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Measuring well-being and progress: Looking beyond GDP

04-03-2014

Gross domestic product (GDP), a measure of national economic production, has come to be used as a general measure of well-being and progress in society, and as a key indicator in deciding a wide range of public policies. However GDP does not take into account non-economic factors such as social issues and the environment. In the aftermath of the crisis, the EU needs reliable, transparent and convincing measures for evaluating progress.

Gross domestic product (GDP), a measure of national economic production, has come to be used as a general measure of well-being and progress in society, and as a key indicator in deciding a wide range of public policies. However GDP does not take into account non-economic factors such as social issues and the environment. In the aftermath of the crisis, the EU needs reliable, transparent and convincing measures for evaluating progress.

Presidential Elections in Venezuela : Towards 20 Years of Bolivarian Revolution ?

26-10-2012

President Hugo Chávez won his fourth presidential election, with 55.1% of the vote, almost 11% more than his main rival, Henrique Capriles, the candidate of a united opposition. Voter turnout was very high and voting took place in a calm atmosphere, with no irregularities reported. President Chávez was supported by a broad alliance led by his own United Socialist Party of Venezuela. He campaigned on a platform to reinforce social and economic change. Henrique Capriles was backed by an alliance integrating ...

President Hugo Chávez won his fourth presidential election, with 55.1% of the vote, almost 11% more than his main rival, Henrique Capriles, the candidate of a united opposition. Voter turnout was very high and voting took place in a calm atmosphere, with no irregularities reported. President Chávez was supported by a broad alliance led by his own United Socialist Party of Venezuela. He campaigned on a platform to reinforce social and economic change. Henrique Capriles was backed by an alliance integrating nearly all the opposition. Capriles campaigned on a platform advocating moderation and pragmatic solutions to solve Venezuela's problems. Both candidates recognised the result of the elections and stated their commitment to dialogue. However, it is doubtful whether this will lead to a more cooperative political climate. State elections will take place in mid-December, meaning that the government-opposition rivalry continues. Despite being cleared of cancer in July 2012, Chávez's health has led some to doubt whether he will conclude his new six-year term. The appointment of Nicolas Maduro as Vice President could be considered a possible succession strategy. The re-elected President Chávez and his government will need to address a number of challenges. Among the most important are the increase in crime rates and violence. Many analysts expect a devaluation of the currency, which could drive up the country's already high inflation rates. Yet, if oil prices remain high, the country should enjoy a substantial trade surplus and steady revenues, meaning that current economic policies are unlikely to change.

The Political and Social Developments in Russia in 2012 as a Consequence of its New Role on the Global Stage

02-05-2012

After 18 years of negotiations, Russia is in the process of joining the WTO and is seeking membership of the OECD. On 1 July 2012 it will take over the chairmanship of the G20 for a year. Russian policies, institutional developments and government and corporate conduct will continue to be influenced mainly by domestic events. Of all external influences, the world oil price will remain the most significant. There is unlikely to be much change in Russian foreign policy. Russia has made the Customs ...

After 18 years of negotiations, Russia is in the process of joining the WTO and is seeking membership of the OECD. On 1 July 2012 it will take over the chairmanship of the G20 for a year. Russian policies, institutional developments and government and corporate conduct will continue to be influenced mainly by domestic events. Of all external influences, the world oil price will remain the most significant. There is unlikely to be much change in Russian foreign policy. Russia has made the Customs Union (CU) with Kazakhstan and Belarus a political priority. As regards a possible free trade area (FTA) between the EU and Russia, most EU officials doubt this could be a serious agenda item for the foreseeable future. Accession to the WTO should assist, at the margin, in promoting transparency and openness to foreign investment, and hence competition in the Russian economy. The direct, medium-term consequences of WTO accession on the Russian economy, and therefore on employment, Russian households and the regions are likely to be modest.

Údar seachtarach

Philip Hanson (Chatham House) and Fraser Cameron (EU-Russia Centre)

Development Education and Awareness Raising (DEAR): Towards a European strategy

16-03-2012

Development Education and Awareness Raising (DEAR) aims to generate critical understanding of development cooperation policies and efforts, and active involvement of the public in them.

