10

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Date

Rail passengers' rights and obligations in the EU

25-11-2020

In 2007, the EU established a set of basic rights for rail passengers, which became applicable at the end of 2009. These rights provide for all passengers, including those with reduced mobility, a harmonised minimum level of protection, information and assistance. Recent reports have concluded that the implementation of these rights, although relatively smooth, is not done uniformly across the EU. Moreover, other shortcomings have prevented these rights from being used to their full potential. In ...

In 2007, the EU established a set of basic rights for rail passengers, which became applicable at the end of 2009. These rights provide for all passengers, including those with reduced mobility, a harmonised minimum level of protection, information and assistance. Recent reports have concluded that the implementation of these rights, although relatively smooth, is not done uniformly across the EU. Moreover, other shortcomings have prevented these rights from being used to their full potential. In September 2017, the European Commission presented a new proposal to address these shortcomings and to strike a new balance between keeping rail operators competitive and providing adequate passenger protection. The European Parliament’s Committee on Transport and Tourism adopted its report on the proposal on 9 October 2018 and, subsequently, the Parliament adopted its first-reading position on 15 November 2018. For its part, the Council adopted its general approach on 2 December 2019, under the Finnish Presidency. Interinstitutional negotiations began at the end of January 2020, and on 1 October 2020, under the Germany Presidency, Council and Parliament reached a provisional agreement. The agreed text must still be formally adopted by Council before it returns to Parliament for adoption at second reading. Fifth edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Research for TRAN Committee - Modal shift in European transport: a way forward

29-11-2018

The study provides a comprehensive analysis of the progress and potential of modal shift from road to more sustainable transport modes, with respect to the policy objectives set in the 2011 White Paper on transport. The study focuses both on passenger and freight transport, highlighting main barriers and factors that are hampering a more effective modal shift at EU level, and providing policy recommendations for the way forward.

The study provides a comprehensive analysis of the progress and potential of modal shift from road to more sustainable transport modes, with respect to the policy objectives set in the 2011 White Paper on transport. The study focuses both on passenger and freight transport, highlighting main barriers and factors that are hampering a more effective modal shift at EU level, and providing policy recommendations for the way forward.

Auteur externe

Enrico Pastori, Marco Brambilla, Silvia Maffii, Raffaele Vergnani, Ettore Gualandi, Eglantina Dani, Ian Skinner

What if we were to travel on levitating trains?

12-04-2018

Magnetic levitation-based transport might be about to enter our lives, providing for faster, safer and more energy-efficient journeys. As it will enable longer distances to be covered more rapidly and cleanly, could it affect where we choose to live?

Magnetic levitation-based transport might be about to enter our lives, providing for faster, safer and more energy-efficient journeys. As it will enable longer distances to be covered more rapidly and cleanly, could it affect where we choose to live?

Inspections of ro-ro ferries and high-speed passenger craft

15-02-2018

The European Commission, in line with its regulatory fitness and performance programme (REFIT), has evaluated existing EU legislation on passenger ship safety and presented three proposals for directives, aimed at simplifying rules and cutting administrative costs, while at the same time making sea travel safer. This proposal seeks to rationalise inspections conducted by national administrations while ensuring a high level of passenger ship safety and without unnecessarily limiting the ship’s commercial ...

The European Commission, in line with its regulatory fitness and performance programme (REFIT), has evaluated existing EU legislation on passenger ship safety and presented three proposals for directives, aimed at simplifying rules and cutting administrative costs, while at the same time making sea travel safer. This proposal seeks to rationalise inspections conducted by national administrations while ensuring a high level of passenger ship safety and without unnecessarily limiting the ship’s commercial operations, making the inspections system for these ships simpler, more effective and cheaper. This would be achieved by changing focus from initial company-based inspections to ship-based ones and by ensuring that subsequent inspections occur at regular intervals. After interinstitutional negotiations concluded on 14 July 2017, the European Parliament adopted the agreed text on 4 October 2017 and the Council on 23 October 2017. The final act entered into force on 20 December 2017 and the new provisions will apply from 21 December 2019. Fourth edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Rail passengers' rights and obligations

