11

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Date

Living in the EU: Climate Change and Energy

30-04-2019

The European Union (EU) has been protecting the environment since the early 1970s, considering economic prosperity and environmental protection interdependent. As energy policies are a competence shared between the EU and its Member States (MS) joint strategic planning is strongly developed. Human activities can have adverse impacts on the environment, and subsequently on our well-being. Therefore, it is vital to monitor how MS perform in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy supply, ...

The European Union (EU) has been protecting the environment since the early 1970s, considering economic prosperity and environmental protection interdependent. As energy policies are a competence shared between the EU and its Member States (MS) joint strategic planning is strongly developed. Human activities can have adverse impacts on the environment, and subsequently on our well-being. Therefore, it is vital to monitor how MS perform in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy supply, considering that alongside the energy model, human behaviour of EU citizens represents the key element to prevent climate change.

Téléphonie mobile et santé: Où en sommes-nous ?

20-03-2019

Les téléphones mobiles font partie intégrante de la vie quotidienne et il est difficile d'imaginer un monde sans eux. Des préoccupations sanitaires existent néanmoins et le débat se poursuit. Il existe de nombreuses recherches sur les risques potentiels liés à l'exposition aux champs électromagnétiques radiofréquences tels que ceux émis par les téléphones portables. Cependant, l'opinion scientifique reste divisée sur la possibilité d'un lien entre le rayonnement des téléphones portables et les problèmes ...

Les téléphones mobiles font partie intégrante de la vie quotidienne et il est difficile d'imaginer un monde sans eux. Des préoccupations sanitaires existent néanmoins et le débat se poursuit. Il existe de nombreuses recherches sur les risques potentiels liés à l'exposition aux champs électromagnétiques radiofréquences tels que ceux émis par les téléphones portables. Cependant, l'opinion scientifique reste divisée sur la possibilité d'un lien entre le rayonnement des téléphones portables et les problèmes de santé. Les résultats des recherches dans ce domaine ont été interprétés de diverses manières et les études ont été critiquées pour leurs défauts méthodologiques, leur manque de signification statistique et leurs biais. En 2011, le Centre international de recherche sur le cancer, une agence de l'Organisation mondiale de la Santé, a classé les champs électromagnétiques de radiofréquences comme potentiellement cancérogènes (pouvant causer le cancer) pour l'homme. L'Union européenne a défini dans la recommandation 1999/519/CE du Conseil les restrictions de base permettant de limiter l'exposition aux champs électromagnétiques, en fixant des valeurs maximales à ne pas dépasser. En outre, compte tenu des incertitudes scientifiques, l'Agence européenne pour l'environnement recommande d'adopter une approche de précaution. Deux séries d'études expérimentales à grande échelle impliquant des animaux de laboratoire, l'une du 'National Toxicology Program' des États-Unis et l'autre de l'Institut italien Ramazzini, ont récemment ramené le débat au premier plan. Les deux ont trouvé différents niveaux de preuves de certaines tumeurs au sein d'une partie des animaux testés. Les résultats ont toutefois conduit à des conclusions divergentes.

The EU, a world leader in fighting climate change

29-05-2018

The European Union is at the forefront of international efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and thus safeguard the planet's climate. Greenhouse gases (GHG) – primarily carbon dioxide but also others, including methane and chlorofluorocarbons – trap heat in the atmosphere, leading to global warming. Higher temperatures then act on the climate, with varying effects. For example, dry regions might become drier while, at the poles, the ice caps are melting, causing higher sea levels. In 2016, ...

The European Union is at the forefront of international efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and thus safeguard the planet's climate. Greenhouse gases (GHG) – primarily carbon dioxide but also others, including methane and chlorofluorocarbons – trap heat in the atmosphere, leading to global warming. Higher temperatures then act on the climate, with varying effects. For example, dry regions might become drier while, at the poles, the ice caps are melting, causing higher sea levels. In 2016, the global average temperature was already 1.1°C above pre-industrial levels.

Auteur externe

Klugman, Cornelia;

Clean Vehicles Directive

22-03-2018

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above-mentioned proposal, adopted on 8 November 2017 and referred to the Parliament's Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI). The proposal aims to increase the market uptake of clean – low- and zero-emission — vehicles in the context of public procurement operations, thus contributing to reduction of transport emissions, as well ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying the above-mentioned proposal, adopted on 8 November 2017 and referred to the Parliament's Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI). The proposal aims to increase the market uptake of clean – low- and zero-emission — vehicles in the context of public procurement operations, thus contributing to reduction of transport emissions, as well as stimulating competitiveness and growth in the transport sector (explanatory memorandum of the proposal, p. 3).