Development Education and Awareness Raising (DEAR) aims to generate critical understanding of development cooperation policies and efforts, and active involvement of the public in them.

Forces of Reform and Education Systems of GCC Countries

25-10-2010

Social change and transformation in the GCC countries is only possible with the active internal involvement of citizens in political and social dialogue, leading to a coordinated and gradual “change from within”. However, having been led by autocratic rulers for centuries, the region’s citizens lack the resources and understanding of political mobilisation and responsibility. An educational system that delivers real outcomes can broaden the economic and social opportunities of its citizens, empowering ...

Social change and transformation in the GCC countries is only possible with the active internal involvement of citizens in political and social dialogue, leading to a coordinated and gradual “change from within”. However, having been led by autocratic rulers for centuries, the region’s citizens lack the resources and understanding of political mobilisation and responsibility. An educational system that delivers real outcomes can broaden the economic and social opportunities of its citizens, empowering and preparing them to assume their role as “agents of change” while reinforcing their social and intellectual development. Although the GCC countries have come a long way in enhancing enrolment and literacy rates, the region’s educational systems still suffer from low quality, misaligned incentives, lack of public accountability, inability to provide the skills needed in the market, and equipping pupils with critical thinking capacities. The EU has to a take more active role in providing assistance and sharing its know-how, instead of narrowly focusing on venues of cooperation in higher education, typically oriented for industrialised nations.

Údar seachtarach

Rym AYADI (Senior Research Fellow, CEPS)

Improving the Participation in the ERASMUS Programme

15-07-2010

This study explores the extent to which European students experience financial and other barriers to participation in the ERASMUS programme. The evidence indicates that the main barriers to participation vary significantly between countries, with the exception of financial issues, which are an important concern for students everywhere. ERASMUS participation is associated with students’ socio-economic background, primarily influenced by individual preferences and cost-benefit considerations rather ...

This study explores the extent to which European students experience financial and other barriers to participation in the ERASMUS programme. The evidence indicates that the main barriers to participation vary significantly between countries, with the exception of financial issues, which are an important concern for students everywhere. ERASMUS participation is associated with students’ socio-economic background, primarily influenced by individual preferences and cost-benefit considerations rather than questions of affordability. Other barriers to ERASMUS participation include problems with study credit recognition, as well as insufficient language skills and existing personal commitments.

Údar seachtarach

Hans Vossensteyn, Maarja Beerkens, Leon Cremonini - CHEPS, University of Twente (NL) - Barbara Besançon, Noor Focken, Bart Leurs, AEF (NL) - Andrew McCoshan, Neringa Mozuraityte, ECOTEC (UK) - Jeroen Huisman, Manuel Souto Otero, Paulo Charles Pimentel Bótas - ICHEM, University of Bath (UK) - Hans de Wit, University of Applied Sciences, Amsterdam (NL)

Analysis of the National Indicative Programme (2011-2013) and the Mid-Term Review of the Country Strategy Paper (2007-2013) of Morocco

22-01-2010

Morocco’s engagement with the EU through the Euro Mediterranean Partnership and the ENP together with the award in October 2008 of ‘Advanced Status’ in its relationship with the Union, underlines the external dimension and reference point for Morocco’s reforms. The EU and its member states have been key partners for Morocco on its way towards economic, social and political reforms through the provision of substantial economic and political support. Specific objectives are laid down in an EU-Morocco ...

Morocco’s engagement with the EU through the Euro Mediterranean Partnership and the ENP together with the award in October 2008 of ‘Advanced Status’ in its relationship with the Union, underlines the external dimension and reference point for Morocco’s reforms. The EU and its member states have been key partners for Morocco on its way towards economic, social and political reforms through the provision of substantial economic and political support. Specific objectives are laid down in an EU-Morocco Neighbourhood Action Plan, jointly adopted in July 2005. Nevertheless, Morocco’s adoption of externally modelled reforms has not yet resulted in their full implementation. Part of this failure is due to the inevitable problems of capacity building inherent in a relatively low-income state with low levels of literacy and education. Considering the persistence of these problems, the new NIP should provide further assistance to these highly vulnerable areas. Given that the NIP is a document which is intended to underpin an operational instrument, it is revealing that it does not provide a clear break-down of the financial supports being proposed for the programmatic areas within each cooperation priority, even though these priorities/programmatic areas are, at the same time, very general.

