540

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
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Mot-clé
Date

Pilot projects and preparatory actions in the annual EU budgetary procedure

19-07-2019

Pilot projects and preparatory actions (PP/PAs) are tools introduced in the European Union (EU) budget that aim at testing new policy initiatives and/or preparing the ground for the adoption of future measures. Such PP/PAs give Members of the European Parliament the possibility to initiate innovative policies and fund them in advance of a legal basis being set. Both new PP/PAs and those continued from previous years must be included in the EU budget through the annual budgetary procedure.

Pilot projects and preparatory actions (PP/PAs) are tools introduced in the European Union (EU) budget that aim at testing new policy initiatives and/or preparing the ground for the adoption of future measures. Such PP/PAs give Members of the European Parliament the possibility to initiate innovative policies and fund them in advance of a legal basis being set. Both new PP/PAs and those continued from previous years must be included in the EU budget through the annual budgetary procedure.

Annual EU budgetary procedure: An introduction to the steps in the EP

19-07-2019

The European Parliament (EP) and the Council are the budgetary authority of the European Union. The two institutions, assisted by the European Commission, decide on the budget in the annual EU budgetary procedure. The annual EU budget funds EU policies and programmes following the Union's political priorities and legal obligations. The financial year starts on 1 January and ends on 31 December. The European Parliament amends the Council position through the work of its Committee on Budgets (BUDG) ...

The European Parliament (EP) and the Council are the budgetary authority of the European Union. The two institutions, assisted by the European Commission, decide on the budget in the annual EU budgetary procedure. The annual EU budget funds EU policies and programmes following the Union's political priorities and legal obligations. The financial year starts on 1 January and ends on 31 December. The European Parliament amends the Council position through the work of its Committee on Budgets (BUDG) and the specialised parliamentary committees. The EP then adopts the Parliament's reading in plenary session. This briefing presents possible scenarios set in the EU Treaties for adoption or non-adoption of the annual budget. It explains differences between the Treaty calendar and the 'pragmatic calendar'. The key actors in establishing the Parliament's position are: the Committee on Budgets and EP specialised committees, in particular the BUDG chair, the annual budget rapporteurs and their shadows, BUDG coordinators and budget rapporteurs in specialised committees. An amendment to the Council's position is a tool enabling Members of the European Parliament to modify the annual budget draft. This briefing sketches the life cycle of such an amendment. The European Parliament and the Council work out an agreement on the annual budget through negotiations consisting of trilogue meetings and conciliation. Last but not least, this briefing explains what happens if there is no agreement on the EU annual budget.

Follow up to the 2009 and 2014 Studies on the Code of Conduct for Commissioners - Improving Effectiveness and Efficiency

15-07-2019

The European Parliament is very attentive to the issue of transparency and integrity within the EU institutions. In the past, the EP has commissioned two studies to verify the level of effectiveness and efficiency of the Code of Conduct for Commissioners of the European Commission. This in-depth analysis verifies whether the Code of Conduct of 2018 complies with the requests the EP has made in order to guarantee the best performance in terms of transparency and integrity by the EC Commissioners. ...

The European Parliament is very attentive to the issue of transparency and integrity within the EU institutions. In the past, the EP has commissioned two studies to verify the level of effectiveness and efficiency of the Code of Conduct for Commissioners of the European Commission. This in-depth analysis verifies whether the Code of Conduct of 2018 complies with the requests the EP has made in order to guarantee the best performance in terms of transparency and integrity by the EC Commissioners. Most of the EP requests have been satisfied. However, there is still some room for improvement in terms of transparency of the Independent Ethical Committee, the cooling off period for Commissioners and provisions related to the role of the European Ombudsman within the Code. Moreover, the Code of Conduct, being a soft law instrument, could be upgraded to a hard law instrument having a stronger binding force. Finally, the EP could reiterate the study recommendations concerning stricter provisions on the involvement of Commissioners in the national, regional or local politics. ince the entry into force of the Financial Perspectives of 2007-2013 one decade ago, the EU’s budget has undergone significant change. In 2009, the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) agreed at Lisbon came into effect. This significantly modified the powers of the European Union’s institutions. The eruption of the global financial crisis in 2008, followed by the crisis particular to the euro area, led to pressure for austerity in the EU’s Member States and put pressure on the EU’s budget itself. This briefing provides a summary of these developments.

Les politiques de l’Union – Au service des citoyens: Le financement futur des mesures politiques de l’Union

28-06-2019

Le principe de subsidiarité signifie que l’Union européenne devrait agir là où elle est potentiellement plus efficace que ses États membres pris individuellement, et cela vaut également en matière de finances publiques, à savoir le budget de l’Union auquel s’ajoutent les instruments hors budget pour le financement des politiques de l’Union. En 2019, le budget de l’Union s’élevait à 165,8 milliards d’euros, soit environ 1 % du revenu national brut (RNB) agrégé des États membres. En termes relatifs ...

