36

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Mot-clé
Date

Long-term vision for rural areas: European Commission communication

17-09-2021

In June 2021, the European Commission published a communication setting out a long-term vision for the EU's rural areas. The range of challenges facing such areas is acknowledged. They include issues relating to demographic change, such as the loss of population from remote rural areas, lower levels of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, poor access to services, and issues concerning connectivity. A lower proportion of households in rural regions have access to next generation broadband compared ...

In June 2021, the European Commission published a communication setting out a long-term vision for the EU's rural areas. The range of challenges facing such areas is acknowledged. They include issues relating to demographic change, such as the loss of population from remote rural areas, lower levels of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, poor access to services, and issues concerning connectivity. A lower proportion of households in rural regions have access to next generation broadband compared to the EU average. Tertiary education and basic digital skill levels are lower in rural areas and a significant gap exists between male and female employment rates. The share of young people aged 15 to 29 years neither in employment nor in education or training is higher in rural areas. The response set out in the Commission's communication includes proposals for a rural pact engaging actors at EU, national, regional and local levels to support the vision and an action plan to support stronger, connected, resilient and prosperous rural areas. A rural observatory will be established to improve data collection and analysis on the situation of rural areas. In support of its proposals, the Commission will put in place a rural proofing mechanism to assess the anticipated impact of major EU legislative initiatives on rural areas. Offering an initial analysis of the communication and its implications for future policy for rural areas, this briefing examines the challenges and opportunities these areas face. It summarises the views and responses of stakeholders regarding the Commission's long-term vision and the findings of the public consultation launched by the Commission in September 2020. Evidence is also presented on the levels of trust rural dwellers have in the different levels of governance. The key drivers that will shape rural areas between now and 2040 are identified from the findings of a foresight analysis undertaken by the Joint Research Centre (JRC), which is included in the communication. Lastly, consideration is given to the experience of applying the rural proofing mechanism, including perspectives on its utility and application in practice.

Development of organic production in the EU: 2021-2027 action plan

28-07-2021

In May 2020, the European Commission published its 'farm to fork' strategy – 'for a fair, healthy and environmentally friendly food system' – along with the EU biodiversity strategy, as part of the implementation of the European Green Deal. In those strategies the Commission set a target of 25 % of the EU's agricultural land to be under organic farming by 2030, as well as a significant increase in organic aquaculture. These targets aim to contribute to improving the sustainability of the food system ...

In May 2020, the European Commission published its 'farm to fork' strategy – 'for a fair, healthy and environmentally friendly food system' – along with the EU biodiversity strategy, as part of the implementation of the European Green Deal. In those strategies the Commission set a target of 25 % of the EU's agricultural land to be under organic farming by 2030, as well as a significant increase in organic aquaculture. These targets aim to contribute to improving the sustainability of the food system, to reverse biodiversity loss and to reduce the use of chemical substances in the form of pesticides and fertilisers. The Commission's 2021 work programme set out its intention to prepare an action plan for the development of organic production for the 2021 to 2027 period, and the action plan was published on 25 March 2021. Offering an initial analysis of the action plan, this briefing outlines the measures envisaged and the implications for different stages of the food chain in the EU. It also examines the results of the public consultation launched by the Commission in September 2020 to gather stakeholders' views on the challenges and opportunities for the organic sector. The views of key stakeholders in response to the publication of the action plan are also covered, along with the initial views expressed by the advisory committees.

EU rural development policy: Impact, challenges and outlook

08-07-2021

On 30 June 2021, the European Commission adopted a communication on its long-term vision for the EU's rural areas. The communication identifies areas of action with a view to creating new momentum for the EU's rural areas, while recognising their diversity. In recent decades, in many Member States rural areas have experienced depopulation. Such regions face a range of environmental and socio-economic challenges. These include, for example, lower income per capita, a higher percentage of the population ...

On 30 June 2021, the European Commission adopted a communication on its long-term vision for the EU's rural areas. The communication identifies areas of action with a view to creating new momentum for the EU's rural areas, while recognising their diversity. In recent decades, in many Member States rural areas have experienced depopulation. Such regions face a range of environmental and socio-economic challenges. These include, for example, lower income per capita, a higher percentage of the population at risk of poverty and social exclusion, a lack of access to basic infrastructure and services, and lower levels of access to fast broadband internet. The EU's rural development policy has sought to help address these challenges. Evaluation evidence is emerging on the impact of the common agricultural policy (CAP) on the territorial development of the EU's rural areas. Measures relating to village renewal and LEADER (Liaison entre Actions de Développement de l'Économie rurale) measures are considered to be well-targeted and relevant to local needs, although they represent a small proportion of CAP financing. Administrative burdens have been raised as an issue that can impact on the developmental process. Recommendations from this evaluation evidence point to the need for better integration of funding streams, the need to maintain a dialogue across the European structural funds, and all the implications this may have for the new CAP strategic plans. The Commission's recommendations to Member States on their CAP strategic plans highlight a number of recurring themes relating to the employment, education and training needs of rural areas, including the need to address rural depopulation, promote generational renewal, improve connectivity, and address the role played by action taken at local level. The Commission's communication on a long-term vision for rural areas includes provision for a 'rural pact' to engage actors at EU, national, rural and local levels and an EU rural action plan, setting out a range of initiatives and actionable projects. The vision and its supporting analyses will provide a framework for addressing the future of the EU's rural areas.

