59

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Mot-clé
Date

The Brexit process: Moving to the second phase of negotiations

20-12-2017

The first phase of Brexit talks between the EU and UK negotiating teams needed six rounds of discussion over seven months. Finally, on Friday 8 December, an agreement in principle on the three priority issues – citizens’ rights, a financial settlement and Northern Ireland – was reached. The European Commission President, Jean-Claude Juncker, and the UK Prime Minister, Theresa May, endorsed a joint report setting out a common understanding on the future withdrawal agreement. Whilst a number of specific ...

The first phase of Brexit talks between the EU and UK negotiating teams needed six rounds of discussion over seven months. Finally, on Friday 8 December, an agreement in principle on the three priority issues – citizens’ rights, a financial settlement and Northern Ireland – was reached. The European Commission President, Jean-Claude Juncker, and the UK Prime Minister, Theresa May, endorsed a joint report setting out a common understanding on the future withdrawal agreement. Whilst a number of specific aspects are still under discussion, the European Council decided on 15 December that 'sufficient progress' had been achieved on the first-phase priority issues, and that negotiations could move on to the second phase – on transitional arrangements and the future EU-UK relationship – provided the commitments from the joint report are fully translated into the draft withdrawal agreement. For the transitional period, the European Parliament and the European Council have made clear that all existing Union regulatory, budgetary, supervisory, judiciary and enforcement instruments and structures must apply, including the competence of the Court of Justice of the European Union, but with no UK participation in decision-making, since it would no longer be a member of the EU. Exploratory discussions on the framework for the future relationship will begin only after the adoption by the European Council of additional guidelines in March 2018. The UK has still to clarify its position on the type of trade deal it seeks with the EU.

Sufficient progress in first-phase Brexit talks

08-12-2017

After seven months of talks, the EU and the UK reached agreement in principle on the key withdrawal issues, on 8 December 2017. The European Council (EU-27) of 15 December will decide whether sufficient progress has been achieved in order to proceed to the second phase of negotiations.

After seven months of talks, the EU and the UK reached agreement in principle on the key withdrawal issues, on 8 December 2017. The European Council (EU-27) of 15 December will decide whether sufficient progress has been achieved in order to proceed to the second phase of negotiations.

The 2017 State of the Union debate in the European Parliament

08-09-2017

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker’s State of the Union address to the European Parliament, and the subsequent debate, on 13 September come in the context of the ongoing broader reflection on the future path of the European Union. This has been intensified by the first-ever withdrawal of a Member State from the Union; although lamented by most, this is often cited as an opportunity to rebuild the Union on stronger grounds. The debate will therefore feed into a larger reflection process ...

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker’s State of the Union address to the European Parliament, and the subsequent debate, on 13 September come in the context of the ongoing broader reflection on the future path of the European Union. This has been intensified by the first-ever withdrawal of a Member State from the Union; although lamented by most, this is often cited as an opportunity to rebuild the Union on stronger grounds. The debate will therefore feed into a larger reflection process, to which Parliament contributed three landmark resolutions, launched by EU-27 leaders in the Rome declaration of 25 March 2017. As announced in President Juncker’s 2016 State of the Union speech, the Commission published a white paper on the future of Europe, identifying five scenarios for the further course of the Union. The Commission President has recently pointed to a sixth scenario to be revealed in his State of the Union speech. The State of the Union debate forms part of the process for the adoption of the annual Commission Work Programme and thus plays an important role in identifying major political priorities to be agreed in interinstitutional dialogue. This briefing is an update of an earlier one of September 2016, PE 586.665.

EU and UK positions on citizens’ rights: First phase of Brexit negotiations

13-07-2017

Negotiations on the arrangements for the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the EU started on 19 June 2017, with citizens’ rights being one of the top priorities. However, the EU and the UK positions differ considerably. The EU aims at a withdrawal agreement which safeguards the existing right to residence as well as to equal treatment with nationals, including access to social security, for EU-27 citizens who have moved to the UK and for UK nationals resident in an EU-27 Member State prior to the ...

Negotiations on the arrangements for the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the EU started on 19 June 2017, with citizens’ rights being one of the top priorities. However, the EU and the UK positions differ considerably. The EU aims at a withdrawal agreement which safeguards the existing right to residence as well as to equal treatment with nationals, including access to social security, for EU-27 citizens who have moved to the UK and for UK nationals resident in an EU-27 Member State prior to the withdrawal date. By contrast, the UK’s intention is to create new rights, detached from EU law, whose conditions will be governed by UK law. The EU and UK positions also differ regarding the cut-off date which would govern the status of citizens. According to the EU, this should be the date of the UK’s actual withdrawal from the EU, whereas the UK has proposed to agree on an earlier date. Differences between the two positions can also be observed with regard to the conditions for family reunification and access to social security benefits. Furthermore, whilst the EU proposes that the European Commission and the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) oversee compliance with the withdrawal arrangements by both the UK and the EU-27 Member States, the UK seeks enforceability of the citizens’ rights through the UK judicial system and rejects the jurisdiction of the CJEU.

