48

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

Anti-money laundering - reinforcing the supervisory and regulatory framework

02-09-2019

On the back of a number of high profile cases and alleged cases of money laundering, this briefing presents current initiatives and actions aiming at reinforcing the anti-money laundering supervisory and regulatory framework in the EU. This briefing first outlines (1) the EU supervisory architecture and the respective roles of European and national authorities in applying anti-money laundering legislation that have been further specified in the 5th AML Directive and (2) ways that have been proposed ...

On the back of a number of high profile cases and alleged cases of money laundering, this briefing presents current initiatives and actions aiming at reinforcing the anti-money laundering supervisory and regulatory framework in the EU. This briefing first outlines (1) the EU supervisory architecture and the respective roles of European and national authorities in applying anti-money laundering legislation that have been further specified in the 5th AML Directive and (2) ways that have been proposed to further improve the anti-money laundering supervisory and regulatory frameworks, including the 12 September 2018 Commission’s communication, the changes to the European Supervisory Authority (ESA) Regulation adopted by the co-legislators on the basis of a Commission proposal and the most recent Commission’s state of play of supervisory and regulatory landscapes on anti-money laundering. Some previous AML cases are presented in Annex. This briefing updates an EGOV briefing originally drafted in April 2018. On a more prospective note, this briefing also presents (3) some possible additional reforms to bring about a more integrated AML supervisory architecture in the EU. In that respect, President-elect U. von der Leyen’s political declaration stresses the need for further action without specifying at this stage possible additional supervisory and regulatory developments: “The complexity and sophistication of our financial system has opened the door to new risks of money laundering and terrorist financing. We need better supervision and a comprehensive policy to prevent loopholes.”

Research for TRAN Committee: Transport and tourism in Belgium, France and the Netherlands

29-11-2018

This overview of the transport and tourism sectors in Belgium, France and the Netherlands was prepared to provide information for the Committee on Transport and Tourism.

This overview of the transport and tourism sectors in Belgium, France and the Netherlands was prepared to provide information for the Committee on Transport and Tourism.

Auteur externe

Marcin Wołek

Sustainability of Health Systems

15-06-2018

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of a workshop on sustainability of health systems, held at the European Parliament in Brussels on Tuesday 15 May 2018. The aim of the workshop was to provide background to facilitate information exchange between health system experts and members of the ENVI Committee on the challenges and opportunities related to the sustainability of European health systems. The first part of the workshop focused on challenges to health system sustainability ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of a workshop on sustainability of health systems, held at the European Parliament in Brussels on Tuesday 15 May 2018. The aim of the workshop was to provide background to facilitate information exchange between health system experts and members of the ENVI Committee on the challenges and opportunities related to the sustainability of European health systems. The first part of the workshop focused on challenges to health system sustainability. Presentations looked at the sociodemographic challenges such as the aging of the population and the social determinants of health, at the impact of new technologies and access to medicines, and at the emergence of genetic and precision medicine. The second part of the workshop brought together different experiences of health system sustainability, looking at how the health systems of Japan, the Netherlands and Andalusia have adapted and are adapting to challenges to their sustainability.

Auteur externe

Mr Matthew JONES, Ms Alessia VALENTINO, Dr Rosa CASTRO, Dr Meena FERNANDES, Ms Jennifer MCGUINN, Milieu Ltd, Brussels, Belgium

Towards an EU common position on the use of armed drones

15-06-2017

Since the European Parliament (EP) passed a resolution on the use of armed drones in February 2014, it has pointed several times to the need for a common EU position on the matter. It has stressed in particular the importance of ensuring compliance with international human rights and humanitarian law when using armed drones. This publication, which was requested by the EP’s Human Rights Subcommittee, includes a briefing with specific recommendations, drawn up from a legal standpoint, on the elements ...

