11

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Date

Road infrastructure safety management

13-01-2020

On 17 May 2018, the Commission adopted the proposal for a directive amending Directive 2008/96/EC on road infrastructure safety management. The revision was presented together with another legislative proposal on vehicle and pedestrian safety, and with non-legislative initiatives to promote safe mobility. The general objective of the proposal, which seeks to address the shortcomings of the existing legislation, is to reduce both road fatalities and serious injuries by improving the safety performance ...

On 17 May 2018, the Commission adopted the proposal for a directive amending Directive 2008/96/EC on road infrastructure safety management. The revision was presented together with another legislative proposal on vehicle and pedestrian safety, and with non-legislative initiatives to promote safe mobility. The general objective of the proposal, which seeks to address the shortcomings of the existing legislation, is to reduce both road fatalities and serious injuries by improving the safety performance of road infrastructure. It proposes key changes to strengthen road infrastructure safety management procedures and extends the scope of the directive beyond the trans-European transport network (TEN-T). Interinstitutional negogiations (trilogues) concluded on 21 February 2019. The agreed text was adopted by the Parliament in plenary on 4 April 2019 and by the Council on 7 October 2019. After its final signature, the new legislative act came into force on 16 December 2019, and has to be transposed into national law in each Member State by 17 December 2021. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Improving road infrastructure safety management

13-07-2018

In order to improve the EU road safety and substantially reduce road deaths, several measures were taken at the EU level. A general policy document was adopted in 2010, when the European Commission published the Road Safety Programme 2011-2020. The current revision of the road safety management procedures was triggered by the fact that the progress in the reduction of road fatalities stalled and that the existing road security measures needed to be adapted to changes in mobility resulting from societal ...

In order to improve the EU road safety and substantially reduce road deaths, several measures were taken at the EU level. A general policy document was adopted in 2010, when the European Commission published the Road Safety Programme 2011-2020. The current revision of the road safety management procedures was triggered by the fact that the progress in the reduction of road fatalities stalled and that the existing road security measures needed to be adapted to changes in mobility resulting from societal trends and technological developments. The impact assessment accompanying this proposal clearly explains the problems currently encountered, and proposes adequate solutions. The Commission used different sources to substantiate the impact assessment and also undertook several stakeholder consultation activities. However, some parts of the IA do not entirely follow the requirements of the Better Regulation Guidelines in that it does not set sufficiently specific and time-bound objectives. More detailed information on proportionality and publication of the support study would have also been desirable.

Transports routiers: normes de trafic et de sécurité

01-11-2017

L’Union européenne s’est donné pour objectif la création d’un espace européen de la sécurité routière au cours de la décennie 2010-2020. La compétence en la matière est surtout nationale. L’Union européenne focalise donc ses mesures sur l’état technique des véhicules, le transport de marchandises dangereuses et la sécurité des voiries.

L’Union européenne s’est donné pour objectif la création d’un espace européen de la sécurité routière au cours de la décennie 2010-2020. La compétence en la matière est surtout nationale. L’Union européenne focalise donc ses mesures sur l’état technique des véhicules, le transport de marchandises dangereuses et la sécurité des voiries.

Automated vehicles in the EU

07-01-2016

Automated vehicle technologies allow the transfer of driving functions from a human driver to a computer. Automation, and in particular digitalisation, of driving will change road transport in a way which is viewed as a revolution in the field of mobility. As human error is the main reason for road traffic accidents, driving which is automatically controlled by a computer is expected to make future road transport safer and more secure. It has also the potential to be more environmentally friendly ...

Automated vehicle technologies allow the transfer of driving functions from a human driver to a computer. Automation, and in particular digitalisation, of driving will change road transport in a way which is viewed as a revolution in the field of mobility. As human error is the main reason for road traffic accidents, driving which is automatically controlled by a computer is expected to make future road transport safer and more secure. It has also the potential to be more environmentally friendly, efficient and accessible. Worldwide, automobile manufacturers and technology firms are working on driving system innovation. Agreement by all stakeholders on the desired deployment of the new technologies will provide developers with the certainty they need for investments. For an effective communication between the technological and political spheres, categorisation and terminology are being developed which define different levels of vehicle automation. Motor vehicles are highly complex systems which need advanced technical and legal standards in terms of road safety requirements. The technical requirements as well as international traffic rules are agreed at United Nations level and are currently in the process of being assessed with a view to the increasing automation of vehicles. The European Union and its Member States participate in international working groups which are revising the regulations as prerequisites for the deployment of automated vehicles. Furthermore the European Union is funding research on automated road transport as a priority in the Horizon 2020 Transport Research programme. Some key elements of the discussions on political and technical aspects are the questions of how data protection and cyber security can be secured and liability issues can be solved.

Une évaluation des « méga-poids lourds » - Principaux problèmes et études de cas

15-11-2013

Voici une analyse des informations actuellement disponibles sur les « méga-poids lourds » et des effets que pourrait avoir leur autorisation dans toute l'Union européenne - comme c'est le cas en Finlande et en Suède qui les admettent déjà sur leurs routes. Cette analyse repose sur des travaux de recherche menés dans ce domaine, ainsi que sur des études de cas relatives aux cinq États membres où la circulation de ces méga-camions est autorisée ou en phase d'essai. Les statistiques disponibles sont ...