Údar seachtarach

SOFRECO PARIS, FRANCE

Analysis of the National Indicative Programme (2011-2013) of the Lebanese Republic

22-01-2010

Lebanon currently faces a dual challenge. On the one hand it must ensure a stable governance to allow durable recovery of the country. On the other hand, it should push through urgent comprehensive political and economic reforms. Achieving these results inside the country, would also help the overall stability of the region. Conversely, the internal stability depends heavily on the Middle East Peace Process and the situation in the region. A prerequisite for Lebanon to take up its challenges is linked ...

Lebanon currently faces a dual challenge. On the one hand it must ensure a stable governance to allow durable recovery of the country. On the other hand, it should push through urgent comprehensive political and economic reforms. Achieving these results inside the country, would also help the overall stability of the region. Conversely, the internal stability depends heavily on the Middle East Peace Process and the situation in the region. A prerequisite for Lebanon to take up its challenges is linked to the need to ensure broad-based consensus on the government reform programme. Lebanon is fully supported by the EU in these efforts. It is a fully-fledged partner of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), since the Association Agreement entered into force in 2006 setting the framework for a truly comprehensive cooperation. The ENP Action Plan was adopted in January 2007, although the political standstill has slowed down its implementation. Thus, the CSP/NIP 2007-2010 and the new NIP (2011-2013) focus on support to help Lebanon pushing through its reforms. The need for the newly formed government to work on reforms on the basis of a stable consensus remain a major factor also to ensure effective implementation of EU assistance. Against this background, the new NIP should emphasise the synergies between the various programmes (e.g. economic reforms and social development support), while doing its utmost to prepare the envisaged shift towards sector wide approaches and budget support.

Údar seachtarach

SOFRECO PARIS, FRANCE

Analysis of the National Indicative Programme (2011-2013) of the Syrian Arab Republic

22-01-2010

Syria is an important partner for the EU in the region and it plays a key role in the stabilisation process in the Middle East. The EU has reiterated on several occasions its support Syria’s needed reforms, including to move towards a social market model. Yet, Syria is a special case in the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) for the Southern Mediterranean. The signature of the Association Agreement – a prerequisite for fully-fledged ENP status - is still pending, with newer doubts from the Syrian ...

Syria is an important partner for the EU in the region and it plays a key role in the stabilisation process in the Middle East. The EU has reiterated on several occasions its support Syria’s needed reforms, including to move towards a social market model. Yet, Syria is a special case in the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) for the Southern Mediterranean. The signature of the Association Agreement – a prerequisite for fully-fledged ENP status - is still pending, with newer doubts from the Syrian side on its content. Thus, Syria is the only partner not to have a ENP Action Plan missing thus an important guidance for programming the EU financial assistance. These complexities emerge clearly when comparing the previous (2008-2010) and new (2011-2013) NIP. Although the strategic choices are broadly confirmed, the new NIP features does not include assistance to some reform areas that were presented as crucially important for the country and highly resources demanding. If continued support is to be provided to the Syrian authorities in their overall long-term reform efforts, the new NIP should then provide more resources to support the country’s needs for its political and socio-economic reforms. This should be done against a more thorough assessment of the overall needs for financial assistance in the various reforms sectors and the contribution from other donors.

Údar seachtarach

SOFRECO PARIS, FRANCE

Social Dialogue and its Contribution to Social Cohesion in Turkey

18-02-2008

Údar seachtarach

Giorgos Glynos

Imeachtaí atá ar na bacáin

11-06-2020
CONT Public Hearing: Implementation of EU funds
Éisteacht -
CONT
11-06-2020
STOA Roundtable on Digital Sovereign Identity
Ceardlann -
STOA
15-06-2020
EPRS online Book Talk | A Certain Idea of France: The life of Charles de Gaulle
Imeacht eile -
EPRS

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