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The European Parliament's application of scrutiny prerogatives of political oversight of the European Commission increases the democratic legitimacy of the European Union, and the transparency and accountability of the European executive. The study examines the status quo of the European Parliament's powers of scrutiny of the European Commission. The cases examined pertain mainly to electoral and institutional issues, motions of censure, parliamentary questions, inquiry committees and special parliamentary ...

This study was commissioned by the CULT committee of the European Parliament as a general reflection on the performance of the Erasmus+ programme so far. The study provides a complement to the European Commission mid-term evaluation of Erasmus+. This current project examines 1) the outcomes of Erasmus+ so far, notably focussing on the implementation experiences in using Erasmus+ in 10 Member States, 2) the decision-making procedures used in the programme, highlighting how delegated and implementing ...

Member States' success in implementing environmental legislation can be measured through the information they send to the European Commission (reporting), which is based on the control activities they carry out (monitoring). In its 2018 work programme, the European Commission announced its intention to streamline requirements in this area, as a follow-up to a Fitness Check on Environmental Monitoring and Reporting (finalised in June 2017).

The monthly scrutiny slot at the ECON meeting of 21 November 2017 focued on the Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS) specifying the requirements on strong customer authentication and common and secure communication under PSD2 which the Commission is about to adopt. These RTS have been previously discussed in ECON scrutiny slots and are the most sensitive PSD2 level-2 measure on which the industry has voiced concerns. The end of the session was dedicated to the RTS on separation of payment card schemes ...

‘Derivatives’, ‘central counterparties’ and ‘trade repositories’. What are they and how are they inter-related? Why was regulation necessary, and how does the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR) regulate? This paper places these elements in context and provides an introduction to the subject of over-the-counter derivatives, as well as the developments that led to the Commission's proposals for revision of the legislation in 2017.

The European Union is a contracting party to the South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (SPRFMO), and therefore the binding conservation and management measures adopted by this organisation must be enacted into EU law. The European Parliament is currently considering the Commission's proposal on the first transposition of SPRFMO measures.

This briefing has been drawn up to support ECON’s work on the scrutiny of delegated acts, in particular for the discussion of 8 June 2017 on Level-2 measures under Regulation (EU) No 2016/1011 on indices used as benchmarks in financial instruments and financial contracts or to measure the performance of investment funds.

Following the entry into force of the Treaty of Rome, Member States’ agricultural policies were replaced by intervention mechanisms at Community level. The foundations of the common agricultural policy (CAP) have remained unchanged since the Treaty of Rome, with the exception of rules relating to the decision-making procedure. The Lisbon Treaty recognised codecision as the ‘ordinary legislative procedure’ for the CAP, in place of the consultation procedure.

Alongside closer integration of the single market in financial services on the one hand and the more general globalisation of the sector on the other, the issue of access for third-country institutions has become increasingly important – not least recently in relation to the question of access to the continent for City of London-based financial services firms in the context of the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union (Brexit). Companies established in any European Economic Area (EEA ...

This briefing has been drawn up to support ECON’s work on the scrutiny of delegated acts, in particular as regards the discussion of 25 January 2017 on the implementing measures under the Insurance Distribution Directive (EU) 2016/97.