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This study presents a state of the art overview on urban agriculture and peri-urban agriculture (UPUA), the diversity of phenomena, motivations, distinctive features, benefits and limitations. UPUA is contextualized in relation to societal and economic transformations, EU strategic objectives, policies and regional food system approaches. Using best practice examples, the study demonstrates the need for an improved integration of UPUA into the policy agenda across sectors, domains and governance ...

An optional territorial development tool, integrated territorial investments (ITIs) make it possible to combine resources from the European Social Fund, European Regional Development Fund or Cohesion Fund under priority axes of one or more operational programmes. While ITIs may be used to implement sustainable urban development as well as other territorial strategies, they also allow Member States to delegate management tasks to the local level. Their take-up in the current period, however, has been ...

On estime que d’ici 2050, 67 % de la population mondiale vivra en zone urbaine. Les préoccupations grandissantes concernant la sécurité alimentaire, combinées aux inquiétudes que suscite le changement climatique, ont contribué à promouvoir l’agriculture urbaine et le rôle qu’elle peut jouer en matière de sécurité alimentaire. Le présent document vise à fournir une vue d’ensemble de l’agriculture urbaine en examinant ses liens avec la sécurité alimentaire, l’économie, les questions sociales et l’environnement ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, examines the role of cities in the institutional framework of the European Union and shows their limits and opportunities to engage effectively in policy-making at the EU level.

Exposure to elevated air pollution levels has substantial negative impacts on human health and the environment. The main pollutants are particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone (O3). The Ambient Air Quality Directive therefore sets limit and target values for the concentration of air pollutants. Thresholds for particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide are exceeded in several Member States.

Plus de 70 % des habitants de l'Union résident dans des villes, et un grand nombre des enjeux des politiques économiques et environnementales auxquels l'Europe est confrontée revêtent une dimension urbaine. Au sein de l'Union, une vision commune du développement urbain s'est progressivement dessinée au niveau intergouvernemental. Ces dernières années, de plus en plus de voix se sont élevées pour réclamer des mesures concrètes à l'échelle de l'Union ainsi que l'élaboration d'un programme urbain pour ...

Developing an EU urban agenda

Briefing 09-07-2015

Our towns and cities are home to nearly three quarters of the EU's population and most EU policies concern them, be it directly or indirectly. Within the EU, a shared vision of urban development has gradually taken shape at inter-governmental level. At the same time there have been increasing calls for concrete action and the development of an EU Urban Agenda to give city authorities and stakeholders a greater say in the process. To help guide these discussions, the European Commission launched ...

Urban areas with a legacy of “old industries” have faced large-scale investment needs in the regeneration of derelict land, rehabilitation of housing and infrastructure and in addressing ecological challenges, in addition to massive changes in economic activities and jobs. Cohesion policy has contributed to rehabilitation and new development. These regions depend on national and European industrial policy as well as on the capacity of local and regional actors to plan and develop a new and amenable ...

La présente étude porte sur l'interaction entre les plans de transport urbain intégré (plans de mobilité/de transport urbain(e) durable, ou PMUD/PTUD) et la politique de cohésion de l'Union européenne. Après une discussion sur le concept de PMUD et sur le rôle du transport et du transport urbain dans la politique de cohésion, huit études de cas analysent le lien qui existe entre la planification du transport urbain intégré et le financement des politiques et projets en matière de transport au titre ...

This study evaluates the comparative advantages of PPPs and PuPs in urban water services. Based on literature analysis and case studies, past performance of PPPs and PuPs is reviewed against several criteria. Lessons are then identified regarding the barriers and enablers which determine the success of partnerships, and the kind of support donors could usefully provide. The study concludes that while the main determinant of performance is not public or private management but policy, institutions, ...