Nature-based solutions: Concept, opportunities and challenges

27-10-2017

Nature-based solutions are actions inspired by, supported by or copied from nature that aim to help societies address a variety of environmental, social and economic challenges in sustainable ways. Most nature-based solutions do not have a single objective, but aim to bring multiple co-benefits. The concept emerged in the 2000s to promote nature as a source of solutions to challenges associated with climate change. It has been supported and broadened by the International Union for the Conservation ...

Nature-based solutions are actions inspired by, supported by or copied from nature that aim to help societies address a variety of environmental, social and economic challenges in sustainable ways. Most nature-based solutions do not have a single objective, but aim to bring multiple co-benefits. The concept emerged in the 2000s to promote nature as a source of solutions to challenges associated with climate change. It has been supported and broadened by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and later by the European Commission. In European Union (EU) policy, nature-based solutions are primarily addressed through the Horizon 2020 framework programme for research and innovation, which allocated approximately €185 million to the topic between 2014 and 2020. Other EU funds, estimated at €915 million per year, are also allocated to support green infrastructure projects. Other relevant policy initiatives include the 7th environment action programme, the biodiversity strategy, and the communication on green infrastructure. Nature-based solutions can provide a number of opportunities, including: delivering multiple benefits; reducing and/or avoiding costs; contributing to job creation and the green economy; and positioning the EU as a world leader in the area. However, nature-based solutions can also pose a number of challenges, including: tackling knowledge gaps; managing trade-offs; implementing successful actions; dealing with natural elements; and financing projects. The European Parliament has expressed support for nature-based solutions and urged Member States and the European Commission to establish a coherent network of blue-green infrastructure in rural and urban areas across the EU.

European Environment Agency: Mission, governance, output

02-06-2017

The European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union; it was established in 1993 and has its seat in Copenhagen. Its main mission is to provide the EU with objective, reliable and comparable information on the basis of which to conduct environment policy, assess environmental impacts and inform the public about the state of the environment. The Agency's main clients are the European Commission, the European Parliament and the Council, as well as its 33 member countries. Its main ...

The European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union; it was established in 1993 and has its seat in Copenhagen. Its main mission is to provide the EU with objective, reliable and comparable information on the basis of which to conduct environment policy, assess environmental impacts and inform the public about the state of the environment. The Agency's main clients are the European Commission, the European Parliament and the Council, as well as its 33 member countries. Its main bodies are the Management Board, which sets the main course, the Executive Director, who heads the Agency, and the Scientific Committee, which provides advice. The EEA has a budget of about €50 million and employs about 200 staff. The EEA's work is supported by the European Environment Information and Observation Network (Eionet), which is made up of European topic centres (consortia of organisations with expertise in a given area) and about 1 500 experts from national environmental organisations. The work of the EEA is based on five-yearly multiannual work programmes implemented through annual work programmes. The Agency's flagship publication is the report on the state and outlook of the European environment (SOER), which provides an assessment of the European environment, trends and prospects. Regular evaluations of the Agency and Eionet are programmed to take place every five years. The European Commission is currently carrying out a 'fitness check' evaluation of the two structures, with conclusions expected by the end of 2017. The European Parliament recognises the role of the EEA as a provider of information on the environment. It recently issued a series of recommendations regarding, among other things, transparency, gender balance, indicators and resources.

Circular economy with focus on waste, renewable energy and sustainable bioenergy in Estonia

15-05-2017

This briefing reviews Estonia’s progress in the transition to a circular economy, focusing on a three crucial and related policy areas: waste, renewable energy and sustainable bioenergy. A key challenge for Estonia in terms of moving to a circular economy will be to strengthen recycling, as well as high rates of separate collection in cities including Tallinn – Estonia is not on track to meet the EU’s 2020 targets for municipal solid waste recycling. • The share of renewable energy has increased ...

This briefing reviews Estonia’s progress in the transition to a circular economy, focusing on a three crucial and related policy areas: waste, renewable energy and sustainable bioenergy. A key challenge for Estonia in terms of moving to a circular economy will be to strengthen recycling, as well as high rates of separate collection in cities including Tallinn – Estonia is not on track to meet the EU’s 2020 targets for municipal solid waste recycling. • The share of renewable energy has increased strongly in the past ten years, due mainly to a growth in wind power and biomass, which is used for household heating and for district heating. The intensity of forest use is among the highest in the EU. As a large share of Estonian forests will reach maturity in coming years, Estonia has the capacity to extract greater levels of biomass.

