10

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

Coronavirus and elections in selected Member States

17-06-2020

With the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic, many countries around the world that were or are due to organise elections or referendums, have had to decide whether to hold them as originally planned, introducing mitigating measures, put them on hold or postpone them to a later date. When deciding whether to continue with elections or not, decision-makers have needed to take into account a variety of legal, technical and sanitary parameters and implications, as well as constitutional arrangements ...

With the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic, many countries around the world that were or are due to organise elections or referendums, have had to decide whether to hold them as originally planned, introducing mitigating measures, put them on hold or postpone them to a later date. When deciding whether to continue with elections or not, decision-makers have needed to take into account a variety of legal, technical and sanitary parameters and implications, as well as constitutional arrangements, to ensure that democratic institutions function as they would in normal circumstances and to ensure people's fundamental rights and freedoms are upheld. While postponing an election may be the most feasible and responsible option from the public health perspective, the decision may open the door to other risks, including undermining people's trust in democracy and casting doubt on the regular nature of elections. However, as experts suggest, democracy can also be undermined by holding elections during the pandemic, as their free and fair nature might be questioned. In order to protect election staff and voters, health and safety procedures can be built into election-related procedures, and special voting arrangements can be introduced, such as postal or e-voting, that allow citizens to cast their votes remotely. These entail other technological, security and social challenges, however, that need to be taken into account. This briefing provides example of how selected EU Member States have dealt with elections and referendums that were due to take place during the coronavirus pandemic.

The US Congress in 2019: What to expect

20-12-2018

Following the mid-term elections of 6 November 2018, the new United States Congress will start work on 3 January 2019 with a Republican majority in the Senate and a Democratic majority in the House of Representatives. The shift of power in the House is likely to affect key issues including oversight and immigration.

Following the mid-term elections of 6 November 2018, the new United States Congress will start work on 3 January 2019 with a Republican majority in the Senate and a Democratic majority in the House of Representatives. The shift of power in the House is likely to affect key issues including oversight and immigration.

The EU and Africa [What Think Tanks are thinking]

17-11-2017

The European Union (EU) and the African Union (AU) will hold their fifth summit on 29-30 November 2017 in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, with the aim of strengthening political and economic relations between the two continents. The focus of the meeting is on investing in youth, which is a priority for Africa, where 60 % of the population is under the age of 25. Other key topics include security, governance and democracy, human rights, migration and mobility, as well as investment and trade, skills development ...

The European Union (EU) and the African Union (AU) will hold their fifth summit on 29-30 November 2017 in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, with the aim of strengthening political and economic relations between the two continents. The focus of the meeting is on investing in youth, which is a priority for Africa, where 60 % of the population is under the age of 25. Other key topics include security, governance and democracy, human rights, migration and mobility, as well as investment and trade, skills development and job creation. Relations between Africa and the European Union are governed by partially overlapping policy frameworks. The most important ones are the EU-ACP Cotonou Agreement from 2000 and the Joint Africa-EU Strategy (JAES) agreed in 2007. Relations with Northern African countries are governed by the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EUROMED) launched in 2008 and the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP). This note offers links to a series of recent studies from major international think tanks and research institutes on EU-African relations and other issues related to the continent and its countries. More reports on the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) can be found in a previous edition of ‘What Think Tanks are Thinking’ published in October 2017.

'Fake news' and the EU's response

31-03-2017

Fake news – deliberately fabricated stories posing as journalism with the aim of manipulating readers – became an increasingly visible global phenomenon during last year's presidential election campaign in the United States, not least due to the growing use of social media as a source for news. Whereas recent research indicates that a majority of people have difficulties determining when news is fake, the EU's steps towards countering this growing information challenge are still tentative.

Fake news – deliberately fabricated stories posing as journalism with the aim of manipulating readers – became an increasingly visible global phenomenon during last year's presidential election campaign in the United States, not least due to the growing use of social media as a source for news. Whereas recent research indicates that a majority of people have difficulties determining when news is fake, the EU's steps towards countering this growing information challenge are still tentative.

Montenegro: 2016 report

10-03-2017

In March 2017, the European Parliament is due to vote on a motion for a resolution on the Commission's 2016 enlargement report on Montenegro. With most EU negotiation chapters opened, and about to become a NATO member, Montenegro remains in the lead in the region in terms of Euro-Atlantic integration. Although a stable performer, the country needs to press on with implementing and improving the efficiency of reforms in key areas.

In March 2017, the European Parliament is due to vote on a motion for a resolution on the Commission's 2016 enlargement report on Montenegro. With most EU negotiation chapters opened, and about to become a NATO member, Montenegro remains in the lead in the region in terms of Euro-Atlantic integration. Although a stable performer, the country needs to press on with implementing and improving the efficiency of reforms in key areas.

Albania: 2016 developments on the EU path

07-02-2017

In 2016, Albania came a step closer to EU accession. Despite political struggles, the country set the stage for deep judicial reform and made progress on its five key priorities. Acknowledging this, the European Commission recommended starting accession talks as soon as Albania has shown tangible progress in reforming its judiciary, fighting corruption and holding free and democratic elections.

