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résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
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Date

EU trade and transport of live animals

07-02-2020

Every year, millions of live animals are transported within and outside European Union (EU) territory for trade purposes. EU legislation regulates the protection of animals during transport, but reports of breaches of the rules and accidents raise doubts on the transport of live animals and have rekindled the debate on the need to improve the current legislation.

Every year, millions of live animals are transported within and outside European Union (EU) territory for trade purposes. EU legislation regulates the protection of animals during transport, but reports of breaches of the rules and accidents raise doubts on the transport of live animals and have rekindled the debate on the need to improve the current legislation.

Indonesia: Economic indicators and trade with EU

19-12-2019

Which economy grew faster over the past 15 years – the EU or Indonesia? How many Indonesian women have a job, and what is the unemployment rate? Which country is Indonesia's biggest trading partner? What kind of products does the EU import from Indonesia? How does Indonesia compare with the global average in terms of human development, income inequality and corruption? You can find the answers to these and other questions in our EPRS publication on Indonesia: economic indicators and trade with EU ...

Which economy grew faster over the past 15 years – the EU or Indonesia? How many Indonesian women have a job, and what is the unemployment rate? Which country is Indonesia's biggest trading partner? What kind of products does the EU import from Indonesia? How does Indonesia compare with the global average in terms of human development, income inequality and corruption? You can find the answers to these and other questions in our EPRS publication on Indonesia: economic indicators and trade with EU, one of a series of infographics on the world's main economies produced in collaboration with the European University Institute's GlobalStat.

Relations commerciales de l’UE avec l’Amérique latine et les Caraïbes: Vue d’ensemble et chiffres

16-12-2019

Ensemble, les 33 pays constituant la Communauté des États latino-américains et des Caraïbes (CELAC) représentent le cinquième partenaire commercial de l’Union. L’Union a des accords à part entière avec deux groupes de pays d’Amérique latine (le Cariforum et le groupe d’Amérique centrale), un accord commercial multipartite avec trois pays de la Communauté andine (Colombie, Équateur et Pérou) et des accords en cours de modernisation avec le Mexique et le Chili. En outre, l’Union a des accords-cadres ...

Ensemble, les 33 pays constituant la Communauté des États latino-américains et des Caraïbes (CELAC) représentent le cinquième partenaire commercial de l’Union. L’Union a des accords à part entière avec deux groupes de pays d’Amérique latine (le Cariforum et le groupe d’Amérique centrale), un accord commercial multipartite avec trois pays de la Communauté andine (Colombie, Équateur et Pérou) et des accords en cours de modernisation avec le Mexique et le Chili. En outre, l’Union a des accords-cadres interrégionaux et bilatéraux avec le Mercosur et ses membres individuels. Les accords de l’Union régissant les relations commerciales avec les sous-groupes et pays d’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes diffèrent considérablement sur le plan des domaines couverts et de la méthode en fonction de l’époque où ils ont été conclus et du contexte des négociations. L’Union modernise désormais les volets commerciaux de ses accords avec le Mexique (un «accord de principe» a été conclu en avril 2018) et le Chili (négociations toujours en cours) afin de les aligner sur les normes actuelles des ALE de l’Union. Si l’accord d’association UE-Mercosur, qui comprend un volet commercial pour lequel un accord politique a été conclu en juin 2019, est ratifié avec succès, l’Union disposerait alors d’accords globaux régissant les relations commerciales avec la quasi-totalité de l’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes (à l’exception de la Bolivie, de Cuba et du Venezuela).

Mercosur: Economic indicators and trade with EU

10-12-2019

Mercosur, the 'southern common market', was founded in 1991 when Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay signed the Treaty of Asunción. In 2012, Venezuela formally joined Mercosur as a fifth member, but in December 2016 the country was suspended temporarily for failure to transpose Mercosur rules into Venezuelan law. In August 2017, the suspension was prolonged indefinitely. This paper presents economic indicators for the four members, for example showing their GDP and labour market situations, ...

Mercosur, the 'southern common market', was founded in 1991 when Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay signed the Treaty of Asunción. In 2012, Venezuela formally joined Mercosur as a fifth member, but in December 2016 the country was suspended temporarily for failure to transpose Mercosur rules into Venezuelan law. In August 2017, the suspension was prolonged indefinitely. This paper presents economic indicators for the four members, for example showing their GDP and labour market situations, and it also shows those countries’ relative positions on several indexes that assess the situation in terms of doing business, corruption and human development. Finally, it looks at trade between the EU and Mercosur – of both goods and services – highlighting the main trading partners, and the main products and services that the EU exports to and imports from the four Mercosur members.

