11

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

New EU rules on labelling of tyres

26-06-2020

On 17 May 2018, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a new regulation on the labelling of tyres for the purposes of fuel efficiency, safety, and noise reduction. This would replace the 2009 Tyre Labelling Regulation (TLR), while maintaining and reinforcing most of its key provisions. The new regulation seeks to increase consumer awareness of the tyre label, and improve market surveillance and enforcement of TLR provisions across the EU Member States. Suppliers would be obliged to display ...

On 17 May 2018, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a new regulation on the labelling of tyres for the purposes of fuel efficiency, safety, and noise reduction. This would replace the 2009 Tyre Labelling Regulation (TLR), while maintaining and reinforcing most of its key provisions. The new regulation seeks to increase consumer awareness of the tyre label, and improve market surveillance and enforcement of TLR provisions across the EU Member States. Suppliers would be obliged to display the tyre label in all forms of purchase, including where the tyre is not physically shown in the store and where it is sold online or on a long-distance basis. Whereas the tyre label is currently applicable to passenger and light-duty vehicles, in future it would also apply to heavy-duty vehicles. The new label would include visual information on tyre performance in snow or ice conditions, and could be adjusted by means of delegated acts to include information on mileage, abrasion or re-studded tyres. Tyre labels would be included in the new European Product Database for Energy Labelling before any sale on the EU market. On 13 November 2019, successful trilogue negotiations resulted in a provisional agreement on the content of the new regulation. The legal text was finalised and the new TLR was formally adopted by the Council and Parliament in 2020 and published in the Official Journal of the EU on 5 June 2020. Its provisions become applicable from 1 May 2021.

Setting CO2 emission performance standards for new heavy-duty vehicles

13-09-2018

This initial appraisal assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment accompanying its proposal for a regulation setting CO2 emission performance standards for some categories of new 'rigid lorries' and 'tractors'. The proposal seeks to contribute to achieving the climate target set by the Paris Agreement, adopted on 12 December 2015, i.e. 'holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts ...

This initial appraisal assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment accompanying its proposal for a regulation setting CO2 emission performance standards for some categories of new 'rigid lorries' and 'tractors'. The proposal seeks to contribute to achieving the climate target set by the Paris Agreement, adopted on 12 December 2015, i.e. 'holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels'. In addition, it intends to help Member States achieving the national greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets in the road transport sector for the period 2021-2030 set by the 'effort sharing' regulation proposed by the Commission. The appraisal concludes that the impact assessment clearly defines the problems to be addressed, although in a couple of cases only one option is considered (in addition to the baseline). In such cases, the Commission's approach appears not to be entirely in line with the better regulation toolbox. The analysis carried out appears to be sound and well evidenced, providing ample and detailed insight into the issues considered. The analysis of impacts focuses on the economic and environmental dimension, consistently with the manner in which the problems have been defined. Their quantitative assessment is based on three models which, according to the IA, have already been 'successfully' used in previous impact assessment regarding transport, energy and climate policies, The IA appears to have addressed all of the Regulatory Scrutiny Board's recommendations, and the legislative proposal seems to be consistent with the analysis carried out in the IA.

Monitoring and reporting of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of new heavy-duty vehicles

26-09-2017

The IA clearly defines the problems and the objectives of the proposed initiative, and relies on comprehensive and up to date sources of information. Overall, the objectives appear to be relevant, measurable, and achievable; however, some discrepancy seems to exist between the definition of the operational objective and the indicators suggested for monitoring and evaluating the impacts of the proposed initiative. In addition, two of the suggested indicators could have been better qualified, in order ...

The IA clearly defines the problems and the objectives of the proposed initiative, and relies on comprehensive and up to date sources of information. Overall, the objectives appear to be relevant, measurable, and achievable; however, some discrepancy seems to exist between the definition of the operational objective and the indicators suggested for monitoring and evaluating the impacts of the proposed initiative. In addition, two of the suggested indicators could have been better qualified, in order to make them operational. The IA lacks any precise quantification of the impacts of monitoring and reporting over time on HDV CO2 emissions in the EU, although this weakness is acknowledged and attributed to the lack of reliable methodology. The analysis of the impact on the competitiveness of SMEs appears to be, in general, insufficiently developed or explained. The Commission consulted a broad range of stakeholders, whose views are described and analysed extensively; however, at least two issues considered relevant by the large majority of stakeholders, were not taken up and dealt with in the IA. The IA appears to have addressed most of the RSB recommendations; however, the aspect regarding data sensitivity and the potential market-disruptive risks relating to the monitoring and data collecting system seems still to be insufficiently illustrated and the arguments used lack any supporting evidence. Finally, the IA seems to make a reasonable case for the preferred option, which is reflected in the legislative proposal; however it is unclear why vehicles of categories O3 and O4 (i.e. trailers), included in the scope of Article 2, are not covered by the IA.

