22

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Mot-clé
Date

Older people in the European Union's rural areas: Issues and challenges

10-12-2020

One of the key demographic challenges facing rural areas is the ageing population, not only among farmers but also among the rural population in general. This paper examines the demographic profile of older people in the EU's rural areas, and presents a series of issues pertaining to the situation facing older people. Topics covered include health and access to services, issues of social isolation and loneliness, the role of technology and lifelong learning, access to social care, and the impact ...

One of the key demographic challenges facing rural areas is the ageing population, not only among farmers but also among the rural population in general. This paper examines the demographic profile of older people in the EU's rural areas, and presents a series of issues pertaining to the situation facing older people. Topics covered include health and access to services, issues of social isolation and loneliness, the role of technology and lifelong learning, access to social care, and the impact of climate change. The impact of the coronavirus pandemic has brought the health status of older people more sharply into focus and highlighted their vulnerability. The views of a number of stakeholders are summarised along with the measures available under the EU's rural development policy and other structural funds.

Stratégie forestière européenne: la voie à suivre

30-09-2020

Les forêts et les bois couvrent près de la moitié de la surface terrestre de l’Union européenne. Ils jouent un rôle essentiel car ils sont en mesure d’atténuer les effets du changement climatique, de rendre de nombreux services aux écosystèmes, de contribuer au développement de la bioéconomie circulaire et de fournir des emplois à quelque 2,6 millions de personnes, en particulier dans les zones rurales. Le Parlement européen doit se prononcer, lors de la première période de session plénière d’octobre ...

Les forêts et les bois couvrent près de la moitié de la surface terrestre de l’Union européenne. Ils jouent un rôle essentiel car ils sont en mesure d’atténuer les effets du changement climatique, de rendre de nombreux services aux écosystèmes, de contribuer au développement de la bioéconomie circulaire et de fournir des emplois à quelque 2,6 millions de personnes, en particulier dans les zones rurales. Le Parlement européen doit se prononcer, lors de la première période de session plénière d’octobre (octobre I), sur un rapport d’initiative soulignant la nécessité d’une stratégie forestière ambitieuse et forte de l’Union au-delà de 2020, alignée sur le pacte vert pour l’Europe et la stratégie de l’Union européenne en faveur de la biodiversité à l’horizon 2030, et coordonnée avec la stratégie «De la ferme à la table».

Le secteur de la viande porcine dans l’Union européenne

01-09-2020

150 millions de porcs sont élevés dans l’Union européenne, ce qui en fait la principale catégorie d’animaux devant les bovins. Le secteur de la viande porcine représente à lui seul près de la moitié de la production totale de viande européenne. L’Allemagne, l’Espagne et la France produisent plus de la moitié de la quantité totale de viande porcine de l’Union. En raison de la grande diversité de ce secteur, les méthodes d’élevage et la taille des exploitations varient énormément en fonction des États ...

150 millions de porcs sont élevés dans l’Union européenne, ce qui en fait la principale catégorie d’animaux devant les bovins. Le secteur de la viande porcine représente à lui seul près de la moitié de la production totale de viande européenne. L’Allemagne, l’Espagne et la France produisent plus de la moitié de la quantité totale de viande porcine de l’Union. En raison de la grande diversité de ce secteur, les méthodes d’élevage et la taille des exploitations varient énormément en fonction des États membres, et peuvent aller de la basse-cour à l’installation industrielle comptant des milliers d’animaux. Dans le cadre de la politique agricole commune (PAC), le secteur de la viande porcine est couvert par l’organisation commune des marchés qui règlemente le commerce et aide le secteur en cas de crise. Les agriculteurs peuvent également bénéficier du financement du développement rural au titre du deuxième pilier de la PAC, afin de réaliser des investissements nécessaires dans leur ferme par exemple. Un grand nombre d’actes juridiques concernent ce secteur et couvrent différents aspects de l’élevage porcin: la protection de l’environnement, la sécurité alimentaire et la santé publique, la production biologique, la santé et le bien-être des animaux. Toutefois, les faits révèlent un manque de respect des réglementations de l’Union sur le bien-être des porcs et la persistance de pratiques courantes néfastes. La pollution de l’air, du sol et de l’eau causée par l’élevage porcin intensif constitue un autre problème, lourd de conséquences sur l’environnement. L’Union européenne est aujourd’hui la première puissance exportatrice de produits à base de viande de porc. Elle a connu une accélération de ses exportations avec la baisse de production en Asie, en proie à l’épidémie de peste porcine africaine déjà responsable de la mort de millions d’animaux. Avec l’augmentation de la demande de viande porcine européenne, les prix ont atteint des sommets début 2020. D’ici les prochaines années, l’évolution stratégique pourrait affecter le secteur de la production porcine: la nouvelle PAC est en cours de négociation; le pacte vert pour l’Europe et la stratégie «De la ferme à la table», qui font tous deux la promotion d’une agriculture et d’un système alimentaire plus verts et plus durables, font mention d’une prochaine révision de la législation relative au secteur de la viande porcine, notamment en ce qui concerne le bien-être animal.

