7

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Date

Social convergence and EU accession

28-09-2017

The European Pillar of Social Rights should serve as a 'compass for a renewed process of convergence towards better working and living conditions in the EU Member States'. Convergence of policies, regimes and outcomes happens either by 'growing together' or 'catching up'. There is, however, no consensus in the literature concerning the effect of European integration on welfare states. It is also difficult to discern whether European policy or the extent of its domestic implementation led to a certain ...

The European Pillar of Social Rights should serve as a 'compass for a renewed process of convergence towards better working and living conditions in the EU Member States'. Convergence of policies, regimes and outcomes happens either by 'growing together' or 'catching up'. There is, however, no consensus in the literature concerning the effect of European integration on welfare states. It is also difficult to discern whether European policy or the extent of its domestic implementation led to a certain result. While analysing gross domestic product and income levels alongside the social expenditure of individual Member States are the most common ways of measuring social convergence, new methods for producing synthetic measures and indexes emerge. Recently, in addition to countries' different starting points in terms of their history, institutional, political, economic and cultural contexts, the importance of micro-politics and micro-sociology are stressed as an explanation of different paths of development. For better policy design, a move beyond analyses based on traditional groupings of welfare regimes is suggested. Although both modern Spain and Portugal, and the central and eastern European countries, developed from authoritarian or totalitarian regimes, their social convergence paths differed greatly. In Spain and Portugal, the transition towards democratic stabilisation that began in the mid-1970s was further encouraged by EU accession. The countries followed distinct paths, but both experienced upward convergence. Following the 2008 crisis, however, their situation deteriorated steadily. Central and eastern European countries entered the accession process with many institutional, political and social challenges stemming from their transition to democracy since 1989. Their social convergence varied following accession, but was generally weak. After 2008, social convergence in the Baltic States declined greatly, but picked up quickly later, while the other countries showed some progress up to 2011, before deteriorating.

RESEARCH FOR REGI COMMITTEE: The economic, social and territorial situation of Romania - North-West Region

14-07-2017

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to Romania’s North-West (Nord-Vest) Region (Cluj-Napoca and Turda) of 18 to 20 September 2017 by a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development.

This briefing was prepared to provide information for the visit to Romania’s North-West (Nord-Vest) Region (Cluj-Napoca and Turda) of 18 to 20 September 2017 by a delegation of the European Parliament’s Committee on Regional Development.

Euro area reforms [What Think Tanks are thinking]

02-09-2016

The euro area and the European Union have been overhauling their economic governance systems since the 2008-09 financial crisis and the subsequent economic slump. Reforms have included the creation of authorities to better supervise the financial markets, improved mechanisms to coordinate fiscal policies, and new procedures to correct economic imbalances. Important steps have been taken to create a Banking Union. But as immediate threats to the stability of the euro area have subsided, the pace of ...

The euro area and the European Union have been overhauling their economic governance systems since the 2008-09 financial crisis and the subsequent economic slump. Reforms have included the creation of authorities to better supervise the financial markets, improved mechanisms to coordinate fiscal policies, and new procedures to correct economic imbalances. Important steps have been taken to create a Banking Union. But as immediate threats to the stability of the euro area have subsided, the pace of reform has slowed according to many analysts. One of the last significant policy contributions to the debate on how to run the euro zone was the 'Five Presidents' report', entitled 'Completing Europe's Economic and Monetary Union', published more than a year ago. This notes offers links to commentaries, studies and reports on the topic from major international think tanks and research institutes on euro areas reform. Earlier publications on the subject can be found in a previous edition of 'What Think Tanks are Thinking.'

Adopting the euro: Convergence criteria and state of play

17-07-2015

Adopting the single currency is the third stage of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). Even though all Member States participate in EMU, not all of them use the euro: the United Kingdom and Denmark have opted out, while Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Sweden are yet to adopt it, being formally obliged to do so under the Maastricht Treaty. Before this happens, they need to fulfil the convergence criteria of price stability, soundness and sustainability of public ...

Adopting the single currency is the third stage of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). Even though all Member States participate in EMU, not all of them use the euro: the United Kingdom and Denmark have opted out, while Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Sweden are yet to adopt it, being formally obliged to do so under the Maastricht Treaty. Before this happens, they need to fulfil the convergence criteria of price stability, soundness and sustainability of public finances, durability of convergence and exchange rate stability. Furthermore, they must align their national legislation with the EU acquis on national central banks. Many argue that during the euro's founding phase the convergence criteria were relaxed in order to enable a wide take-up of the currency. This however is no longer the case, as the Member States which have joined since the euro came into use have had to fulfil the criteria stringently. Bulgaria, the Czech Republic and Sweden fulfil all but one criterion (exchange rate stability) and in fact none of the seven countries have decided to join the relevant currency-pegging mechanism. Furthermore, none except Croatia have made their central bank legislation compatible with the euro area. Public opinion in these countries is divided: a majority in Romania, Hungary, Croatia and Bulgaria is in favour of adopting the euro, while in the other countries most people would vote against it. However, only 18% of all respondents want the single currency to be introduced as soon as possible. Reportedly, most of the non-euro-area Member States cannot be expected to join the euro before 2020.

Lithuania on the way towards euro adoption

10-07-2014

After Latvia joined the euro area earlier this year, Lithuania should be the next EU country to adopt the single currency. Following consultation of the European Parliament, in July the Council is expected to decide on the European Commission's proposal that Lithuania become the 19th member of the euro area on 1 January 2015.

After Latvia joined the euro area earlier this year, Lithuania should be the next EU country to adopt the single currency. Following consultation of the European Parliament, in July the Council is expected to decide on the European Commission's proposal that Lithuania become the 19th member of the euro area on 1 January 2015.

Exchange of Views with Lithuania on a Possible Euro Adoption

13-03-2014

This paper summarizes the economic situation relevant for euro adoption in Lithuania.

This paper summarizes the economic situation relevant for euro adoption in Lithuania.

L'UEM et l'élargissement: les enjeux stratégiques

01-12-1999

Dans une dizaine d'années, le nombre d'États membres de l'Union européenne devrait avoir presque doublé. Il importe de savoir combien de temps il faudra aux nouveaux adhérents pour entrer également dans la zone euro. L'étude examine en détail, en se référant au calendrier de l'élargissement, les perspectives économiques des douze pays candidats et s'interroge sur la mesure dans laquelle ils pourront remplir les critères de convergence de Maastricht. Elle s'intéresse, en outre, aux stratégies susceptibles ...

Dans une dizaine d'années, le nombre d'États membres de l'Union européenne devrait avoir presque doublé. Il importe de savoir combien de temps il faudra aux nouveaux adhérents pour entrer également dans la zone euro. L'étude examine en détail, en se référant au calendrier de l'élargissement, les perspectives économiques des douze pays candidats et s'interroge sur la mesure dans laquelle ils pourront remplir les critères de convergence de Maastricht. Elle s'intéresse, en outre, aux stratégies susceptibles d'ouvrir la voie à la participation à l'UEM, y compris la possibilité pour ces pays de lier leur monnaie à l'euro dès avant leur adhésion à l'UE. Les leçons, différentes, à tirer des expériences portugaise et est-allemande sont commentées dans des annexes.

Auteur externe

Holger van Eden, Albert de Groot, Elisabeth Ledrut, Gerbert Romijn and Lucio Vinhas de Souza, NEI Rotterdam

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