Le principe de subsidiarité signifie que l’Union européenne devrait agir là où elle est potentiellement plus efficace que ses États membres pris individuellement, et cela vaut également en matière de finances publiques, à savoir le budget de l’Union auquel s’ajoutent les instruments hors budget pour le financement des politiques de l’Union. En 2019, le budget de l’Union s’élevait à 165,8 milliards d’euros, soit environ 1 % du revenu national brut (RNB) agrégé des États membres. En termes relatifs, il est donc nettement moins important que les budgets des gouvernements nationaux de l’Union. Il joue essentiellement un rôle de vecteur des investissements, notamment en ce qui concerne le développement rural et régional, la recherche industrielle et le soutien aux petites et moyennes entreprises (PME) ainsi que le développement politique et économique des pays voisins. Ces politiques visent à produire des biens publics européens dont les retombées positives s’étendent au-delà des frontières nationales de chaque pays de l’Union. Selon des estimations de la Commission, leur coût représente moins d’un café par jour et par citoyen. Au cours de la législature 2014-2019, la capacité d’action de l’Union a été mise à mal, y compris sur le plan financier, par l’instabilité géopolitique au-delà de ses frontières, par la crise migratoire et la crise des réfugiés; par ailleurs, l’Union n’est pas parvenue à résoudre les questions autour de l’avenir de l’euro, liées au contrecoup des crises économique, financière et de la dette souveraine. Dans le même temps, l’Union a pourtant enregistré quelques avancées notables: l’actualisation des règles financières régissant l’utilisation des fonds de l’Union, qui simplifie lesdites règles et met davantage l’accent sur les performances et les résultats; la création d’un Parquet européen afin de s’attaquer plus facilement au quelque 0,35 % du budget de l’Union exposé au risque de fraudes; la révision à mi-parcours du cadre financier pluriannuel (CFP) afin de gagner en flexibilité et d’accroître la réactivité de l’Union; l’élaboration de propositions pour l’introduction de nouvelles sources de recettes à temps pour les négociations du CFP de l’après 2020; et l’adoption de mesures novatrices dans le domaine de l’ingénierie financière qui permettent de rehausser les capacités financières de l’Union grâce à la levée de fonds privés. Les élections de 2019 marquent un tournant décisif pour le financement futur des politiques de l’Union étant donné que le nouveau Parlement sera chargé de conclure les négociations relatives au prochain plan de dépenses pluriannuel. La Commission propose un CFP 2021-2027 correspondant à 1,11 % du RNB de l’Union européenne des vingt-sept (UE-27) après la sortie du Royaume-Uni de l’Union et de trouver de nouvelles sources de recettes pour l’Union afin de réduire la charge qui pèse sur les finances nationales et d’établir un lien plus clair entre recettes et politiques. Elle préconise également de consolider les progrès accomplis au cours de la législature écoulée en matière de flexibilité budgétaire, d’intégrité financière et d’état de droit, et de stimulation des investissements privés en Europe. La présente note d’information est une révision d’un document publié avant les élections européennes de 2019.

Multiannual financial framework for the years 2021 to 2027: The future of EU finances

28-06-2019

On 20 June 2019, the European Council examined the progress of work in the Council on the Commission proposal for the long-term design of the post-2020 EU budget. The European Council now aims to reach an agreement among Heads of State or Government before the end of 2019. Elements for consideration in the draft regulation, which is part of a broader package of proposals, include the following features of the new multiannual financial framework (MFF): total resources, structure, priorities, flexibility ...

On 20 June 2019, the European Council examined the progress of work in the Council on the Commission proposal for the long-term design of the post-2020 EU budget. The European Council now aims to reach an agreement among Heads of State or Government before the end of 2019. Elements for consideration in the draft regulation, which is part of a broader package of proposals, include the following features of the new multiannual financial framework (MFF): total resources, structure, priorities, flexibility provisions, and revision clauses. The European Parliament has already detailed its negotiating position in November 2018, with a view to contributing to a smooth transition to the next MFF and its related EU spending programmes as of 2021.

Outlook for the European Council and Euro Summit meetings, 20-21 June 2019

19-06-2019

The June 2019 European Council will discuss, and potentially agree on, high-level appointments to EU institutions and adopt the 2019-2024 strategic agenda. Other agenda topics are the next Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), the EU’s common climate ambition, disinformation, enlargement and foreign policy issues, including relations with Russia. EU-27 leaders will meet for a Euro Summit in extended format to discuss the report submitted by the Eurogroup on EMU reforms.

