19

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Date

Follow up to the 2009 and 2014 Studies on the Code of Conduct for Commissioners - Improving Effectiveness and Efficiency

15-07-2019

The European Parliament is very attentive to the issue of transparency and integrity within the EU institutions. In the past, the EP has commissioned two studies to verify the level of effectiveness and efficiency of the Code of Conduct for Commissioners of the European Commission. This in-depth analysis verifies whether the Code of Conduct of 2018 complies with the requests the EP has made in order to guarantee the best performance in terms of transparency and integrity by the EC Commissioners. ...

The European Parliament is very attentive to the issue of transparency and integrity within the EU institutions. In the past, the EP has commissioned two studies to verify the level of effectiveness and efficiency of the Code of Conduct for Commissioners of the European Commission. This in-depth analysis verifies whether the Code of Conduct of 2018 complies with the requests the EP has made in order to guarantee the best performance in terms of transparency and integrity by the EC Commissioners. Most of the EP requests have been satisfied. However, there is still some room for improvement in terms of transparency of the Independent Ethical Committee, the cooling off period for Commissioners and provisions related to the role of the European Ombudsman within the Code. Moreover, the Code of Conduct, being a soft law instrument, could be upgraded to a hard law instrument having a stronger binding force. Finally, the EP could reiterate the study recommendations concerning stricter provisions on the involvement of Commissioners in the national, regional or local politics.

EU law for an open independent and efficient European administration

27-07-2018

The results of the public consultation clearly suggest - EU citizens want action. Citizens call for an action that wold turn their EU right to good administration into solution. The workable and enforceable solution that adds value. Europe needs innovation! Innovation not only in tools and technologies but also in how EU governs itself.

The results of the public consultation clearly suggest - EU citizens want action. Citizens call for an action that wold turn their EU right to good administration into solution. The workable and enforceable solution that adds value. Europe needs innovation! Innovation not only in tools and technologies but also in how EU governs itself.

Impact Assessment of possible action at EU level for an open, efficient and independent EU administration

12-07-2018

The fragmentation of EU administrative law impinges on the EU’s ability to consistently uphold standards of good governance and administration, as well as to protect citizens’ rights when they interact with the administration. The impact assessment analyses what action could be taken to guarantee an open, efficient and independent EU administration. It compares the option of “doing nothing” with two alternative policy options. The study concludes that adopting a regulatory framework for administrative ...

The fragmentation of EU administrative law impinges on the EU’s ability to consistently uphold standards of good governance and administration, as well as to protect citizens’ rights when they interact with the administration. The impact assessment analyses what action could be taken to guarantee an open, efficient and independent EU administration. It compares the option of “doing nothing” with two alternative policy options. The study concludes that adopting a regulatory framework for administrative procedures would be the preferred option, since it would lead to clear advantages in terms of cost savings for the public, as well as the accessibility, transparency, legal certainty and predictability as well as the legitimacy of, and trust in, EU institutions. It would also compliment the transition of the EU administration towards e-government and e-administration tools.

Auteur externe

EPRS, DG

Revolving doors in the EU and US

04-07-2018

The flow of officials and politicians between the public and private sector has in the past few years given rise to calls for more transparency and accountability. In order to mitigate the reputational damage to public institutions by problematic use of the 'revolving door', this phenomenon is increasingly being regulated at national level. In the United States, President Trump recently changed the rules put in place by his predecessor to slow the revolving door. As shown by press coverage, the US ...

The flow of officials and politicians between the public and private sector has in the past few years given rise to calls for more transparency and accountability. In order to mitigate the reputational damage to public institutions by problematic use of the 'revolving door', this phenomenon is increasingly being regulated at national level. In the United States, President Trump recently changed the rules put in place by his predecessor to slow the revolving door. As shown by press coverage, the US public remains unconvinced. Scepticism may be fuelled by new exceptions made to the rules – retroactive ethics pledge waivers – and the refusal of the White House to disclose the numbers or beneficiaries of said waivers. Watchdog organisations argue that not only has the Trump administration so far failed to 'drain the swamp', it has ended up doing quite the opposite. In the EU, where revolving door cases are increasingly being covered in the media, both the European Parliament and Commission have adopted Codes of Conduct, regulating the activities of current and former Members, Commissioners, and even staff. The European Ombudsman, Emily O'Reilly, has on numerous occasions spoken out in favour of further measures, such as 'cooling-off periods', and has carried out several inquiries into potentially problematic revolving door cases. Following calls from Parliament, the Juncker Commission adopted a new and stronger Code of Conduct for Commissioners early in 2018. Even so, no one single Code can hope to bring an end to the debate.

