Cuardaigh

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Proposed anti-coercion instrument

Briefing 24-11-2022

It is widely held that geopolitical tensions in the world are on the rise. One of the clear indicators of this phenomenon is the increasing use of economic tools for the pursuit of strategic and geopolitical goals. This can take the form of coercion used by one country against another through restrictions on trade or investment in order to interfere with their sovereign choices. In response to the EU and its Member States becoming the target of deliberate economic coercion in recent years, on 8 December ...

Brazil is the 10th largest economy in the world and the largest in Latin America. Its recent history can be divided into three main periods: one of economic stabilisation, which laid the foundations for economic growth; one of growth and reduction in inequality; and one of crisis, which has highlighted not only the country's strengths and potential but also its vulnerabilities. In 2018, after two years of economic crisis and several public corruption scandals, voters elected far-right Jair Bolsonaro ...

The United States (US) was responsible for over 12 % of global emissions in 2019. US per capita emissions of 18 tonnes CO2 equivalent (tCO2e) in 2019 were triple the world average and over double the EU level. This is one of a series of EPRS briefings on major economies outside the European Union, looking at their climate policies in the run-up to the COP27 United Nations climate change conference of parties being held in November 2022.

This paper provides a summary of recent economic, financial and budgetary decisions and developments following President Vladimir Putin’s decision of 24 February to start a military attack against Ukraine. It includes recent information relating to the EU sanctions regime, recent economic estimates, and policies supporting economic and financial resilience, including the coordination of national economic and fiscal measures. It also highlights policy recommendations made in the public domain to mitigate ...

The Horn of Africa

Sracfhéachaint 28-09-2022

Food insecurity and violent conflict plague the eight Horn of Africa countries (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Uganda). A hub on the Red Sea trade and migration routes, bordering the unstable areas of the Sahel and central Africa, the region is of strategic interest for the EU. The EU's policy for the Horn of Africa initially focused on development, but is now set to tackle security issues too in the wake of piracy attacks and the rise in instability. Parliament ...

The EU-US Trade and Technology Council (TTC) was formally launched during the EU-US Summit in June 2021 to intensify transatlantic cooperation, expand bilateral trade and investment, and reinforce the parties' technological and industrial leadership. Another aim is to ensure that trade and technology serve society and economy while preserving shared values. The TTC has held two high-level political meetings, in September 2021 in Pittsburgh and in May 2022 in Paris-Saclay. These meetings steer cooperation ...

This in depth analysis updates a previous report commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs and describes the most relevant developments in the period 2018-2022 in chronological order and then draws conclusions which include a systemic view of the current institutional dynamics, a provisional legal analysis on the basis of existing rules and policy suggestions.

The European Commission's President, Ursula von der Leyen, unveiled a package of measures to curb energy prices, which skyrocketed in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, and stressed the EU’s unwavering solidarity with Ukraine, in her annual State of the Union address delivered on 14 September. The plan envisages cuts in the use of electricity across the bloc, a cap on the revenues of companies which produce electricity at low cost, aid for companies and individuals hit by the energy crisis ...

Follow-up of the commitments made by Dombrovskis in his capacity of Executive Vice-President and in his capacity of Commissioner for Trade (and his predecessor, Phil Hogan) since 2019.

This Briefing, written by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the FEMM Committee, provides background information for the FEMM Delegation to Ethiopia scheduled from 19 to 23 September 2022. It includes information about the elimination of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), the barriers to women’s political participation, the violence against women in the current war context and the situation of the LGBTI community in ...