In 2016, Albania came a step closer to EU accession. Despite political struggles, the country set the stage for deep judicial reform and made progress on its five key priorities. Acknowledging this, the European Commission recommended starting accession talks as soon as Albania has shown tangible progress in reforming its judiciary, fighting corruption and holding free and democratic elections.

Cyber-security [What Think Tank are thinking]

03-02-2017

Allegations of interference in the US electoral campaign in 2016 through cyber espionage and leaks have put the spotlight on cyber-security and cybercrime, not only for ensuring financial or strategic advantages, but increasingly as means of pursuing political aims. As digital technologies grow in importance, the clear view among analysts is that cyber-crime is becoming a major threat to governments, businesses and societies as a whole. This note offers links to reports and commentaries from some ...

Allegations of interference in the US electoral campaign in 2016 through cyber espionage and leaks have put the spotlight on cyber-security and cybercrime, not only for ensuring financial or strategic advantages, but increasingly as means of pursuing political aims. As digital technologies grow in importance, the clear view among analysts is that cyber-crime is becoming a major threat to governments, businesses and societies as a whole. This note offers links to reports and commentaries from some major international think tanks and research institutes on cyber-security and related issues.

L’élection du Président du Parlement européen

10-01-2017

Lors de la période de session de janvier, le Parlement européen est appelé à élire son trentième Président, qui occupera ce poste jusqu’aux prochaines élections européennes, prévues pour 2019. Le Président détient une fonction importante et de plus en plus visible sur la scène internationale et dans le cadre institutionnel de l’Union, qui reflète le rôle influent que joue le Parlement dans l’élaboration des politiques de l’Union et en tant que colégislateur.

Lors de la période de session de janvier, le Parlement européen est appelé à élire son trentième Président, qui occupera ce poste jusqu’aux prochaines élections européennes, prévues pour 2019. Le Président détient une fonction importante et de plus en plus visible sur la scène internationale et dans le cadre institutionnel de l’Union, qui reflète le rôle influent que joue le Parlement dans l’élaboration des politiques de l’Union et en tant que colégislateur.

The 2016 election of a new UN Secretary-General

21-10-2016

On 13 October, the United Nations General Assembly appointed a European, António Guterres, to the post of UN Secretary-General, after a selection that was, in part, unprecedentedly transparent. For the first time in history, the nominated candidates had the opportunity to present their vision in public dialogues organised in the General Assembly with member states and civil society representatives. Guterres emerged somewhat unexpectedly as the chosen candidate – without much diplomatic wrangling ...

On 13 October, the United Nations General Assembly appointed a European, António Guterres, to the post of UN Secretary-General, after a selection that was, in part, unprecedentedly transparent. For the first time in history, the nominated candidates had the opportunity to present their vision in public dialogues organised in the General Assembly with member states and civil society representatives. Guterres emerged somewhat unexpectedly as the chosen candidate – without much diplomatic wrangling in the Security Council, and defying expectations that the next secretary-general would be a woman and/or an eastern European, according to the principle of diversity which holds sway in the UN. Given his strong political and diplomatic experience and his commitment to the refugees cause (he served as head of the UN Refugee Agency), his election has raised expectations that he will improve the UN's functioning and address current global challenges, especially the Syrian crisis and the refugee crisis. In his vision statement, Guterres emphasised the importance of a 'diplomacy of peace' for his future mandate, focusing on the prevention of conflicts through political means. The commitment to human rights, sustainable development, women's empowerment and the value of diversity embodied in today's increasingly multi-ethnic, multi-cultural and multi-religious societies defines his approach to rising global challenges. He intends to make the UN more efficient and more decentralised.

«Pieges à conflits» - Dimension économique et impact des ressources naturelles et des élections sur les conflits

04-07-2008

Introduction Les conflits internes violents sont synonymes de mort, de maladie et de déplacement pour les populations qui ne prennent pas part activement aux affrontements. Les séquelles économiques des conflits sont profondes et persistantes et on peut dire que ceux-ci engendrent un «développement à rebours». Enfin, ils constituent un levier illégitime de changement politique dont l’héritage politique habituel est la déliquescence des droits de l’homme et le risque accru de nouveaux conflits violents ...

Introduction Les conflits internes violents sont synonymes de mort, de maladie et de déplacement pour les populations qui ne prennent pas part activement aux affrontements. Les séquelles économiques des conflits sont profondes et persistantes et on peut dire que ceux-ci engendrent un «développement à rebours». Enfin, ils constituent un levier illégitime de changement politique dont l’héritage politique habituel est la déliquescence des droits de l’homme et le risque accru de nouveaux conflits violents. Au cours de l’histoire, les situations post-conflictuelles ont connu un taux de 40% de rechute dans la guerre civile dans les dix ans. La prévention des conflits internes violents figure donc légitimement au nombre des préoccupations majeures de la politique internationale. Dans cette étude, j’examine l’efficacité des interventions économiques et politiques. Je commence par un aperçu des facteurs identifiables à l’origine des conflits violents internes à grande échelle, donnant déjà une indication quant à l’orientation à donner aux mesures de prévention. [...]

Auteur externe

Paul Collier (Centre for the Study of African Economies, Department of Economics, Oxford University)

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