Voici une analyse des informations actuellement disponibles sur les « méga-poids lourds » et des effets que pourrait avoir leur autorisation dans toute l'Union européenne - comme c'est le cas en Finlande et en Suède qui les admettent déjà sur leurs routes. Cette analyse repose sur des travaux de recherche menés dans ce domaine, ainsi que sur des études de cas relatives aux cinq États membres où la circulation de ces méga-camions est autorisée ou en phase d'essai. Les statistiques disponibles sont également analysées, ainsi que l’impact de ces véhicules sur les objectifs de l'Union européenne en matière de sécurité routière et d'émissions de gaz à effet de serre.

Auteur externe

James Steer, Francesco Dionori, Lorenzo Casullo, Christoph Vollath, Roberta Frisoni, Fabrizio Carippo and Davide Ranghetti (Steer Davies Gleave)

Sound level of motor vehicles

31-01-2013

Traffic noise has impacts on citizens' health and well-being. The European Commission therefore proposed a Regulation which aims to reduce the noise emissions of motor vehicles by about 25%. The EP's ENVI Environment Committee voted to amendments to the proposed noise limits, and calls for mandatory noise labelling of vehicles as well as a systematic assessment of road surfaces.

Traffic noise has impacts on citizens' health and well-being. The European Commission therefore proposed a Regulation which aims to reduce the noise emissions of motor vehicles by about 25%. The EP's ENVI Environment Committee voted to amendments to the proposed noise limits, and calls for mandatory noise labelling of vehicles as well as a systematic assessment of road surfaces.

The problem of under compensation of victims of cross-border road traffic accidents in the EU

15-11-2012

The current acts in place – the Brussels I Regulation, the Lugano Convention and the parallel convention with Denmark – give the claimant several opportunities for forum shopping when lodging a direct claim against foreign liability insurance. Since the lex fori determines whether the Rome II Regulation or the Hague Convention is applicable in Common Market cases, the aforementioned possibility of forum shopping ultimately leads to law shopping. Between the claimant and the injuring party, the principle ...

The current acts in place – the Brussels I Regulation, the Lugano Convention and the parallel convention with Denmark – give the claimant several opportunities for forum shopping when lodging a direct claim against foreign liability insurance. Since the lex fori determines whether the Rome II Regulation or the Hague Convention is applicable in Common Market cases, the aforementioned possibility of forum shopping ultimately leads to law shopping. Between the claimant and the injuring party, the principle lex loci delicti should be maintained. Applying the law of the victim’s residence would cause unforeseeable results and enormous costs for the offending party. The question, whether the claimant should generally be awarded a direct claim is a matter of secondary EU legislation, i.e. the question is treated equally in every Member State. For that reason, making this last question dependent on the lex fori is legitimate.

Auteur externe

Prof. Dr. Ansgar Staudinger

Interdictions de dépassement imposées aux poids lourds sur les routes à deux voies : impact sur les flux de trafic et les routes de transport

15-03-2010

Les retards enregistrés sur les routes à deux voies séparées peuvent être dus aux dépassements entre poids lourds. La présente note détaille les conclusions des études entreprises et les régimes introduits dans les pays de l’UE en vue d’interdire les mouvements de dépassement de la part des poids lourds. Une analyse coût-bénéfice conclut que l’introduction de tels régimes sur les sites les plus adaptés permettrait de réaliser chaque année jusqu’à 1,5 milliard d’euros de bénéfices.

Les retards enregistrés sur les routes à deux voies séparées peuvent être dus aux dépassements entre poids lourds. La présente note détaille les conclusions des études entreprises et les régimes introduits dans les pays de l’UE en vue d’interdire les mouvements de dépassement de la part des poids lourds. Une analyse coût-bénéfice conclut que l’introduction de tels régimes sur les sites les plus adaptés permettrait de réaliser chaque année jusqu’à 1,5 milliard d’euros de bénéfices.

Auteur externe

Ewan Hardman, Ben Morris, Peter Owlett and Tim Rees (TRL Limited)

La sécurité routière des véhicules utilitaires légers

15-10-2009

Le présent rapport décrit la collecte et l’analyse d’un large éventail de données européennes disparates concernant la sécurité des véhicules utilitaires légers (VUL – véhicules destinés au transport de marchandises et dont le poids maximal n’excède pas 3,5 tonnes). Ce rapport présente des données relatives aux réglementations, aux nouvelles immatriculations, au parc de véhicules, au volume de trafic, au transport de marchandises, aux secteurs d’activités concernés, aux accidents et aux victimes ...

Le présent rapport décrit la collecte et l’analyse d’un large éventail de données européennes disparates concernant la sécurité des véhicules utilitaires légers (VUL – véhicules destinés au transport de marchandises et dont le poids maximal n’excède pas 3,5 tonnes). Ce rapport présente des données relatives aux réglementations, aux nouvelles immatriculations, au parc de véhicules, au volume de trafic, au transport de marchandises, aux secteurs d’activités concernés, aux accidents et aux victimes d’accidents. Il identifie les tendances relatives au marché des VUL et à la sécurité et identifie les domaines susceptibles de bénéficier en priorité d’interventions futures.

Auteur externe

Iain Knight, Tanja Robinson, Mike Neale and Wesley Hulshof (TRL Limited)

Full Compensation of Victims of Cross-Border Road Traffic Accidents in the Eu: the Economic Impact of Selected Options

03-07-2007

Auteur externe

Andrea Renda and Lorna Schrefler, Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels

Evénements à venir

07-12-2020
Health and environmental impacts of 5G
Atelier -
STOA
07-12-2020
What role can trade policy play to advance the objectives of the Green Deal?
Audition -
INTA
07-12-2020
Public Hearing on Women's Rights Defenders
Audition -
FEMM

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