58

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Mot-clé
Date

Reconciliation in the Western Balkans: The difficulty of emulating the EU model

17-04-2019

In 2017, the European Union turned 60, celebrating not only six decades of peace between its Member States but also integration – based on a framework for a peaceful European ethos – which helped bring reconciliation to its citizens that would have otherwise been impossible to achieve. In the Western Balkans, which were torn apart by wars after the disintegration of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, conflicting narratives about the past continue to charge intra-regional relations with animosity ...

In 2017, the European Union turned 60, celebrating not only six decades of peace between its Member States but also integration – based on a framework for a peaceful European ethos – which helped bring reconciliation to its citizens that would have otherwise been impossible to achieve. In the Western Balkans, which were torn apart by wars after the disintegration of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, conflicting narratives about the past continue to charge intra-regional relations with animosity, and a number of bilateral disputes await resolution. Just as the European Communities helped to bring peace to post-World War II western Europe, so does the EU promote the reconciliation process in the countries that were once part of Yugoslavia. A credible promise of accession to the EU for all Western Balkan countries gives them an incentive to improve their working relationships and work on reconciliation more vigorously. Since 2017, the EU has renewed its attempts to infuse the Western Balkan countries' enlargement process with fresh energy. In a March 2018 statement, the EU High Representative, Federica Mogherini, said it was 'time to close the wounds of the past' and take steps to guarantee stability for the whole of Europe. The European Commission's new enlargement strategy of February 2018, apart from placing special emphasis on solving all bilateral disputes, highlights reconciliation as a prerequisite for EU accession, and envisages a dedicated flagship initiative. This briefing aims to draw attention to the importance of reconciliation, both as part of the Western Balkans' EU integration process and as an answer to the region's widely perceived need to come to terms with the past. Civil-society representatives and experts often see reconciliation in the region as a prerequisite for building sustainable cooperation in many areas and a process that would help local youth to overcome their prejudices and restore their trust in their countries and region. However, achieving reconciliation requires cooperation in practice, something that will likely take decades to accomplish.

Turkish Cypriot community: Financial support instrument

10-04-2019

The Commission runs an aid programme for the Turkish Cypriot community in order to prepare for and facilitate reunification of Cyprus.

The Commission runs an aid programme for the Turkish Cypriot community in order to prepare for and facilitate reunification of Cyprus.

EU-Armenia people-to-people contacts

29-03-2019

EU-Armenia relations have recently been strengthened through the two parties' comprehensive and enhanced partnership agreement (CEPA), applied provisionally since June 2018. This instrument, along with additional frameworks – an association agreement, the European Neighbourhood Policy and the Eastern Partnership – promotes enhanced people-to-people contacts between the EU and Armenia.

EU-Armenia relations have recently been strengthened through the two parties' comprehensive and enhanced partnership agreement (CEPA), applied provisionally since June 2018. This instrument, along with additional frameworks – an association agreement, the European Neighbourhood Policy and the Eastern Partnership – promotes enhanced people-to-people contacts between the EU and Armenia.

EU-Eastern Partnership people-to-people contacts

25-03-2019

In 2009, the EU launched its Eastern Partnership (EaP) initiative with the ambition to promote closer cooperation with six of its eastern neighbours: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. Support for people-to-people contacts is a key element of the EU's EaP strategy, and is extended through programmes in the areas of movement of persons, education and peace-building.

In 2009, the EU launched its Eastern Partnership (EaP) initiative with the ambition to promote closer cooperation with six of its eastern neighbours: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. Support for people-to-people contacts is a key element of the EU's EaP strategy, and is extended through programmes in the areas of movement of persons, education and peace-building.

EU-Azerbaijan people-to-people contacts

19-03-2019

The European Union and Azerbaijan are negotiating a comprehensive agreement in order to reinforce their partnership. Even if Azerbaijan is geographically the most distant Eastern Partnership country, the EU remains its main trading partner. In 2019, the EU and Azerbaijan will celebrate the 20th anniversary since their partnership and cooperation agreement (PCA) entered into force in 1999. In recent years, EU support for civil society in Azerbaijan has been made more difficult by a new legal framework ...

The European Union and Azerbaijan are negotiating a comprehensive agreement in order to reinforce their partnership. Even if Azerbaijan is geographically the most distant Eastern Partnership country, the EU remains its main trading partner. In 2019, the EU and Azerbaijan will celebrate the 20th anniversary since their partnership and cooperation agreement (PCA) entered into force in 1999. In recent years, EU support for civil society in Azerbaijan has been made more difficult by a new legal framework against foreign-funded NGOs.

EU-Georgia people-to-people contacts

14-03-2019

Since 2003, relations between the EU and Georgia have deepened, and at present the country is the EU's closest partner in the South Caucasus region. Relations have been strengthened further through the recent signing of an association agreement between the two parties and the deep and comprehensive free trade area (DCFTA) it introduced. The EU also seeks to promote more people-to-people contacts between its citizens and Georgians, as well as supporting the vibrant Georgian civil society.

