8

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Mot-clé
Date

La Thaïlande en 2016: restauration ou renversement de la démocratie ?

18-04-2016

Après avoir fomenté un coup d'État militaire contre le gouvernement de Yingluck Shinawatra, une junte a pris le pouvoir en Thaïlande et dirige le pays depuis le 22 mai 2014. Cette junte a imposé des restrictions radicales aux activités politiques et à la liberté d'expression. De nombreuses violations des droits de l'homme ont été signalées, notamment des cas de torture. La 'feuille de route vers la démocratie' prévoit l'organisation, en août 2017, d'un référendum sur l'instauration d'une nouvelle ...

Après avoir fomenté un coup d'État militaire contre le gouvernement de Yingluck Shinawatra, une junte a pris le pouvoir en Thaïlande et dirige le pays depuis le 22 mai 2014. Cette junte a imposé des restrictions radicales aux activités politiques et à la liberté d'expression. De nombreuses violations des droits de l'homme ont été signalées, notamment des cas de torture. La 'feuille de route vers la démocratie' prévoit l'organisation, en août 2017, d'un référendum sur l'instauration d'une nouvelle constitution, qui pourrait être suivi d'élections à un stade ultérieur. Cependant, les militaires devraient conserver le pouvoir jusqu'à ce que le successeur du roi accède au trône, afin de garantir la stabilité du pays. Malgré ses liens commerciaux étroits avec la Thaïlande, l'Union européenne a suspendu la signature de l'accord de partenariat et de coopération et les négociations d'un accord de libre-échange jusqu'au rétablissement de la démocratie. En avril 2015, la Commission européenne a adressé un carton jaune d'avertissement à la Thaïlande pour des problèmes de pêche illicite, non déclarée et non réglementée (INN).

Workshop on "Market Economy Status for China after 2016?"

16-03-2016

Section 15 of China’s Protocol of Accession to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) allows importing WTO members to determine, under their national law, whether China is considered to be a market economy for the purpose of price comparability and of calculating dumping margins. Some provisions of this section expire on 11 December 2016, leaving uncertainty as to how China should be treated in antidumping investigations thereafter. The European Parliament’s Committee on International Trade (INTA) organised ...

Section 15 of China’s Protocol of Accession to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) allows importing WTO members to determine, under their national law, whether China is considered to be a market economy for the purpose of price comparability and of calculating dumping margins. Some provisions of this section expire on 11 December 2016, leaving uncertainty as to how China should be treated in antidumping investigations thereafter. The European Parliament’s Committee on International Trade (INTA) organised a workshop jointly with the Policy Department of the Directorate-General for External Policies in order to hear the views of different academic experts on both the legal and the economic implications.

Auteur externe

Bernard O'CONNOR, Jean-François BELLIS, Robert SCOTT and Maurizio ZANARDI

The United Nations and the EU Trade Policy: The Case of UNCTAD

28-01-2016

The EU's trade policy does not exist in a vacuum. On the one hand, it is affected by international standard and rule-setting. On the other hand, the EU is itself an influential actor shaping the international trade agenda by participating in the work of international organisations and fora. This short note focuses on the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

The EU's trade policy does not exist in a vacuum. On the one hand, it is affected by international standard and rule-setting. On the other hand, the EU is itself an influential actor shaping the international trade agenda by participating in the work of international organisations and fora. This short note focuses on the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

À un an de l'échéance: le débat sur le statut d'économie de marché (SEM) de la Chine s'anime

17-12-2015

Le statut d'économie de marché (SEM) – un terme technique utilisé dans le contexte des enquêtes antidumping – est passé en tête de l'agenda de la communauté internationale. La question de savoir si ce statut serait ou non accordé à la Chine a provoqué de vifs débats. La Chine fait valoir que ses documents d'accession à l'OMC prévoient une acquisition automatique du SEM après le 11 décembre 2016. Néanmoins, de nombreux membres de l'OMC considèrent que le texte en question – la section 15 du protocole ...

