33

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Date

The EU strategic autonomy debate [What Think Tanks are thinking]

30-03-2021

An increasing number of politicians and analysts argue that the European Union should boost its ‘strategic autonomy’ and/or develop a higher degree of ‘European sovereignty’. These concepts encompass a greater potential for independence, self-reliance and resilience in a wide range of fields – such as defence, trade, industrial policy, digital policy, economic and monetary policy, and health policy – following a series of events in recent years that have exposed Europe’s vulnerability to external ...

An increasing number of politicians and analysts argue that the European Union should boost its ‘strategic autonomy’ and/or develop a higher degree of ‘European sovereignty’. These concepts encompass a greater potential for independence, self-reliance and resilience in a wide range of fields – such as defence, trade, industrial policy, digital policy, economic and monetary policy, and health policy – following a series of events in recent years that have exposed Europe’s vulnerability to external shocks. The debate emerged in the late 2010s, after the French President, Emmanuel Macron, called for a conscious ‘European sovereignty’ and the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, said that Europe would have to take its destiny into its own hands, as it could no longer necessarily rely on the United States to protect it. This latter statement followed President Donald Trump’s withdrawal from the landmark nuclear deal with Iran, in which the EU had invested significant political capital. In parallel, there is growing concern about the implications for Europe of the progressive hardening of positions between the US and China, on both economic and political fronts. This note offers links to recent commentaries, studies and reports from international think tanks on the European issues related to European strategic autonomy and sovereignty.

The Biden challenge in foreign policy [What Think Tanks are thinking]

12-03-2021

Nearly two months ago, on 20 January, Joseph Biden was sworn in as the 46th President of the United States, at the end of perhaps the most divisive electoral processes in his country's history. The new President's supporters and advocates, including many in Europe, are counting on him to set a new course for the US in global politics, moving to firm up and advance the multilateral, rules-based world order and rekindle America's traditional alliances, notably within the NATO framework. Very high hopes ...

Nearly two months ago, on 20 January, Joseph Biden was sworn in as the 46th President of the United States, at the end of perhaps the most divisive electoral processes in his country's history. The new President's supporters and advocates, including many in Europe, are counting on him to set a new course for the US in global politics, moving to firm up and advance the multilateral, rules-based world order and rekindle America's traditional alliances, notably within the NATO framework. Very high hopes and expectations have been raised about the potential of Washington to make a decisive shift from the assumptions and actions of Trump years. This note offers links to recent commentaries, studies and reports from international think tanks on President Biden's early weeks in office and the various expectations regarding his presidency, especially in respect of the place of the United States in the world.

The ECB’s Measures in Support of the COVID-19 Crisis

01-03-2021

This paper illustrates and discusses the monetary policies activated in response to the COVID-19 crisis. We argue that these policy measures have stabilised the European economic and financial system by incentivising banks’ lending to households and businesses and by indirectly creating short-term fiscal capacity also for those Member States of the euro area that have a very high government debt/GDP ratio. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life ...

This paper illustrates and discusses the monetary policies activated in response to the COVID-19 crisis. We argue that these policy measures have stabilised the European economic and financial system by incentivising banks’ lending to households and businesses and by indirectly creating short-term fiscal capacity also for those Member States of the euro area that have a very high government debt/GDP ratio. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with the ECB President on 18 March 2021.

Auteur externe

Pierpaolo BENIGNO, Paolo CANOFARI, Giovanni DI BARTOLOMEO, Marcello MESSORI

The Twitter activity of members of the European Council

07-01-2021

Over recent years, the members of the European Council have, in a number of landmark declarations such as the Bratislava Declaration, pointed to the need to improve communication with citizens, as part of the process of building greater trust and confidence in the European Union and its institutions. As social media, and notably Twitter, have become an important part of politicians' communication strategy generally, this study looks specifically at how EU leaders in the European Council communicate ...

Over recent years, the members of the European Council have, in a number of landmark declarations such as the Bratislava Declaration, pointed to the need to improve communication with citizens, as part of the process of building greater trust and confidence in the European Union and its institutions. As social media, and notably Twitter, have become an important part of politicians' communication strategy generally, this study looks specifically at how EU leaders in the European Council communicate on Europe via Twitter. This EPRS study explores provides an overview of the activity on Twitter of all members of the European Council over an 18-month period – in just over 31 000 tweets posted between January 2019 and June 2020 – covering a very wide range of issues. The study identifies the European topics that EU-27 leaders tweet about – their own interactions, external relations and the EU budget – and it explores the ways in which they communicate and engage with their target audiences, as well as pointing to differences of approach between them. EU-related tweets represent on average about a fifth of all EU leaders' tweets, with a greater emphasis on meetings as such than on substantive policy issues.