EU long-term vision for rural areas: Pre-legislative synthesis of national, regional and local positions on the European Commission's initiative

29-06-2021

This Briefing forms part of an EPRS series offering syntheses of the pre-legislative state of play and consultation on key European Commission priorities during the current five-year term. It summarises the state of affairs in the relevant policy field, examines how existing policy is working on the ground, and, where possible, identifies best practice and ideas for the future on the part of governmental organisations at all levels of the EU system of multilevel governance. EPRS analysis of the positions ...

This Briefing forms part of an EPRS series offering syntheses of the pre-legislative state of play and consultation on key European Commission priorities during the current five-year term. It summarises the state of affairs in the relevant policy field, examines how existing policy is working on the ground, and, where possible, identifies best practice and ideas for the future on the part of governmental organisations at all levels of the EU system of multilevel governance. EPRS analysis of the positions of partner governmental organisations at EU, national, regional and local levels suggests that these public authorities would like the following main considerations to be reflected in discussions on the forthcoming Commission communication on the long-term vision for rural areas: • The EU level recognises that rural areas represent the fabric of European society. There is a growing concern at the EU level that some citizens living in remote rural areas feel 'left behind'. • Local and regional authorities point out that, if the rural agenda is to be successful, it cannot be based on a one-size-fits-all approach, but needs to be tailored to territories' specificities. This applies, for instance, to overcoming demographic challenges. • When it comes to digitalisation and mobility, all levels of governance see the provision of infrastructure as a necessary – but not sufficient – condition for progress. There is a consensus on the importance of bottom-up participation of local communities to meet local needs, which is behind the 'smart village' concept. • Governmental organisations at all levels of governance see environment protection and action against climate change as a pre-condition for growth. There is a clear call to modernise the farming sector, coupled with the need to diversify the rural economy as whole. According to public bodies at local, regional and national levels, the experience with the Covid-19 pandemic has proven that there are potential opportunities for future development of rural areas, starting with jobs that can be carried-out remotely. • Regional and local administrations call for EU and national administrative procedures to be made less cumbersome and for different types of funds to be streamlined and combined, applying a 'multi-fund' approach. Finally, the evidence gathered points to additional funding opportunities for rural areas. These include concrete cases of private initiatives, national intervention when the provision of a public good is not commercially viable, and State aid and tax credits, when appropriate.

CAP strategic plans: Issues and expectations for EU agriculture

12-05-2021

The European Commission's legislative proposals for the reform of the common agricultural policy (CAP) were published in June 2018. Since then a number of significant developments have occurred in this policy area. These include the adoption of the European Green Deal and its associated initiatives of the 'farm to fork' strategy and the biodiversity strategy, and also the agreement on the 2021 2027 multiannual financial framework (MFF) alongside additional support of €7.5 billion for rural development ...

The European Commission's legislative proposals for the reform of the common agricultural policy (CAP) were published in June 2018. Since then a number of significant developments have occurred in this policy area. These include the adoption of the European Green Deal and its associated initiatives of the 'farm to fork' strategy and the biodiversity strategy, and also the agreement on the 2021 2027 multiannual financial framework (MFF) alongside additional support of €7.5 billion for rural development from the Next Generation EU initiative as part of the recovery and resilience package. The European Parliament adopted its first-reading position on the Commission's proposals on 23 October 2020. This position constitutes the basis for negotiations between Council and Parliament, which started on 10 November 2020. In December 2020, the Commission adopted its recommendations to each Member State on the preparation of their CAP national strategic plans. Meanwhile, a number of observations and commentaries have been published on CAP reform. These have highlighted some of the key differences between the proposal adopted by the Commission and the positions adopted by the European Parliament and Council. A range of stakeholders and others have also expressed their views on the CAP reform. The main challenge for the future EU farm policy will be how to address environmental concerns while maintaining farm viability. The nature and scale of the issues facing EU agriculture also represent significant challenges for the strategic planning process along with the content and ambition of the new CAP strategic plans, including the governance framework for the new policy. The Portuguese Presidency of the Council has indicated that reaching an agreement on the CAP reform negotiations in spring 2021 is one of its main objectives. The outcome of the trilogue negotiations will determine the future direction of the EU's agricultural policy, including how the CAP will contribute towards the achievement of the targets contained within the European Green Deal. Much will depend on the design of the new CAP strategic plans, including the effectiveness and efficiency of the measures chosen and their subsequent implementation.

