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This document provides an overview of public hearings and exchange of views with the Chair of the European Central Bank (ECB) Supervisory Board in the ECON Committee since July 2019. It also provides an overview of all external papers requested by the ECON Committee by a standing panel of banking experts. Lastly, the annex contains an overview of the respective legal bases for these hearings as part of the accountability framework of the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM). For an overview of public ...

This study aims to analyse the problems that Member States’ authorities and bodies experience in the implementation, control and audit of EU expenditure, their root causes and implications for the Single Audit approach. In particular, the specific objectives of this study are to: • Gain a comprehensive insight into the causes of the problems that Member States’ authorities and bodies face when implementing, controlling and auditing the European Union budget. • Assess the quality of their work ...

Anti-money-laundering package

Briefing 20-12-2021

The IA covers four Commission proposals on anti-money laundering and countering financing of terrorism. This legislative package includes major changes designed to strengthen and tackle shortcomings in the current regulatory framework, such as the creation of a new AML authority. This briefing analyses the strengths and weaknesses of the impact assessment accompanying the proposed revisions. The Commission consulted a wide range of stakeholders to support the initiative. The IA clearly defines the ...

What About Policy Normalisation?

Grinnanailís 13-09-2021

As the ECB follows the time-honoured inflation targeting strategy, it runs the risk of, once more, failing to normalise its policy in time for the next unexpected shock. With interest rates at their lower bounds and facing historic uncertainty that undermines its policy effectiveness, a strong case can be made for developing a Plan B. This paper was provided by the Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies at the request of the committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs ...

Shadow banking is a form of bank-like intermediation where regulatory standards are looser than for regular banks. It includes money market funds and other funds using leverage, securities and derivatives dealers, securitisations, securities financing transactions and derivatives, as well as new players like digital lenders and stablecoins. We look at theoretical contributions and empirical data and suggest possible policy options. We recommend that rules be unambiguous and apply to all institutions ...

To cushion the economic fallout from the coronavirus pandemic, the European Commission has taken several measures, including in financial markets. One of these involves updating the EU regulatory framework with regard to on-balance-sheet synthetic securitisation and the securitisation of non-performing exposures (NPEs) to enhance the capacity of securitisation to contribute to the economic recovery of the EU. The European Parliament is expected to vote during the March II plenary session on the provisional ...

This briefing provides an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment (IA) accompanying Commission proposals to strengthen digital operational resilience in the EU, which are part of the digital finance package. The IA would have benefited from a more balanced set of options, and it would have been useful to further clarify the arguments supporting the choice between options 2 and 3. The assessment of social impacts is very limited, and the competitiveness ...

This briefing provides a summary of ESMA’s Fast-Track Peer-Review (FTPR), published on 3 November 2020. ESMA carried out an assessment of the effectiveness of the supervisory response in the financial reporting area by BaFin and FREP in the context of Wirecard AG fraud case.

The rapid growth of digital finance and crypto-assets has raised questions about the appropriate regulatory perimeter and the ability of the existing regulatory architecture to adapt to changing conditions. In this study, we evaluate the impact in terms of benefits and in terms of risk reduction that the adoption of an EU legislative initiative on a framework for crypto-assets, on cyber-resilience and on a data strategy would bring.

The Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) is, along with the Single Resolution Mechanism, one of the pillars or the Banking Union (the third pillar, the common deposit guarantee scheme, still pending completion). It comprises the European Central Bank, in its supervisory capacity, and the national supervisory authorities (NCAs) of participating Member States.