The relaxation of bank capital and liquidity requirements in the wake of the coronavirus crisis

29-10-2020

EU banks entered the coronavirus crisis with high capital and liquidity buffers resulting from the reforms undertaken after the global financial crisis of 2007-2009. This allowed a bold and swift response by supervisors oriented towards supporting banks’ ability to provide credit to the real economy. This paper provides an overview and an assessment of the regulatory response to the crisis, and suggests some recommendations for the future design of countercyclical regulation.

EU banks entered the coronavirus crisis with high capital and liquidity buffers resulting from the reforms undertaken after the global financial crisis of 2007-2009. This allowed a bold and swift response by supervisors oriented towards supporting banks’ ability to provide credit to the real economy. This paper provides an overview and an assessment of the regulatory response to the crisis, and suggests some recommendations for the future design of countercyclical regulation.

Auteur externe

J.ABAD, R.REPULLO

Has the relaxation of capital and liquidity buffers worked in practice?

29-10-2020

We analyse the recent policy decisions made by the ECB and the national authorities related to capital, liquidity, and shareholders’ remuneration aimed at promoting credit supply from the banking sector to the coronavirus-afflicted economy. We forecast the impact of the regulatory decisions based on the empirical literature, discuss the factors that reduce the banks’ incentives to expand loan portfolios and develop policy suggestions intended to mitigate the effect of these factors.

We analyse the recent policy decisions made by the ECB and the national authorities related to capital, liquidity, and shareholders’ remuneration aimed at promoting credit supply from the banking sector to the coronavirus-afflicted economy. We forecast the impact of the regulatory decisions based on the empirical literature, discuss the factors that reduce the banks’ incentives to expand loan portfolios and develop policy suggestions intended to mitigate the effect of these factors.

Auteur externe

Alexandra MATYUNINA, Steven ONGENA

Information Package for the Committee of Inquiry on the protection of animals during transport (ANIT)

27-10-2020

This note aims to provide the Members of the ANIT Committee with a state of play on existing literature and data sources on live animal transport through links to key information sources and existing reports and studies.

This note aims to provide the Members of the ANIT Committee with a state of play on existing literature and data sources on live animal transport through links to key information sources and existing reports and studies.

Theory, Evidence, and Risks of the ECB’s Asset Purchase Programme

30-09-2020

In response to the COVID-19 crisis, the ECB has relaunched a massive asset purchase programme within its combined-arms monetary strategy. This paper presents and discusses the theory and the evidence of the central bank’s asset purchases, mainly in the euro area. It analyses the role of asset purchase programmes in the ECB’s toolkit and the potential associated risks, focusing specifically on the problems of the programmes’ unwinding. Finally, the paper offers some possible alternatives to the asset ...

In response to the COVID-19 crisis, the ECB has relaunched a massive asset purchase programme within its combined-arms monetary strategy. This paper presents and discusses the theory and the evidence of the central bank’s asset purchases, mainly in the euro area. It analyses the role of asset purchase programmes in the ECB’s toolkit and the potential associated risks, focusing specifically on the problems of the programmes’ unwinding. Finally, the paper offers some possible alternatives to the asset purchase programmes. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).

Auteur externe

Pierpaolo BENIGNO, Paolo CANOFARI, Giovanni DI BARTOLOMEO, Marcello MESSORI

Politique migratoire extérieure de l’Union et défense des droits de l’homme

28-09-2020

Cette analyse approfondie se concentre sur les incidences en matière de droits de l’homme des interventions de la politique migratoire extérieure de l’Union, et pour ce faire: (1) détermine les obligations en matière de droits de l’homme à l’égard des ressortissants de pays tiers dans le cadre de la coopération avec des pays tiers et des acteurs non européens; (2) évalue le respect de ces obligations et les moyens permettant d'y veiller lors de la conception et de la mise en œuvre des principaux ...