12-01-2018

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above proposal, adopted on 27 September 2017 and referred to Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN). The proposal aims to amend Regulation (EC) No 1371/2007 in order to strengthen the rights for all EU rail passengers, and to reduce the 'burden on railway undertakings due to the inconsistent application of the regulation' (IA, p. 9). The ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above proposal, adopted on 27 September 2017 and referred to Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN). The proposal aims to amend Regulation (EC) No 1371/2007 in order to strengthen the rights for all EU rail passengers, and to reduce the 'burden on railway undertakings due to the inconsistent application of the regulation' (IA, p. 9). The proposal follows a Commission report (COM(2013) 587 final) on the application of the regulation, which 'highlighted certain problematic areas', and a second Commission report (COM(2015) 117 final) on exemptions granted by Member States, which 'identified the extensive use of exemptions as a major hindrance to the uniform application of the regulation' (explanatory memorandum of the proposal, p. 2). In addition, the proposal follows the ruling of the Court of Justice of the EU of 26 September 2013 in Case C-509/11, which is linked to the 'force majeure' issue described in the following section. The European Parliament has regularly taken a stand on passenger rights, by submitting written questions or by adopting resolutions.

Dix autres technologies qui pourraient changer nos vies

14-07-2017

En 2015, la direction générale des services de recherche parlementaire du Parlement européen (DG EPRS) a ouvert la voie à l’innovation par l’intermédiaire de sa publication intitulée «Dix technologies qui pourraient changer nos vies: impacts potentiels et conséquences des politiques», dont chaque chapitre met en avant une technologie particulière, ses promesses et ses possibles conséquences négatives, ainsi que le rôle que le Parlement européen pourrait et devrait jouer dans l’orientation de ces ...

En 2015, la direction générale des services de recherche parlementaire du Parlement européen (DG EPRS) a ouvert la voie à l’innovation par l’intermédiaire de sa publication intitulée «Dix technologies qui pourraient changer nos vies: impacts potentiels et conséquences des politiques», dont chaque chapitre met en avant une technologie particulière, ses promesses et ses possibles conséquences négatives, ainsi que le rôle que le Parlement européen pourrait et devrait jouer dans l’orientation de ces avancées. La présente étude poursuit sur la même lancée en présentant dix autres technologies qui exigeront une attention accrue de la part des responsables politiques. Les sujets de cette nouvelle étude ont été choisis de telle sorte qu’ils reflètent les nombreux thèmes sur lesquels le panel de la STOA a décidé de se concentrer dans le cadre du huitième mandat du Parlement (2014-2019). L’objectif de cette publication n’est pas uniquement d’attirer l’attention sur ces dix technologies en particulier: il consiste également à promouvoir une réflexion plus poussée sur ces avancées technologiques qui n’en sont peut-être encore qu’à leurs débuts, mais qui pourraient tout de même avoir d’importantes répercussions sur nos vies dans un avenir proche ou lointain.

Les résultats et l'efficacité du financement des infrastructures ferroviaires dans l'Union

15-10-2015

La présente étude, réalisée à la demande de la commission du contrôle budgétaire (CONT), analyse les résultats, l'efficacité et l'efficience de l'investissement de l'Union dans l'infrastructure ferroviaire, en mettant l'accent en particulier sur les projets ferroviaires transfrontaliers. Après une analyse des raisons expliquant le succès mitigé de la politique ferroviaire de l'Union, l'étude examine soigneusement quatre études de cas en se concentrant particulièrement sur l'efficacité des régimes ...

La présente étude, réalisée à la demande de la commission du contrôle budgétaire (CONT), analyse les résultats, l'efficacité et l'efficience de l'investissement de l'Union dans l'infrastructure ferroviaire, en mettant l'accent en particulier sur les projets ferroviaires transfrontaliers. Après une analyse des raisons expliquant le succès mitigé de la politique ferroviaire de l'Union, l'étude examine soigneusement quatre études de cas en se concentrant particulièrement sur l'efficacité des régimes de financement et sur les réussites en matière d'élimination des goulets d'étranglement, notamment au passage des frontières, afin de renforcer l'attractivité du transport ferroviaire. Elle formule enfin des recommandations pour le développement commun plus efficace d'un réseau ferroviaire européen par les États membres et l'Union et pour la poursuite du développement de régimes de financement adaptés au transport ferroviaire.