Le statut d'économie de marché (SEM) – un terme technique utilisé dans le contexte des enquêtes antidumping – est passé en tête de l'agenda de la communauté internationale. La question de savoir si ce statut serait ou non accordé à la Chine a provoqué de vifs débats. La Chine fait valoir que ses documents d'accession à l'OMC prévoient une acquisition automatique du SEM après le 11 décembre 2016. Néanmoins, de nombreux membres de l'OMC considèrent que le texte en question – la section 15 du protocole d'accession de la Chine – est sujet à interprétation. Cette question est délicate pour plusieurs raisons. D'un point de vue juridique, l'Union doit veiller à ce que ses règles soient compatibles avec celles de l'OMC. Les aspects économiques sont néanmoins complexes et pourraient revêtir une importance considérable pour de vastes pans de l'économie de l'Union. L'aptitude de l'Union à mettre en place des conditions équitables pour ses propres produits industriels et les biens importés de Chine dépendra de sa capacité à compenser les prix bas injustifiables des importations chinoises vendues dans des conditions de dumping. Les instruments antidumping que l'Union déploierait à cette fin dépendront de l'obtention (ou non) du SEM par la Chine. Cette question présente également des ramifications politiques, et pourrait avoir des conséquences sur les relations de l'Union européenne avec d'autres pays. De manière générale, l'Union européenne gagnerait à réaliser une évaluation plus approfondie que celles opérées à ce jour , à faire appel aux contributions du Parlement européen, et à adopter une approche plus coordonnée avec ses principaux partenaires commerciaux.

Japan’s Bet on Reforms: Growth First – Fiscal Sustainability to Follow

04-09-2015

Given the underwhelming results of the large-scale fiscal and monetary stimulus implemented by the administration of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, the country is now focusing on structural reforms. The government's new economic and fiscal plan – released in late June 2015 – is clear in its message: to reduce Japan’s gigantic debt, now estimated at over 246 % of GDP, and achieve fiscal sustainability, the country needs robust economic growth. The government is betting that structural reforms ...

Given the underwhelming results of the large-scale fiscal and monetary stimulus implemented by the administration of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, the country is now focusing on structural reforms. The government's new economic and fiscal plan – released in late June 2015 – is clear in its message: to reduce Japan’s gigantic debt, now estimated at over 246 % of GDP, and achieve fiscal sustainability, the country needs robust economic growth. The government is betting that structural reforms will trigger a ‘productivity revolution’ and boost income, investment, consumption and profits. Fiscal sustainability will then follow, as a revitalised economy will broaden the tax base and bring in higher revenues. Despite Abe’s good intentions, however, his economic policy agenda has been criticised on several fronts. The international community is calling for greater fiscal discipline, while the business community is dissatisfied with proposed measures to simplify doing business in Japan. The plan has also failed to convince many of Abe’s genuine commitment to advance economic reforms at a time when the Prime Minister seems more interested in upgrading Japan’s defence capabilities. If Japan is serious about restoring its glorious economic past, far-reaching economic reforms will need to move at a faster pace.

China: Economic Outlook, 2015

15-07-2015

China stands now at a crossroads, where factors that for many years contributed to its growth have nearly – if not completely – exhausted their potential. As domestic economic challenges grow more pressing, Beijing has embarked on a new development strategy to 'rebalance' its economy and reinforce its integration into global markets. A number of elements of this strategy – including the 'One Belt One Road' initiative – are likely to have a major impact across the globe.

China stands now at a crossroads, where factors that for many years contributed to its growth have nearly – if not completely – exhausted their potential. As domestic economic challenges grow more pressing, Beijing has embarked on a new development strategy to 'rebalance' its economy and reinforce its integration into global markets. A number of elements of this strategy – including the 'One Belt One Road' initiative – are likely to have a major impact across the globe.

Trade and economic relations with China 2015

23-06-2015

The EU's trade and economic relations with China, the global leader in trade, are generally good, and the number of disputes reasonable. Yet the EU is dissatisfied with China's reluctance to fully implement its commitments to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and, more generally, with its protectionist measures, which often hurt EU interests. For its part, Beijing is still dissatisfied with the EU's refusal to grant the country 'market economy' status and with other measures it believes limit China's ...

The EU's trade and economic relations with China, the global leader in trade, are generally good, and the number of disputes reasonable. Yet the EU is dissatisfied with China's reluctance to fully implement its commitments to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and, more generally, with its protectionist measures, which often hurt EU interests. For its part, Beijing is still dissatisfied with the EU's refusal to grant the country 'market economy' status and with other measures it believes limit China's access to the Single Market. Negotiations for an EU-China partnership and cooperation agreement, initiated in 2007, have yet to be concluded. In January 2014, China and the EU held the first round of negotiations for a bilateral investment agreement. Negotiations are progressing steadily but their end is not in sight. More recently, Beijing has suggested opening talks for an EU-China FTA, but Europe’s reaction has been lukewarm.

Protectionism in the G20 (2015)

09-03-2015

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