Since 2003, relations between the EU and Georgia have deepened, and at present the country is the EU's closest partner in the South Caucasus region. Relations have been strengthened further through the recent signing of an association agreement between the two parties and the deep and comprehensive free trade area (DCFTA) it introduced. The EU also seeks to promote more people-to-people contacts between its citizens and Georgians, as well as supporting the vibrant Georgian civil society.

Turquie: rapport de 2018

06-03-2019

En mars 2019, le Parlement européen sera appelé à se prononcer sur une proposition de résolution sur le rapport de 2018 concernant la Turquie. Le rapport de la Commission et celui de la commission des affaires étrangères du Parlement européen font état de reculs dans plusieurs domaines clés. La commission des affaires étrangères demande des améliorations ainsi que la suspension des négociations d’adhésion.

En mars 2019, le Parlement européen sera appelé à se prononcer sur une proposition de résolution sur le rapport de 2018 concernant la Turquie. Le rapport de la Commission et celui de la commission des affaires étrangères du Parlement européen font état de reculs dans plusieurs domaines clés. La commission des affaires étrangères demande des améliorations ainsi que la suspension des négociations d’adhésion.

Bosnie Herzégovine: rapport 2018

07-02-2019

En 2018, la Bosnie-Herzégovine n’a guère progressé sur la voie de l’adhésion. Des réformes restent nécessaires en matière d’état de droit, de droits fondamentaux, d’administration publique et de développement économique. Lors de sa session plénière de février, le Parlement européen doit débattre d’une résolution sur le rapport 2018 de la Commission européenne sur la Bosnie-Herzégovine.

En 2018, la Bosnie-Herzégovine n’a guère progressé sur la voie de l’adhésion. Des réformes restent nécessaires en matière d’état de droit, de droits fondamentaux, d’administration publique et de développement économique. Lors de sa session plénière de février, le Parlement européen doit débattre d’une résolution sur le rapport 2018 de la Commission européenne sur la Bosnie-Herzégovine.

Soutien aux survivants de l’Holocauste

24-01-2019

Entre 1933 et 1945, des millions d’Européens ont souffert des crimes nazis et de l’Holocauste. Les survivants qui sont encore en vie vivent souvent dans des conditions sociales difficiles.

Entre 1933 et 1945, des millions d’Européens ont souffert des crimes nazis et de l’Holocauste. Les survivants qui sont encore en vie vivent souvent dans des conditions sociales difficiles.

L’Union européenne et la mémoire de l’Holocauste

21-01-2019

Le terme Holocauste désigne l’assassinat de six millions de Juifs européens, ainsi que de Roms et membres d’autres groupes sociaux destinés à l’anéantissement par le régime nazi et ses collaborateurs. Le régime nazi mit en place dès 1933 une politique de spoliation, de discrimination d’État et de persécution des Juifs, puis de pogroms et de déportation vers les camps de concentrations. Cette politique fut ensuite étendue à tous les territoires et États qu’il dominait en Europe pendant la Seconde ...

Le terme Holocauste désigne l’assassinat de six millions de Juifs européens, ainsi que de Roms et membres d’autres groupes sociaux destinés à l’anéantissement par le régime nazi et ses collaborateurs. Le régime nazi mit en place dès 1933 une politique de spoliation, de discrimination d’État et de persécution des Juifs, puis de pogroms et de déportation vers les camps de concentrations. Cette politique fut ensuite étendue à tous les territoires et États qu’il dominait en Europe pendant la Seconde guerre mondiale. Les exécutions sommaires de masse («Shoah par balles») et les camps d’extermination en furent l’aboutissement. Le procès de Nuremberg en 1945-1946 jugea les bourreaux mais préféra la notion de crimes contre l’humanité à celle de génocide. Ce n’est qu’en 2005, à l’occasion du 60e anniversaire de la libération d’Auschwitz, qu’une résolution de l’Organisation des Nations Unies sur le souvenir de l’Holocauste désigna le 27 janvier comme journée de commémoration. Dans l’Union européenne, des nombreux programmes sont destinés à perpétuer la mémoire de ces tragédies marquant l’histoire du continent. Le Parlement européen, dès 1995, adopta des résolutions rappelant le devoir de mémoire non seulement à travers les commémorations, mais aussi grâce à l’éducation. En novembre 2018, l’Union européenne est devenue un partenaire international permanent de l’Alliance internationale pour le souvenir de l’Holocauste (AISH). La présente note d’information constitue une version mise à jour de celle de janvier 2018.

Evénements à venir

17-10-2019
What Europe is Thinking: The latest Pew survey of opinion in 14 EU Member States
Autre événement -
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05-11-2019
The Art and Craft of Political Speech-writing: A conversation with Eric Schnure
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06-11-2019
Where next for Europe’s economy? 2019 IMF Regional Economic Outlook
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EPRS

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