Auteur externe

Claus DOLL (Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research - ISI), Werner ROTHENGATTER (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology) and Wolfgang SCHADE (M-Five GmbH Mobility, Futures, Innovation, Economics)

Rail security in the EU

29-09-2015

The foiled Thalys train attack of August 2015 has put EU rail security under the spotlight. Increasing passenger and freight flows and relatively open access to EU rail infrastructure make rail transport a soft target for unlawful acts. A ministerial-level meeting at the end of August examined the challenges facing rail security and the possibilities for a strengthened EU response.

The foiled Thalys train attack of August 2015 has put EU rail security under the spotlight. Increasing passenger and freight flows and relatively open access to EU rail infrastructure make rail transport a soft target for unlawful acts. A ministerial-level meeting at the end of August examined the challenges facing rail security and the possibilities for a strengthened EU response.

High-speed rail in the EU

29-09-2015

High-speed rail (HSR) started developing in Europe in the late 1970s, first in France and Italy, and subsequently in Germany, Spain and the UK, among others. In the early stages, its development took place largely at national level. The EU started providing specific support to European rail projects with the establishment of the trans-European transport network (TEN-T) in the early 1990s, some priority projects of which concern HSR. The EU also promotes HSR development through other means, including ...

High-speed rail (HSR) started developing in Europe in the late 1970s, first in France and Italy, and subsequently in Germany, Spain and the UK, among others. In the early stages, its development took place largely at national level. The EU started providing specific support to European rail projects with the establishment of the trans-European transport network (TEN-T) in the early 1990s, some priority projects of which concern HSR. The EU also promotes HSR development through other means, including technical harmonisation measures, security systems and funding instruments. The importance of high-speed rail has increased over time in the EU in terms of network length, number of passengers carried and modal share. Nevertheless, EU Member States each have their own specific characteristics in this regard. The impact of HSR on economic growth and sustainable regional and urban development is not easily measurable, each project having to be analysed individually. HSR can contribute significantly towards meeting some of the objectives – notably on energy efficiency and reduction of emissions – set by the 2011 European Commission White Paper on Transport. To this end, specific targets for developing the HSR network are set out in the Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area. Worldwide, the development of HSR lines could also provide commercial opportunities for the technological know-how of the EU rail industry on foreign markets. However, the sector's future depends on a diverse range of political, economic and technical factors or challenges, among them the increasing costs of rail works and infrastructure, varying rates of investment returns, and the adverse impacts of the recent economic crisis. In the context of budgetary constraints, public authorities in some EU countries have questioned HSR's overall added value.

aspects économiques de la mobilité durable

14-10-2011

La présente étude souligne les aspects économiques de la mobilité durable en analysant dix groupes d’éco-innovations, c’est-à-dire les instruments qui améliorent effectivement la dimension environnementale du transport et de la mobilité en les rendant plus durables. Ils se composent de différents types d’instruments (juridiques ou organisationnels par exemple) utilisant différents modes, et sont décrits et examinés à l’aide d’un cadre analytique présentant leur incidence sur l’économie, le transport ...

La présente étude souligne les aspects économiques de la mobilité durable en analysant dix groupes d’éco-innovations, c’est-à-dire les instruments qui améliorent effectivement la dimension environnementale du transport et de la mobilité en les rendant plus durables. Ils se composent de différents types d’instruments (juridiques ou organisationnels par exemple) utilisant différents modes, et sont décrits et examinés à l’aide d’un cadre analytique présentant leur incidence sur l’économie, le transport, l’environnement et la défaillance du marché. Les constatations de l’étude documentaire sont complétées par une enquête en ligne parmi les praticiens, les décideurs politiques et les experts.

Auteur externe

Wolfgang SCHADE and Werner ROTHENGATTER

Evénements à venir

30-11-2020
EPRS online Book Talk | How to own the room (and the zoom) [...]
Autre événement -
EPRS
30-11-2020
Hearing on Future-proofing the Tourism Sector: Challenges and Opportunities Ahead
Audition -
TRAN
30-11-2020
LIBE - FEMM Joint Hearing: Combating Gender based Violence: Cyber Violence
Audition -
FEMM LIBE

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