Politique de l’Union européenne en matière d’action pour le climat: Répondre à l’urgence mondiale

18-03-2021

L’ambition du pacte vert pour l’Europe est de parvenir à une Union européenne climatiquement neutre d’ici à 2050, un but partagé par toutes les institutions qui la composent. Il s’agit d’un objectif qui accorde à l’Union le rôle de chef de file de la lutte contre l’urgence climatique mondiale. Parvenir à la neutralité climatique requiert un investissement considérable et une transformation sans précédent de tous les secteurs de l’économie. La présente étude expose les caractéristiques matérielles ...

L’ambition du pacte vert pour l’Europe est de parvenir à une Union européenne climatiquement neutre d’ici à 2050, un but partagé par toutes les institutions qui la composent. Il s’agit d’un objectif qui accorde à l’Union le rôle de chef de file de la lutte contre l’urgence climatique mondiale. Parvenir à la neutralité climatique requiert un investissement considérable et une transformation sans précédent de tous les secteurs de l’économie. La présente étude expose les caractéristiques matérielles du changement climatique et souligne ses répercussions prévues sur l’Union européenne. Pour donner une vue d’ensemble des politiques en matière de changement climatique de l’Union et des autres acteurs internationaux, elle présente les accords internationaux dans ce domaine, l’action climatique de l’UE et les politiques des grandes puissances économiques en matière de climat. Elle évalue la cohérence de la politique en matière de changement climatique de l’UE avec ses autres domaines d’action et présente le financement de l’action climatique de l’Union par son budget et d’autres instruments. Pour comprendre ce qu’implique l’objectif de neutralité climatique, l’étude analyse les défis et les possibilités qu’il représente pour l’économie européenne ainsi que son incidence sur les relations internationales, la migration, le commerce, les consommateurs et la santé. Le dernier chapitre s’intéresse aux défis que doivent relever les décideurs européens ainsi qu’aux perspectives de l’action climatique européenne et mondiale dans le contexte de la pandémie de COVID 19.

Villages intelligents: Concept, enjeux et perspectives pour les zones rurales de l’Union européenne

01-03-2021

Bien qu'il ne soit pas juridiquement défini dans la législation de l’Union, le concept de «village intelligent» présente un certain nombre de caractéristiques, parmi lesquelles la participation de la communauté locale et l’utilisation d’outils numériques font figure d’éléments essentiels. Dans le cadre de ce concept, la population locale participe à l'action en faveur de l’amélioration de ses conditions économiques, sociales ou environnementales, de la coopération avec d’autres communautés, de l’ ...

Bien qu'il ne soit pas juridiquement défini dans la législation de l’Union, le concept de «village intelligent» présente un certain nombre de caractéristiques, parmi lesquelles la participation de la communauté locale et l’utilisation d’outils numériques font figure d’éléments essentiels. Dans le cadre de ce concept, la population locale participe à l'action en faveur de l’amélioration de ses conditions économiques, sociales ou environnementales, de la coopération avec d’autres communautés, de l’innovation sociale et de l’élaboration de stratégies de village intelligent. Les technologies numériques peuvent s’appliquer à de nombreux aspects de la vie et du travail en zone rurale. Le concept de village intelligent table également sur l'adoption de solutions intelligentes, dans le secteur public comme dans le secteur privé, dans un large éventail de champs d'action tels l’amélioration de l’accès aux services, la mise en place de chaînes d’approvisionnement alimentaire courtes ou le développement des sources d’énergie renouvelable. Le concept de village intelligent suscite de plus en plus d'intérêt dans le domaine du développement rural, une évolution qui coïncide avec la réforme en cours de la politique agricole commune (PAC). Cette réforme s’appuiera notamment sur un nouveau modèle de mise en œuvre basé sur l’élaboration, par chaque État membre, d’un plan stratégique relevant de la PAC. En décembre 2020, la Commission a publié ses recommandations à l’attention des États membres pour leur indiquer la direction que doivent prendre leurs plans en vue d’atteindre les objectifs de la PAC et du pacte vert pour l’Europe. L’analyse de la Commission met en évidence les lacunes que les États membres doivent combler pour atteindre l’objectif du pacte vert de parvenir à un taux de couverture de 100 % pour l’internet à haut débit dans les zones rurales d’ici 2025. Les résultats obtenus dépendront dans une large mesure de la manière dont les États membres tiendront compte des recommandations de la Commission dans l’élaboration de leurs plans stratégiques relevant de la PAC. Le Parlement européen a apporté une contribution importante au concept de village intelligent en participant à un projet pilote sur les écovillages intelligents et en soutenant, en 2017, le plan d’action de la Commission européenne pour des villages plus intelligents. Entre-temps, le Comité européen des régions et le Comité économique et social européen ont tous deux affiché leur soutien au concept au moyen de divers événements, avis et communications.