Agroforestry in the European Union

25-06-2020

Agroforestry is a very ancient agricultural practice that is still widely implemented in certain EU countries, and is gaining renewed interest due to its many economic and environmental benefits. It is a dynamic system combining trees, crops and/or livestock on the same area of land in some form of spatial arrangement or temporal sequence. Prominent examples are the dehesa in Spain (oak trees with livestock grazing underneath) and the Fennoscandian area (covering Finland, Norway, and Sweden in their ...

Agroforestry is a very ancient agricultural practice that is still widely implemented in certain EU countries, and is gaining renewed interest due to its many economic and environmental benefits. It is a dynamic system combining trees, crops and/or livestock on the same area of land in some form of spatial arrangement or temporal sequence. Prominent examples are the dehesa in Spain (oak trees with livestock grazing underneath) and the Fennoscandian area (covering Finland, Norway, and Sweden in their entireties, and a part of Russia), where reindeer husbandry is practised. The main types of agroforestry include the silvopastoral and silvoarable systems, forest farming, hedgerows, riparian buffer strips and kitchen gardens. A number of studies have attempted to classify the existing systems, a task made difficult by the number of possible combinations of woody components/crops/livestock and the variety of criteria to consider. A comprehensive European project on agroforestry suggests that it covers a total area of more than 15 million hectares in the EU, or 52 million hectares if reindeer husbandry is included. Agroforestry systems, which are sustainable and multifunctional, provide many environmental benefits. They contribute to climate change adaptation and mitigation, protect the soil, enhance biodiversity and improve the overall condition of the landscapes. That way, they are also beneficial to the local rural economy, as those improved landscapes offer cultural and recreational opportunities. Moreover, agroforestry farmers can diversify their production, reduce some costs and achieve better productivity. However agroforestry is usually more complex and knowledge-intensive than conventional agriculture and may involve a greater administrative burden. Agroforestry enjoys EU-level recognition and support from the common agricultural policy (CAP). Farmers can receive direct payments per hectare of land under agroforestry, as well as support for the establishment or maintenance of agroforestry systems under the rural development strand of the CAP. Innovation and research in this field may also be supported. The European Parliament has recognised the benefits of agroforestry in several resolutions, and called for more effective support for a range of sustainable production methods, including agroforestry.

Le secteur de la viande de volaille et des œufs de l’Union européenne: Principales caractéristiques, défis et perspectives

26-11-2019

Bien que le secteur européen de la viande de volaille et des œufs présente une certaine disparité tant entre pays qu'au sein d’un même État, et ce qu'il s'agisse de la taille des exploitations et des troupeaux, du rendement ou du type d’élevage, il passe pour être un des systèmes d’élevage les plus intensifs de l’Union, certaines exploitations comptant des centaines de milliers d’individus. Le présent document vise à donner un aperçu de la structure du secteur dans l’Union et de la législation ainsi ...

Bien que le secteur européen de la viande de volaille et des œufs présente une certaine disparité tant entre pays qu'au sein d’un même État, et ce qu'il s'agisse de la taille des exploitations et des troupeaux, du rendement ou du type d’élevage, il passe pour être un des systèmes d’élevage les plus intensifs de l’Union, certaines exploitations comptant des centaines de milliers d’individus. Le présent document vise à donner un aperçu de la structure du secteur dans l’Union et de la législation ainsi que des instruments politiques pertinents — des aides fournies par la PAC aux exploitants agricoles à la législation sur la sécurité alimentaire, la santé et le bien-être animaux et la protection de l’environnement, en passant par les normes en matière de commerce et de mise sur le marché. La présente analyse met l’accent sur les principaux problèmes que présente ce secteur, plusieurs d’entre eux étant liés au recours fréquent à des méthodes de production intensives et à grande échelle. Une attention particulière est également accordée aux perspectives du secteur et aux aspects relatifs au commerce international, l’Union étant l’un des quatre plus grands producteurs de viande de poulet dans le monde, ainsi qu’à la résolution récemment adoptée par le Parlement européen sur le bien-être animal, l’utilisation des antimicrobiens et les conséquences de l’élevage industriel de poulets de chair sur l’environnement. Le présent document fait partie d’une série de l’EPRS portant sur les différents secteurs agricoles de l’Union.

