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On 1 May 2021, the Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) between the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK) entered into force, having been provisionally applied since 1 January 2021. One of the areas covered by the TCA, in its Part Three, is security cooperation between EU and UK law enforcement and judicial authorities in criminal matters. The 13 titles under Part Three contain extensive provisions aimed at enabling the continuation of information exchange, including personal data, between ...

In order to respond more effectively to the challenge of criminals and terrorists hiding assets in other Member States, in 2016 the European Commission proposed a regulation on the mutual recognition of freezing and confiscation orders in criminal matters. The directly applicable instrument removes the need for national transposition, broadens the scope of the current rules to cover new types of confiscation and includes provisions on victims' rights to restitution and compensation. In June 2018, ...

La Commission européenne a proposé, en 2016, un nouveau règlement visant à améliorer le cadre juridique de l’Union concernant le gel et la confiscation des avoirs d’origine criminelle dans les affaires transfrontières. Le champ d’application de ce texte couvre de nouveaux types de décisions de confiscation. Il accélère les procédures et garantit aux victimes leurs droits à réparation et à restitution. Les négociations en trilogue sont parvenues à un accord. Le Parlement européen doit se prononcer ...

The IA for the proposed regulation has a number of weaknesses that could be attributed to political urgency and the need for EU action in the area of freezing and confiscation of criminal assets, notably since the recent terrorist attacks in France, Belgium and Germany. Overall, the IA lacks sound data and this is openly recognised throughout the document. In the context of the IA, no public consultation took place and no ex-post evaluation of existing mutual recognition instruments was carried out ...

This Research Paper examines the costs of non-Europe in the field of organised crime. It provides an interdisciplinary analysis of the main legal/ethical, socio-political and economic costs and benefits of the EU in policies on organised crime. It offers an in-depth examination of the transformative contribution that the EU has made, in terms of investigation, prosecution and efficiency, to trans-border operational activities and the protection of its citizens’ rights. Finally, it seeks to answer ...

Since the ousting of Hosni Mubarak and Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, the EU has frozen assets of 67 people suspected of concealing abroad state funds misappropriated in Egypt and Tunisia. But despite high-level political declarations sup¬porting the recovery of these assets, there seems to be little prospect of their swift return to the countries of origin.

Cette note examine la législation en vigueur relative à la procédure de recouvrement des avoirs tant à l’échelle de l’UE qu’au niveau des États membres, dans le but d’évaluer la nécessité et la faisabilité de l’établissement d’une réglementation européenne sur l’utilisation des avoirs confisqués en faveur de la société civile, en particulier à des fins sociales. Elle souligne que, au niveau de l’UE, la destination finale des avoirs confisqués n’a attiré que peu d’attention et que, au sein des États ...

Every year an estimated €55 billion in intra-EU trade is written off in bad debts. A significant part of this is theoretically recoverable from debtors' bank accounts. But with court judgments on the merits potentially taking several years, creditors have looked to provisional measures such as preservation orders to freeze a debtor's bank account.  Where there is a cross-border element, such orders have faced significant enforcement problems. They are currently used less and with a lower success ...

La lutte contre le financement du terrorisme contribue à la lutte contre le terrorisme (actes terroristes et organisations terroristes). Les « législations » européennes et internationales en matière de financement du terrorisme sont nombreuses et les initiatives prises dans ce domaine se sont surtout multipliées depuis les attentats du 11 septembre 2001. Les principaux acteurs, Nations unies, Conseil de l’Europe, Groupe d’action financière et Union européenne, ont envisagé la question du financement ...