Since the European Parliament (EP) passed a resolution on the use of armed drones in February 2014, it has pointed several times to the need for a common EU position on the matter. It has stressed in particular the importance of ensuring compliance with international human rights and humanitarian law when using armed drones. This publication, which was requested by the EP’s Human Rights Subcommittee, includes a briefing with specific recommendations, drawn up from a legal standpoint, on the elements that a future Council decision on the use of armed drones should include. This publication also includes a report on the workshop held on 22 March 2017, at which a first draft of the briefing was presented and discussed with Members and stakeholders. The discussion at the workshop confirmed that there was broad support in Parliament for the development of common European principles governing the use of armed drones, not least in view of the emergence of new risks from non-state actors and the EU’s commitment to enhancing security and defence cooperation. While there is currently no agreement between Member States to pursue the matter at EU level, the workshop debate drew attention to the common rules on exports of armed drones and drone technology that already exist. Furthermore, progress has been made recently in agreeing a joint EU position regarding the related matter of lethal autonomous weapons.

Auteur externe

Jessica DORSEY, Giulia BONACQUISTI

Workshop: Facilitating external trade via border management

24-05-2017

The subject of trade facilitation and border management lies at the heart of EU trade policy, which seeks to take advantage of global value chains for the benefit of workers, consumers and businesses. This demands that goods may flow smoothly across borders without jeopardising EU values and standards. Trade facilitation principles help reduce the cost of cross-border trade in goods while safeguarding regulatory control objectives. Good border management practice is integral to trade facilitation ...

The subject of trade facilitation and border management lies at the heart of EU trade policy, which seeks to take advantage of global value chains for the benefit of workers, consumers and businesses. This demands that goods may flow smoothly across borders without jeopardising EU values and standards. Trade facilitation principles help reduce the cost of cross-border trade in goods while safeguarding regulatory control objectives. Good border management practice is integral to trade facilitation. In this study many ideas and examples about how borders management can be improved are shown. The key is coordination, cooperation and integration within the respective border agencies (intra-agency), between the many border agencies (inter-agency) and international (with colleagues across the border and EU trade partners). Despite considerable policy interest, research is still in its infancy. There is much demand for further enquiry. This paper discusses relevant principles, ideas and concepts and concludes with a list of recommendations. This includes the recommendation to develop suitable EU institutions in aid of trade facilitation as well as for research.

Does the New EU Global Strategy Deliver on Security and Defence?

06-09-2016

The Global Strategy for the EU’s Foreign and Security Policy presented by High Representative Federica Mogherini on 28 June 2016 sets out a ‘Shared Vision, Common Action: A Stronger Europe’, in response to the Member States’ request for a new framework in which the EU can tackle the challenges and key changes to the EU’s environment identified in a strategic assessment carried out in 2015. Many expectations were raised ahead of its publication but it soon became clear that defence would be a central ...

The Global Strategy for the EU’s Foreign and Security Policy presented by High Representative Federica Mogherini on 28 June 2016 sets out a ‘Shared Vision, Common Action: A Stronger Europe’, in response to the Member States’ request for a new framework in which the EU can tackle the challenges and key changes to the EU’s environment identified in a strategic assessment carried out in 2015. Many expectations were raised ahead of its publication but it soon became clear that defence would be a central element of the Global Strategy. A number of defence priorities emerged from the exchanges between the main stakeholders: a central role for the common security and defence policy (CSDP); a clear level of ambition with tools to match; emphasis on EU-NATO cooperation; and concrete follow-up measures such as a ‘White Book’ on European defence. Seen in this light, the Global Strategy captures the urgent need to face the challenges of today’s environment and it may prove to be a major turning point in EU foreign policy and security thinking. It emphasizes the value of hard power — including via a strong partnership with NATO — along with soft power. It will not be easy for the Member States to match the level of ambition set in the Global Strategy and its success will be judged in terms of the follow-up and the measures taken to implement it. Could the first step be a White Book on European Defence?

Precarious employment in Europe: Country cases

23-08-2016

This note by Policy Department A gives a summary of the study "Precarious employment in Europe: Country cases". The study contains the results of eight country reviews carried out in the framework of the European Parliament study on Precarious Employment in Europe: Patterns, trends and policy strategies. The featured countries are Denmark, France, Germany, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, and the United Kingdom.

