8

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

Gender-based violence as a new area of crime listed in Article 83(1) TFEU - European added value assessment

14-06-2021

This European added value assessment (EAVA) supports the European Parliament's legislative-initiative report on a 'Proposal for a Council decision to identify gender-based violence as a new area of crime listed in Article 83(1) TFEU', 2021/2035(INL). The assessment reviews the significant harm generated by gender-based violence in the EU and presents evidence supporting the classification of gender-based violence as a particularly serious crime with a cross-border dimension. Through improving prevention ...

This European added value assessment (EAVA) supports the European Parliament's legislative-initiative report on a 'Proposal for a Council decision to identify gender-based violence as a new area of crime listed in Article 83(1) TFEU', 2021/2035(INL). The assessment reviews the significant harm generated by gender-based violence in the EU and presents evidence supporting the classification of gender-based violence as a particularly serious crime with a cross-border dimension. Through improving prevention, prosecution and protection, EU action could generate significant benefits to victims and society; considering only the economic dimension, by decreasing the incidence of gender-based violence, it could generate benefits in the order of €25.1 billion in the short term and between €54.4 billion and €83.9 billion in the longer term. Moreover, the EAVA identifies complementary EU action that could enhance the European added value of this policy option, such as expanding the mandate of the equality bodies, promoting the quality of survey and administrative data and supporting education activities and training.

Politique de l’Union européenne en matière d’action pour le climat: Répondre à l’urgence mondiale

18-03-2021

L’ambition du pacte vert pour l’Europe est de parvenir à une Union européenne climatiquement neutre d’ici à 2050, un but partagé par toutes les institutions qui la composent. Il s’agit d’un objectif qui accorde à l’Union le rôle de chef de file de la lutte contre l’urgence climatique mondiale. Parvenir à la neutralité climatique requiert un investissement considérable et une transformation sans précédent de tous les secteurs de l’économie. La présente étude expose les caractéristiques matérielles ...

L’ambition du pacte vert pour l’Europe est de parvenir à une Union européenne climatiquement neutre d’ici à 2050, un but partagé par toutes les institutions qui la composent. Il s’agit d’un objectif qui accorde à l’Union le rôle de chef de file de la lutte contre l’urgence climatique mondiale. Parvenir à la neutralité climatique requiert un investissement considérable et une transformation sans précédent de tous les secteurs de l’économie. La présente étude expose les caractéristiques matérielles du changement climatique et souligne ses répercussions prévues sur l’Union européenne. Pour donner une vue d’ensemble des politiques en matière de changement climatique de l’Union et des autres acteurs internationaux, elle présente les accords internationaux dans ce domaine, l’action climatique de l’UE et les politiques des grandes puissances économiques en matière de climat. Elle évalue la cohérence de la politique en matière de changement climatique de l’UE avec ses autres domaines d’action et présente le financement de l’action climatique de l’Union par son budget et d’autres instruments. Pour comprendre ce qu’implique l’objectif de neutralité climatique, l’étude analyse les défis et les possibilités qu’il représente pour l’économie européenne ainsi que son incidence sur les relations internationales, la migration, le commerce, les consommateurs et la santé. Le dernier chapitre s’intéresse aux défis que doivent relever les décideurs européens ainsi qu’aux perspectives de l’action climatique européenne et mondiale dans le contexte de la pandémie de COVID 19.

Combating Gender based Violence: Cyber Violence

17-03-2021

With the rise of new technology and social media gender-based cyber violence is a constantly growing threat with impacts at individual, social and economic levels, on women and girls and on society as generally. Action taken so far has been inadequate, and the cross-border nature of gender-based cyber violence has yet to be properly addressed either. This European added value assessment (EAVA) complements the European Parliament’s own initiative legislative report on Combating Gender based Violence ...

With the rise of new technology and social media gender-based cyber violence is a constantly growing threat with impacts at individual, social and economic levels, on women and girls and on society as generally. Action taken so far has been inadequate, and the cross-border nature of gender-based cyber violence has yet to be properly addressed either. This European added value assessment (EAVA) complements the European Parliament’s own initiative legislative report on Combating Gender based Violence: Cyber Violence (2020/2035(INL)). The costs to individuals and society are substantial and shown to be in the order of €49.0 to €89.3 billion. A combination of legal and non-legal policy options would generate the greatest European added value, promote the fundamental rights of victims, reduce costs imposed on individuals and society, and support law enforcement and people working with victims.