Codes de conduite et conflits d'intérêts aux divers niveaux de gestion des fonds de l'Union européenne

16-01-2017

La présente étude entend exposer la façon dont les administrations des États membres qui participent à la gestion partagée du financement de l'Union et notamment des Fonds structurels et d'investissement européens (Fonds ESI), garantissent l'intégrité des procédures de gestion et de décision correspondantes. L'étude se penche aussi bien sur les mécanismes non contraignants que sur les mesures législatives, qui peuvent prendre la forme de dispositions réglementaires ou de codes de conduite sur la ...

La présente étude entend exposer la façon dont les administrations des États membres qui participent à la gestion partagée du financement de l'Union et notamment des Fonds structurels et d'investissement européens (Fonds ESI), garantissent l'intégrité des procédures de gestion et de décision correspondantes. L'étude se penche aussi bien sur les mécanismes non contraignants que sur les mesures législatives, qui peuvent prendre la forme de dispositions réglementaires ou de codes de conduite sur la prévention des conflits d'intérêts. Elle présente non seulement une vue d'ensemble des mécanismes de prévention des conflits d'intérêts, mais s'intéresse également à leur efficacité et aux possibilités de les améliorer en tirant parti, notamment, des pratiques en vigueur dans l'Union et dans les pays tiers. L'étude porte essentiellement sur la prévention des conflits d'intérêts dans le domaine spécifique de la gestion partagée et plus particulièrement sur deux Fonds ESI, le Fonds européen de développement régional (FEDER) et le Fonds social européen (FSE). Afin d'apporter une réelle valeur ajoutée aux études qui ont déjà été réalisées en la matière, il a été décidé d'utiliser une définition étroite de la notion de conflit d'intérêts. L'étude s'intéresse en effet aux conflits d'intérêts susceptibles d'affecter les membres des comités de suivi (et des sous-comités correspondants) mis en place pour définir les orientations stratégiques et suivre la mise en oeuvre des programmes opérationnels (PO) et pour incarner le principe de partenariat.

Auteur externe

Dr. Christoph Demmke (assisted by David Hanel), Roland Blomeyer, Dr. Thomas Henökel, Mike Beke, Timo Moilanen

Integrity and Good Governance in Sport

21-12-2015

The author describes his progress from sports enthusiast to sceptic following repeated experiences, as a journalist, of frauds in high-level sports including athletics and swimming but especially cycling. These frauds involved performance-enhancing drugs and medical procedures and Walsh took the lead in exposing Lance Armstrong as a key beneficiary. The importance of asking the ‘obvious question’ to get to the truth is emphasised. Walsh stresses the role played by elected representatives and governments ...

The author describes his progress from sports enthusiast to sceptic following repeated experiences, as a journalist, of frauds in high-level sports including athletics and swimming but especially cycling. These frauds involved performance-enhancing drugs and medical procedures and Walsh took the lead in exposing Lance Armstrong as a key beneficiary. The importance of asking the ‘obvious question’ to get to the truth is emphasised. Walsh stresses the role played by elected representatives and governments in a world where the governing bodies of sports have often proven inadequate to the task of maintaining fair play and good governance. In the case of cycling, and FIFA in football, it was government that initiated definitive action against fraud. Walsh argues that the nominees of governments to the presidency of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) are the most effective. Walsh hopes, but is not optimistic, that a WADA investigation of doping will lead to the suspension from Olympic competition of any guilty national athletics federations, not just individual athletes. He further argues that doping in sport is a very high value fraud that governments should make a criminal offence. Finally, Walsh explains that he remains an enthusiast for sport – his scepticism is reserved for elite sports and the focus on hosting high profile events and increasing national medal tallies. He feels that this elite focus does not lead to any improvement in sport participation – even the contrary – and that getting people active should be the political priority, especially young people and those in sociallydeprived areas where participation is lowest.

Auteur externe

David Walsh

Scrutiny of Declarations of Financial Interests in National Legislatures

15-09-2015

This study aims to provide insights into the implementation and enforcement of integrity regimes as applied to members of legislatures. The specific focus is on comparing the application of the Code of Conduct of Members of the European Parliament with similar integrity frameworks in the European Union Member States. In general terms the Code of Conduct is considered well aligned with good practice approaches. However, potential for further enhancements exists with regard to the Code’s integrity ...