Etude pour la Commission TRAN- Transports et Tourisme en Suède

28-07-2017

Cette vue d’ensemble des secteurs des transports et du tourisme en Suède a été préparée afin d’informer la mission de la commission des transports et du tourisme dans le pays en 2017 (du 17 au 19 juillet).

Cette vue d’ensemble des secteurs des transports et du tourisme en Suède a été préparée afin d’informer la mission de la commission des transports et du tourisme dans le pays en 2017 (du 17 au 19 juillet).

Reducing CO2 emissions from transport

19-10-2015

International efforts to keep global warming below 2˚C and avoid catastrophic climate change require systematic cuts of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in all areas of human activity. Transport currently accounts for about a quarter of EU GHG emissions, making it the second highest emitting sector after the energy industries. While in other sectors, GHG emissions have been decreasing, in the transport domain they have risen by as much as 30% over the past 25 years. Tackling growing emissions has ...

International efforts to keep global warming below 2˚C and avoid catastrophic climate change require systematic cuts of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in all areas of human activity. Transport currently accounts for about a quarter of EU GHG emissions, making it the second highest emitting sector after the energy industries. While in other sectors, GHG emissions have been decreasing, in the transport domain they have risen by as much as 30% over the past 25 years. Tackling growing emissions has become a matter of urgency. EU measures to cut emissions from transport focus mostly on carbon dioxide (CO2) as the main GHG. While at international level the EU strives for a global approach and adoption of binding targets by the relevant regulatory organisations, it has also set its own internal targets and put policies in place to reduce GHG emissions from individual transport modes. These include an emissions trading system, binding standards for new engines, rules for fuel quality and promotion of alternative fuels. Worldwide, the imperative to reduce emissions has led many countries and cities to adopt their own legislation or put concrete measures in place, some of which are being shared, adapted and replicated. The European Parliament continues to play an active role in promoting low-carbon transport and supporting ambitious climate policies. An EP delegation will take part in the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Paris, starting on 30 November 2015.

Cutting sulphur emissions from ships

04-02-2015

To improve human health and protect the environment, the EU focuses on different aspects of air pollution from maritime transport. Tighter rules on sulphur emissions from ships came into effect on 1 January 2015. Under these rules, all ships operating in northern EU waters must comply with strict new sulphur emissions limits. Estimates of the impact vary, while different issues are at stake.

To improve human health and protect the environment, the EU focuses on different aspects of air pollution from maritime transport. Tighter rules on sulphur emissions from ships came into effect on 1 January 2015. Under these rules, all ships operating in northern EU waters must comply with strict new sulphur emissions limits. Estimates of the impact vary, while different issues are at stake.

Proceedings of the Workshop on "Monday Effect – Fuel Price Manipulation"

15-01-2014

Significant price changes on certain days in a week or periods of the year indicate that fuel price movements do not exclusively depend on supply and demand. A number of Member States, for instance Germany, The United Kingdom and Spain have already started to investigate the issue; instruments to enhance price transparency have been established in some of them. The European Commission has launched enquiries. Fuel prices must now be reported to the European Commission. Recently the OECD also published ...

Significant price changes on certain days in a week or periods of the year indicate that fuel price movements do not exclusively depend on supply and demand. A number of Member States, for instance Germany, The United Kingdom and Spain have already started to investigate the issue; instruments to enhance price transparency have been established in some of them. The European Commission has launched enquiries. Fuel prices must now be reported to the European Commission. Recently the OECD also published a report on the matter. The aim of the workshop is to have a look into the development of fuel prices in the EU. The results of the discussion will feed into the deliberations on competition policy in the ECON committee.

