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Publié le 24-11-2020

Soutien à la reprise en faveur de la cohésion et des territoires de l’Europe (REACT-EU)

15-10-2020

REACT-EU est une proposition législative dont l’objectif est de réparer les dommages sociaux et économiques causés par la pandémie de COVID-19 et de préparer une reprise écologique, numérique et résiliente de l’économie. REACT-EU vise à mobiliser 58 milliards d’euros supplémentaires de fonds structurels pour la période 2020-2022, et à accroître la flexibilité en ce qui concerne les dépenses dans le domaine de la politique de cohésion.

REACT-EU est une proposition législative dont l’objectif est de réparer les dommages sociaux et économiques causés par la pandémie de COVID-19 et de préparer une reprise écologique, numérique et résiliente de l’économie. REACT-EU vise à mobiliser 58 milliards d’euros supplémentaires de fonds structurels pour la période 2020-2022, et à accroître la flexibilité en ce qui concerne les dépenses dans le domaine de la politique de cohésion.

Fonds pour une transition juste (FTJ)

21-10-2020

Le Fonds pour une transition juste (FTJ) est un nouvel instrument financier relevant de la politique de cohésion, et qui vise à soutenir les territoires confrontés à de graves difficultés socio-économiques résultant de la transition vers la neutralité climatique. Le FTJ facilitera la mise en œuvre du pacte vert pour l’Europe, qui vise à rendre l’Union climatiquement neutre d’ici 2050.

Le Fonds pour une transition juste (FTJ) est un nouvel instrument financier relevant de la politique de cohésion, et qui vise à soutenir les territoires confrontés à de graves difficultés socio-économiques résultant de la transition vers la neutralité climatique. Le FTJ facilitera la mise en œuvre du pacte vert pour l’Europe, qui vise à rendre l’Union climatiquement neutre d’ici 2050.

Research for the AGRI Committee - The Green Deal and the CAP: policy implications to adapt farming practices and to preserve the EU’s natural resources

24-11-2020

This document is the final report of the study developed by INRAE and AgroParisTech for the European Parliament: “The Green Deal and the CAP: policy implications to adapt farming practices and to preserve the EU’s natural resources’’ (IP/B/AGRI/IC/2020-036).

This document is the final report of the study developed by INRAE and AgroParisTech for the European Parliament: “The Green Deal and the CAP: policy implications to adapt farming practices and to preserve the EU’s natural resources’’ (IP/B/AGRI/IC/2020-036).

Auteur externe

Hervé GUYOMARD; Jean-Christophe BUREAU; Vincent CHATELLIER; Cécile DETANG-DESSENDRE; Pierre DUPRAZ; Florence JACQUET; Xavier REBOUD; Vincent REQUILLART; Louis-Georges SOLER; Margot TYSEBAERT

Outcome of the European Council video-conference of 19 November 2020

24-11-2020

Initially planned to discuss only the EU response to the coronavirus pandemic, recent developments required EU leaders to dedicate attention to other issues during the European Council video-conference meeting of 19 November 2020. In this context, they addressed notably the next Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), specifically the rule-of-law conditionality linked to the MFF, and the fight against terrorism. While the vast majority of Member States agree with the compromise reached between negotiators ...

Initially planned to discuss only the EU response to the coronavirus pandemic, recent developments required EU leaders to dedicate attention to other issues during the European Council video-conference meeting of 19 November 2020. In this context, they addressed notably the next Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), specifically the rule-of-law conditionality linked to the MFF, and the fight against terrorism. While the vast majority of Member States agree with the compromise reached between negotiators from the Council and the European Parliament on the issue of rule-of-law conditionality, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia are currently not able to support it. The President of the European Council, Charles Michel, indicated that discussions to find an acceptable solution for all would continue. The exchange of information on the coronavirus pandemic focused in particular on the development of vaccines, ensuring that they would be available and affordable to all EU citizens, and on the coordination of the exit from the second-wave restrictions. The European Council agreed once more to further strengthen coordination of action against the coronavirus pandemic.

