79

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

Canada: Economic indicators and trade with EU

23-10-2018

Canada is looking to diversify its trade partners in order to reduce its dependence on the US business cycle. The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between the EU and Canada entered into force provisionally in September 2017. What goods and services is the EU exporting to Canada? How do the growth rates of Canada and the EU compare over the last decade? Who has a higher female labour market participation rate? How much have the FDI net inflows dropped since the financial crisis? You ...

Canada is looking to diversify its trade partners in order to reduce its dependence on the US business cycle. The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between the EU and Canada entered into force provisionally in September 2017. What goods and services is the EU exporting to Canada? How do the growth rates of Canada and the EU compare over the last decade? Who has a higher female labour market participation rate? How much have the FDI net inflows dropped since the financial crisis? You can find the answers to these and other questions in our infographic, prepared in close cooperation between EPRS and GlobalStat. This is an updated edition of an ‘At a Glance’ note published in February 2017.

Finding the right balance across EU FTAs: benefits and risks for EU economic sectors

17-10-2018

Globally, anti-trade sentiment is on the rise, meaning it is incumbent upon policymakers to explore and explain the benefits of free and open trade. This study examines the costs and benefits of various free trade agreements (FTAs) that the EU has completed, will complete, or is contemplating. With regard to completed FTAs, the EU has seen benefits in terms of consumer choice but has a much larger and positive impact on its partners (although not as much as ex-ante modelling would suggest). For forthcoming ...

Globally, anti-trade sentiment is on the rise, meaning it is incumbent upon policymakers to explore and explain the benefits of free and open trade. This study examines the costs and benefits of various free trade agreements (FTAs) that the EU has completed, will complete, or is contemplating. With regard to completed FTAs, the EU has seen benefits in terms of consumer choice but has a much larger and positive impact on its partners (although not as much as ex-ante modelling would suggest). For forthcoming or contemplated FTAs, the issue of non-tariff barriers must be considered for FTAs with developed economies to be a success, while comprehensive liberalisation with emerging markets improves trade and other outcomes for both the EU and its partner. Across all FTAs, trade and economic metrics are improved by an agreement while indirect effects (human rights, environment) are less likely to change. We conclude that the EU must continue its focus on comprehensive liberalisation, incorporating NTBs effectively into new agreements, while tempering expectations of influence on human rights.

Auteur externe

Christopher HARTWELL, Veronika MOVCHAN

Research for AGRI Committee - Agricultural trade: assessing reciprocity of standards

15-05-2018

The aim of this study is to provide an assessment of the application of the reciprocity principle in EU agri-food trade at global level. The report provides substantial evidence for progresses occurring at worldwide level in regulatory rapprochement. Scientific cooperation, collaboration between risk assessment bodies, harmonization of control procedures and early warning systems for emerging hazards can facilitate progress in this direction, reducing transaction costs and information asymmetries ...

The aim of this study is to provide an assessment of the application of the reciprocity principle in EU agri-food trade at global level. The report provides substantial evidence for progresses occurring at worldwide level in regulatory rapprochement. Scientific cooperation, collaboration between risk assessment bodies, harmonization of control procedures and early warning systems for emerging hazards can facilitate progress in this direction, reducing transaction costs and information asymmetries in agri-food trade.

Auteur externe

A. Zezza, F. De Maria, M. R. Pupo D’Andrea, J. Swinnen, G. Meloni, S. Vandevelde, A. Olper, D. Curzi, V. Raimondi, S. Droguè

Free Trade Agreement between the EU and the Republic of Singapore – Analysis

16-03-2018

This study analyses provisions of the EU-Singapore Free Trade Agreement concluded in May 2015 ('EUSFTA'). It compares EUSFTA with other 'new-generation' free trade agreements, such as the EU-Republic of Korea and the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement. Overall, EUSFTA adopts a WTO+ approach and as a result significantly liberalises trade between the EU and Singapore compared to the current trade relationship. The study finds that a number of tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade ...