CAP strategic plans

18-01-2021

The Commission's legislative proposals on the future of the common agricultural policy (CAP) were published on 1 June 2018. They comprise three proposals: a regulation setting out rules on support for CAP strategic plans; a regulation on the single common market organisation (CMO) and a horizontal regulation on financing, managing and monitoring the CAP. The proposal for a regulation on CAP strategic plans introduces a new delivery model, described by the Commission as a fundamental shift in the ...

The Commission's legislative proposals on the future of the common agricultural policy (CAP) were published on 1 June 2018. They comprise three proposals: a regulation setting out rules on support for CAP strategic plans; a regulation on the single common market organisation (CMO) and a horizontal regulation on financing, managing and monitoring the CAP. The proposal for a regulation on CAP strategic plans introduces a new delivery model, described by the Commission as a fundamental shift in the CAP, involving a shift from compliance towards results and performance. It includes a new distribution of responsibilities between the EU and Member States. A new planning process is proposed which will cover both Pillar I (direct payments) and Pillar II (rural development) of the CAP. Second edition of a briefing originally drafted by James McEldowney and Patrick Kelly. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Les personnes âgées des zones rurales de l’Union européenne: Problèmes de fond et enjeux

10-12-2020

L’un des principaux défis démographiques auxquels font face les zones rurales est le vieillissement de la population, non seulement chez les agriculteurs, mais aussi parmi la population rurale en général. Le présent document étudie le profil démographique des personnes âgées dans les zones rurales de l’Union et présente un ensemble de questions relatives à la situation des personnes âgées. Les sujets traités recouvrent la santé et l’accès aux services de soins, l’isolement social et la solitude, ...

L’un des principaux défis démographiques auxquels font face les zones rurales est le vieillissement de la population, non seulement chez les agriculteurs, mais aussi parmi la population rurale en général. Le présent document étudie le profil démographique des personnes âgées dans les zones rurales de l’Union et présente un ensemble de questions relatives à la situation des personnes âgées. Les sujets traités recouvrent la santé et l’accès aux services de soins, l’isolement social et la solitude, le rôle des technologies et de l’apprentissage tout au long de la vie, l’accès aux services sociaux, ainsi que les conséquences du changement climatique. Les effets de la pandémie de coronavirus ont davantage mis en lumière l’état de santé des personnes âgées et leur vulnérabilité. Le présent document contient une synthèse d’un certain nombre de points de vue des parties prenantes et évoque les mesures disponibles au titre de la politique de développement rural de l’Union et d’autres fonds structurels.

La politique agricole de l’UE et la santé: Défis historiques et contemporains

23-10-2020

La présente analyse se penche sur les liens entre l’agriculture et la santé dans l’Union. Après une explication des liens entre agriculture, alimentation et nutrition, elle présente une chronologie des principales études et évolutions dans ce domaine. Celle-ci commence par une analyse des efforts déployés au début des années 70 pour lutter contre des taux élevés de maladies cardiovasculaires, avant de passer à des évaluations plus récentes du rôle joué par la politique agricole commune de l’Union ...

La présente analyse se penche sur les liens entre l’agriculture et la santé dans l’Union. Après une explication des liens entre agriculture, alimentation et nutrition, elle présente une chronologie des principales études et évolutions dans ce domaine. Celle-ci commence par une analyse des efforts déployés au début des années 70 pour lutter contre des taux élevés de maladies cardiovasculaires, avant de passer à des évaluations plus récentes du rôle joué par la politique agricole commune de l’Union dans les questions de santé publique liées à la nutrition et de la mesure dans laquelle cette politique a influencé les habitudes alimentaires actuelles. Vient ensuite un bref tour d’horizon de l’état de santé des citoyens européens, y compris certaines caractéristiques et tendances clés en matière de santé, de régimes alimentaires et de nutrition dans l’Union. La pandémie de coronavirus est également prise en compte, notamment en ce qui concerne ses implications pour les considérations sanitaires dans l’ensemble des politiques. S’appuyant sur les différents articles et études consultés, la présente analyse conclut en présentant différentes façons dont l’agriculture et les politiques agricoles pourraient contribuer à répondre aux défis auxquels l’Union est confrontée en matière de santé publique.

Evénements à venir

27-09-2021
Turning the tide on cancer: the national parliaments' view on Europe's Cancer Plan
Autre événement -
BECA
27-09-2021
US trade policy
Audition -
INTA
27-09-2021
Consumer protection and automated decision-making tools in a modern economy
Audition -
IMCO

Partenaires