33

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Date

Creative Europe programme 2021-2027

24-08-2020

Having considered the possibility of merging the Creative Europe programme with other programmes supporting European values, rights and justice, the European Commission has decided to continue the Creative Europe programme as a stand-alone programme, increasing its budget by 17 %. The only programme focusing exclusively on cultural and creative activities and enterprises, it falls under the 'Cohesion and values' heading of the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework. The existing programme focuses ...

Having considered the possibility of merging the Creative Europe programme with other programmes supporting European values, rights and justice, the European Commission has decided to continue the Creative Europe programme as a stand-alone programme, increasing its budget by 17 %. The only programme focusing exclusively on cultural and creative activities and enterprises, it falls under the 'Cohesion and values' heading of the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework. The existing programme focuses on the economic dimension of the cultural sector and its contribution to job creation and economic growth. Some stakeholders have voiced concern at taking such a strongly economic approach to culture. Under the proposed programme, the economic dimension is one axis alongside the social dimension, and culture's contribution to international relations. The proposed framework for cultural policy therefore highlights not only the economic dimension of the cultural and creative sectors, but also the role of culture in social cohesion and its relation to creative and artistic freedom and diversity, and freedom and plurality of media. Both Parliament and Council have agreed positions on the proposal, and trilogue negotiations started in autumn 2019 with a view to finding agreement before Council’s first reading. Fourth edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Employment in the cultural and creative sectors

23-10-2019

Statistical data confirm the continued rise in the contribution of culture and art to the economy and employment in the EU and worldwide. An analysis of labour market data for culture and arts professionals provides an insight into the nature of the employment and livelihood which the sector provides. However, it points to frequent incidence of short-term contracts, part-time jobs and seasonal employment, two or more parallel jobs for people with university diplomas, and this employment situation ...

Statistical data confirm the continued rise in the contribution of culture and art to the economy and employment in the EU and worldwide. An analysis of labour market data for culture and arts professionals provides an insight into the nature of the employment and livelihood which the sector provides. However, it points to frequent incidence of short-term contracts, part-time jobs and seasonal employment, two or more parallel jobs for people with university diplomas, and this employment situation is frequently qualified as precarious. Culture is a specific domain characterised both by its business model, and its underlying nature of activity related to creativity, identity and self-expression. This combination of very material, financial, and transcendental aspects makes for unique employment conditions in this sector, with two divergent requirements: economic results and contribution to self-expression, well-being, social cohesion, and identity. Cultural works are often copyrighted, providing a source of revenue for cultural professionals. Revenue structure in the sector is complex due to the international mobility of cultural professionals and artists. For instance, such revenues are subject to taxes and can result in double taxation or taxation of people who do not reach the minimum threshold and thus lose their income unduly. The number of cultural professionals and artists is growing steadily, while their employment conditions become more and more unstable. This situation spreads to other sectors and needs to be addressed both in terms of social security and benefits, and revenues and taxation aspects. The EU competence in cultural, social and employment policies is limited, consisting of guidance and coordination without any possibility of harmonisation. However, since cultural professionals' EU mobility is sought after and considered important for the preservation of Europe's cultural diversity, the above-mentioned problems need to be addressed at EU level. The European Commission, Council and Parliament are aware of the situation and approach it from an employment and tax perspective. Cultural education policy could help strengthen the demand for cultural services, contributing to better employment and training of professionals in the sector.

Les politiques de l’Union – Au service des citoyens: Politique industrielle

28-06-2019

Depuis 1992, l’Union européenne n’a de cesse de chercher à créer les conditions propices à l’amélioration de la croissance et de la compétitivité de l’industrie à travers sa politique industrielle. L’industrie européenne reste un pilier de l’économie. Elle génère un emploi sur cinq et est responsable de l’essentiel des exportations et des investissements de l’Union dans la recherche et l’innovation. Aujourd’hui, l’objectif de la politique de l’Union est de permettre une transition réussie vers une ...