This study analyses provisions of the EU-Singapore Free Trade Agreement concluded in May 2015 ('EUSFTA'). It compares EUSFTA with other 'new-generation' free trade agreements, such as the EU-Republic of Korea and the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement. Overall, EUSFTA adopts a WTO+ approach and as a result significantly liberalises trade between the EU and Singapore compared to the current trade relationship. The study finds that a number of tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade in goods and services that currently exist between the parties will be reduced or removed on EUSFTA's entry into force. EUSFTA, as with other 'new-generation' FTAs negotiated by the EU, adopts a comprehensive approach, and contains innovative provisions on investment, intellectual property rights, competition and public procurement. It also contains provisions which reflect growing concerns about the impact of global trade, such as those on trade and sustainable development. With regard to EUSFTA's potential impact on trade, the economic modelling estimates an increase of around 10 % in trade volumes and greater volumes of foreign direct investment between the EU and Singapore as a result of the agreement. It also concludes that EUSFTA should lead to small increases of the gross domestic products of the EU and Singapore (0.06 % and 0.35 %, respectively). The responses of a wide-range of EU and Singaporean stakeholder consultation reveal that, in general, EUSFTA is viewed positively and is considered a very ambitious agreement, which will offer new opportunities for trade and investment in the EU and Singapore. However, some concerns have been raised, especially by small and medium-sized enterprises. The implications of the result of the Opinion of the Court of Justice of the EU in case 2/15 of 2017, on whether the EU had exclusive competence to sign and conclude EUSFTA alone, is also analysed in detail. The study recommends, notably, monitoring closely that commitments taken under sustainable development provisions are implemented and used effectively in practice.

Auteur externe

Glyn CHAMBERS, Managing Economist Capital Economics, Melanie DEBONO, Economist Capital Economics, Costas FRANGESKIDES, Partner Holman Fenwick Wilan, Jody GALLAGHER, Trainee Solicitor Holman Fenwick Willan, Dr Peter HOLMES, Reader in Economics at Sussex University (project leader), Jeremy KELLY, Associate Holman Fenwick Willan, Eirini ROUSSOU, Senior Associate Holman Fenwick Willan, Cliff STEVENSON, Cliff Stevenson Consulting, Anthony WOOLICH, Partner Holman Fenwick Willan

The employment and social situation in Canada

15-03-2018

Commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the EMPL Committee, this paper provides an overview of Canada's economy, labour market and social policies, as well as the functioning of related institutions, and takes a closer look at the impact of digitalisation on Canada's world of work.

Commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the EMPL Committee, this paper provides an overview of Canada's economy, labour market and social policies, as well as the functioning of related institutions, and takes a closer look at the impact of digitalisation on Canada's world of work.

Auteur externe

Lynn Gambin, Terence Hogarth, Liga Baltina

Relations transatlantiques: les États-Unis et le Canada

01-02-2018

L’Union européenne, les États-Unis et le Canada ont en commun les valeurs de démocratie, de respect des droits de l’homme et de liberté économique et politique et partagent les mêmes préoccupations de politique étrangère et de sécurité. L’accord économique et commercial global entre l’Union européenne et le Canada et l’accord de partenariat stratégique sont entrés en vigueur à titre provisoire en 2017. Les négociations sur un partenariat transatlantique de commerce et d’investissement entre l’Union ...

L’Union européenne, les États-Unis et le Canada ont en commun les valeurs de démocratie, de respect des droits de l’homme et de liberté économique et politique et partagent les mêmes préoccupations de politique étrangère et de sécurité. L’accord économique et commercial global entre l’Union européenne et le Canada et l’accord de partenariat stratégique sont entrés en vigueur à titre provisoire en 2017. Les négociations sur un partenariat transatlantique de commerce et d’investissement entre l’Union européenne et les États-Unis ont été interrompues en 2017. Le 15 avril 2019, le Conseil a adopté des directives de négociation visant à éliminer les droits de douane sur les produits industriels.

What next after the US withdrawal from the TPP? What are the options for trade relations in the Pacific and what will be the impact on the EU?

27-11-2017

The Trans-Pacific Partnership was a landmark trade agreement signed by 12 Pacific Rim countries including the US on 4 February 2016. TPP had commercial as well as geopolitical significance for the Obama administration and was a key component of the former president´s so-called “pivot” to Asia. On his first full day in office, on 24 January 2017, President Trump pulled the US out of TPP leaving the other 11 signatories to grapple with the consequences. They have since vowed to move forward even without ...

The Trans-Pacific Partnership was a landmark trade agreement signed by 12 Pacific Rim countries including the US on 4 February 2016. TPP had commercial as well as geopolitical significance for the Obama administration and was a key component of the former president´s so-called “pivot” to Asia. On his first full day in office, on 24 January 2017, President Trump pulled the US out of TPP leaving the other 11 signatories to grapple with the consequences. They have since vowed to move forward even without US participation, reviewing the existing clauses and rebranding the regional agreement under the name of Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). Negotiations on the CPTPP will continue in 2018. The European Parliament has requested three experts from the EU, US and Asia to consider the implications of the US withdrawal from the TPP and draw conclusions on how the EU should position itself in this high-growth and geopolitically-strategic area. The findings were presented during a Workshop organised by the Policy Department for the International Trade Committee on 8 November 2017 in Brussels.

