12

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Mot-clé
Date

Three critical issues in EU-UK relations

08-06-2020

Following the withdrawal of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU) on 1 February 2020, the EU and the UK launched negotiations on a new partnership agreement, to come into effect at the end of the transition period, scheduled for 31 December 2020. The negotiations are intended to address nearly all the domains covered in the Political Declaration negotiated by both parties alongside the Withdrawal Agreement, including trade and economics, fisheries, thematic cooperation, and internal ...

Following the withdrawal of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU) on 1 February 2020, the EU and the UK launched negotiations on a new partnership agreement, to come into effect at the end of the transition period, scheduled for 31 December 2020. The negotiations are intended to address nearly all the domains covered in the Political Declaration negotiated by both parties alongside the Withdrawal Agreement, including trade and economics, fisheries, thematic cooperation, and internal and external security. As far as negotiations on the future economic relationship are concerned, while the parties agree in principle on an exceptional zero-tariff and zero-quota comprehensive and balanced free trade agreement (FTA) aiming for as 'frictionless' trade as possible, they still disagree on major aspects of the economic partnership, especially fisheries and level playing-field (LPF) commitments. The EU wants the future agreement in the fisheries domain to retain the status quo as far as possible, including reciprocal access to waters in return for access to markets and quota-shares that are based on historical fishing patterns. The EU also insists that an effective LPF would ensure fair competition. After the third round of talks, which took place in May 2020, the UK's chief negotiator, David Frost, said that the EU proposal on fisheries was ‘simply not realistic’, and it was unacceptable that the LPF binds the UK to EU law or standards; if need be, the UK would aim for a less ambitious FTA. The EU's chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, said that negotiating an FTA providing for tariffs would be far more time-consuming, and the EU would still demand the same LPF commitments because 'open and fair competition is not a "nice-to-have", it is a "must-have" '. Following the fourth round of negotiations, from 2 to 5 June, the positions therefore still seemed irreconcilable. However, the long stand-off in the earlier negotiations on UK withdrawal had seemed equally irreconcilable before the final agreement was reached and then ratified. One area in which the two sides did manage to agree in those negotiations is the financial settlement included in the Withdrawal Agreement. While that settlement is now being implemented, it had initially been seen as one of the more difficult areas of the withdrawal negotiations.

World Oceans Day 2020

05-06-2020

Every year, 8 June marks World Oceans Day, celebrated since 1992 and officially designated by the United Nations in 2008. Its aim is to raise global awareness of the crucial role oceans play in sustaining life on earth and our duty to protect its rich marine biodiversity and to use its resources sustainably. This year's specific theme, 'Innovation for a Sustainable Ocean', highlights the need for innovative solutions to deal with the challenges oceans are facing. World Oceans Day also offers an opportunity ...

Every year, 8 June marks World Oceans Day, celebrated since 1992 and officially designated by the United Nations in 2008. Its aim is to raise global awareness of the crucial role oceans play in sustaining life on earth and our duty to protect its rich marine biodiversity and to use its resources sustainably. This year's specific theme, 'Innovation for a Sustainable Ocean', highlights the need for innovative solutions to deal with the challenges oceans are facing. World Oceans Day also offers an opportunity to take stock of progress, globally and in the EU.

Support for the fishing and aquaculture sectors in the coronavirus crisis

15-04-2020

Measures taken to limit the spread of the coronavirus pandemic, such as the closure of restaurants, open-air markets and limits on travel and tourism have had a strong impact on the food supply chain. Fisheries and aquaculture are among the sectors most immediately hit by the crisis. In order to alleviate the socio-economic impact, several measures have been or are in the process of being adopted by the EU. A number of emergency measures will help the fisheries and aquaculture sector, including increased ...

Measures taken to limit the spread of the coronavirus pandemic, such as the closure of restaurants, open-air markets and limits on travel and tourism have had a strong impact on the food supply chain. Fisheries and aquaculture are among the sectors most immediately hit by the crisis. In order to alleviate the socio-economic impact, several measures have been or are in the process of being adopted by the EU. A number of emergency measures will help the fisheries and aquaculture sector, including increased possibilities for State aid and the introduction of support measures through the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund.

L’économie bleue: Vue d’ensemble et cadre stratégique de l’Union européenne

30-01-2020

L’économie bleue englobe toutes les activités économiques relatives aux mers et aux océans. Elle emploie plus de 4 millions de personnes dans l’UE et son paysage évolue rapidement. Certains secteurs traditionnels sont en déclin tandis que d’autres, tant traditionnels qu’émergents, affichent un fort potentiel de croissance et d’innovation. Le présent document s’intéresse au cadre stratégique et aux différentes initiatives et actions de l’UE. Il donne une vue d’ensemble des «facilitateurs clés» transversaux ...