Négociations sur le Brexit: les questions de la première étape

22-06-2017

Le présent document expose les trois grandes priorités de l’Union européenne pour les négociations sur les modalités de retrait du Royaume-Uni de l’Union. Il analyse la position que l’Union adoptera dans les négociations sur les droits des citoyens et définit le cadre juridique actuellement prévu par le droit européen. D’après les directives et le mandat de négociation, ces droits doivent être garantis pour les citoyens de l’Union directement touchés par le retrait du Royaume-Uni parce qu’ils ont ...

Le présent document expose les trois grandes priorités de l’Union européenne pour les négociations sur les modalités de retrait du Royaume-Uni de l’Union. Il analyse la position que l’Union adoptera dans les négociations sur les droits des citoyens et définit le cadre juridique actuellement prévu par le droit européen. D’après les directives et le mandat de négociation, ces droits doivent être garantis pour les citoyens de l’Union directement touchés par le retrait du Royaume-Uni parce qu’ils ont fait usage de leur droit à la liberté de circulation. Il présente également la position de négociation de l’Union concernant la séparation des droits et obligations du Royaume-Uni de ceux des autres États membres de l’Union, y compris la méthode de calcul de l'accord financier y afférent. Il explique enfin l’importance de l’accord du Vendredi saint et de la contribution de l’Union au processus de paix en Irlande du Nord.

Provisions governing the activity of high political office-holders in election or selection processes: A comparative analysis of the provisions and practices in the EU, its Member States and selected international organisations

16-02-2017

In its resolution of 28 April 2016 on the discharge procedure for the year 2014, the European Parliament instructed the European Parliamentary Research Service to undertake a study including 'a comparative analysis of the legal framework governing the compatibilities of candidates who run for election campaigns in other international organisations and in the Member States (election of prime minister, secretary general, chancellor, etc.)'. This study therefore examines relevant rules on the use of ...

In its resolution of 28 April 2016 on the discharge procedure for the year 2014, the European Parliament instructed the European Parliamentary Research Service to undertake a study including 'a comparative analysis of the legal framework governing the compatibilities of candidates who run for election campaigns in other international organisations and in the Member States (election of prime minister, secretary general, chancellor, etc.)'. This study therefore examines relevant rules on the use of public resources by high political office-holders in electoral/selection processes at EU, international and EU Member State level. An initial version of this study was delivered to the Members of the Committee on Budgetary Control in October 2016. This revised version incorporates some minor changes following final verifications. Nonetheless, the information in this study does not reflect any further possible recent changes in any individual Member State.

The State of the Union debate in the European Parliament, 2016

09-09-2016

The 2016 State of the Union debate in the European Parliament comes at a time of severe challenges for the European Union, ranging from the refugee and migration crisis and the situation in Turkey and Ukraine, to the uncertainties following the UK referendum on leaving the EU, the economic difficulties persisting in many Member States, and more general questions on the future path of the EU. The State of the Union speech by the President of the European Commission constitutes an important instrument ...

The 2016 State of the Union debate in the European Parliament comes at a time of severe challenges for the European Union, ranging from the refugee and migration crisis and the situation in Turkey and Ukraine, to the uncertainties following the UK referendum on leaving the EU, the economic difficulties persisting in many Member States, and more general questions on the future path of the EU. The State of the Union speech by the President of the European Commission constitutes an important instrument for ex-ante accountability vis-à-vis Parliament but it is also aimed at rendering the definition of priorities at EU level more transparent and at communicating those priorities to citizens. It resembles similar speeches in national democracies. The United States for instance has a long-standing tradition of presidential State of the Union addresses, in which the President speaks in the Capitol to a joint session of Congress, thus fulfilling his constitutional obligation. In contrast to the US Constitution, the EU Treaties do not prescribe the State of the Union address, which was instigated with the 2010 Framework agreement between Parliament and the Commission. José Manuel Barroso gave four State of the Union speeches from 2010 to 2013, marked mainly by the economic and financial crisis. Last year’s speech by President Jean-Claude Juncker took place in a wider context of political agenda-setting that started with the Spitzenkandidaten process in the run-up to the 2014 European elections, the election of the Commission President and the adoption of the 2015 Commission Work Programme. The 2016 debate marks in contrast the second year of the Juncker Commission, with President Juncker’s ten priorities, around which the Commission organises its work, increasingly being the basis on which the delivery of the Commission is examined. This briefing updates an earlier one, from September 2015. See also our briefing from then on 'The US President's State of the Union Address'.

Public expectations and EU policies - Identifying the gaps

30-06-2016

Citizens’ expectations of the European Union vary widely across policy areas. A Eurobarometer survey – Europeans in 2016: Perceptions and expectations, fight against terrorism and radicalisation – seeks to identify those areas in which EU citizens want to see the Union doing more. Having identified areas in which there is a gap between the EU’s current action and citizens’ expectations of the Union, the next step is to look at the potential – within the constraints of the EU legal foundations – for ...