Depuis 1992, l’Union européenne n’a de cesse de chercher à créer les conditions propices à l’amélioration de la croissance et de la compétitivité de l’industrie à travers sa politique industrielle. L’industrie européenne reste un pilier de l’économie. Elle génère un emploi sur cinq et est responsable de l’essentiel des exportations et des investissements de l’Union dans la recherche et l’innovation. Aujourd’hui, l’objectif de la politique de l’Union est de permettre une transition réussie vers une industrie numérique, fondée sur la connaissance, décarbonée et plus circulaire en Europe. Pour atteindre cet objectif, l’Union européenne soutient, coordonne et complète les politiques et les actions des États membres, principalement dans les domaines de la recherche et de l’innovation, des PME et des technologies numériques. Dans une enquête Eurobaromètre effectuée à la demande du Parlement européen, plus de la moitié des citoyens de l’Union interrogés ont indiqué être en faveur d’un renforcement de l’action de l’Union dans le cadre de la politique industrielle. En dépit de cela, la politique industrielle demeure, parmi les domaines d’action couverts par l’enquête, celui qui est le moins bien compris. Depuis 2014, des efforts ont été déployés dans plusieurs domaines, notamment l’investissement (principalement via le Fonds européen pour les investissements stratégiques qui soutient la modernisation de l’industrie), la numérisation (par exemple, la mise en place de plusieurs partenariats de recherche ou d’un réseau de pôles d’innovation numérique appelés à s’élargir), le financement (faciliter l’accès de l’industrie et des PME aux marchés publics et leur permettre d’attirer des fonds de capital-risque), l’écologisation de l’industrie (par exemple, au moyen des objectifs révisés d’émissions pour 2030 ou des mesures relatives à la mobilité propre), la normalisation (réunir les acteurs concernés pour établir et mettre à jour conjointement les normes européennes) et les compétences (mobiliser les principales parties intéressées pour combler le déficit de compétences et fournir une main-d’œuvre adaptée à l’industrie moderne). Le Parlement européen a demandé que soient mises en place des politiques ambitieuses dans plusieurs de ces domaines. Les futures dépenses de l’Union dans des secteurs clés pour la politique industrielle devraient augmenter modérément. La Commission européenne propose également d’accroître, quoique dans une moindre mesure que les exigences fixées par le Parlement, la part des dépenses de l’Union consacrées à la recherche, aux PME et aux infrastructures clés. Dans les années à venir, les politiques de l’Union devraient être axées sur une concurrence mondiale plus équitable, la stimulation de l’innovation, le renforcement des capacités numériques et l’amélioration du développement durable de l’industrie européenne. Le présent document est une mise à jour d’une note plus ancienne, publiée avant les élections européennes de 2019.

Creative Europe Programme (2014 to 2020)

26-10-2018

The study provides an up-to-date evaluation of the implementation of the selected smaller and bigger actions within the Creative Europe programme (2014 to 2020) with focus on the European dimension and European added value of the undertaken actions as well as their visibility.

The study provides an up-to-date evaluation of the implementation of the selected smaller and bigger actions within the Creative Europe programme (2014 to 2020) with focus on the European dimension and European added value of the undertaken actions as well as their visibility.

Research for CULT Committee - Mobility of artists and culture professionals: towards a European policy framework

14-09-2018

Mobility is a social and economic condition of artists and culture professionals and, at the same time, a vector of social and economic development. However, mobility in the cultural and creative sectors is faced with a number of issues that need to be addressed at EU and national levels. The paper provides recommendations for a EU-wide mobility framework which entails both a dedicated mobility scheme and an improved regulatory environment that would facilitate mobility in Europe.

Mobility is a social and economic condition of artists and culture professionals and, at the same time, a vector of social and economic development. However, mobility in the cultural and creative sectors is faced with a number of issues that need to be addressed at EU and national levels. The paper provides recommendations for a EU-wide mobility framework which entails both a dedicated mobility scheme and an improved regulatory environment that would facilitate mobility in Europe.

Auteur externe

KEA European Affairs: Clémentine Daubeuf, Teodora Pletosu, Philippe Kern, Arthur Le Gall

Europe créative: Vers la nouvelle génération du programme

12-06-2018

Europe créative est un programme unique en Europe, adapté aux besoins des secteurs de la culture et de la création. Il s’agit du principal programme contribuant aux objectifs de la politique culturelle de l’Union européenne. Le programme cible les bonnes priorités, mais son budget modeste ne lui permet pas d’avoir une incidence significative. Le rapport contient des recommandations pour un prochain programme plus ambitieux, reflétant la richesse de la diversité culturelle européenne.

