119

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

Impact Assessment and European Added Value work during the eighth legislative term, 2014-2019

03-07-2019

The responsibility for better law-making is shared between the European Union institutions. In recent years Parliament has developed its own instruments to guarantee proper and independent assessment and to support parliamentary committees in their work. The concept of impact assessment is applied throughout the whole policy cycle – on both an ex-ante and an ex-post basis – from the design of legislation through to its implementation, evaluation and revision. The European Parliament also advocates ...

The responsibility for better law-making is shared between the European Union institutions. In recent years Parliament has developed its own instruments to guarantee proper and independent assessment and to support parliamentary committees in their work. The concept of impact assessment is applied throughout the whole policy cycle – on both an ex-ante and an ex-post basis – from the design of legislation through to its implementation, evaluation and revision. The European Parliament also advocates a proper assessment of European added value, in terms of what savings will result from a European solution and if supplementary costs would arise in the absence of a European solution. This briefing provides a look back over five years’ experience in support of better regulation for the benefit of citizens.

Cost of non-Europe in robotics and artificial intelligence

12-06-2019

Robotics is a wide and multi-faceted domain, which crosses boundaries between many economics sectors and legal disciplines. The perception of a need for some kind of Europe-wide legal framework to accompany the development of robotic and artificial intelligence (AI) technologies is growing. A harmonised EU regulatory framework concerning specifically liability and insurance regarding robotics and AI could provide greater legal certainty and promote trust. It could also stimulate greater research ...

Robotics is a wide and multi-faceted domain, which crosses boundaries between many economics sectors and legal disciplines. The perception of a need for some kind of Europe-wide legal framework to accompany the development of robotic and artificial intelligence (AI) technologies is growing. A harmonised EU regulatory framework concerning specifically liability and insurance regarding robotics and AI could provide greater legal certainty and promote trust. It could also stimulate greater research and development activity by producers and increase the speed of uptake of these two new emerging technologies by consumers, resulting in a possible positive impact in terms of GDP. Research suggests that, by 2030, EU GDP could be 0.04 % higher than it would otherwise be under the current regulatory framework.

Auteur externe

This study has been written by Bob Martens and Jorren Garrez of DLA Piper UK LLP and Cambridge Econometrics at the request of the European Added Value Unit within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the European Parliament.

Area of freedom, security and justice: Cost of Non-Europe

08-05-2019

Substantial progress has been made since creating an area of freedom, security and justice became a major political objective for the EU 20 years ago. Still, there is a lack of consistent monitoring and enforcement of EU values and norms as well as outstanding gaps in the EU’s framework in certain areas. These deficiencies have a significant impact at individual level, notably in terms of preventing the effective exercise of fundamental rights by EU citizens and third country nationals alike. They ...

Substantial progress has been made since creating an area of freedom, security and justice became a major political objective for the EU 20 years ago. Still, there is a lack of consistent monitoring and enforcement of EU values and norms as well as outstanding gaps in the EU’s framework in certain areas. These deficiencies have a significant impact at individual level, notably in terms of preventing the effective exercise of fundamental rights by EU citizens and third country nationals alike. They also have a negative effect on budgetary spending, growth and tax revenue, which is estimated at at least €180 billion annually, with the lack of enforcement of EU values still to be assessed in more detail. Further EU action in four main areas: 1. monitoring and enforcement; 2. the creation of safe legal pathways for migrants and asylum seekers to enter the EU; 3. ingraining a European law enforcement culture; and 4. completing the Union’s fundamental rights framework, would have significant benefits. In particular, it could allow individuals to fully enjoy their fundamental rights and make EU society more secure, open, fair and prosperous. This would also foster trust in the EU on the basis of its ability to deliver on its aims

The relationship between artistic activities and digital technology development

03-05-2019

This report examines how digital technology change is affecting artistic activity and how artistic activity is affecting digital technology. Artistic activity is broadly defined to include design, film, computer games, architecture, music and fashion as well as art. The focus is on digital technology’s role in creative activity. The study examines global trends with a particular focus on the European Union (EU). It describes likely future trends and sets out policy options to encourage activity at ...

This report examines how digital technology change is affecting artistic activity and how artistic activity is affecting digital technology. Artistic activity is broadly defined to include design, film, computer games, architecture, music and fashion as well as art. The focus is on digital technology’s role in creative activity. The study examines global trends with a particular focus on the European Union (EU). It describes likely future trends and sets out policy options to encourage activity at the intersection of artistic and technological skills.

Auteur externe

DG, EPRS

Extrait de l’étude - Un gain de 2 000 milliards d’euros pour l’Europe: Évaluer le coût de la non-Europe 2019 2024

18-04-2019

Le présent document est extrait d’une étude rassemblant les travaux en cours sur un projet à long terme visant à évaluer et à analyser le «coût de la non-Europe» dans plusieurs domaines thématiques. Cette notion, forgée par le Parlement européen dans les années 1980, est utilisée ici pour quantifier les gains d’efficacité susceptibles d’être réalisés dans l’économie européenne en mettant en œuvre une série d’initiatives récemment préconisées par le Parlement, depuis un marché unique numérique plus ...

