributions on the possible evolution of the ESM. This note is regularly updated.

This document presents the main features of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), including governance, capital structure and funding sources, main lending instruments, as well as its oversight and accountability framework. It also reviews recent proposals and contributions on the possible evolution of the ESM. This note is regularly updated.

The 2019 proposed amendments to the Treaty establishing the European Stability Mechanism

11-10-2019

This document presents the proposed amendments to the Treaty establishing the European Stability Mechanism, following the decisions taken by the Eurogroup and the June 2019 Euro Summit. It complements an EGOV briefing on the ESM features, instruments and accountability. The note outlines the relevant changes and provides a comparison between the current ESM Treaty and the proposed amended one.

This document presents the proposed amendments to the Treaty establishing the European Stability Mechanism, following the decisions taken by the Eurogroup and the June 2019 Euro Summit. It complements an EGOV briefing on the ESM features, instruments and accountability. The note outlines the relevant changes and provides a comparison between the current ESM Treaty and the proposed amended one.

Towards a fundamental re-design of Banks’ Stress Tests in the EU?

04-10-2019

On 26 September 2019, Andrea Enria, Chair of the European Central Bank’s Supervisory Board, gave a speech on the future of stress testing (“The future of stress testing – realism, relevance and resources”) in which he outlined a proposal on how to achieve meaningful progress with a view to make the tests both more realistic and more relevant, with fewer resources required. Andrea Enria’s proposals involve a decisive re-design of the stress test exercise. Stress tests are currently carried out using ...

On 26 September 2019, Andrea Enria, Chair of the European Central Bank’s Supervisory Board, gave a speech on the future of stress testing (“The future of stress testing – realism, relevance and resources”) in which he outlined a proposal on how to achieve meaningful progress with a view to make the tests both more realistic and more relevant, with fewer resources required. Andrea Enria’s proposals involve a decisive re-design of the stress test exercise. Stress tests are currently carried out using a “constrained bottom-up approach” whereby supervisory authorities ensure a quality check of models run by banks. It is suggested to split stress tests into a supervisory view (“top-down” approach along the lines of stress tests under Dodd-Frank in the US) and a “banks’ view” (bottom-up approach).

The role (and accountability) of the President of the Eurogroup

03-10-2019

This note provides an overview of the role of the President of the Eurogroup, the procedures for his/her appointment, as well as proposals on a “full time position” as part of the wider debate on deepening the Economic and Monetary Union. The note also briefly addresses the mandate and working methods of the Eurogroup. In addition, this note refers to the debate around the transparency of Eurogroup proceedings. It is updated regularly.

This note provides an overview of the role of the President of the Eurogroup, the procedures for his/her appointment, as well as proposals on a “full time position” as part of the wider debate on deepening the Economic and Monetary Union. The note also briefly addresses the mandate and working methods of the Eurogroup. In addition, this note refers to the debate around the transparency of Eurogroup proceedings. It is updated regularly.

The European Systemic Risk Board – systemic risk update, stress tests and work in progres

20-09-2019

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), Mario Draghi, which will take place on 23 September 2019. The briefing provides an overview of recent actions by the ESRB, such as systemic risks identified, input for recent stress testing exercise, and assessment of compliance with public ESRB recommendations.

This note is prepared in view of a regular public hearing with the Chair of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), Mario Draghi, which will take place on 23 September 2019. The briefing provides an overview of recent actions by the ESRB, such as systemic risks identified, input for recent stress testing exercise, and assessment of compliance with public ESRB recommendations.

The European Systemic Risk Board – Main features, mandate and accountability

19-09-2019

This briefing provides an overview of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), its’ main features, mandate and accountability. It also includes the overview of recent review of the ESRB mission, mandate and organisation as part of the review of European System of Financial Supervision.

This briefing provides an overview of the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB), its’ main features, mandate and accountability. It also includes the overview of recent review of the ESRB mission, mandate and organisation as part of the review of European System of Financial Supervision.

Achievements and innovations under Mr Draghi’s Presidency and challenges ahead

16-09-2019

For the September 2019 session of the Monetary Dialogue, the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) tasked monetary experts to analyse achievements of Mr Draghi's Presidency of the European Central Bank and identify challenges for the future architecture of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). This note, prepared by Policy department A, gives an overview of in-depth analyses prepared by the experts.

For the September 2019 session of the Monetary Dialogue, the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) tasked monetary experts to analyse achievements of Mr Draghi's Presidency of the European Central Bank and identify challenges for the future architecture of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). This note, prepared by Policy department A, gives an overview of in-depth analyses prepared by the experts.

Tulevat tapahtumat

05-11-2019
The Art and Craft of Political Speech-writing: A conversation with Eric Schnure
Muu tapahtuma -
EPRS
06-11-2019
Where next for the global and European economies? The 2019 IMF Economic Outlook
Muu tapahtuma -
EPRS
06-11-2019
EPRS Annual Lecture: Clash of Cultures: Transnational governance in post-war Europe
Muu tapahtuma -
EPRS

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