Revision of the third energy package for gas: Decarbonising the gas market. Regulation 715/2009/EU and Directive 2009/73/EU

Briefing 13-12-2021

Decarbonisation of the internal gas market is necessary for attaining the EU's climate target of reducing greenhouse gas emission by 55 % by 2030 and reaching net zero emissions by 2050. The revision of the current Gas Regulation and Gas Directive, adopted in 2009 for the natural gas market, is underpinned by the strategies on energy system integration and on a hydrogen economy. Introduction of renewable and low-carbon gases to the energy system requires a profound transformation of the gas market, as announced in the 2021 Commission work programme and the 'fit for 55' package. Different alliances and common projects bringing together regulators, civil society and stakeholders have quickly emerged to tackle various aspects of this transformation and to open new partnerships. The European Parliament supports the creation of a competitive decarbonised internal energy market. It supports energy efficiency and encourages decarbonisation primarily through direct electrification using renewable sources. However, it also sees a role for renewable-based fuels for hard-to-abate sectors, such as heavy vehicle transport, aviation, steel and the fertiliser industry. In line with other EU institutions, it considers low-carbon gases as an intermediate solution, and underlines the importance of taking into account the diversity of national energy systems.