This note by Policy Department A gives a summary of the study "Precarious employment in Europe: Country cases". The study contains the results of eight country reviews carried out in the framework of the European Parliament study on Precarious Employment in Europe: Patterns, trends and policy strategies. The featured countries are Denmark, France, Germany, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, and the United Kingdom.

Auteur externe

Andrea Broughton, Werner Eichhorst et al.

Demandes transfrontalières de restitution des œuvres d'art volées au cours de pillages perpétrés en période de conflit armé et de guerre, et modes de règlement extrajudiciaire des litiges

19-05-2016

La présente étude a été commanditée et supervisée par le département thématique "Droits des citoyens et affaires constitutionnelles" du Parlement européen à la demande de la commission JURI. La restitution des œuvres d'art qui ont été volées au cours de pillages perpétrés pendant les conflits armés passés et présents est un enjeu majeur pour nos sociétés. Saisir la justice afin de demander restitution (souvent devant une juridiction étrangère) se révèle difficile. C'est pourquoi les parties se tournent ...

La présente étude a été commanditée et supervisée par le département thématique "Droits des citoyens et affaires constitutionnelles" du Parlement européen à la demande de la commission JURI. La restitution des œuvres d'art qui ont été volées au cours de pillages perpétrés pendant les conflits armés passés et présents est un enjeu majeur pour nos sociétés. Saisir la justice afin de demander restitution (souvent devant une juridiction étrangère) se révèle difficile. C'est pourquoi les parties se tournent de plus en plus vers des modes de règlement extrajudiciaire de ces litiges. La présente étude examine les difficultés juridiques auxquelles se heurtent les demandes de restitution d'œuvres d'art et propose des mesures afin de permettre aux États et aux institutions de l'Union européenne de surmonter ces difficultés et de trouver des solutions justes et équitables.

Auteur externe

Marc-André RENOLD

Recherche pour la Commission AGRI - Le rôle de la Politique Agricole Commune de l'Union européenne dans la creation d'emplois ruraux

22-04-2016

Cette étude porte sur le rôle de la Politique agricole commune (PAC) de l'Union européenne (UE) dans la création d'emplois ruraux. Une analyse bibliographique systématique et une enquête statistique réalisées tout d'abord à l'échelon de l'UE permettent ensuite de conduire des examens spécifiques à chaque État membre et des études de cas plus détaillées. Dans ses conclusions, l’étude explique en quoi la PAC aide les exploitations de petite taille à subsister et contribue au maintien et au développement ...

Cette étude porte sur le rôle de la Politique agricole commune (PAC) de l'Union européenne (UE) dans la création d'emplois ruraux. Une analyse bibliographique systématique et une enquête statistique réalisées tout d'abord à l'échelon de l'UE permettent ensuite de conduire des examens spécifiques à chaque État membre et des études de cas plus détaillées. Dans ses conclusions, l’étude explique en quoi la PAC aide les exploitations de petite taille à subsister et contribue au maintien et au développement d'activités économiques rurales. Toutefois, les paiements relevant du premier pilier ont des incidences contradictoires sur le taux de chômage et leur capacité de création d'emplois semble limitée. Le second pilier contribue efficacement à la diversification, mais il est difficile d'obtenir des preuves d'effets directs concrets sur l'emploi en raison de l’absence de communication systématique de données pertinentes.

Wildlife Crime in the Netherlands

15-03-2016

This analysis on wildlife crime was commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. It gives an overview of the state of wildlife crime in the Netherlands based on available documents and empirical research including interviews. The study identifies main routes and species linked to illegal wildlife trade as well as Dutch efforts to combat wildlife crime.

This analysis on wildlife crime was commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. It gives an overview of the state of wildlife crime in the Netherlands based on available documents and empirical research including interviews. The study identifies main routes and species linked to illegal wildlife trade as well as Dutch efforts to combat wildlife crime.

Auteur externe

Nicolien VAN DER GRIJP

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