This study aims to provide insights into the implementation and enforcement of integrity regimes as applied to members of legislatures. The specific focus is on comparing the application of the Code of Conduct of Members of the European Parliament with similar integrity frameworks in the European Union Member States. In general terms the Code of Conduct is considered well aligned with good practice approaches. However, potential for further enhancements exists with regard to the Code’s integrity requirements, guidance, monitoring, sanctioning and reporting.

Auteur externe

Blomeyer & Sanz (Spain)

Press freedom in the EU: Legal framework and challenges

30-04-2015

Freedom of expression and information, as well as the freedom of the press, which provides the most powerful platform for the first two, contribute significantly to the formation of public opinion, thus allowing people to make informed choices in their political decisions. These freedoms are therefore essential for democracy, which is one of the fundamental values common to all Member States, on which the European Union is founded (Article 2 TEU). Within the EU legal framework, press freedom is a ...

Freedom of expression and information, as well as the freedom of the press, which provides the most powerful platform for the first two, contribute significantly to the formation of public opinion, thus allowing people to make informed choices in their political decisions. These freedoms are therefore essential for democracy, which is one of the fundamental values common to all Member States, on which the European Union is founded (Article 2 TEU). Within the EU legal framework, press freedom is a fundamental right established in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, with its provision closely resembling that on press freedom in the European Convention on Human Rights. At EU level media freedom was long dealt with purely relative to the Single Market, and thus from a rather economic point of view. However, the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU), for its part, started to see the importance of media pluralism very early, not only for the free movement of services across the EU but also in order to ensure a pluralism in views. The Court's rulings underlined the importance of media pluralism and media freedom not only for the internal market but also for democracy in the EU. The European Parliament has repeatedly advocated press freedom and media pluralism in the EU and abroad. It has recently addressed the issue of the effectiveness of press freedom as an EU fundamental right and an objective EU value, in view of the scarce possibility for the EU institutions to act to enforce respect for EU fundamental rights and values by Member States.

Legal Instruments and Practice of Arbitration in the EU (Study, Annex, Questionnary, Answers to Questionnary)

15-01-2015

Upon request by the JURI Committee, this study investigates the law and practice of arbitration across the European Union and Switzerland. It includes an in-depth examination of the practice and the laws relating to arbitration in each Member State of the European Union and Switzerland, as well as an examination of the involvement of Member States and the European Union in arbitration. While substantial harmony exists across the European Union at both the level of law and practice, the Study finds ...

Upon request by the JURI Committee, this study investigates the law and practice of arbitration across the European Union and Switzerland. It includes an in-depth examination of the practice and the laws relating to arbitration in each Member State of the European Union and Switzerland, as well as an examination of the involvement of Member States and the European Union in arbitration. While substantial harmony exists across the European Union at both the level of law and practice, the Study finds that arbitration in the European Union is predominantly regional, rather than transnational. It also concludes that investment arbitration is often a beneficial feature of investment agreements, although the terms of such agreements must be carefully designed.

Auteur externe

Tony COLE, Ilias BANTEKAS, Federico FERRETTI, Christine RIEFA, Barbara WARWAS and Pietro ORTOLANI

Update of the Study on "The Code of Conduct for Commissioners - Improving Effectiveness and Efficiency"

15-09-2014

This update relates to a European Parliament study on the Code of Conduct for Members of the European Commission (2009). The update compares the 2004 Code of Conduct with the new Code adopted in 2011. The new Code has failed to address most of the European Parliament’s 28 recommendations for improvement. Overall, the Code is characterised by its poor checks and balances, the absence of a coherent implementation system, and opacity surrounding its operation. Whilst other ethics systems contribute ...

This update relates to a European Parliament study on the Code of Conduct for Members of the European Commission (2009). The update compares the 2004 Code of Conduct with the new Code adopted in 2011. The new Code has failed to address most of the European Parliament’s 28 recommendations for improvement. Overall, the Code is characterised by its poor checks and balances, the absence of a coherent implementation system, and opacity surrounding its operation. Whilst other ethics systems contribute to enhance public trust in government, the Commission’s system appears tilted towards the Commissioners’ political and career interests. The update recommends a comprehensive review of the Commissioners’ ethics system with a focus on coherent implementation systems with genuine checks and balances. The Commission should establish a working group on this, involving the European Parliament and relevant civil society actors, and inviting experts knowledgeable about other ethics systems.

Auteur externe

Roland Blomeyer (principal author), Mike Beke and Michelle Cini (peer review) (Blomeyer & Sanz, Spain)

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