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How the EU Treaties are modified

Briefing 30-08-2022

With the Conference on the Future of Europe now at an end, a new phase has started: that of following up on the more than 320 recommendations it produced. This process is however a complicated one. Legally, ways to implement the Conference's recommendations may require changes to the European Union (EU) Treaties, which is a complex and challenging process. Politically, debating how to implement reforms and deciding to what extent to modify the EU legal system may require intense negotiations. The ...

This study, commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs of the European Parliament, explains the principle of the primacy of European Union law and its practical consequences, as established by the Treaty system and developed by Court of Justice case-law since 1964. It explains how Member State courts accept, interpret and apply the principle, subject to any limits.

Law-making by the executive is a phenomenon that exists not only in the European Union (EU) but also in its Member States, as well as in other Western liberal democracies. Many national legal systems differentiate between delegated legislation − adopted by the executive and having the same legal force as parliamentary legislation − and purely executive acts −aimed at implementing parliamentary legislation, but that may neither supplement nor modify it. In the EU, the distinction between delegated ...

Since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the EU has been entitled to support, coordinate or complement Member States’ activities in sport. European sports policies of the past decade are characterised by numerous activities and by on-going differentiation. Against this backdrop, the study presents policy options in four key areas: the first covers the need for stronger coordination; the second aims at the setting of thematic priorities; the third addresses the reinforcement of the role of ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, looks into the constitutional and institutional challenges that the European Union faced during the Brexit negotiations, and analyses whether the current wording of Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union was applied in an adequate manner and allowed for an efficient and properly organised withdrawal procedure.

La pandémie de COVID 19 qui a entraîné une crise unique dans l’histoire de l’Union européenne, mettant par là même son unité à l’épreuve, peut lui offrir cette crise donne également l’opportunité d’affirmer son autonomie stratégique au moment de la mise en œuvre de la feuille de route pour la relance. Toutefois, la volonté politique, toujours incertaine, et la capacité d’agir ensemble pour un objectif commun sont des conditions préalables essentielles à la réalisation d’une réelle autonomie stratégique ...

The European Council to endorse the 24 March 2020 Council political agreement on the opening of negotiations with Albania and North Macedonia.

L’un des principaux outils de contrôle politique du Parlement européen vis-à-vis de l’exécutif de l’Union est sa capacité à constituer des Commissions d’enquête. Cette possibilité, désormais formellement reconnue à l’article 226 du traité sur le fonctionnement de l’Union européenne (TFUE), existe depuis 1981, mais elle n’a été que très peu utilisée par le Parlement européen. Cette étude offre une analyse du droit d’enquête du Parlement européen tel qu’il existe depuis l’entrée en vigueur du traité ...

En Europe, les parlements jouissent depuis longtemps d’un droit essentiel : celui de mener des enquêtes poussées et approfondies. Or, en dépit du traité de Lisbonne, la capacité institutionnelle du Parlement européen à conduire des enquêtes demeure limitée. La présente étude, commandée par le département thématique des droits des citoyens et des affaires constitutionnelles à la demande de la commission des affaires constitutionnelles, examine le fondement théorique des enquêtes parlementaires, compare ...

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.