Auteur externe

Tony Zamparutti, Alicia McNeill, Harri Moora, Maarja Joe and Evelin Piirsalu

Protection des eaux douces: Politique de l’Union européenne et état des écosystèmes d’eau douce

15-02-2017

Les écosystèmes d’eau douce sont dotés d’une biodiversité particulièrement riche et fournissent d’importants services écosystémiques. La persistance de polluants ne cesse toutefois de susciter des inquiétudes en matière de santé publique, ainsi que de conservation de la nature. Les masses d’eau de surface et souterraines sont menacées par la présence de substances synthétiques ou naturelles qui peuvent avoir une incidence négative sur le milieu aquatique et la santé humaine. L’augmentation de la ...

Les écosystèmes d’eau douce sont dotés d’une biodiversité particulièrement riche et fournissent d’importants services écosystémiques. La persistance de polluants ne cesse toutefois de susciter des inquiétudes en matière de santé publique, ainsi que de conservation de la nature. Les masses d’eau de surface et souterraines sont menacées par la présence de substances synthétiques ou naturelles qui peuvent avoir une incidence négative sur le milieu aquatique et la santé humaine. L’augmentation de la température et la surexploitation des ressources en eau constituent d’autres sujets de préoccupation. De même, les profondes modifications des écoulements naturels et les altérations physiques des masses d’eau sont également susceptibles de nuire gravement aux écosystèmes aquatiques. En adoptant la directive-cadre sur l’eau (DCE), l’Union européenne a établi un cadre juridique complet pour la protection des ressources en eau sur son territoire. La directive impose aux États membres d’atteindre un bon état pour l’ensemble des eaux de surface et souterraines à l’horizon 2015, ou 2027 au plus tard. Malheureusement, en dépit des progrès considérables accomplis au niveau de la qualité des ressources en eau, cet objectif n’a pas été atteint, comme escompté, fin 2015.

Invasive alien species: List of species of Union concern

15-12-2015

According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), invasive alien species (IAS) are the second most significant threat to biodiversity after habitat loss. They are also capable of causing significant damage to human health and to the economy. The cost of controlling invasive alien species and repairing the harm they do in the EU is estimated at €12 billion annually. To tackle this cross-border issue, an EU Regulation on IAS was adopted in 2014 and entered into force in January ...

According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), invasive alien species (IAS) are the second most significant threat to biodiversity after habitat loss. They are also capable of causing significant damage to human health and to the economy. The cost of controlling invasive alien species and repairing the harm they do in the EU is estimated at €12 billion annually. To tackle this cross-border issue, an EU Regulation on IAS was adopted in 2014 and entered into force in January 2015. The European Commission had to submit to Member States' representatives a list of 'invasive alien species of Union concern' by January 2016, as an EU wide containment measure. Under the Regulation, the list of IAS of Union concern will contain only species that are scientifically proven to be particularly harmful and that can be addressed in a cost-efficient manner. The compilation of the list is not a one-off exercise, but is intended as an ongoing process. NGOs and the European Parliament have criticised the draft list for being too short and for not including some species which they consider are particularly widespread and harmful to ecosystems.

How the EU budget is spent: LIFE programme

16-02-2015

LIFE, the EU's only funding programme entirely devoted to environmental objectives, is meant to act as a catalyst for developments in this policy area. Its achievements since 1992 include: improved conservation and restoration of some 4.7 million hectares of land; higher air quality for some 12 million people; waste prevention of around 300 000 tonnes; and recycling of a further 1 million tonnes. For 2014-20, LIFE has two components: environment and climate action. In addition, the EU 'mainstreams ...

LIFE, the EU's only funding programme entirely devoted to environmental objectives, is meant to act as a catalyst for developments in this policy area. Its achievements since 1992 include: improved conservation and restoration of some 4.7 million hectares of land; higher air quality for some 12 million people; waste prevention of around 300 000 tonnes; and recycling of a further 1 million tonnes. For 2014-20, LIFE has two components: environment and climate action. In addition, the EU 'mainstreams' these objectives into many funding programmes, with the aim of allocating 20% of its 2014-20 resources to climate-related expenditure.

Evénements à venir

25-01-2021
Public Hearing on "Gender aspects of precarious work"
Audition -
FEMM
26-01-2021
Public hearing on Co-management of EU fisheries at local level
Audition -
PECH
26-01-2021
The impact of Brexit on the level playing field in the area of taxation
Audition -
FISC

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