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As Ireland has a high number of (foreign-owned) multinationals, which employ a large share of the Irish workforce, the country's corporate tax system plays a key role in the economy. However, Ireland has been criticised for the way in which its tax system has been used by multinationals to set up aggressive tax planning structures and exploit mismatches and gaps in the international tax framework. In response, Ireland has taken a series of anti-tax avoidance measures at national, EU and OECD level ...

France will hold the Presidency of the Council of the EU in the first half of 2022. It will initiate the work of the Trio Presidency composed of France, Czechia and Sweden. Executive power is exercised by the President of the Republic, who is elected by direct, popular vote, and the Government. The Prime Minister, appointed by the President, together with the Ministers, is answerable to the National Assembly, the lower house of Parliament, and they can be removed by a vote of censure. Parliament ...

The EU policy reform on harmful tax practices (HTP) has been pushed up the agenda for several reasons: the significant loss of revenue due to tax evasion and tax avoidance while Member States are addressing the huge economic impacts of the pandemic, public and parliamentary pressure, and several high-profile revelations of questionable tax-related practices. An own-initiative procedure was launched in autumn 2020 by the Subcommittee on Tax Matters (FISC), and a vote on the report of the Economic ...

Member States have agreed that the definitive VAT reform in the EU should proceed only if it can be demonstrated that its impact on reducing the VAT gap is substantial and if the burden on businesses is also reduced. This study analyses these issues in detail, with a view to identifying possible challenges for the EU and on evaluating the European Added Value (EAV) of potential policy options to address these challenges. The study also includes a thorough comparative economic analysis of the EAV ...

La commission d’enquête PANA

En bref 05-12-2017

La «commission d’enquête chargée d’examiner les allégations d’infraction et de mauvaise administration dans l’application du droit de l’Union en matière de blanchiment de capitaux, d’évasion fiscale et de fraude fiscale» du Parlement européen (la «commission PANA») a été mise en place en juin 2016. Son rapport et sa recommandation présentés en vue d’une adoption par le Parlement européen lors de sa session plénière de décembre ouvrent désormais la voie à de nouvelles mesures de suivi et de surveillance ...

The present study places the potential effects of Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) liberalisation on government revenue in signatory states within the broader context of regional integration and global liberalisation. Based on a review of the secondary literature it finds that the revenue effect may be severe in some, but by no means all, cases and that the forecasts now need to be updated by country-level studies using the details of liberalisation schedules actually agreed. The evidence also ...

Reforming international taxation is a complex and difficult matter that will be the subject of continual discussion and negotiation for years to come. Since most major players are willing to settle for incremental change toward a better system, the world should be able to do better than now when it comes to taxing international income flows relatively fairly and efficiently. Given the complexity of the issues at stake, expert views are likely to provide great real value added. In this vein, and at ...

Anti-tax-avoidance directive

Briefing 03-06-2016

The proposal for a directive on 'Rules against tax avoidance practices that directly affect the functioning of the internal market' is one of two legislative proposals of the 28 January 2016 European Commission 'anti-tax-avoidance package'. Linked with the OECD/G20 Base erosion and profit shifting action plan (BEPS), it targets schemes where corporate taxpayers operating businesses in several countries take advantage of disparities and loopholes to reduce their tax bills. The objective is to realign ...

Action to fight corporate tax avoidance has been deemed necessary in the OECD forum, where further impetus has been given via the G20/OECD 'Base erosion and profit shifting' action plan (known as BEPS), initiated in 2013. Applied in a substantially changed context, existing tax rules set up a century ago are not only outdated but have also been shown to have flaws that create opportunities for BEPS practices and thus need to be dealt with. The BEPS action plan has 15 actions covering elements used ...

Cyprus exited the IMF extended fund facility arrangement on 7 March 2016, more than two months before it was set to expire. Cyprus is also to exit the ESM financial assistance programme on 31 March 2016. Against this background, this note provides an overview of the latest economic, fiscal and financial sector developments in Cyprus and recalls the main elements of the above-mentioned programme. This note is an updated version of the briefing provided to the ECON Committee in view of an Economic ...