The June 2019 European Council will discuss, and potentially agree on, high-level appointments to EU institutions and adopt the 2019-2024 strategic agenda. Other agenda topics are the next Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), the EU’s common climate ambition, disinformation, enlargement and foreign policy issues, including relations with Russia. EU-27 leaders will meet for a Euro Summit in extended format to discuss the report submitted by the Eurogroup on EMU reforms.

Summary of the exchange of views on EU Member States National Declarations (ND) - Committee on Budgetary Control Meeting on 11 April 2019

14-06-2019

Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) held an exchange of views with Mr Olivier Waelbroeck, Director, European Commission, and Ms Eva Lindström, Member of the European Court of Auditors, in which they explored ways to promote the National Declarations (ND). ND are a voluntary public accountability instrument that strengthen the provision of assurance in the management of EU funds, and demonstrate the political commitment towards sound financial management.

Committee on Budgetary Control (CONT) held an exchange of views with Mr Olivier Waelbroeck, Director, European Commission, and Ms Eva Lindström, Member of the European Court of Auditors, in which they explored ways to promote the National Declarations (ND). ND are a voluntary public accountability instrument that strengthen the provision of assurance in the management of EU funds, and demonstrate the political commitment towards sound financial management.

L’histoire du budget de l’Union

14-06-2019

Le budget de l’Union européenne repose sur trois piliers: ses dépenses, son financement et son audit. La présente note d’information examine les origines du budget et son évolution, à travers la programmation pluriannuelle et la budgétisation annuelle. Elle tient compte, en arrière-plan, de l’évolution des pouvoirs budgétaires du Parlement européen, ainsi que de l’évolution de son financement et du processus de contrôle. Depuis la toute première Communauté européenne en 1952, l’élaboration du budget ...

Le budget de l’Union européenne repose sur trois piliers: ses dépenses, son financement et son audit. La présente note d’information examine les origines du budget et son évolution, à travers la programmation pluriannuelle et la budgétisation annuelle. Elle tient compte, en arrière-plan, de l’évolution des pouvoirs budgétaires du Parlement européen, ainsi que de l’évolution de son financement et du processus de contrôle. Depuis la toute première Communauté européenne en 1952, l’élaboration du budget a fait l’objet de tensions entre les institutions européennes et les États membres, et les réformes des dépenses ont été étroitement liées à celles du financement.

Auteur externe

Dr Giacomo Benedetto

European Maritime and Fisheries Fund 2021-2027

22-05-2019

The European Commission has proposed a new regulation on the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) as part of the next EU budget framework for the 2021-2027 period. The European Parliament established its first-reading position on the proposal on 4 April 2019. The new fund will continue to support the EU common fisheries policy and the Union's maritime policy. The proposal aims to simplify the delivery of the fund compared to the very complex legal framework in use for the current EMFF. It ...

The European Commission has proposed a new regulation on the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) as part of the next EU budget framework for the 2021-2027 period. The European Parliament established its first-reading position on the proposal on 4 April 2019. The new fund will continue to support the EU common fisheries policy and the Union's maritime policy. The proposal aims to simplify the delivery of the fund compared to the very complex legal framework in use for the current EMFF. It therefore presents a more flexible architecture: this would allow Member States to use the funds where they see the greatest need, instead of being bound to a list of pre-defined measures and eligibility rules. Small-scale coastal fisheries and outermost regions would receive greater preferential treatment. It further proposes increased support for international ocean governance and stronger synergies with other EU policies. The fund is also expected to contribute to the development of the blue economy and support the EU's climate objectives. Negotiations with the Council on the proposal are expected to start in the new term. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

The European Public Prosecutor’s Office: Strategies For Coping With Complexity

15-05-2019

This study analyses challenges related to the establishment of the European Public Prosecutor’s Office (EPPO) as enhanced cooperation among the current 22 Member States and discusses possible solutions for coping with them. Complexity is identified as a main challenge owing to the EPPO’s specific multilevel structure, the relationship between the EPPO and non-participating Member States, and the fact that the EPPO Regulation leaves many procedural rules to the law of the Member State in which an ...

This study analyses challenges related to the establishment of the European Public Prosecutor’s Office (EPPO) as enhanced cooperation among the current 22 Member States and discusses possible solutions for coping with them. Complexity is identified as a main challenge owing to the EPPO’s specific multilevel structure, the relationship between the EPPO and non-participating Member States, and the fact that the EPPO Regulation leaves many procedural rules to the law of the Member State in which an investigation takes place. Depending on the nature of the challenge, the suggested strategies to cope with complexity encompass legislative, administrative, and monitoring measures.

Auteur externe

Hartmut Aden, Maria-Luisa Sanchez-Barrueco, Paul Stephenson

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