Digital Services Act

01-10-2020

E-commerce is an essential part of the economy and of consumers shopping habits. It can support EU citizens in accessing services more easily and businesses reaching customers more targeted. The E-commerce Directive has been an important column of digital services. Still, there is need for amending the current regulation. This EAVA accompanies two European Parliament's own-initiative legislative reports by JURI and IMCO asking the Commission for legislative actions to implement a digital services ...

E-commerce is an essential part of the economy and of consumers shopping habits. It can support EU citizens in accessing services more easily and businesses reaching customers more targeted. The E-commerce Directive has been an important column of digital services. Still, there is need for amending the current regulation. This EAVA accompanies two European Parliament's own-initiative legislative reports by JURI and IMCO asking the Commission for legislative actions to implement a digital services act. The analysis identifies 22 main gaps and risks, which we clustered into four policy packages on consumer protection, content management and curation, facilitation of competition in online platforms ecosystems, and enhancement of enforcement and legal coherence. The analysis suggests that EU common action on consumer protection and e-commerce rules, as well as on a framework for content management and curation could add up €76 billion to the EU GDP between 2020-2030.

European framework on ethical aspects of artificial intelligence, robotics and related technologies

28-09-2020

The EU can become a global standard-setter in the area of artificial intelligence (AI) ethics. Common EU legislative action on ethical aspects of AI could boost the internal market and establish an important strategic advantage. While numerous public and private actors around the globe have produced ethical guidelines in this field, there is currently no comprehensive legal framework. The EU can profit from the absence of a competing global governance model and gain full 'first mover' advantages. ...

The EU can become a global standard-setter in the area of artificial intelligence (AI) ethics. Common EU legislative action on ethical aspects of AI could boost the internal market and establish an important strategic advantage. While numerous public and private actors around the globe have produced ethical guidelines in this field, there is currently no comprehensive legal framework. The EU can profit from the absence of a competing global governance model and gain full 'first mover' advantages. Building on the EU's economic and regulatory powers, common EU legislative action has great potential to provide European industry with a competitive edge. Furthermore, EU action can facilitate the adoption of EU standards globally and ensure that the development, uptake and diffusion of AI is based on the values, principles and rights protected in the EU. Those benefits cannot be achieved by actions of individual Member States. Thus, the success and benefits of EU action are contingent on the ability of the EU to take timely, common legislative action and to back this action up with strong democratic oversight, accountability and enforcement. The analyses of this European added value assessment suggest that a common EU framework on ethics has the potential to bring the European Union €294.9 billion in additional GDP and 4.6 million additional jobs by 2030.

Coronavirus and the cost of non-Europe: An analysis of the economic benefits of common European action

11-05-2020

This EPRS paper focuses on the economic benefits of common action at European level and the risk involved if the current coronavirus crisis and its aftermath were to stall or reverse the process of European integration. It attempts to quantify the losses from: (i) any gradual dismantling of the EU project - where cautious estimates suggest that erosion of the EU single market alone would cost the European economy between 3.0 and 8.7 per cent of its collective GDP (this would be existing 'European ...

This EPRS paper focuses on the economic benefits of common action at European level and the risk involved if the current coronavirus crisis and its aftermath were to stall or reverse the process of European integration. It attempts to quantify the losses from: (i) any gradual dismantling of the EU project - where cautious estimates suggest that erosion of the EU single market alone would cost the European economy between 3.0 and 8.7 per cent of its collective GDP (this would be existing 'European added value' permanently lost); and (ii) a parallel failure to take advantage of the unexploited potential of collective public goods that have yet be achieved (this would be future GDP growth foregone). The latter 'cost of non-Europe' in 50 policy areas was identified by EPRS in 2019 as around 14 per cent of EU GDP by the end of a ten-year running-in period.

Towards a joint European approach on vaccination

08-04-2020

Diseases such as measles and the recent Covid-19 outbreak show the need of a joint European approach and EU actions in the area of vaccination to prevent, reduce and eradicate diseases.

Diseases such as measles and the recent Covid-19 outbreak show the need of a joint European approach and EU actions in the area of vaccination to prevent, reduce and eradicate diseases.

The benefit of EU action in health policy: The record to date

08-03-2019

European health policy measures taken to date are highly beneficial to and relevant for European citizens, economies and the Member States. The EU does acquit its responsibility and utilises its capacity to act on behalf of EU citizens in this policy area. The study concludes that EU health policy clearly achieves added value.

European health policy measures taken to date are highly beneficial to and relevant for European citizens, economies and the Member States. The EU does acquit its responsibility and utilises its capacity to act on behalf of EU citizens in this policy area. The study concludes that EU health policy clearly achieves added value.

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