Publié le 23-11-2020

Sustainable aviation fuels

23-11-2020

As part of the European Green Deal adopted in December 2019, which highlights the importance of boosting development of alternative fuels, the European Commission envisages a proposal in early 2021 to support the increased production and use of sustainable aviation fuels, so as to meet Paris Agreement climate change goals. A number of policy measures are already in place to increase sustainable aviation fuel use, but production and use of these fuels in Europe remains low. Eight different pathways ...

As part of the European Green Deal adopted in December 2019, which highlights the importance of boosting development of alternative fuels, the European Commission envisages a proposal in early 2021 to support the increased production and use of sustainable aviation fuels, so as to meet Paris Agreement climate change goals. A number of policy measures are already in place to increase sustainable aviation fuel use, but production and use of these fuels in Europe remains low. Eight different pathways for producing sustainable aviation fuels that can be used without changes to aircraft or refuelling infrastructure have been authorised, but a number of technical, feedstock-related and commercial barriers exist. Development of electro-fuels, which also represent a 'drop-in' type of fuel with potential to help efforts towards carbon neutrality in aviation, is considered technically viable but would require policy action for commercial development. The Commission is conducting a public consultation and is studying a number of policy measures, including a mandatory minimum share of sustainable aviation fuels to be supplied to airlines and/or to be used by airlines and a financial and technical support mechanism to promote the production and use of these fuels.

Curbing the surge in online child abuse: The dual role of digital technology in fighting and facilitating its proliferation

23-11-2020

The volume of child abuse materials circulating on the internet has increased dramatically during the pandemic, as both children and child sex offenders spend more time, and interact more, online. Enabled by digital technologies, child sex offenders have tapped into opportunities that were previously unavailable to communicate freely and directly with each other and with children, creating online communities where they share their crimes. Today, they can reach children via webcams, connected devices ...

The volume of child abuse materials circulating on the internet has increased dramatically during the pandemic, as both children and child sex offenders spend more time, and interact more, online. Enabled by digital technologies, child sex offenders have tapped into opportunities that were previously unavailable to communicate freely and directly with each other and with children, creating online communities where they share their crimes. Today, they can reach children via webcams, connected devices and chat rooms in social media and video games, while remaining anonymous thanks to technologies such as cloud computing, the dark web, end-to-end encryption and streaming. There has been a rise in grooming and sextortion incidents. Conversely, it is again digital technologies, such as artificial intelligence (AI) and improved online age verification methods or age-appropriate design, which can help to curb the surge of the above crimes. Due to its capacity and speed of analysis, AI could play an important role in tackling the problem and assisting law enforcement in reducing the overwhelming amount of reports that need to be analysed. This is one of two EPRS briefings on the subject of fighting online child abuse. This one looks at technological aspects while the second one will cover legislative and policy issues.

Recherche pour la commission AGRI − Le pacte vert et la PAC: adapter les pratiques agricoles et préserver les ressources naturelles de l’UE – implications stratégiques

23-11-2020

Le présent document est une synthèse de l’étude intitulée «The Green Deal and the CAP: policy implications to adapt farming practices and to preserve the EU’s natural resources» (Le pacte vert et la PAC: adapter les pratiques agricoles et préserver les ressources naturelles de l’UE – implications stratégiques)(IP/B/AGRI/IC/2020-036). L’intégralité de l’étude, disponible en anglais, peut être téléchargée à l’adresse suivante: https://bit.ly/35HmZJg

Le présent document est une synthèse de l’étude intitulée «The Green Deal and the CAP: policy implications to adapt farming practices and to preserve the EU’s natural resources» (Le pacte vert et la PAC: adapter les pratiques agricoles et préserver les ressources naturelles de l’UE – implications stratégiques)(IP/B/AGRI/IC/2020-036). L’intégralité de l’étude, disponible en anglais, peut être téléchargée à l’adresse suivante: https://bit.ly/35HmZJg

Auteur externe

Hervé GUYOMARD; Jean-Christophe BUREAU; Vincent CHATELLIER; Cécile DETANG-DESSENDRE; Pierre DUPRAZ; Florence JACQUET; Xavier REBOUD; Vincent REQUILLART; Louis-Georges SOLER; Margot TYSEBAERT

Publié le 20-11-2020

The rights of LGBTI people in the European Union

20-11-2020

The prohibition of discrimination and the protection of human rights are important elements of the EU legal order. Nevertheless, discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people persists throughout the EU and takes various forms, including verbal abuse and physical violence. Sexual orientation is now recognised in EU law as grounds of discrimination. However, the scope of the provisions dealing with this issue is limited and does not cover social protection, ...