Citizens’ expectations of the European Union vary widely across policy areas. A Eurobarometer survey – Europeans in 2016: Perceptions and expectations, fight against terrorism and radicalisation – seeks to identify those areas in which EU citizens want to see the Union doing more. Having identified areas in which there is a gap between the EU’s current action and citizens’ expectations of the Union, the next step is to look at the potential – within the constraints of the EU legal foundations – for the EU to do more to meet citizens’ expectations.

Retrait du Royaume-Uni de l'Union européenne – Prochaines étapes

28-06-2016

Lors du référendum organisé au Royaume-Uni le 23 juin dernier sur la question du maintien ou non de celui-ci dans l'Union européenne, 51,9 % des votants se sont exprimés en faveur du retrait (avec un taux de participation de 71,8 %). Si, formellement parlant, le référendum était consultatif, le Premier ministre britannique, David Cameron, et son gouvernement avaient clairement indiqué qu'ils se considéreraient liés par le résultat du scrutin. En annonçant sa démission, David Cameron a fait savoir ...

Lors du référendum organisé au Royaume-Uni le 23 juin dernier sur la question du maintien ou non de celui-ci dans l'Union européenne, 51,9 % des votants se sont exprimés en faveur du retrait (avec un taux de participation de 71,8 %). Si, formellement parlant, le référendum était consultatif, le Premier ministre britannique, David Cameron, et son gouvernement avaient clairement indiqué qu'ils se considéreraient liés par le résultat du scrutin. En annonçant sa démission, David Cameron a fait savoir que le Royaume-Uni activerait la procédure énoncée à l'article 50 du traité sur l'Union européenne (TUE) permettant à un État membre de se retirer, mais que ce processus attendrait la nomination de son successeur (qui devrait intervenir d'ici le mois d'octobre). Dans une résolution adoptée en séance plénière extraordinaire, le 28 juin 2016, les députés au Parlement européen ont demandé au gouvernement britannique d'engager "la mise en oeuvre rapide et cohérente de la procédure de retrait", pour "éviter une incertitude préjudiciable à chacun et protéger l'intégrité de l'Union".

Commissions d'enquête et commissions spéciales du Parlement européen

02-06-2016

Récemment, le Parlement européen a fait un usage accru de ses instruments d'enquête – commissions spéciales et d'enquête. La commission TAXE, mise en place à la suite du scandale des "LuxLeaks" pour examiner les pratiques fiscales abusives dans l'UE, a été suivie par la commission spéciale TAXE 2 sur les rescrits fiscaux. La commission d'enquête EMIS est chargée de mesurer les émissions dans le secteur automobile. L'affaire dite des "Panama papers", récemment révélée, a donné lieu à la création d'une ...

Récemment, le Parlement européen a fait un usage accru de ses instruments d'enquête – commissions spéciales et d'enquête. La commission TAXE, mise en place à la suite du scandale des "LuxLeaks" pour examiner les pratiques fiscales abusives dans l'UE, a été suivie par la commission spéciale TAXE 2 sur les rescrits fiscaux. La commission d'enquête EMIS est chargée de mesurer les émissions dans le secteur automobile. L'affaire dite des "Panama papers", récemment révélée, a donné lieu à la création d'une nouvelle commission d'enquête sur les paradis fiscaux. Le droit d'enquête du Parlement est un instrument important pour l'exercice de ses fonctions de contrôle. Cependant, ses pouvoirs d'enquête ne sont pas à la hauteur des pouvoirs des commissions d'enquête dans les parlements nationaux, qui disposent d'outils d'enquête quasi judiciaires. Le pouvoir des commissions d'enquête se limite aux examens des allégations d'infraction et de mauvaise administration dans l'application du droit de l'Union, excluant ainsi la collecte d'éléments probants sur les matières générales et les enquêtes sur des actions menées par les autorités de pays tiers. En revanche, des "commissions spéciales" peuvent être mises en place pour mener une enquête parlementaire; le Parlement a donc plus souvent eu recours à cette solution. Bien qu'elles ne soient pas dotées de pouvoirs officiels, les commissions spéciales effectuent leur travail en utilisant les mêmes mécanismes d'enquête que les commissions d'enquête. Le traité de Lisbonne confère au Parlement le pouvoir de proposer et d'adopter un règlement contraignant sur les règles d'enquête.

Evénements à venir

20-11-2019
Europe's Future: Where next for EU institutional Reform?
Autre événement -
EPRS

Partenaires

Restez connectés

email update imageSystème d'alertes email

Le système d'alertes email, qui envoie directement les dernières informations à votre adresse électronique, vous permet de suivre toutes les personnes et tous les événements liés au Parlement. Ceci inclut les dernières nouvelles des députés, les services d'information ou le Think Tank.

Le système est accessible partout sur le site du Parlement. Pour vous abonner et recevoir les notifications du Think Tank, il suffit de communiquer votre adresse email, de sélectionner le thème qui vous intéresse, d'indiquer la fréquence (quotidienne, hebdomadaire ou mensuelle) et de confirmer votre enregistrement en cliquant sur le lien envoyé par email.

RSS imageFlux RSS

Ne manquez aucune information ou mise à jour du site du Parlement européen grâce à notre flux RSS.

Veuillez cliquer sur le lien ci-dessous afin de configurer votre flux.