Living in the EU: The Economy

30-04-2019

While economic policies are mainly managed at national level, the European Union (EU) and its Member States (MS) annually coordinate national economic policies, budget, and macroeconomic as well as structural reforms within the European Semester. To design economic policies that shape European wellbeing, measuring the prosperity of people and MS is an important starting point for responses to the financial and economic crises that have strongly affected debt levels and the sustainability of public ...

While economic policies are mainly managed at national level, the European Union (EU) and its Member States (MS) annually coordinate national economic policies, budget, and macroeconomic as well as structural reforms within the European Semester. To design economic policies that shape European wellbeing, measuring the prosperity of people and MS is an important starting point for responses to the financial and economic crises that have strongly affected debt levels and the sustainability of public finances across the EU. The present infographic provides information about trade in goods between MS and with global partners, taxes, social contributions and consumption-related household expenditure.

The EU fruit and vegetable sector: Main features, challenges and prospects

11-03-2019

Fruit and vegetables accounted for approximately 14 % of the total value of the EU's agricultural production in 2018. This is a fundamental sector for many EU Member States, especially those where it is particularly well developed, such as in the Mediterranean region and in some northern and eastern European countries. Moreover, all EU Member States produce at least a few types of fruit and vegetables. Apples and tomatoes are the main products of the richly diversified produce of the EU's fruit and ...

Fruit and vegetables accounted for approximately 14 % of the total value of the EU's agricultural production in 2018. This is a fundamental sector for many EU Member States, especially those where it is particularly well developed, such as in the Mediterranean region and in some northern and eastern European countries. Moreover, all EU Member States produce at least a few types of fruit and vegetables. Apples and tomatoes are the main products of the richly diversified produce of the EU's fruit and vegetable farms. Mostly small-sized with relatively high labour input, these farms earn incomes ranging from average (for fruit specialists) to very high (for horticulture specialists, including also flower and ornamental plant production). EU trade in fruit and vegetables is characterised by the predominance of internal over external flows, where the EU is traditionally a net importer. To strengthen the resilience of both the fruit and vegetable sector and its operators, and to boost the consumption of their produce, the EU has in place a comprehensive support system, especially through the regulatory framework for the common organisation of the markets in agricultural products. Rules on producer organisations and their operational programmes, crisis management and marketing standards, help the functioning of the sector, with additional support from the EU school fruit and vegetables scheme, as well as from the EU promotion and quality policies, income support and rural development measures, valid for all agricultural sectors. Recently passed EU legislation has already brought in important adjustments for the fruit and vegetable sector and no further major policy changes are currently anticipated. It will be its capacity to overcome its structural vulnerability and weak organisation, adopt innovation and respond to consumer needs that will shape its future.

Les relations entre l’Union européenne et la Chine: une nouvelle ère de coopération stratégique plus étendue?

19-07-2018

La Chine est un important partenaire stratégique de l’Union en dépit de divergences fondamentales dans certains domaines, principalement liées à l’intervention étatique et aux droits fondamentaux de la personne. Le partenariat instaure une coopération mutuellement bénéfique et un dialogue dans des domaines allant de l’investissement et des transports jusqu’aux droits de l’homme et à la cybersécurité. La Chine adopte actuellement de nouvelles orientations, inspirées par la «pensée de Xi Jinping sur ...

La Chine est un important partenaire stratégique de l’Union en dépit de divergences fondamentales dans certains domaines, principalement liées à l’intervention étatique et aux droits fondamentaux de la personne. Le partenariat instaure une coopération mutuellement bénéfique et un dialogue dans des domaines allant de l’investissement et des transports jusqu’aux droits de l’homme et à la cybersécurité. La Chine adopte actuellement de nouvelles orientations, inspirées par la «pensée de Xi Jinping sur un socialisme aux caractéristiques chinoises pour une nouvelle ère». Bien que le président Xi Jinping ait admis à maintes reprises que «le marché jouera un rôle décisif», la propriété publique reste à la base de l’économie chinoise et des réformes importantes devraient être engagées pour s’attaquer aux causes profondes de la surcapacité dans différents secteurs de l’industrie. L’initiative «Ceinture et route» de Xi Jinping, qui figure désormais aussi dans la Constitution, est le programme phare en matière de connectivité et d’infrastructure internationales, dominé par des entreprises d’État chinoises. Dans l’ensemble, la transition cruciale mais complexe de la Chine vers une croissance plus durable bénéficierait en définitive tant à la Chine qu’au monde dans son ensemble. Cependant, l’interdépendance économique mondiale rend inévitables certaines répercussions du rééquilibrage de la Chine. Le pays joue un rôle pivot dans la gouvernance mondiale et dans l’ordre international fondé sur des règles, ce qui s’accompagne de responsabilités. Pékin a commencé à s’éloigner de la stricte poursuite d’objectifs nationaux pour se tourner vers une politique étrangère et de sécurité plus volontariste ainsi que vers une coopération accrue en matière de finance, d’économie et de sécurité à l’échelle mondiale. La Chine fait également face à des préoccupations intérieures: sortir des millions de personnes de la pauvreté, réduire les inégalités de revenus qui ne cessent de s’accroître, répondre à la détérioration de la situation des droits de l’homme et des libertés, ainsi qu’endiguer la corruption endémique.