The EU dairy sector: Main features, challenges and prospects

17-12-2018

The EU dairy sector is the second biggest agricultural sector in the EU, representing more than 12 % of total agricultural output. While milk is produced in all Member States, farm and herd sizes, yields and types of farming vary widely across Europe, from free-range farming in Alpine areas to large specialised dairy farms in the north-west and centre of Europe. In 2016, 157 million tonnes of milk were delivered to dairies, where raw milk is processed into fresh products such as cheese or butter. ...

The EU dairy sector is the second biggest agricultural sector in the EU, representing more than 12 % of total agricultural output. While milk is produced in all Member States, farm and herd sizes, yields and types of farming vary widely across Europe, from free-range farming in Alpine areas to large specialised dairy farms in the north-west and centre of Europe. In 2016, 157 million tonnes of milk were delivered to dairies, where raw milk is processed into fresh products such as cheese or butter. Part of the common agricultural policy, the EU's dairy policy consists of a range of instruments designed to support farmers and address market imbalances. In particular, it includes common market organisation, public intervention and private storage provisions, direct payments and rural development measures. The policy has been constantly updated over time, one recent development being the suppression of milk quotas in 2015. The 2014 to 2016 crisis, during which raw milk prices dropped dramatically from around 40 to 25.7 cents per litre, triggered a reaction by the Commission based on public intervention-buying, private storage and a range of exceptional measures. Two aid packages were adopted, including incentives for farmers to reduce production. Recovery was in sight by 2017. In the coming years, growing EU and global demand is expected to support world dairy markets, without hindering price fluctuations and market imbalances. Resilience and sustainability are key words for the future of the sector. This can be achieved with innovation, as a way to reconcile the need for farmers to earn a decent living, consumer demand for affordable and quality dairy products, and environmental/animal health requirements.

EYE event - Urban-rural divide: Blame it all on my roots...

16-05-2018

From the remote Scottish islands to the Danube Delta in Romania, via the Alps, rural Europe shows sharply contrasting landscapes and climates as well as manifest economic and demographic differences. Rural reality in Europe is complex: statistics highlight general trends, showing not only that many rural areas suffer from a number of socio-economic issues, but also that they have many assets, not least dynamic stakeholders and local communities, and the potential to help address critical societal ...

From the remote Scottish islands to the Danube Delta in Romania, via the Alps, rural Europe shows sharply contrasting landscapes and climates as well as manifest economic and demographic differences. Rural reality in Europe is complex: statistics highlight general trends, showing not only that many rural areas suffer from a number of socio-economic issues, but also that they have many assets, not least dynamic stakeholders and local communities, and the potential to help address critical societal challenges. Dedicated EU policies and tools provide rural players with support as they strive to achieve balanced territorial development and harness the full potential of rural territories.

Agricultural education and lifelong training in the EU

24-10-2017

European farmers fulfil a vital role in providing safe and affordable food to nearly 500 million European citizens, and maintaining their countries' landscapes. However, the farming population is ageing and generational renewal has become a crucial issue. The farming sector needs to attract a new generation of farmers with the necessary skills to live and work in a challenging context. They will have to produce more efficiently while protecting the environment; contribute to the fight against climate ...

