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Solidarity in EU asylum policy

Briefing 12-01-2023

The arrival of refugees and irregular migrants in the EU in unprecedented numbers in 2015 exposed a number of deficiencies in the EU's external border, asylum and migration policy, and sparked EU action through various legal and policy instruments. Today, even though the EU has been relatively successful in securing its external borders, curbing irregular migrant arrivals and increasing cooperation with third countries, Member States are still reluctant to show solidarity and do more to share responsibility ...

While shell companies – company entities that have no or minimal economic activity – can serve useful commercial and business functions, they are sometimes abused by companies or individuals for aggressive tax planning or tax evasion. To ensure sustainable public finances under the exceptional circumstances imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, in December 2021 the European Commission presented a directive on preventing shell companies from misusing their structure for tax purposes ('Unshell'). The proposal ...

The European Council consists of the 27 Heads of State or Government of the EU Member States, who are voting members, together with the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission, who have no vote (Article 15(2) Treaty on European Union). The chart shows the current members, the national office they hold, their most recent European political affiliation, and the year their membership began.

This document provides an overview of key developments under the preventive and corrective arms of the Stability and Growth Pact on the basis of the latest Commission and Council decisions and recommendations in the framework of the Stability and Growth Pact and the latest European Commission economic forecasts. It also includes a section on the on-going review of the EU fiscal framework. This document is regularly updated.

This document provides summarised and tabular information on the Recovery and Resilience Plans. It will be regularly updated.

This table provides a regular update on Member States invited for an Economic Dialogue in the competent Committee of the European Parliament and an overview of the respective legal base.

This note gives a short overview of the main steps in the framework of euro area Member States’ budgetary policy coordination and surveillance during the autumn cycle of the European Semester. This enhanced monitoring and surveillance of euro area Member States’ budgetary policies is done in accordance with EU law. It aims to identify and correct at an early stage during the Semester cycle any risks of deviation from fiscal policy recommendations agreed by the Member States, ultimately by asking ...

This note presents the main features of the Recovery and Resilience Facility relevant for scrutiny by the European Parliament, namely its financing; the Recovery and Resilience Plans and the framework for their assessment; and EU level governance of the RRF, in terms of both its implementation and monitoring and oversight . It also highlights the changes the Facility is bringing to the European Semester.

Wage policy in the EU is a patchwork of different national traditions and legal frameworks. As a result, minimum wage levels diverge considerably, and leave many workers unprotected. While setting minimum wages is the competence of EU Member States, the EU has a supporting and complementary role. In October 2020, the European Commission proposed a directive seeking to improve the adequacy and increase the coverage of minimum wages, while also strengthening collective bargaining as the main instrument ...

The IA demonstrates convincingly that the directive's fragmented implementation, which has led to complex procedures and unclear rights, is a regulatory failure that needs addressing. However, the problem definition fails to state explicitly that Member States seem to have prioritised national migration schemes over the EU single permit. Moreover, there is no 'real' range of options: the preferred option 3 (out of three options in addition to the baseline) is the only one that addresses the problems ...