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Environmental impacts of 5G

Étude 30-06-2021

Telecommunication networks use radio-frequency electromagnetic fields to enable wireless communication. These networks have evolved over time, and have been launched in successive generations. The fifth generation of telecommunication networks will operate at frequencies that were not commonly used in previous generations, changing the exposure of wildlife to these waves. This report reviews the literature on the exposure of vertebrates, invertebrates and plants to radio-frequency electromagnetic ...

Based on Member States' reporting under the Birds and Habitats Directives, the backbone of European Union (EU) nature conservation policy, the latest assessment on the state of nature by the European Environment Agency shows that despite some encouraging developments, the overall picture remains bleak. Only 15 % of habitats and around 27 % of species protected under EU legislation have a good conservation status. An EU-wide assessment of terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems found that, overall ...

The diversity of detrimental factors impacting the European eel and the number of involved stakeholders pose a challenge for an effective stock management. Knowledge on the economic consequences of single management measures is required to better assess their implications for the involved sectors. This study summarizes the current knowledge on threats and provides economic data from hydropower generation, fisheries and aquaculture impacting the European eel in order to evaluate management measures ...

Le Parlement doit voter en janvier en plénière sur une proposition de la Commission qui vise à restructurer le cadre de l’Union pour les mesures techniques dans le secteur de la pêche, en vue d’adopter un mandat pour les négociations en trilogue. Le nouveau cadre est censé simplifier l’application des mesures techniques et permettre leur ajustement aux particularités régionales.

Technical measures in fisheries govern the different fishing practices that can be used to catch fish, as well as the areas and seasons for fishing. Aimed at limiting unwanted catches or at reducing the impacts of fishing on nature, EU technical measures in fisheries have, over time, developed into a complex set of prescriptive measures, which do not fully achieve their objectives. The European Commission finalised, on 11 March 2016, a long-awaited proposal to overhaul a number of existing rules ...

Cette étude, commandée par le département thématique des droits des citoyens et des affaires constitutionnelles à la suite d’une demande de la commission des pétitions, détermine que les politiques et le droit de l’Union européenne en matière de bien-être des animaux ont eu une forte influence positive au niveau international, sur l’image de l’Union comme sur l’aide apportée aux animaux. Cependant, la plupart des types d’animaux détenus par l’homme dans l’Union européenne ne sont pas couverts par ...

Les espèces et les écosystèmes marins des eaux profondes sont particulièrement sensibles aux activités humaines. Le Parlement européen doit désormais finaliser l'adoption d'un règlement visant à assurer la viabilité des activités de pêche en eau profonde, tout en gelant leur empreinte spatiale et en protégeant les écosystèmes vulnérables des fonds marins. Ce règlement est le résultat de longues négociations entre le Parlement européen et le Conseil, après que les deux institutions eurent rejeté une ...

Wildlife Crime

Briefing 15-06-2016

This briefing provides a background and abstracts of the study on Wildlife crime in the European Union and five in-depth analyses of the situation in Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, and the UK, which were prepared for the ENVI Committee in 2016.

Wildlife Crime in the Netherlands

Analyse approfondie 15-03-2016

This analysis on wildlife crime was commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. It gives an overview of the state of wildlife crime in the Netherlands based on available documents and empirical research including interviews. The study identifies main routes and species linked to illegal wildlife trade as well as Dutch efforts to combat wildlife crime.

Wildlife Crime in Germany

Analyse approfondie 15-03-2016

This report on wildlife crime in Germany was commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. It gives an overview of the state of wildlife crime in Germany and the efforts undertaken to combat it. It is based on available documents, mainly CITES biennial reports, and empirical research including interviews.