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L'Indice Normandie a été conçu et préparé par le Service de recherche du Parlement européen (EPRS) et développé par l'Institute for Economics and Peace. Ce document présente les résultats initiaux de l'exercice 2019 et explique comment l'indice peut être utilisé pour comparer le niveau de paix – défini sur la base de la performance d'un pays donné par rapport à une série de menaces prédéterminées – dans plusieurs pays et régions. Le document est complété de 25 études de cas consacrées chacune à un ...

Over the past few decades, South-South and triangular cooperation (TrC) among developing countries has been acquiring increasing importance as a necessary complement to traditional North-South development cooperation. The United Nations (UN) High Level Conference on Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries held in Argentina in 1978 set the basic framework for this form of cooperation with its Buenos Aires Plan of Action (BAPA). The model was recently modified by the UN 2030 Agenda for Development ...

Fair representation of women in political life has a positive impact on gender mainstreaming in various policies. The United Nations has set a dedicated target within the sustainable development goals dealing specifically with women's access to leadership. The available data on the presence of women in parliaments and in governments show a positive trend, but much still remains to be done to ensure an equal presence of both genders in decision-making. The European Union supports gender equality in ...

Cooperatives are autonomous associations of people aspiring to achieve their objectives through a jointly owned and democratically controlled enterprise. International organisations, such as the United Nations and the European Union (EU), value the role cooperatives play for society, the economy and (international) development. There are 3 million cooperatives worldwide; together, they provide employment for 280 million people, equating to 10 % of the world's employed population. The 300 largest ...

Child marriages: Still too many

En bref 01-06-2018

Although the official age of adulthood varies across countries, several international conventions, in line with the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which has been signed by 140 states, apply the definition of 'child marriage' to any couple where at least one member – usually the girl – is aged under 18. The practice of child marriage challenges both children's rights and gender equality, and exposes child brides to serious abuses and health risks. Child wives drop out of school and have ...

If current trends continue, the world will have 9.7 billion inhabitants in 2050, but population growth will be unevenly distributed. The 1994 Cairo International Conference on Population and Development was a milestone that focused on the well-being of individuals, rather than numerical targets. There has been progress promoting human rights, education, gender equality, sexual and reproductive health, and reproductive rights, but rapid urbanisation and climate change represent new challenges. The ...

Les armes légères et de petit calibre (ALPC) comptent parmi les principaux instruments de la violence armée dans le monde; employées dans des situations de conflit ou non, elles sont lourdes de conséquences humanitaires et socio-économiques pour des sociétés entières. La communauté internationale, notamment les Nations unies, a fait de la prolifération et du trafic des ALPC illicites l'un de ses grands champs d'action et, à cette fin, a créé un cadre contraignant pour prévenir, combattre et, à ...