Europe créative est un programme unique en Europe, adapté aux besoins des secteurs de la culture et de la création. Il s’agit du principal programme contribuant aux objectifs de la politique culturelle de l’Union européenne. Le programme cible les bonnes priorités, mais son budget modeste ne lui permet pas d’avoir une incidence significative. Le rapport contient des recommandations pour un prochain programme plus ambitieux, reflétant la richesse de la diversité culturelle européenne.

Auteur externe

KEA: Philippe Kern, Arthur Le Gall, Teodora Pletosu

Le programme «Europe créative» à mi-parcours

24-02-2017

«Europe créative» est le seul programme de l’Union qui cible directement les activités culturelles. La Commission européenne doit présenter son évaluation à mi-parcours avant la fin de l’année 2017. Le rapport d’initiative du Parlement européen sur la mise en œuvre du programme sera examiné lors de la session plénière de mars I.

«Europe créative» est le seul programme de l’Union qui cible directement les activités culturelles. La Commission européenne doit présenter son évaluation à mi-parcours avant la fin de l’année 2017. Le rapport d’initiative du Parlement européen sur la mise en œuvre du programme sera examiné lors de la session plénière de mars I.

Research for CULT Committee - European Strategy for Multilingualism: Benefits and Costs

14-10-2016

This report presents the different results of the research in the economics of languages that deal with the advantages and the disadvantages of multilingualism in the economy, in society and in the institutions of the EU. These results provide a general, albeit admittedly limited, picture of the needs for language policy in the current European multilingual environment. Against this background, we evaluate the relevance of the general goals and the recommendations of the European Strategy for Multilingualism ...

This report presents the different results of the research in the economics of languages that deal with the advantages and the disadvantages of multilingualism in the economy, in society and in the institutions of the EU. These results provide a general, albeit admittedly limited, picture of the needs for language policy in the current European multilingual environment. Against this background, we evaluate the relevance of the general goals and the recommendations of the European Strategy for Multilingualism (ESM). Further, we summarise the available evidence of measures and actions carried out by the Commission to implement the ESM, and, where possible, we present data on their advantages and disadvantages.

Auteur externe

Michele Gazzola (Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Germany and Institute for Ethnic Studies, Ljubljana, Slovenia)

Research for CULT Committee - European Strategy on Multilingualism - Policy and Implementation at the EU Level

15-07-2016

Multilingualism is at the heart of the European Union. The aim of this paper is to review the work done at EU level regarding the European Strategy on Multilingualism, focusing especially on progress made after 2011. The paper presents a number of policy developments and initiatives which have been put in place, and encourages Member States to address the need for improving language learning outcomes by exploiting the wide array of financial and advisory support provided by the European Commission ...

Multilingualism is at the heart of the European Union. The aim of this paper is to review the work done at EU level regarding the European Strategy on Multilingualism, focusing especially on progress made after 2011. The paper presents a number of policy developments and initiatives which have been put in place, and encourages Member States to address the need for improving language learning outcomes by exploiting the wide array of financial and advisory support provided by the European Commission.

Auteur externe

Esther Gutierrez Eugenio and Nick Saville (Cambridge English Language Assessment / Association of Language Testers in Europe)

The Creative Europe programme: European Implementation Assessment

15-06-2016

The Creative Europe programme (CE) – in operation since January 2014 – brings together the cultural and media programmes during the 2007-2013 programming period and is designed to support activities in the cultural and audiovisual sectors and to promote cross-sectoral synergies. With the aim of enhancing the competitiveness of the creative and cultural industries, Creative Europe was devised to help the creative and cultural industries and audiovisual sectors to better face the challenges of increasing ...

The Creative Europe programme (CE) – in operation since January 2014 – brings together the cultural and media programmes during the 2007-2013 programming period and is designed to support activities in the cultural and audiovisual sectors and to promote cross-sectoral synergies. With the aim of enhancing the competitiveness of the creative and cultural industries, Creative Europe was devised to help the creative and cultural industries and audiovisual sectors to better face the challenges of increasing digitalisation, market fragmentation, global competition and difficult access to financing. To this effect, Creative Europe desks were created in participating countries to provide prompt information on the different aspects of the programme. Against this background, the European Commission will present the results of the programme's mid-term evaluation by the end of 2017. This implementation assessment takes stock of the developments to date by analysing the main implementation issues vis-à-vis the programme's intended objectives. In order to reveal possible obstacles and address remaining problems, this assessment serves the overall purposes of the Implementation Report requested by the Committee on Culture and Education (CULT) of the European Parliament.

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