Cette analyse approfondie se concentre sur les incidences en matière de droits de l’homme des interventions de la politique migratoire extérieure de l’Union, et pour ce faire: (1) détermine les obligations en matière de droits de l’homme à l’égard des ressortissants de pays tiers dans le cadre de la coopération avec des pays tiers et des acteurs non européens; (2) évalue le respect de ces obligations et les moyens permettant d'y veiller lors de la conception et de la mise en œuvre des principaux instruments d’action; et (3) détermine systématiquement si des dispositifs d’intervention, de signalement, de suivi et de responsabilité sont en place pour détecter les violations potentielles et y répondre, et si ces mécanismes sont adaptés. Une attention particulière est accordée aux instruments juridiques non contraignants, car ils sont particulièrement susceptibles d'affaiblir la force exécutoire des obligations, de dégrader la responsabilité démocratique et, d’une manière générale, de saper l’état de droit. Dans la perspective du nouveau pacte sur la migration et l’asile, une attention particulière est accordée à la coopération dans le cadre de l’approche globale de la question des migrations et de la mobilité, de l’agenda de l’Union en matière de migration et du cadre de partenariat pour les migrations, notamment aux accords informels conclus par Frontex ou par les États membres eux-mêmes. Quatre études de cas éclairent l’analyse et illustrent les conclusions: (1) la déclaration UE-Turquie; (2) la coopération multimodale avec la Libye; (3) l’action conjointe pour le futur sur les questions migratoires UE-Afghanistan; et (4) la collaboration avec le Niger dans le cadre de la mission EUCAP Sahel. L’analyse approfondie révèle que l’ensemble des effets de l’acquis de l’Union en matière de droits fondamentaux dans les situations extraterritoriales n’a pas été dûment pris en compte. Elle propose un système visant à garantir le respect des normes dans les phases d'évaluation préliminaire, de conception, d’adoption, de mise en œuvre, d’évaluation et de réexamen, et met l'accent à cet égard sur le rôle du Parlement européen et des organisations de la société civile.

Auteur externe

Dr Violeta MORENO-LAX,

Libérer le potentiel des traités de l’Union européenne: Une analyse article par article des possibilités d’action

28-05-2020

Les dernières enquêtes Eurobaromètre font apparaître un soutien continu en faveur d’un renforcement de l’action de l’Union dans divers domaines politiques, notamment la prévention du changement climatique, la lutte contre la migration irrégulière, l’élaboration d’une politique étrangère et de sécurité commune et la prévention du terrorisme. Partant du principe que le traité de Lisbonne servira de cadre pour l’action de l’Union dans un avenir prévisible, la présente étude examine les possibilités ...

Les dernières enquêtes Eurobaromètre font apparaître un soutien continu en faveur d’un renforcement de l’action de l’Union dans divers domaines politiques, notamment la prévention du changement climatique, la lutte contre la migration irrégulière, l’élaboration d’une politique étrangère et de sécurité commune et la prévention du terrorisme. Partant du principe que le traité de Lisbonne servira de cadre pour l’action de l’Union dans un avenir prévisible, la présente étude examine les possibilités d’élargissement de la portée de cette action en vue de répondre aux appels répétés des citoyens européens. Son but est de répertorier les bases juridiques des traités qui demeurent sous-utilisées (en termes d’objectifs qu’elles pourraient permettre d’atteindre) ou totalement inutilisées, en vue d’examiner le cadre juridique de l’Union européenne. Elle analyse les solutions possibles pour l’application des politiques de l’Union, notamment l’élaboration de règles communes, le renforcement de la capacité d’exécution, l’amélioration de la mise en œuvre des mesures existantes, le financement ciblé et l’accroissement de l’efficacité. Un tableau récapitulatif présente les initiatives possibles, lesquelles sont examinées plus en détail dans 50 fiches, organisées en pôles étendus reflétant les priorités de la Commission von der Leyen. Les mesures possibles sont présentées dans chaque fiche, tout comme les bases juridiques des traités actuels sur lesquelles l’action pourrait s’appuyer.

Evénements à venir

21-09-2021
EPRS online Book Talk with David Harley: Inside the room - Shaping Europe, 1992-2010
Autre événement -
EPRS
21-09-2021
Putting the 'e' in e-Health
Atelier -
STOA
27-09-2021
Turning the tide on cancer: the national parliaments' view on Europe's Cancer Plan
Autre événement -
BECA

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