Mexico: Economic indicators and trade with EU

22-05-2018

Mexico's economy is the 15th largest in the world (in terms of GDP) and the second largest in Latin America, after Brazil. It is currently classified as an upper middle-income economy by the World Bank, and is a member of the WTO, the OECD and the G20. The EU is Mexico's third-largest trading partner after the US and China, and its second biggest export market after the US. Our infographic, produced in close cooperation with GlobalStat, provides a quick and useful overview of Mexico's main economic ...

Mexico's economy is the 15th largest in the world (in terms of GDP) and the second largest in Latin America, after Brazil. It is currently classified as an upper middle-income economy by the World Bank, and is a member of the WTO, the OECD and the G20. The EU is Mexico's third-largest trading partner after the US and China, and its second biggest export market after the US. Our infographic, produced in close cooperation with GlobalStat, provides a quick and useful overview of Mexico's main economic and trade data, as well as of the EU grants and loans to this country. This is an updated edition of an ‘at a glance’ note published in March 2017.

Sanctions over Ukraine: Impact on Russia

17-01-2018

In early 2014, Russia violated international law by annexing Crimea and allegedly fomenting separatist uprisings in the eastern Ukrainian region of Donbas. The European Union, the United States and several other Western countries responded with diplomatic measures in March 2014, followed by asset freezes and visa bans targeted at individuals and entities. In July 2014, sanctions targeting the Russian energy, defence and financial sectors were adopted. These sanctions have not swayed Russian public ...

In early 2014, Russia violated international law by annexing Crimea and allegedly fomenting separatist uprisings in the eastern Ukrainian region of Donbas. The European Union, the United States and several other Western countries responded with diplomatic measures in March 2014, followed by asset freezes and visa bans targeted at individuals and entities. In July 2014, sanctions targeting the Russian energy, defence and financial sectors were adopted. These sanctions have not swayed Russian public opinion, which continues to staunchly back the Kremlin's actions in Ukraine. Despite Western efforts to isolate Russia, the country is playing an increasingly prominent role on the global stage. On the other hand, sectoral sanctions have proved painful, aggravating an economic downturn triggered by falling oil prices, from which the country has only just begun to recover. Sanctions have affected the Russian economy in various ways. The main short-term impact comes from restrictions on Western lending and investment in Russia. Oil and gas production remains unaffected for the time being, but in the long term energy exports are likely to suffer. Meanwhile, Russian counter-sanctions are benefiting the country's agricultural sector, but consumers are losing out in terms of choice and price. Quantitative estimates of the impact are difficult, but most observers agree that sanctions are costing Russia billions of euros a year and holding back a return to higher rates of economic growth. This is an updated edition of a briefing from March 2016, PE 579.084.

Outlook for the meetings of EU leaders on 14-15 December 2017

12-12-2017

On 14 and 15 December 2017, EU leaders will convene in four different settings with varying compositions and levels of formality: a regular summit of the European Council, a Leaders’ meeting on migration, a European Council (Article 50) meeting, and an enlarged Euro Summit. The agenda of the formal European Council concentrates on defence, social policy, and education and culture, whilst the informal Leaders’ meeting will focus exclusively on migration, and notably on the reform of the Common European ...

On 14 and 15 December 2017, EU leaders will convene in four different settings with varying compositions and levels of formality: a regular summit of the European Council, a Leaders’ meeting on migration, a European Council (Article 50) meeting, and an enlarged Euro Summit. The agenda of the formal European Council concentrates on defence, social policy, and education and culture, whilst the informal Leaders’ meeting will focus exclusively on migration, and notably on the reform of the Common European Asylum System. At the European Council (Article 50) meeting, EU leaders will consider the Commission's recommendation that ‘sufficient progress’ has been made in the negotiations with the United Kingdom, and decide whether to move to the next phase. The enlarged Euro Summit will discuss further developments in the euro area, the banking union and the gradual completion of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU).

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