L’économie bleue englobe toutes les activités économiques relatives aux mers et aux océans. Elle emploie plus de 4 millions de personnes dans l’UE et son paysage évolue rapidement. Certains secteurs traditionnels sont en déclin tandis que d’autres, tant traditionnels qu’émergents, affichent un fort potentiel de croissance et d’innovation. Le présent document s’intéresse au cadre stratégique et aux différentes initiatives et actions de l’UE. Il donne une vue d’ensemble des «facilitateurs clés» transversaux ainsi qu’une analyse par secteur. Lorsqu’elle s’avère pertinente, la dimension internationale ou la position du Parlement européen est mise en évidence.

Support for fishermen affected by the eastern Baltic cod closure

17-01-2020

Eastern Baltic cod has long supported the livelihoods of many Baltic fishermen, but stocks of this valuable fish have been declining sharply in recent years. Every year since 2014, total allowable catches have been reduced accordingly. Recent scientific advice, published in May 2019, reinforced concerns regarding eastern Baltic cod, showing an even steeper decline and estimating the stock to be below safe biological limits for the past two years. Scientists point to high natural mortality resulting ...

Eastern Baltic cod has long supported the livelihoods of many Baltic fishermen, but stocks of this valuable fish have been declining sharply in recent years. Every year since 2014, total allowable catches have been reduced accordingly. Recent scientific advice, published in May 2019, reinforced concerns regarding eastern Baltic cod, showing an even steeper decline and estimating the stock to be below safe biological limits for the past two years. Scientists point to high natural mortality resulting from various environmental pressures, including a lack of salinity, little oxygen, pollution, high water temperatures and parasite infestation. On 22 July 2019, as an emergency measure, the Commission imposed an immediate closure of the fishery for six months, with the exception of a limited amount arising from the unavoidable by-catch. Subsequently, fishing opportunities for 2020 were cut by 92 %. As recovery of the stock is not expected before 2024, on 31 October 2019 the Commission issued a proposal amending the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund Regulation in order to allow support for permanent cessation and introducing parallel changes to the Baltic multiannual plan by setting capacity limits for the fishing segments concerned and by including additional control and data collection measures.

Gouvernance des océans et croissance bleue: Enjeux, possibilités et réponses stratégiques

04-11-2019

Les océans recouvrent plus des deux tiers de la surface du globe et sont un élément primordial de la vie sur notre planète. En plus de constituer l'une des sources principales d’aliments, ils jouent aussi un rôle central dans le cycle du carbone. Ils régulent le climat et produisent la majeure partie de l’oxygène présent dans l’air que nous respirons. Ils jouent également un rôle socio-économique important. L’«économie bleue», constituée des secteurs traditionnels que sont la pêche, l’extraction ...

Les océans recouvrent plus des deux tiers de la surface du globe et sont un élément primordial de la vie sur notre planète. En plus de constituer l'une des sources principales d’aliments, ils jouent aussi un rôle central dans le cycle du carbone. Ils régulent le climat et produisent la majeure partie de l’oxygène présent dans l’air que nous respirons. Ils jouent également un rôle socio-économique important. L’«économie bleue», constituée des secteurs traditionnels que sont la pêche, l’extraction de pétrole et de gaz, le transport maritime, et le tourisme côtier, ainsi que de nouveaux secteurs à croissance rapide comme l’éolien offshore, l’énergie océanique, et les biotechnologies bleues, offre un potentiel énorme de croissance économique, de création d’emplois et d’innovation. Mais les océans sont actuellement soumis à de rudes pressions, notamment la surexploitation des ressources, la pollution, et les effets du changement climatique. La pollution des océans par le plastique a retenu l’attention du grand public ces dernières années, et les décideurs politiques en ont fait une de leurs priorités. Au niveau mondial, l’Union européenne participe activement à la protection des océans et contribue à donner forme à la gouvernance des océans. Elle a réalisé des progrès en prenant des mesures dans une série de domaines tels que la sûreté maritime, la pollution marine, l’économie bleue durable, le changement climatique, la protection des environnements marins, et la pêche durable. Elle a contribué à la réalisation de l’objectif du programme des Nations unies pour le développement durable à l’horizon 2030 relatif aux océans et participé aux négociations en vue d’un nouvel instrument international juridiquement contraignant sur la conservation et l’utilisation durable de la diversité biologique marine dans les zones ne relevant pas d’une juridiction nationale. Dans ses mesures de promotion de l’économie bleue, l’Union reconnaît aussi les responsabilités environnementales qui l’accompagnent. Des océans propres et en bonne santé garantissent la pérennité de ces activités économiques à long terme, alors qu’un déclin naturel menace l’écosystème de la planète dans son ensemble, et en fin de compte le bien-être de nos sociétés. La conservation des ressources biologiques marines dans le cadre de la politique commune de la pêche, les actions menées par l’Union au titre de la directive-cadre «stratégie pour le milieu marin», et la création d’aires marines protégées comptent parmi les principales politiques de l’Union en matière de protection de l’environnement marin. À cela s’ajoutent des mesures législatives récentes comme la directive sur les plastiques à usage unique visant à réduire la pollution du milieu marin. Le présent briefing met à jour une édition antérieure publiée pour la conférence de haut niveau sur les océans organisée par le Parlement européen le 19 mars 2019.