Le présent document est extrait d’une étude rassemblant les travaux en cours sur un projet à long terme visant à évaluer et à analyser le «coût de la non-Europe» dans plusieurs domaines thématiques. Cette notion, forgée par le Parlement européen dans les années 1980, est utilisée ici pour quantifier les gains d’efficacité susceptibles d’être réalisés dans l’économie européenne en mettant en œuvre une série d’initiatives récemment préconisées par le Parlement, depuis un marché unique numérique plus étendu et approfondi jusqu’à une coordination plus systématique des politiques nationales et européennes en matière de défense et de développement, en passant par un renforcement de la coopération en vue de lutter contre la fraude fiscale des entreprises. Les bénéfices peuvent être mesurés principalement en termes de produit intérieur brut (PIB) supplémentaire généré ou d’utilisation plus rationnelle des ressources publiques. La dernière analyse suggère que des gains potentiels de plus de 2 200 milliards d’euros pour l’économie européenne (dans l’Union à 28) pourraient être réalisés si les politiques préconisées par le Parlement dans une série de domaines spécifiques étaient adoptées par les institutions de l’Union, avant d’être pleinement mises en œuvre entre 2019 et 2029. Il s’agirait, en effet, d’un «gain de deux mille milliards d’euros pour l’Europe», soit une augmentation d’environ 14 % du PIB total de l’Union (qui était de 15 300 milliards d’euros en 2017). L’étude se veut une contribution au débat en cours sur les priorités d’action de l’Union européenne pendant le prochain cycle institutionnel quinquennal 2019-2024.

Auteur externe

DG, EPRS;

The cost of non-Europe in the area of legal migration

14-03-2019

Further EU action in the area of legal migration could address obstacles experienced by Third Country Nationals within the European Union. Depending on the policy option pursued these options could result in up to €21,75 billion in benefits. Further gains could be made by addressing the fragmented national policies in this area, which are currently undermining ability of the EU as a whole to attract the workers and researchers it needs.

Further EU action in the area of legal migration could address obstacles experienced by Third Country Nationals within the European Union. Depending on the policy option pursued these options could result in up to €21,75 billion in benefits. Further gains could be made by addressing the fragmented national policies in this area, which are currently undermining ability of the EU as a whole to attract the workers and researchers it needs.

The benefit of EU action in health policy: The record to date

08-03-2019

European health policy measures taken to date are highly beneficial to and relevant for European citizens, economies and the Member States. The EU does acquit its responsibility and utilises its capacity to act on behalf of EU citizens in this policy area. The study concludes that EU health policy clearly achieves added value.

European health policy measures taken to date are highly beneficial to and relevant for European citizens, economies and the Member States. The EU does acquit its responsibility and utilises its capacity to act on behalf of EU citizens in this policy area. The study concludes that EU health policy clearly achieves added value.

Special Reports of the European Court of Auditors - A Rolling Check-list of recent findings

28-02-2019

This rolling checklist presents an overview of the European Court of Auditors’ (ECA) special reports, concentrating on those relevant for the 2017 discharge procedure. It strives to link the research topics of the special reports to the relevant debates and positions within the European Parliament, including the working documents of the Committee on Budgetary Control, the work of the specialised parliamentary committees, plenary resolutions and individual questions by Members.

This rolling checklist presents an overview of the European Court of Auditors’ (ECA) special reports, concentrating on those relevant for the 2017 discharge procedure. It strives to link the research topics of the special reports to the relevant debates and positions within the European Parliament, including the working documents of the Committee on Budgetary Control, the work of the specialised parliamentary committees, plenary resolutions and individual questions by Members.

Standard Essential Patents and the Internet of Things

15-01-2019

This in-depth analysis, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, assesses the European Commission of (EC) Communication of 29 November 2017 on the EU approach to Standard Essential Patents. The report examines the principles identified in the Communication with respect to the Commission’s proposals on (i) increasing transparency on SEPs; (ii) determining valuation of SEPs( Standard Essential Patents ...

This in-depth analysis, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, assesses the European Commission of (EC) Communication of 29 November 2017 on the EU approach to Standard Essential Patents. The report examines the principles identified in the Communication with respect to the Commission’s proposals on (i) increasing transparency on SEPs; (ii) determining valuation of SEPs( Standard Essential Patents) and FRAND ( Fair, Reasonable, and Non-Discriminatory) terms; and (iii) enforcement. The report evaluates the efficient resolution of licensing disputes over FRAND, including via litigation, arbitration and mediation, licensing pools and collective licensing. The current document also puts forward some policy recommendations to, inter alia, enhance the general environment of FRAND licencing in the context of SEPs.

Auteur externe

Dr Luke MCDONAGH Dr Enrico BONADIO

Researche for AGRI Committee - A comparative analysis of global agricultural policies: lessons for the future CAP

14-12-2018

This study provides a comparative analysis of global agricultural policies aimed at drawing lessons for the future of the CAP. Against the background of the main trends in agricultural support as well as recent changes and new initiatives in global agricultural policies, an in depth analysis is made of selected instruments in five countries (Australia, Canada, Japan, Switzerland, US). Recommendations are made on how current instruments and the policy mix can be improved to better address challenges ...

This study provides a comparative analysis of global agricultural policies aimed at drawing lessons for the future of the CAP. Against the background of the main trends in agricultural support as well as recent changes and new initiatives in global agricultural policies, an in depth analysis is made of selected instruments in five countries (Australia, Canada, Japan, Switzerland, US). Recommendations are made on how current instruments and the policy mix can be improved to better address challenges for agriculture and rural development in the European Union.

Auteur externe

Simone STERLY, Roel JONGENEEL, Holger PABST, Huib SILVIS, Jeff CONNOR, David FRESHWATER, Mikitaro SHOBAYASHI, Yukio KINOSHITA, Cornelis VAN KOOTEN, Alexander ZORN

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