European farmers fulfil a vital role in providing safe and affordable food to nearly 500 million European citizens, and maintaining their countries' landscapes. However, the farming population is ageing and generational renewal has become a crucial issue. The farming sector needs to attract a new generation of farmers with the necessary skills to live and work in a challenging context. They will have to produce more efficiently while protecting the environment; contribute to the fight against climate change; meet society's demands regarding healthy and balanced diets; and keep up with increasingly rapid scientific and technological progress. It is therefore essential that farmers benefit from adequate agricultural education and training and acquire the various skills needed to adapt to a changing environment. On average, only 8.5 % of the present generation of European farmers have received full agricultural training, and 70 % have only practical experience. Initial training is a national competence and agricultural education systems vary widely throughout the EU. They provide the path to a wide range of careers in agriculture and forestry and deliver degrees in a number of disciplines, from diploma courses with a vocational orientation to bachelor degrees or doctorates in applied sciences. The current common agricultural policy places strong emphasis on knowledge sharing and innovation. It provides for specific measures to help farmers access advice and training throughout their working lives. Support is also provided for innovation via the European innovation partnership network for agricultural productivity and sustainability (EIP-Agri). In several recent resolutions, the European Parliament has stressed the importance of education and training for farmers, in particular as a way to foster their ability to work in an ever-evolving sector.

Rural poverty in the European Union

13-03-2017

In 2015, 119 million European citizens, representing almost a quarter of the EU population, were at risk of poverty and social exclusion. Statistics show that the average poverty rate is slightly higher in rural areas, with very contrasting situations across the Union as some countries display a huge poverty gap between rural and urban areas. Rural poverty, which appears to be less documented than urban poverty, is linked to the specific disadvantages of rural areas. These include an unfavourable ...

In 2015, 119 million European citizens, representing almost a quarter of the EU population, were at risk of poverty and social exclusion. Statistics show that the average poverty rate is slightly higher in rural areas, with very contrasting situations across the Union as some countries display a huge poverty gap between rural and urban areas. Rural poverty, which appears to be less documented than urban poverty, is linked to the specific disadvantages of rural areas. These include an unfavourable demographic situation, a weaker labour market, limited access to education and also remoteness and rural isolation. The latter is associated with a lack of basic services such as healthcare and social services, and with increased costs for inhabitants on account of travel distances. These factors are considered to be the main drivers of rural poverty. Through their interaction, they can generate a spiral of decline in which poverty can become entrenched. While the fight against poverty and social exclusion lies primarily within the remit of the Member States and their regions, this issue is at the heart of the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Several EU funds and policies can contribute to alleviating poverty, in particular the current EU rural development policy which, for the first time, includes a priority relating to the promotion of social inclusion, poverty reduction and economic development in rural areas. Within this policy, Member States and regions can use EU funding to implement measures that, although not directly targeting poverty reduction, may help tackle those drivers of poverty in many ways, such as fostering job creation, improving services, developing infrastructure for information and communications technologies (ICT), and enhancing access to education. In this regard, local strategies such as the Leader method are particularly suited to supporting disadvantaged groups.

Climate-friendly forest management in the EU

16-12-2016

Forests are highly sensitive to climate change and, in particular, the rise in average global temperatures caused by man-made greenhouse gas emissions. They are also part of the solution, as they absorb and stock carbon as biomass through photosynthesis. Their potential to help mitigate climate change makes forests a central element of current international and European climate policies. In July 2016, the European Commission presented a proposal for integrating emissions and carbon gas removals from ...

Forests are highly sensitive to climate change and, in particular, the rise in average global temperatures caused by man-made greenhouse gas emissions. They are also part of the solution, as they absorb and stock carbon as biomass through photosynthesis. Their potential to help mitigate climate change makes forests a central element of current international and European climate policies. In July 2016, the European Commission presented a proposal for integrating emissions and carbon gas removals from land-use and forestry in the European Union climate and energy framework for 2030. In contrast to the global situation, total forest area is growing in the European Union, covering 41 % of the total land area. The forestry sector is an important source of employment and diversification in EU rural areas. The demand for wood is expected to increase as it presents many environmental benefits, such as a replacement for fossil fuels or carbon-intensive materials. In a complex international and European policy environment, the European Union forest strategy, published by the European Commission in 2013, seeks to provide Member States with a coherent framework supporting sustainable forest management. The main European instrument for implementation is the European agricultural fund for rural development. This co-finances forest-related measures, including those specifically targeting climate change mitigation such as afforestation or the establishment of agroforestry systems. More than €8 billion in public expenditure has been earmarked for such measures in the current 2014-2020 programming period.

Evénements à venir

25-01-2021
Public Hearing on "Gender aspects of precarious work"
Audition -
FEMM
26-01-2021
Public hearing on Co-management of EU fisheries at local level
Audition -
PECH
26-01-2021
The impact of Brexit on the level playing field in the area of taxation
Audition -
FISC

Partenaires