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Discrimination based on racial and ethnic origin is still widespread in the EU. Action to combat racism, xenophobia, antisemitism and related intolerance rests on an established legal framework dating back more than two decades. This includes the Racial Equality Directive and the Council Framework Decision on Racism and Xenophobia.

La population juive d’Europe a diminué au cours des dernières décennies, et de plus en plus d’actes antisémites et de violences à l’encontre de personnes juives ont eu lieu dans l’Union ces dernières années. Pour défendre ses valeurs, notamment le respect des minorités, l’Union européenne entreprend et finance des actions destinées à lutter contre l’antisémitisme. La présente note « en bref » constitue une version mise à jour de celle de janvier 2018

The Holocaust was the state-sponsored, systematic persecution and mass murder of Jews, whom the Nazi regime and its collaborators sought to annihilate along with other persecuted groups, such as Roma and Sinti. The expropriation, state-sponsored discrimination and persecution of the Jews by the Nazi regime began in 1933, followed by pogroms and their mass incarceration in concentration camps. Ultimately, this policy was extended to all Nazi-controlled European territories and countries during World ...

Entre 1933 et 1945, des millions d’Européens ont souffert des crimes nazis et de l’Holocauste. Les survivants qui sont encore en vie vivent souvent dans des conditions sociales difficiles.

Europe’s Jewish population has been diminishing in recent decades, and a growing number of anti-Semitic acts and anti-Jewish violence have been occurring in recent years in the EU. In defence of its values, including respect for minorities, the EU undertakes and funds actions to counter anti-Semitism.

Understanding conspiracy theory

En bref 18-04-2016

Conspiracy theory – the belief that a covert, influential agent has plotted an unexplained event – is by nature a social phenomenon. However, conspiracy theories can be used as a tool for spreading disinformation and propaganda with destabilising effects, as they have the potential to incite hatred and violence against a perceived enemy.

Recent years have witnessed growing trends of anti-Semitism as well as a sharp increase in incidents and attacks directed towards members of the Muslim community. Attacks against Jewish communities in Toulouse, Brussels, Paris and Copenhagen, and verbal and physical violence against Muslim communities have shown the need for additional measures. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format