Snapshot of the EU regions with a view to selected Europe 2020 targets

03-10-2019

In 2014-2020, €461 billion from the EU budget is allocated to EU regions for investments in support of the strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth (Europe 2020). The NUTS 2 classification (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics) divides EU territory into 281 regions with population thresholds between 800 000 and 3 000 000. It is used for the purpose of collection and harmonisation of statistics and for socio-economic analysis. Furthermore, it is used for allocating European ...

In 2014-2020, €461 billion from the EU budget is allocated to EU regions for investments in support of the strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth (Europe 2020). The NUTS 2 classification (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics) divides EU territory into 281 regions with population thresholds between 800 000 and 3 000 000. It is used for the purpose of collection and harmonisation of statistics and for socio-economic analysis. Furthermore, it is used for allocating European structural and investment funds (ESIF) to EU regions. This paper provides statistics for the NUTS 2 regions with a focus on selected Europe 2020 targets, firstly looking at GDP and unemployment for the years 2007 and 2017/18. It shows the employment situation of the younger generation in 2018. It then considers employment, poverty and education in the light of selected Europe 2020 targets, and internet usage in view of the EU’s digital agenda. Finally, it shows the ESIF allocation for the 2014-2020 period and EU payments up to June 2019.

European Maritime and Fisheries Fund 2021-2027

22-05-2019

The European Commission has proposed a new regulation on the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) as part of the next EU budget framework for the 2021-2027 period. The European Parliament established its first-reading position on the proposal on 4 April 2019. The new fund will continue to support the EU common fisheries policy and the Union's maritime policy. The proposal aims to simplify the delivery of the fund compared to the very complex legal framework in use for the current EMFF. It ...

The European Commission has proposed a new regulation on the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) as part of the next EU budget framework for the 2021-2027 period. The European Parliament established its first-reading position on the proposal on 4 April 2019. The new fund will continue to support the EU common fisheries policy and the Union's maritime policy. The proposal aims to simplify the delivery of the fund compared to the very complex legal framework in use for the current EMFF. It therefore presents a more flexible architecture: this would allow Member States to use the funds where they see the greatest need, instead of being bound to a list of pre-defined measures and eligibility rules. Small-scale coastal fisheries and outermost regions would receive greater preferential treatment. It further proposes increased support for international ocean governance and stronger synergies with other EU policies. The fund is also expected to contribute to the development of the blue economy and support the EU's climate objectives. Negotiations with the Council on the proposal are expected to start in the new term. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Mesures de gestion de la pêche en Méditerranée

20-03-2019

En tant que partie contractante à la Commission générale des pêches pour la Méditerranée (CGPM), l’Union européenne est tenue de transposer dans son droit les mesures adoptées par cette commission en matière de conservation et de gestion, de sorte qu’elles s’appliquent aux navires de pêche de l’Union. Au cours de la session plénière de mars II, le Parlement européen devrait se prononcer sur une proposition de la Commission relative à la transposition de nouvelles mesures de la CGPM, plus strictes ...

En tant que partie contractante à la Commission générale des pêches pour la Méditerranée (CGPM), l’Union européenne est tenue de transposer dans son droit les mesures adoptées par cette commission en matière de conservation et de gestion, de sorte qu’elles s’appliquent aux navires de pêche de l’Union. Au cours de la session plénière de mars II, le Parlement européen devrait se prononcer sur une proposition de la Commission relative à la transposition de nouvelles mesures de la CGPM, plus strictes que la règlementation existante.

Accord de pêche UE-Côte d’Ivoire

06-02-2019

La conclusion d’un nouveau protocole lié à l’accord de l’Union avec la Côte d’Ivoire dans le domaine de la pêche requiert l’approbation du Parlement européen. Le protocole définit les possibilités de pêche dont dispose la flotte de l’Union européenne dans les eaux de la Côte d’Ivoire, à la lumière des meilleurs avis scientifiques disponibles, et précise la contrepartie financière de l’Union, et notamment le renforcement de l’aide au secteur local de la pêche et à l’«économie bleue». Le vote d’approbation ...

La conclusion d’un nouveau protocole lié à l’accord de l’Union avec la Côte d’Ivoire dans le domaine de la pêche requiert l’approbation du Parlement européen. Le protocole définit les possibilités de pêche dont dispose la flotte de l’Union européenne dans les eaux de la Côte d’Ivoire, à la lumière des meilleurs avis scientifiques disponibles, et précise la contrepartie financière de l’Union, et notamment le renforcement de l’aide au secteur local de la pêche et à l’«économie bleue». Le vote d’approbation et la proposition de résolution qui l’accompagne seront inscrits à l’ordre du jour de la plénière pendant la période de session de février.

Evénements à venir

07-07-2020
STOA roundtable on deconfinement going digital: The rise of contact tracing apps
Atelier -
STOA

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