The prohibition of discrimination and the protection of human rights are important elements of the EU legal order. Nevertheless, discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people persists throughout the EU and takes various forms, including verbal abuse and physical violence. Sexual orientation is now recognised in EU law as grounds of discrimination. However, the scope of the provisions dealing with this issue is limited and does not cover social protection, healthcare, education or access to goods and services, leaving LGBTI people particularly vulnerable in these areas. Moreover, EU competence does not extend to recognition of marital or family status. In this area, national regulations vary, with some Member States offering same-sex couples the right to marry, others allowing alternative forms of registration, and yet others not providing any legal status for same-sex couples. Same-sex couples may or may not have the right to adopt children and to access assisted reproduction. These divergent legal statuses have implications, for instance, for partners from two Member States with different standards who want to formalise/legalise their relationship, or for same-sex couples and their families wishing to move to another Member State. Combating discrimination has become part of EU internal and external policies, and is the subject of numerous resolutions of the European Parliament. However, action in this area remains problematic when it touches on issues pertaining to areas traditionally the preserve of Member States, such as marital status and family law. This is a further updated version of a briefing originally drafted by Piotr Bakowski. The previous edition was published in May 2019.

La Convention d’Istanbul, un outil pour lutter contre les violences à l’encontre des femmes et des filles

20-11-2020

La convention du Conseil de l’Europe sur la prévention et la lutte contre la violence à l’égard des femmes et la violence domestique (convention d’Istanbul) est le premier instrument en Europe à établir des normes contraignantes visant spécifiquement à prévenir les violences fondées sur le genre, à protéger les victimes de violences et à sanctionner les auteurs. À la suite de la signature de la convention par l’Union européenne en juin 2017, l’approbation du Parlement européen est requise pour l’ ...

La convention du Conseil de l’Europe sur la prévention et la lutte contre la violence à l’égard des femmes et la violence domestique (convention d’Istanbul) est le premier instrument en Europe à établir des normes contraignantes visant spécifiquement à prévenir les violences fondées sur le genre, à protéger les victimes de violences et à sanctionner les auteurs. À la suite de la signature de la convention par l’Union européenne en juin 2017, l’approbation du Parlement européen est requise pour l’adhésion de l’Union à la convention. Dans l’attente de la demande officielle d’approbation du Conseil, le Parlement a adopté une résolution intérimaire en septembre 2017 et a ensuite examiné les progrès réalisés sur la voie de l’adhésion de l’UE, en avril et en novembre 2019. L’adhésion de l’UE à la convention d’Istanbul est l’une des priorités de la nouvelle stratégie de l’UE en faveur de l’égalité hommes-femmes pour la période 2020-2025.

What if AI could help us become 'greener'?

20-11-2020

While some argue that AI can potentially be useful or even indispensable in ‘green transitions’, important questions remain open. Should AI be only used in resolving different specific problems (for example, intelligent pollinating robots replacing a declining bee population) or should AI be employed in ‘governing’ the sustainability of complex socio-economic systems such as mobility, food, and energy? While the latter option is currently technically unattainable and may be ethically dubious, it ...

While some argue that AI can potentially be useful or even indispensable in ‘green transitions’, important questions remain open. Should AI be only used in resolving different specific problems (for example, intelligent pollinating robots replacing a declining bee population) or should AI be employed in ‘governing’ the sustainability of complex socio-economic systems such as mobility, food, and energy? While the latter option is currently technically unattainable and may be ethically dubious, it marks the axis of a political debate about possible synergies between sustainability and AI.

Evénements à venir

30-11-2020
EPRS online Book Talk | How to own the room (and the zoom) [...]
Autre événement -
EPRS
30-11-2020
Hearing on Future-proofing the Tourism Sector: Challenges and Opportunities Ahead
Audition -
TRAN
30-11-2020
LIBE - FEMM Joint Hearing: Combating Gender based Violence: Cyber Violence
Audition -
FEMM LIBE

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