Auteur externe

Peter CHASE, Pasha L. HSIEH, Bart KERREMANS

Benefits of EU international trade agreements

25-10-2017

Trade is the EU's most important link to the world beyond its borders. In force since the 1957 Treaty of Rome, the transition to a common EU trade policy was completed in 1968. It is the EU's oldest instrument influencing the bloc's foreign relations. Today, Article 207 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) establishes the common trade policy as an exclusive EU competence. Following the procedure under that legal basis the EU negotiates, concludes and implements trade agreements ...

Trade is the EU's most important link to the world beyond its borders. In force since the 1957 Treaty of Rome, the transition to a common EU trade policy was completed in 1968. It is the EU's oldest instrument influencing the bloc's foreign relations. Today, Article 207 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) establishes the common trade policy as an exclusive EU competence. Following the procedure under that legal basis the EU negotiates, concludes and implements trade agreements. Currently, the EU is negotiating and up-dating Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with 19 countries and 2 sub-regional blocs, namely the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the Southern Common Market of South American countries (Mercado Común de Sur: Mercosur). Within the EU's latest trade strategy – the 2015 'Trade for All – Towards a more responsible trade and investment strategy', FTAs are considered instruments that contribute to the EU's objective of generating jobs and growth. About 31 million jobs in Europe depend, directly or indirectly, on the EU and its Member States' ability to trade. In other words, EU external trade concerns almost one in every seven jobs in Europe. In France, for example, over 2.2 million jobs rely on French exports outside the EU. Around 90 % of future global growth is expected to be generated outside Europe's borders. Figures show that the EU share of world GDP has slowly decreased in recent years (see graph below). Against this background, the EU needs to seize trade opportunities beyond its borders in order to gain higher levels of growth in Europe.

Recours des particuliers devant les plus hautes juridictions, une perspective de droit comparé - Canada

06-10-2017

Cette étude fait partie d'un projet plus global qui a pour but d’analyser depuis une perspective de droit comparé les recours des particuliers devant les plus hautes juridictions de différents États ainsi que devant certaines juridictions internationales. L’objet de cette étude est d’examiner les différents recours à disposition des particuliers en droit canadien, et en particulier devant la Cour suprême du Canada. Pour ce faire, le texte est divisé en cinq parties. L’introduction offre un survol ...

Cette étude fait partie d'un projet plus global qui a pour but d’analyser depuis une perspective de droit comparé les recours des particuliers devant les plus hautes juridictions de différents États ainsi que devant certaines juridictions internationales. L’objet de cette étude est d’examiner les différents recours à disposition des particuliers en droit canadien, et en particulier devant la Cour suprême du Canada. Pour ce faire, le texte est divisé en cinq parties. L’introduction offre un survol de l’histoire constitutionnelle canadienne — laquelle explique la coexistence de droits issus de plusieurs traditions juridiques. Elle présente ensuite le système fédéral, les origines du contrôle de constitutionnalité et les bases de l’organisation judiciaire (I). Le Canada pratiquant un contrôle « diffus » de constitutionnalité, la seconde partie traite des différents types de recours ouverts aux particuliers en matière de justice constitutionnelle, tant devant les instances administratives que judiciaires, tout en mettant l’accent sur les recours devant la Cour suprême du Canada. La discussion porte notamment sur les « réparations » que peuvent accorder les tribunaux dans ce contexte (II). Suit un examen des dispositions utilisées comme normes de référence pour la protection des droits des particuliers (III), de même que des moyens élaborés tant par le pouvoir judiciaire que les branches législatives et administratives afin d’assurer une protection juridictionnelle effective des droits (IV). Une conclusion trace un bilan des recours ouverts aux particuliers en matière de « justice constitutionnelle ». Essentiellement, si les justiciables canadiens jouissent d’un large éventail de droits et de recours en matière constitutionnelle, l’accès à la plus haute juridiction du pays est restreint, en raison du nombre limité d’affaires que la Cour choisit d’entendre chaque année. De manière plus générale, l’accès à la justice continue de poser de réels défis au Canada, non pas en raison d’un déficit de sources de droits ou de défaillance judiciaire, mais en raison des coûts souvent faramineux des procédures et des délais judiciaires.

Auteur externe

EPRS, Comparative Law

CETA ratification process: Latest developments

02-10-2017

Since June 2017, several significant developments have occurred in relation to the ratification process of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between the EU and Canada. This updates an earlier 'at a glance' note, published in June 2017.

Since June 2017, several significant developments have occurred in relation to the ratification process of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between the EU and Canada. This updates an earlier 'at a glance' note, published in June 2017.

Evénements à venir

17-10-2019
What Europe is Thinking: The latest Pew survey of opinion in 14 EU Member States
Autre événement -
EPRS
05-11-2019
The Art and Craft of Political Speech-writing: A conversation with Eric Schnure
Autre événement -
EPRS
06-11-2019
Where next for the global and European economies? The 2019 IMF Economic Outlook
Autre événement -
EPRS

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