Auteur externe

Sean ENNIS (OECD, Paris, France), Milagros AVEDILLO CARRETERO (Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia, Madrid, Spain), Marta GARCÍA ÁLVAREZ (Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia, Madrid, Spain), Sandro GLEAVE (Bundeskartellamt, Bonn, Germany), Frode STEEN (Norwegian School of Economics, Bergen, Norway), Jordi RIPOLLÉS PIQUERAS (Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain) and Jürgen ALBRECHT (Allgemeiner Deutscher Automobil Club e.V. - ADAC, Munich, Germany) , Authors: Lewis CROFTS (MLex, Brussels, Belgium - for the summary of the workshop discussion) and Robert-Jan JARVIS (background, under the supervision of Doris KOLASSA and Stephanie HONNEFELDER)

Workshop on the Proposal for a New Energy Tax Directive (ETD)

05-10-2011

This workshop aims to prepare the upcoming discussion on the European Commission's proposal for a new Energy Tax Directive (ETD; COM(2011)169) and the subsequent report of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON). It will explain background and aims of the proposal as well as possible economic and social impacts and implications for growth and competitiveness. Finally, in order to understand the practicalities of such a tax, the application of energy and CO2 taxes in Sweden are explained ...

This workshop aims to prepare the upcoming discussion on the European Commission's proposal for a new Energy Tax Directive (ETD; COM(2011)169) and the subsequent report of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON). It will explain background and aims of the proposal as well as possible economic and social impacts and implications for growth and competitiveness. Finally, in order to understand the practicalities of such a tax, the application of energy and CO2 taxes in Sweden are explained.

Auteur externe

Rolf DIEMER (European Commission, DG TAXUD) ; Nils-Axel BRAATHEN (OECD, Environment Directorate) ; Helge Sigurd NÆSS -SCHMIDT (Copenhagen Economics) and Susanne ÅKERFELDT (Swedish Ministry of Finance, Tax and Customs Dept.)

Aspects énergétiques et environnementaux de la politique des transports

03-09-2007

La présente étude avait pour but d’identifier des mesures, réalisables d’un point de vue économique et politique, capables d’améliorer fortement l’efficacité énergétique des activités de transport et d’en réduire l'incidence négative. Elle se fondait sur un examen approfondi de statistiques, études, notes, etc., récentes et analyse essentiellement les différentes incidences et conséquences des émissions de plusieurs modes de transport. Elle se penchait également sur les recommandations portant sur ...

La présente étude avait pour but d’identifier des mesures, réalisables d’un point de vue économique et politique, capables d’améliorer fortement l’efficacité énergétique des activités de transport et d’en réduire l'incidence négative. Elle se fondait sur un examen approfondi de statistiques, études, notes, etc., récentes et analyse essentiellement les différentes incidences et conséquences des émissions de plusieurs modes de transport. Elle se penchait également sur les recommandations portant sur la manière de traiter les problèmes liés aux émissions. L’analyse de documents a permis d’identifier les mesures à court, moyen et long termes les plus prometteuses et les moins coûteuses en visant particulièrement les développements énergétiques et liés aux nouvelles technologies.

Auteur externe

Trt Trasporti e Territorio (italy) Patrizia Malgieri, Silvia Maffii and Elisa Boscherini

Alternative Automotive Fuels - Supply, Technological and Environmental Scenarios to 2030

01-12-2003

This study was carried out on behalf and with the support of the European Parliament, DG for Research, Division for Industry, Research, Energy, Environment and STOA programme. The report has been prepared by Tobias Kampet, Andreas Jahn and Henning Niemeyer of MVV Consultants and Engineers GmbH. The consultants are particularly grateful to Dr. Peter Palinkas who supported the work at the European Parliament.

This study was carried out on behalf and with the support of the European Parliament, DG for Research, Division for Industry, Research, Energy, Environment and STOA programme. The report has been prepared by Tobias Kampet, Andreas Jahn and Henning Niemeyer of MVV Consultants and Engineers GmbH. The consultants are particularly grateful to Dr. Peter Palinkas who supported the work at the European Parliament.

Auteur externe

Tobias Kampet, Andreas Jahn, Henning Niemeyer (MVV Consultants and Engineers GmbH, Berlin, Germany)

Evénements à venir

27-01-2021
Public hearing on AI and Green Deal
Audition -
AIDA
27-01-2021
EPRS online policy roundtable: President Biden’s first 100 days [...]
Autre événement -
EPRS
28-01-2021
Consequences and lessons from COVID-19 crisis for people in residential institutions
Audition -
EMPL LIBE

Partenaires