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Macro-Financial Assistance to EU Member States – State of Play – August 2021

26-08-2021

This document provides regularly updated information on EU Member States which receive or received financial assistance from the ESM, the EFSF, the EFSM, the EU balance of payments assistance facility, other Member States and/or the IMF. Since August 2018 all financial assistance programmes to EU Member States have been concluded; therefore, the document focuses on the implementation of the enhanced surveillance framework for Greece and post-programme reviews for Ireland, Portugal, Romania, Cyprus ...

This document provides regularly updated information on EU Member States which receive or received financial assistance from the ESM, the EFSF, the EFSM, the EU balance of payments assistance facility, other Member States and/or the IMF. Since August 2018 all financial assistance programmes to EU Member States have been concluded; therefore, the document focuses on the implementation of the enhanced surveillance framework for Greece and post-programme reviews for Ireland, Portugal, Romania, Cyprus and Spain undertaken by the European Commission (EC) in liaison with the ECB (Post-Programme Surveillance, PPS), the IMF (Post-Programme Monitoring, PPM, and Article IV assessments) and the ESM (Early Warning System, EWS).

Selected Euro Area Macroeconomic Indicators

23-10-2020

This note provides a comparison of some key macroeconomic forecast indicators for the Euro Area as a whole published by the Commission, IMF, ECB and OECD.

This note provides a comparison of some key macroeconomic forecast indicators for the Euro Area as a whole published by the Commission, IMF, ECB and OECD.

Financial assistance to EU Member States

01-06-2017

European financial assistance mechanisms are aimed at preserving the financial stability of the EU and the euro area, as financial distress in one Member State can have a substantial impact on macro-financial stability in other Member States. Financial assistance is linked to macroeconomic conditionality (it is a loan rather than a fiscal transfer), to ensure that Member States receiving such assistance implement the necessary fiscal, economic, structural and supervisory reforms.

European financial assistance mechanisms are aimed at preserving the financial stability of the EU and the euro area, as financial distress in one Member State can have a substantial impact on macro-financial stability in other Member States. Financial assistance is linked to macroeconomic conditionality (it is a loan rather than a fiscal transfer), to ensure that Member States receiving such assistance implement the necessary fiscal, economic, structural and supervisory reforms.

Recapitalisations: BRRD Provisions and State Aid Rules

13-04-2016

This document gives an overview of the Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive and State Aid rules applicable for recapitalisation of banks.

This document gives an overview of the Bank Recovery and Resolution Directive and State Aid rules applicable for recapitalisation of banks.

The Impact of Remittances on Developing Countries

15-04-2014

The crisis that hit the western financial markets in 2008 has led to a severe global economic recession, which impacted and is still impacting migrants and migration policies worldwide. Despite the growing vulnerability of migrants, remittances have remained stable during and after the global economic downturn. Indeed, they continue to be a significant source of income for families and play a crucial role of co-insurance or risk mitigation in times of hardship. Moreover, remittances have proven to ...

The crisis that hit the western financial markets in 2008 has led to a severe global economic recession, which impacted and is still impacting migrants and migration policies worldwide. Despite the growing vulnerability of migrants, remittances have remained stable during and after the global economic downturn. Indeed, they continue to be a significant source of income for families and play a crucial role of co-insurance or risk mitigation in times of hardship. Moreover, remittances have proven to be a more sustainable source of foreign currency for developing countries than other capital inflows such as foreign direct investment, public debt or official development assistance. However, the nexus between remittances and development remains complex, especially with regards to the movement of people, which contributes to the spread of global interdependence at all levels – social, economic and political.

Údar seachtarach

Karine Manyonga Kamuleta LUBAMBU (International Organization for Migration, Switzerland)

Macro-Economic Conditionalities in Cohesion Policy

14-12-2012

This note discusses the European Commission’s proposal to introduce wide-scale macro-economic conditionalities in cohesion policy. In essence, this would make cohesion funding dependent on respecting the European economic governance rules. The note finds that such conditionality would be advantageous for economic governance, but it is likely to have a negative impact on cohesion policy. More importantly, it is doubtful that the European Commission’s proposal would contribute to achieving the overarching ...

This note discusses the European Commission’s proposal to introduce wide-scale macro-economic conditionalities in cohesion policy. In essence, this would make cohesion funding dependent on respecting the European economic governance rules. The note finds that such conditionality would be advantageous for economic governance, but it is likely to have a negative impact on cohesion policy. More importantly, it is doubtful that the European Commission’s proposal would contribute to achieving the overarching goal of both policies: balanced economic growth in Europe.

Údar seachtarach

Stijn Verhelst (EGMONT - Royal Institute for International Relations)

Foreign direct investment (FDI) and the EU

18-03-2011

Since 1959, Member States have concluded over 1 500 Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) with recipient countries. Worldwide there are over 2 500 BITs between countries. The Lisbon Treaty has now transferred responsibility from MS to EU level.

Since 1959, Member States have concluded over 1 500 Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) with recipient countries. Worldwide there are over 2 500 BITs between countries. The Lisbon Treaty has now transferred responsibility from MS to EU level.

New Global Monetary System

14-01-2011

This compilation of briefing papers was written by two members of the expert panel to the Special Committee on the Financial, Economic and Social Crisis. Its aim is to support the committee discussions on key questions arising from the crisis and thus feed into the preparations of the final report. The briefing papers take a look on the previous experiences of world monetary systems such as Bretton Woods and the current exchange rate misalignment as well as taking into account the influence of modern ...

This compilation of briefing papers was written by two members of the expert panel to the Special Committee on the Financial, Economic and Social Crisis. Its aim is to support the committee discussions on key questions arising from the crisis and thus feed into the preparations of the final report. The briefing papers take a look on the previous experiences of world monetary systems such as Bretton Woods and the current exchange rate misalignment as well as taking into account the influence of modern trading platforms. This also implies a consideration of the role of the Euro at world stage. Both authors argue for improvements of the current systems but remain sceptical towards building up a new global monetary system.

Údar seachtarach

Sony KAPOOR (Managing Director Re-Define) ; additional research by Linda OKSNES (Research Associate Re-Define)